Social and Rural Welfare Activities of SARP
Subject: Modern Civilization, Sociology | Topics:


SARP is a non-profit and non-political voluntary and development organization working nationally particularly in rural areas. It has been registered with the Samaj Seba Adidaptar, District Samaj Seba Office, Dhaka. Bearing Registration No Da-03985. Its activities includes, fisheries, poverty alleviation, health, HIV/ALDS, education, women and children development, disability rehabilitation, environment and afforestation, disaster management, relief and rehabilitation, social awareness, and Human Resource Development.

Logo of SARP:


Historical Background:

Network for Social Advancement for Rural Poor (SARP) is a non-government, non-profit humanitarian development agency with poverty alleviation, education, literacy, training, health services, rehabilitation, agriculture and rural development, preservation and development of environment, social development and moral awareness raising, research and publication as main focus areas.

Since, its inception in 1997 SARP has been implementing a number of development program including fisheries, poverty alleviation, health, education, women and children development, disability rehabilitation, environment and a forestation, disaster management, relief and rehabilitation, social awareness, and Human Resource Development and so on with the aim of poverty alleviation, improvement of literacy, environment, health, HIV/AIDS and social awareness raising, human and skill development of the poor, landless and marginal farmers.

SARP dreams for a society where every individual will be able to live in an atmosphere of peace and harmony, free from exploitation, oppression and starvation; where every individual will get equal and rightful shares to the resources belonging to the society. It believes that the active and critical participation of the non-privileged section of the society can ensure the sustained developmental efforts in the rural areas. SARP since it’s beginning is working for the socio-economic development of the people through its various programs.


SARP visualizes a just and advanced society with difference in Bangladesh, established on moral and human values, popular participation and sound environment where people of the society enjoy an equal opportunity for actualization and self-development.


With the overall objective of harmonious development SARP especially aims at achieving the following aims & objectives:

  • To improve economic status of the destitute of the society through income generating activities and to ensure participation of the poor in such activities or programs so that they may be able to stand on their own feet.
  • To provide assistance for generating income and /or employment opportunities for the landless and the asset less for alleviating poverty, in various forms and manners, including financial, institutional, advisory and training.
  • To motivate the different cross section of the society and to come forward to address the problem of illiteracy i.e. to remove the illiteracy from the society.
  • To improve basic health awareness and general health condition of the poor through motivational program and training, supply of pure drinking water, sanitation facilities, and primary heath care and to rehabilitate the physically and mentally retarded people.
  • To create awareness among thç members of the groups about their human rights, social justice and socio- economic development.
  • To support, promote and sponsor innovative programs and projects for creating awareness for the improvement in the quality of life of the poor and for self-reliance in the process of creating productive employment opportunities.
  • To initiate, undertake and promote research activities directed towards poverty alleviation and employment generation, to organize seminars, workshops, and conferences and to undertake publication of reports, books etc. in furtherance of the objectives of SARP.
  • To do all such other lawful things as are conducive and/or incidental to furthering the growth and the attainment of the objectives of SARP.


Improved socio-economic status of the rural poor and underprivileged people, emphasizing the women and children and also empowerment through undertaking appropriate and sustainable programs.


a) To build Capacity of the poor people,

b) To increase literacy rate among the poor people,

c) To build group and personal Capital,

d) To create Employment and income opportunities,

e) To build people’s institutions,

f) To develop unity, solidarity and reciprocal cooperation.

g) To establish social justice and reciprocal cooperation.

h) To increase Gender relations.

i) To improve environmental pollution condition.

j) To develop future citizens.

k) To conduct disaster preparedness and management activities etc.

Executive Body of SARP:

The Executive Body generally pursues and carries out the objectives of SARP. This body is responsible for the management and administration of the affairs of SARP. It determines the direction and scope of the activities of SARP. Almost in every month the EB holds a meeting.

As per its Constitution, SALRP has a seven-member Executive Body under the general guidance of which all the activities of SARP are undertaken.

Officers & Staff:

To execute the tasks of SARP efficient and hardworking group are engaged. They are dedicated for the organization and spend their labor and time for the well-being of the organization. SARP’s activities and daily operations are at present carried out by 20 management staff. Gradually and over time, there will be increased in the number of personnel through gaining of experiences, increase in work load, expansion in its operations and future needs and requirements of SARP. Apart from regular staff SARP has a number of volunteers. Besides, SARP has also a team of advisors who are have the expertise in various fields.

Present Staff Position:

No of permanent StaffNo of per time StaffTotal No of Staff

Organizational Management:

The General council of 35 members of the organization is the highest policy formulation body and meets once in a year to, review and budgets, expenditures and progresses and also formulate policy decisions and elects Executive Committee for 2 years. The Executive Committee (EC) of 7 members meets quarterly to approve and review the quarterly plans, budgets expenditures and progresses and makes policy decisions. The Executive Director in consultation with the Executive Committee materializes the decision through his staff and volunteers.

