Assignment  On Libyan Aggression and its Impact
Subject: Arts, Law

Overview of the Libyan aggression:

The area of Libya, one of the largest countries in Africa, is 1,757,000 sq km (678,400 sq mi). Arabic is the official language, although Berber is sometimes spoken and English and Italian are used in trade .Arabic must be used for official  purposes.  Islam is the state religion, and about 97 percent of all Libyans are Sunni Muslim. A small number are Roman Catholic.  At the 1984 census, Libya had a population of 3,637,488. The 1997 estimated population was 5,484,202, giving the country an overall population density of 3 persons per sq km (8 per sq mi).  On the sidelines of the terror attacks on Libya we saw France holding a summit it dubbed the “Friends of Libya” conference. The sole purpose of this summit was to legitimize the so-called National Transitional Council and to give the false impression that the war in Libya is over and done with, that the rebels are the new authority in that country. The hopelessly useless African Union temporarily woke up from its slumber and refused to be party to this sham conference, complaining that fighting had not ended, and that UN Resolution 1973 was about protecting civilians and not attacking them, as the case is with the situation in Sirte and other cities still controlled by supporters of Muammar Gaddafi. The AU argues that there should be a ceasefire to allow.

He said that what the United States and European powers want is Libyan oil. “Regardless of its internal situation, nothing justifies this aggression,” he said in a press conference in Miraflores Palace, at the end of a meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei LavrovAccording to Chavez, the United States and the forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization have destroyed Libya, and he felt that the drama will start after the collapse of leader Muammar Gaddafi.He said that those actions are part of the new US strategy of making people fight one against the other and later bombard and destroy them.Since March 17, 2011, Libya has been subjected to the most brutal imperial air, sea and land assault in its modern history. Thousands of bombs and missiles, launched from American and European submarines, warships and fighter planes, are destroying Libyan military bases, airports, roads, ports, oil depots, artillery emplacements, tanks, armored carriers, planes and troop concentrations. Hundreds of civilians have been killed in this bombardment. Dozens of CIA and SAS special forces have been training, advising and mapping targets for the anti-Gaddafi forces. The US-NATO forces are effectively leading the civil war against the Gaddafi government.

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The key military leaders of the rebel forces are well known to the US government and are long standing CIA operatives. Khalifa Haftar was appointed chief rebel commander on March 17 on the eve of the beginning of US NATO bombing of Libya. The imperialist media made out that the rebel forces were indigenous forces whom they didn’t know much about. However a US think On the sidelines of the terror attacks on Libya we saw France holding a summit it dubbed the “Friends of Libya” conference. The sole purpose of this summit was to legitimise the so-called National Transitional Council and to give the false impression that the war in Libya is over and done with, that the rebels are the new authority in that country.

The hopelessly useless African Union temporarily woke up from its slumber and refused to be party to this sham conference, complaining that fighting had not ended, and that UN Resolution 1973 was about protecting civilians and not attacking them, as the case is with the situation in Sirte and other cities still controlled by supporters of Muammar Gaddafi. The AU argues that there should be a ceasefire to allow

Geography of the Libyan nation:

The Sahara is diagonally split into a western and an eastern half by a series of highlands. In the West one seldom needs to travel more than 100 kilometers between areas with water and vegetation, and the whole area is well crises-crossed by desert tracks. The eastern half is triangular in shape, bordered on the west by the highlands, the Mediterranean on the north, and the river Nile to the east, it roughly resembles India both in shape and size. This whole vast area, the Libyan Desert, is totally unfit for human habitation. Its central part is a place of extreme aridity, there are periods of 20-30 years with no rainfall. This region was selected by NASA as the earthly region most similar to conditions on Mars during the Viking lender projects. There is no permanent human habitation, no roads or tracks, just the great open void.

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Capital: Tripoli

Area: The area of Libya, one of the largest countries in Africa, is 1,757,000 sq km (678,400 sq mi).
Language: Arabic is the official language, although Berber is sometimes spoken and English and Italian are used in trade .Arabic must be used for official  purposes.

Religion: Islam is the state religion, and about 97 percent of all Libyans are Sunni Muslim. A small number are Roman Catholic.

Population: At the 1984 census, Libya had a population of 3,637,488. The 1997 estimated population was 5,484,202, giving the country an overall population density of 3 persons per sq km (8 per sq mi).

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Dust storm over the Tripolitania region of Libya. Over 90% of the country is desert.

