Problems of Footpath Occupied by Hawkers at Dhaka - Assignment Point
Problems of Footpath Occupied by Hawkers at Dhaka
Subject: Modern Civilization, Sociology | Topics:

Introduction

Statement of the Problems

Dhaka New Market area is one of me busiest areas of Bangladesh. Gausia Market, Chandni Chalk Market, NurMansion, IslamMansion, New Super Market, DhakaCollege, TeachersTrainingCollege, GovernmentLaboratorySchool and College Nilkhet Book Market etc. all are situated around New Market. People from different locations come to this area for shopping purpose. This area is such a place where all types of clothes, garments, home applications and books can be purchased in a cheaper rate. This specialty of this area has made it the gathering place for hawkers. They have occupied the area to such an extent that it has became difficult for passers by and vehicles to move.

Objectives of the Study:

  •     To identify the causes of the problems of footpath occupied by hawker’s.
  •     To know about the effects of those problems.
  •     To find out the remidies for this problem.

Scope of the Study

The main focus of he study is to determine the problem of footpath occupied by hawker’s. The solutions of the problems have also been enclosed herewith as the main focal points of this paper.

Definition of Footpath Problems

The inconvenience created directly to me passers by and indirectly to the vehicles because of me illegal occupation of footpath are by the hawkers.

Limitation of the Study

  •     Limited span of time
  •     Small size of the respondents
  •     Scarcity of research work
  •     Unwillingness of the respondents

Materials and Methods

To collect the information about the socio-economic condition of the Street Hawker of Bangladesh, an interview schedule was developed. So that a questionnaires made (Appendix table) on the basis of this schedule a total 25 Street Hawker were interviewed from New Market area Street Hawker were selected by random sampling method.

This report is prepared on the basis of primary and secondary data

Data Collection: Data are collection from two sources

  •     Primary Source
  •     Secondary Source

Primary Source:

  •     Questionnaire
  •     Observation

Secondary Source:

  •     NAEM documentation
  •     NAEM Journal

The data were put on a tabular form and it was analyzed statistically like proportions average and percentage. The results of socio-economic characteristics have been shown in tabular form. The accuracy of the data obviously depends on the answers of 30 Street Hawker. It is hoped that the survey was at least as accurate as possible.

Table-1: Age Group

Age

Numbers of the People

Percentage

15-25

8

32%

26-40

12

48%

41-50

3

12%

51+

2

8%

Total

25

100%

From this table -1. Shows that highest percentage 48 of 26-40 years age groupare involved in the services.

Table-2 Educational Qualification of Hawkers

Educational Qualification

Number of the People

Percentage

Primary

20

80%

Secondary

4

16%

H.S.C

1

4%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 80% have primary education.

Table-3 Capital

Capital

Number of the People

Percentage

1000/- – 3000/-

5

20%

3001/- – 5000/-

6

24%

5001/- – 10,000/-

12

48%

10,000+/-

2

8%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 48% their capital is 5001/- – 10,000/-.

Table-4 Spending time.

Time

Number of People

Percentage

0-6 hours

5

20%

7-8 hours

12

48%

8-10 hours

5

20%

10+

3

12%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 48% spend 8 hours in their business.

Table-5: Monthly Income

Monthly Income

Number of People

Percentage

2000/- – 3000/-

4

16%

3001/- -5000/-

7

28%

5001/- -10,000/-

9

36%

10,000+/-

5

20%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 36% have their monthly income is about 5000/-

Table-6: Do you take lone for capital

Opinion

Number of People

Percentage

Yes

10

40%

No

15

60%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 60% are not indebted.

Table-7: Take any permission

Opinion

Number of the People

Percentage

Yes

7

28%

No

15

60%

Another

3

12%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that maximum of the respondent 60% doing there business without any permission.

Table-8: Paying tolls or subscriptions

Opinion

Number of the People

Percentage

Yes

20

80%

No

5

20%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that 80% of the respondents pay tolls to some influential people.

Table-9: Weather the business is legal

Opinion

Number of the People

Percentage

Yes

0

0%

No

25

100%

Total

25

100%

The above table shows that 100% of the hawkers know their business is illegal.

Table-10: Know about the footpath problems

Opinion

Number of the People

Percentage

Yes

5

20%

No

20

80%

Total

25

100%

The above able shoes that maximum of the respondents 80% have no knowledge about footpath problems.

Findings

  1. Problems of footpath are deeply rooted problems as people of all ages are found here working as hawkers and they are doing it for a long time.
  2. The business of hawkers has been found very profitable and therefore more and more unemployed people are joining have and making the problems more complicated.
  3. Hawkers spend a lot of time in their business and create a lot of problems although the day.
  4. The law-enforcing agencies are indifferent to the illegal occupation of the footpath by the hawkers.
  5. Some powerful and influential quarters are seemingly patronizing the illegal activities of the hawkers.
  6. Many hawkers have takes up their profession due to poverty and unemployment.
  7. The government’s indifference to the problems is another major cause of the problems.

Recommendations

  1. Drawing the attention of the government and the powerful sections of society to the seriousness of the problems of footpaths occupied by the hawkers should be the first priority.
  2. The government have to create job opportunities and conduct rehabilitations program for the hawkers.
  3.    Legal actions must be taken against the occupation of the footpath.
  4. Supervision of the footpath must be ensured.
  5. Public awareness should be duly raised.
  6. The government should be committed to taking proper steps against any linkes of any influential quarters in this respect.
  7. The holiday market system can be reinstated.

Conclusion

This study of the Problems of footpath occupied by hawkers indicate the scenario of the community of them. It is important that if a society develops all the community will develop. Since the socio-economic conditions of the hawkers is not good enough it indicates that our society are not developed enough. The hawker are not the separate community of Dhaka city. So, we should take action to solve the problem of footpath occupied by hawkers.

Hawkers at Dhaka

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