Financial Administration:

All the funds of this organization is deposited in its Mother Bank account which is operated by the joint signature as a rule of constitution and fund are with drawn as per decisions of the Executive committee meeting account are maintained as per the accounting principles and audit standard.


Beneficiaries are less and have poor people. Who have less than 0.50 acre of land, provide manual labor at least 120 day in a year. At present SARP 40 female groups and Male groups 30 & Total members 1500.

SI. No.Name of the projectsLocation of the projectsDuration
01Fisheries ProjectDhamrai and Keranigonj upazilaContinued Since 1998
02Nursery And Plantation ProjectDhamrai, of Dhaka DistrictContinued Since 1998
03Women Development ProgramDhamrai & Savar, Dhaka City,Continued Since 1999
04Training ProgramThroughout the organizationContinued Since 1997
05Primary Health ProjectThroughout the organizationContinued Since 1998
06Disability ProgramDhamrai, Nababgonj and SavarContinued Since 2001
07Awareness ProgramThroughout the organizationContinued Since 1997
08Child Education ProgramDhamrai, Nababgonj & Savar UpazilaContinued Since 1998
09Non Formal Education For AdultDhamrai, & Keranigonj UpazilaContinued Since 2001
10Environment And A ForestationDhamrai,Nababgonj to Keranigonj and Savar UpazilaContinued Since 2002
11HI V/AIDS programDhamrai & Nababgonj UpazilaContinued Since 2002

Table : Projects of SARP


SARP organizes training programs for its staff and group members. Training programs are organized to develop their knowledge, skill and awareness that will lead them to undertake various activities for social development. The training is imparted and directed by skilled trainers of the organization and resource persons from the outside under the training department of the organization. Women empowerment and development, self employment training (Poultry rearing, beef fattening, fisheries, tailoring, handicraft and cane bamboo crafts) Office management, account management, field management, moral teaching etc. were included in the staff training programs undertaken during the year 2007,

Nature of the programNumberNo. of


Site of Region
Staff training for skilled development460SARP Head Office
Beneficiary training for poultry rearing and farm Management20400Dhamrai & Savar
Training of the group-leaders40500Dhamrai, Savar & Keranigonj
Beneficiary Tailoring Training_350Dhamrai & Savar

Table : Training Program

Awareness Program:

For awareness raising among the people in regards social services, poverty alleviation, health, education, environment & development; to address the various family, social, economic and development issues SARP has undertaken social awareness program. Under the program seminars & symposia, discussion meetings, workshops and community gatherings are organized; pamphlets & handbills are published and distributed. In the year last years SARP organized various awareness programs that are as follows:

Nature of the programNumberNo. of


Site of Region
Annual conference of the group members31000Damrai & Savar
Workshop2150Damrai & Savar
Seminar on Role of Training and self employment to alleviate Poverty.2400Damrai, Savar & Keranigonj
Special meetings2100Damrai & Savar

Table : Awareness program

Education Program:

Education is the fundamental right of every individual. It is the backbone of a nation. Only education can remove superstition from a society and enlighten the whole society. It is essential for overall development of a country. When a nation is well educated then they are called Developed Human Resource. SARP always emphasize this program so that other programs can be easily implemented because it is the harbinger of all the programs. SARP has undertaken the literacy program for the illiterate adult-male and female as well as for the children.

ParticularsNo. of


No. of



No. of



Pre-Primary Children Teaching center250010003Damrai and Nababgonj
Adult Education center21004002Damrai & Savar 

Table : Education program

Besides the above programs SARP has undertaken general literacy campaign among the group members.

Health program:

Sound health is essential for implementing any initiative. SARP has undertaken a health program to improve the health condition of its group members in particular and poor people in general. Health awareness rising is one of the important components of the SARP health program. Through weekly group meetings and other discussion meetings SARP imparts the ktiowledge of primary health care, nutrition, cleanliness, preparation of oral saline etc. Due to the health awareness among the group members their general health conditions are improving day by day. Prevalence of water -borne diseases is now low. Apart from health awareness raising SARP organizes a health program for free treatment at Savar & Dhamri, Dhaka dist. People are now more health conscious and they have developed good hygienic habits.

Disability Program:

Disability program is one of the important programs of SARP. This program includes identification of PWDs through survey, awareness rising among parents, family members, neighbors to change the attitude and perception regarding PWDs, providing credit to the PWDs families and primary health care support to PWDs. Under this program SARP first conducted a survey on the 500 families from group members of SARP to identify the PWDs. Through this survey l46Ds were identified. Among them 42 are visually impared, 46 are physically handicapped, 37 have speech & hearing problem and 21 are intellectually impared.