Area:
total: 1 759 540 km²
land: 1 759 540 km²
water: 0 km²

Area – comparative:

Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, seven times the size of the United Kingdom, and slightly larger than Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 4 383 km
border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1 055 km, Egypt 1 150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

Coastline: 1 770 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
note: Gulf of Sidra closing line – 32 degrees 30 minutes north.

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Climate and hydrology

Coastline of Benghazi in the Cyrenaica, Libya’s east. Libya has the longest Mediterranean coastline among African nations with mostly unspoilt beaches.

Within Libya as many as five different climatic zones have been recognized, but the dominant climatic influences are Mediterranean and Saharan. In most of the coastal lowland, the climate is Mediterranean, with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is scanty. The weather is cooler in the highlands, and frosts occur at maximum elevations. In the desert interior the climate has very hot summers and extreme diurnal temperature ranges. The highest official temperature ever recorded was on 13 September 1922 at ‘Aziziya, Libya,but that reading is queried.

Background of the history of Libya:

When France launched Operation Odyssey five months ago, which was immediately to be joined by Britain and the United States, the zeal to implement an ill-secured UN.

Resolution 1973 was seen by many peace-loving people as brazen aggression targeted at Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi, regardless of the mixed feelings about the man.Resolution 1973 was supposedly about protecting Libyan civilians from what the West said was a “pending genocide,” undoubtedly pending in the minds of Sarkozy, Cameron and Obama, but never as apparent in Libya itself.

Surprisingly, the propaganda line that Gaddafi was about to carry out a gruesome genocide in Benghazi was bought by the likes of Noam Chomsky even, a veteran who should know better about what comes from the lips of US presidents, especially when they are pronouncing a war. Before long, Operation Odyssey was unsurprisingly taken over by NATO, and what many regarded as crude aggression by two rogue states was elevated to an outright terror campaign With the help of NATO aerial firepower, the small group of Benghazi rebels began to gather courage and began capturing Libyan cities, coercing many civilians to join their cause or be shot dead; in fact killing as many as 50 000 they accused of either supporting Muammar Gaddafi or being his spies or mercenaries, especially the dark skinned citizens of Libya.The statistics are estimates from various independent sources.

Now NATO and the rebels are at the doorstep of Sirte, ready to commit a genocide bigger than what they said Gaddafi was about to carry out on Benghazi, the very pretext that allowed Western elite murderers to invite themselves into Libya. If it was Gaddafi at the doorstep of Benghazi, telling the people in the city to allow him to come in and arrest the leaders of the insurgence, there is no doubt the US, France and the UK would be bluntly opposed to such an eventuality arguing that “the will of the people of Libya must be respected.”

Of course the will of the people of Sirte deserves no respect for its foolishness of opposing the Western position. But why is it that the will of the people of Sirte is not important to the murderous Westerners? Why is it that the people of Bani Walid and other cities to the South of Libya have no right to have their will respected? NATO bombs Tripolians to impose the will of Benghazi rebels and we are told that is victory for democracy. And the African Union watches like a kid robbed of his favourite toy by a tormenting bully.

The hopelessly useless African Union temporarily woke up from its slumber and refused to be party to this sham conference, complaining that fighting had not ended, and that UN Resolution 1973 was about protecting civilians and not attacking them, as the case is with the situation in Sirte and other cities still controlled by supporters of Muammar Gaddafi. The AU argues that there should be a ceasefire to allow negotiations for a peaceful resolution of the crisis.Jacob Zuma, Goodluck Jonathan and Gabon’s Ali Bongo Ondimba are the triumvirate gang of traitors that first betrayed the African cause by rashly voting for Resolution 1973 without due consideration for possible ramifications, even ignoring the agreed position of the African Union.

Result of this aggression:

“When plunder becomes a way of life for a group of men living in society, they create for themselves, in the course of time, a legal system that authorizes it and a moral code that glorifies it.” Frederic Bastiat, French thinker (1801-1850).The U.S. and its allies are preparing for aggression against Syria as part of the U.S.-Israel destabilisation agenda in the region. The pretext is, as usual, the “protection of civilians” and installing of Western-style “democracy”. In reality, nothing could be further from the truth. The aim is to topple the current Syrian government and replace it with a puppet government subservient to U.S.-Israel Zionist interests.It should be noted that because of Syria’s support for the Palestinian and Lebanese resistance to Israel’s terror and Syria’s ties with Iran, the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad is deemed a ”threat” to U.S. and Israel interests. Hence, a Syrian regime subservient to U.S.-Israel dictates is vital to isolate Iran. It ignores Israel’s Zionist expansion.The ongoing foreign interference in Syria’s internal affairs is a reminder of the recent criminal foreign interference in Libya, which began with the imposition of a “no-fly” zone over Libya that was an illegal military invasion of Libya. Media reports show that the U.S. and Israel have hired Saudi and Lebanese elements to foment unrest in Syria, and to create a rift between the government and the Syrian people based on sectarian divisions.

Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and Saudi Arabia. None of these countries are model states, let alone democracies. Their U.S.-installed leaders have betrayed the Palestinians, helped attack Iraq, support Israel against Lebanon, demolished Libya, and now they conspire against Syria and its regional allies”. He added “[The Arab League] has been hijacked and serves Washington and its NATO allies instead of any genuinely Arab interests”. Like the GCC, the Arab league is a tool of U.S. imperialism. Its shameful act against Syria (a reprise of its shameful act against Libya) is an act of war against another Arab nation.The most shameful of all of this is the role of the U.S.-backed Arab despots led by Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, and the United Arab Emirates.

Opinion of the Libyan people: 

When France launched Operation Odyssey five months ago, which was immediately to be joined by Britain and the United States, the zeal to implement an ill-secured UN Resolution 1973 was seen by many peace-loving people as brazen aggression targeted at Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi, regardless of the mixed feelings about the man.

Resolution 1973 was supposedly about protecting Libyan civilians from what the West said was a “pending genocide,” undoubtedly pending in the minds of Sarkozy, Cameron and Obama, but never as apparent in Libya itself. Surprisingly, the propaganda line that Gaddafi was about to carry out a gruesome genocide in Benghazi was bought by the likes of Noam Chomsky even, a veteran who should know better about what comes from the lips of US presidents, especially when they are pronouncing a war. Before long, Operation Odyssey was unsurprisingly taken over by NATO, and what many regarded as crude aggression by two rogue states was elevated to an outright terror campaign.With the help of NATO aerial firepower, the small group of Benghazi rebels began to gather courage and began capturing Libyan cities, coercing many civilians to join their cause or be shot dead; in fact killing as many as 50 000 they accused of either supporting Muammar Gaddafi or being his spies or mercenaries, especially the dark skinned citizens of Libya.The statistics are estimates from various independent sources.

After the rebels entered and rampaged Tripoli, of course following in the footsteps of a devastating NATO team of murderous warplanes, the massive crowds that had earlier been seen turning out in their hundreds of thousands in support of Gaddafi, defiantly waving Libya’s green flag; were all but intimidated into silence by NATO’s indiscriminate terror bombings, strategically followed by a newly-assembled group of heavily armed rebels brandishing brand new high-tech military hardware fresh from American military warehouses. The rag tag rebels even masqueraded as trained soldiers in their brand new military fatigues.

We hear the people of Libya want a new dispensation without Gaddafi and one would hope that the rebels would meet celebrating masses at the gates of Sirte, Tripoli and the other cities to the West and South of Libya. What we saw were marauding gun trotting goons and an entirely intimidated population.All we have seen are brutalising NATO terror planes and a legion of Western armed thugs waiting to destroy the civilians of the cities of the so-called “Gaddafi loyalists,” should they fail to denounce Gaddafi and support the Benghazi cause.ionionon But I object to the patronizing assertion that it was all a NATO victory. It is the old colonialist attitude in a new guise. Of course, these poor, primitive Arabs could not do anything without the White Man shouldering his burden and rushing to the rescue.

21st century humanity cannot tolerate acts of genocide and mass-murder, wherever they occur. It cannot look on while dictators butcher their own peoples. The doctrine of “noninterference in the internal affairs of sovereign states” belongs to the past. We Jews, who have accused mankind of standing idly by while millions of Jews, including German citizens, were exterminated by the legitimate German government, certainly owe the world an answer.I have mentioned in the past that I advocate some form of effective world governance and expect it to be in place by the end of this century. This would include a democratically elected world executive that would have military forces at its disposal and that could intervene, if a world parliament so decides.For this to happen, the United Nations must be revamped entirely. The veto power must be abolished. It is intolerable that the US can veto the acceptance of Palestine as a member state, or that Russia and China can veto intervention in Syria.