GenderNumberNature of RetardationNumber
  Visually Impaired42
Male56Physically Handicapped46
Female90Speech & Hearing Impaired37
  Intellectually Impaired21

Table : Information of the PWDs identified through survey

After the survey and identification of 146 PWDs of various categories SARP has undertaken some specific programs in this regard which are as follows:

i) Awareness raising: SARP started awareness raising program among the SARP group members in general and the parents & family members of the PWDs in particular so that they can understand their responsibility towards the PWDs. SARP is trying to attain a mass awareness regarding PWDs in the society. Sometimes it organizes the PWDs and encourage them to live in the society like others. Generally awareness raising program is conducted by the Field Organizers of SARP.

ii) Primary health care: SARP has undertaken a program of primary health care for the PWDs. Twenty five PWDs from Dhamrai area of Dhaka district have been provided primary health care as per our ability and capacity. Though our support is inadequate they are required more medicare which is not affordable for them. But due to financial constraint SARP is also unable to continue proper treatment.

Disability program of SARP is in a primary stage. We are utilizing its staff for implementing the disability program at this level. In future we have the plan to intensify and expand the program.

Benefit for the Poor:

The poor people who are unable to get health services due to their economic and social inability of the project area are much benefited from this project. This project is creating an easy access of medical services for the rural poor of the area. They are getting proper and easy medical services at low cost. In addition, there is an arrangement to reduce the cost by 20%-90% for the helpless poor. Women and Children are taking into special consideration under this service. Proper diagnosis and right treatment are given priority. By and large, by engaging private medical expert and health assistant of SARP.

Provision for the Financially Needy People:

There are some specific provisions for those who cannot afford to pay for the medical services. These are as follows:

  • There is a special fund for the poor who cannot pay to meet their expenses.
  • To reduce cost of 20%-90% for those who are really unable to pay.
  • There is an arrangement to supply free medicine.
  • The visiting consultants are asked to reduce their fees and in some cases even the reduced fees and cost adjusted from the special fund for the poor.


The following services offered:

i) Primary Health Care (PHC)

The components of the PHC includes:

  • Primary treatment of diseases and injury
  • Mother and Child Health Care
  • Immunization
  • Essential drug supply
  • Prevention and Health Education
  • Rehabilitation of the retarded people.

HIV/ AIDS Prevention Program:

HIV/ AIDS program is an important program of SARP. This program includes identification of survey, awareness rising among local leaders, parents, family members, youth and neighbors to change the attitude of HIV/AIDS. Under this program SARP first conducted a survey on the 300 families from group members of SARP to know their HIV/AIDS knowledge. Through this survey SARP arranged two seminars on HIV/AIDS. From this program people of these areas awarded about HIV and AIDS and also knew the protection system.

Nature of the programNumberNo. of ParticipantSite/Region
Survey on HIV/AIDS1300Damrai & Savar
Seminar on Role of social leader to Prevent HIV/AIDS1150Damrai, Savar & Keranigonj
Seminar on Prevention of HI V/AIDS among Young People in Bangladesh1150Damrai, Savar & Keranigonj

 Table :  Awareness program of HIV/ AIDS Prevention Program

Relief and Rehabilitation Program:

The flood is a common phenomenon in our country in rainy season. Some time is comes silently and some times it comes devastatingly. The present flood comes devastatingly and affected more over the whole country. The condition of North-Bangle, Middle areas of country and low land of Dhaka is so miserable. They had no food and water. They were waiting for Government relief. But this was so limited. SARP planned and distributed dry food saline, medicine and dinking water in affected areas. SARP has undertaken for relief and rehabilitation program. As a part of this program a project: “Emergency Relief Operation For Disaster Victims” was undertaken at i) Dhamrai Upazila ii) Savar Upazila iii) Keranigonj Under Dhaka District. This project was continued 30 August -2007 to 29 September-2007. (One Month).

1. Beneficiary family

survey and selection

500 families500


Successfully completed
2. Distribution of Relief (8

kg Rice, 1 kg Dal and 5 pac

OR saline per Family)

500 Families.500


Successfully completed the Project implantation officer, local union Chairman, other local leaders and beneficiaries were also present.
3. Distribution of Seed for

Next crop

50 Families50 FamiliesSuccessfully completed the Project implantation officer, local union Chairman, other local leaders and beneficiaries were also present.
4. Distribution of

Emergency Medicine with

free doctor for Flood

affected people

500 Families500 FamiliesSuccessfully completed the Project implantation officer, local union Chairman, other local leaders and beneficiaries were also present. 