Impact on Libyan aggression:

The Libyan aggression has great impact Libyan nation .beside this Parts of the border between Algeria and Libya have reportedly been closed after Muammar Gaddafi’s closest family members were confirmed to have fled to the country.”Especially for Hannibal, if he fled to Algiers and the Algerian authorities allowed him to do that, we’ll consider this as an aggressive act against the Libyan people’s wish,” Mahmud Shammam, NTC information minister, said. “We’re going to use all the means to get him back and try him, put him in a court and try him. This is our aim. We would give everybody of the Gaddafi family a fair trial and we can guarantee that.”But Algeria’s envoy to the United Nations defended the decision to take in the Gaddafis saying it was a “holy rule of hospitality” to provide assistance. Mourad Benmehidi told the BBC World Service that his nation had a duty to provide assistance.

Relations between Algeria and the NTC were strained before the Gaddafi family fled. The NTC previously accused Algeria of sending mercenaries to fight for Gaddafi, while Algeria’s autocratic regime has resisted calls to recognise the legitimacy of the NTC and repressed protests within its own country. Elsewhere in Libya senior rebel commanders reported that another of Gaddafi’s sons, Khamis, had been killed. “We have almost certain information that Khamis Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi (his intelligence chief) were killed on Saturday by a unit of the national liberation army during clashes in Tarhouna,” spokesman Ahmed Bani told Al Arabiya television.Khamis Gaddafi has been reported dead twice before since the uprisings began earlierthis year, however, and the deaths remain unconfirmed.Nato said that it hit 35 targets in airstrikes on Monday, including four radar sites and 22 armed vehicles in Sirte alone.An ammunition storage facility and two command centres near to Bani Walid were also hit, as were five anti-aircraft artillery sites and other military installations close to Hun.Sky News reporter Neal Mann said via Twitter that Nato jets were also seen in the skies above Libya on Tuesday.In other parts of the country the Libyan people were working to recover from the fighting. In Tripoli, fireworks replaced celebratory gunfire in Martyrs’ Square on Monday evening.

Libya’s leader Muammar Qaddafi has managed to survive and put up fierce resistance for now half a year against NATO aggression and their Al Qaeda led rebel forces on the ground. Tripoli is still unsecured, and entire cities still stand firmly in defiance against constant NATO bombing and multiple attempts by “thousands of rebels” to surround and starve out cities. Libyans have also now fended off several full fledged assaults by an increasingly disorganized rebel army on the cities of Sirte and Bani Walid.The cracks are beginning to show in NATO’s proxy army, the so-called Libyan rebels hailing from Libya’s eastern Cyrenaica region, notorious as the most concentrated recruiting ground for international terrorism on earth and the home of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), listed as a foreign terrorist organization by both the US State Department and the UK Home Office. In recent weeks, it has become impossible for the corporate media and NATO to hide the fact that the rebels are being led by LIFG commanders. It is also increasingly impossible to hide these terrorists’ atrocities as they literally exile or exterminate entire cities.

Conclusion:

We conclude that As the Libyan opposition struggles to take full control of the country, all eyes are now on the “Friends of Libya” conference in Paris, where delegates from 60 countries, many with various vested interests, will congregate. Even while the dust has yet to settle, the haste with which companies from NATO countries are scrambling to grab a share of the dividends of war has caused many to question the true intentions of the military intervention in Libya. Just days after the capture of the Bab al-Azizya compound in Tripoli officials of major European countries were reportedly lining up for talks with the fledgling National Transitional Council to secure lucrative contracts. “What matters now is the speed,” said Antonio De Capoa, chairman of the Italian-Libyan Chamber of Commerce, representing Italian companies eager to return to invest in the country as soon as possible.

But for the Libyan people the first priority is for life to return to normal. What they need is political and social stability, not foreign companies fighting over “lucrative contracts”. Libya is an independent nation-state as well as a member of the UN and Libya’s future belongs to its people. Therefore, the UN, whose Security Council adopted Resolution 1973 on Libya in March, has the responsibility to take a leading role in the rebuilding process.

It is good to hear that the UN has prepared a plan for bringing an integrated, politically led mission to Libya and its first aim is to get UN personnel on the ground as quickly as possible, under a robust Security Council mandate. It should coordinate international efforts in providing humanitarian aid and other support necessary to the Libyan people, while guaranteeing Libya against any foreign interference in its sovereignty and territorial integrity. After the six-month bloodbath, it’s time for Libya to restore its stability and put a legitimate and inclusive

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