Table : Achievement for the following target

Agricultural and Fisheries Development Projects:

About 80% of the population of Bangladesh is living in rural areas. The main occupation is agriculture. Moreover rice is the main food of country. For poverty alleviation and development .of the country agricultural development is must. SARP has undertaken a number of agricultural projects to provide service in agriculture/rice reduction, animal husbandry, livestock, fishery, seeds and fertilizer sector to partic pate in national development and agro-socio-economic up liftmen of farmers in Bangladesh entailing rural agro-enterprises development and marketing. SARP provides technical assistance to farmers on modem farming systems and train on new advanced appropriate technology in fishery and livestock Industry. At present, SARP is implementing some projects under the Fishery Development Program.

Irrigation Project:

To provide irrigation facilities to the marginal farmers and share-croppers at low cost and thus helping the agricultural development SARP runs two irrigation projects at Dhamrai of Dhaka dist. In 2004, 18 acres of land and in total 87 acres(cumulative) of land has been irrigated under this project. Annually about 40 tons of additional rice are being produced due to this project. It has managed shallow tube-well for irrigation facilities of the pàor farmers. About 50 families are getting benefit from this project. This project is helping to eradicate the poverty of marginal farmers in the concerned areas.


Fish cultivation is very important income generating sector in Bangladesh. Fish is a great source of protein. Fish production can be instrumental for eradication of poverty.

If poor people can be supported for fish culture with appropriate technology they may be able to generate income, which may lead them to be self-reliant. Government is also encouraging and supporting fish production. In 1999 SARP undertook a fish culture project in Dhamrai of Dhaka district. About seventy poor families were included in the project as beneficiaries .Currently SARP is implementing two fish projects in Dhamrai & Keranigonj under Dhaka district and in at present our fish project has seven ponds with about seven acre of land. In the year 2004 SARP implemented its fish culture project in collaboration with Local Donner. We supplied I lac 20 thousand fingerlings for fish culture in Hail Dhamrai, Keranigonj. Through this project SARP is participating national fish culture program in Low Lying area of Dhamrai & Keranigonj.

Women Development:

Women development is very important for the social development of a country. SARP from the beginning has been giving importance to this program. Women are most vulnerable section of the society SARP therefore tries to address the women issues and ensure their rights in the society. SARP believes that for women development and empowerment education, awareness, economic activities are must. Through female- group meetings awareness is raised. SARP organizes the women meetings for creation of awareness among them. Besides, SARP Often organizes the skill training program for the women.

Environment and a forestation:

To preserve and improve the quality of environment SARP has undertaken an environment development program. Under this program activities of SARP are as follows:

a) Awareness raising:

Awareness raising about preservation of environment is one of the important environment development programs. Primarily awareness is raised through group meetings. Besides the group meetings, seminar-symposia-workshop on environment is held,

b) Nursery and plantation project:

SARP has a nursery project in Savar & Dhamrai of Dhaka district, we have two nurseries to provide wetland seedlings. This project is working for wetland plantation for Savar & Dhamrai under DhakaDistrict. In the year 2004 we grew 10 types of wetland seedlings including Hijal, Barun, Jaam, Karaj, Kanjal, Petali, Arjun, Jarul, Bat,Kadam,Shimool etc. About 50 Thousand of various wetland saplings has been produced for plantation. In Savar and Dhamrai we also produced plane land saplings including Akashmoni, Jackfuit, Mehgoni, Raintree, Menzium etc.

c) Plantation and afforestation by group members:

For preservation of environment plantation of trees is very important. Trees also have great economic implications. Therefore apart from our own nursery project our group members are also motivatedfor plantation of trees in their own land .ln the year 2007, 20000 (approx.) trees have been planted so far by the group members. This program helps the poor families to earn additional income as well as to maintain the healthy environment.

Research and Publications:

Research and Publication is one of the important programs of SARP. In 1999, a study was conducted on the impact of small capital support program.The final study report was successfully completed in 2000. A book on poverty alleviation and social services has been published in the year 1999. In the year 2001 a survey on retarded. poor people was accomplished by SARP and a comprehensive report with policy recommendations on that survey was prepared. A baseline survey was conducted to identify the persons with disability (PWDs) in Dhamrai, Savar in 2004. In 2007 a baseline survey was conducted to identify the improvement of beneficiaries in Dhamrai, & Savar.

Organizational Structure of SARP:



From its inception, SARP is trying to develop the living condition of the poor people of Bangladesh through improvement of their life pattern by enhancement of personal as well as family earnings and raising awareness among themselves so that the overall socio-economic condition can be upgraded. SARP ‘s efforts in the field of development, poverty alleviation, education, health care, environment and agro fisheries have definitely created a positive impact in the project areas. SARP is proceeding towards its cherished goal.


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