Border Wall between Mexico – United States: Importance or Uselessness
Subject: Political Science | Topics:

In election manifesto, Donald Trump‘s plans that grabbed the most concentration during his campaign was building a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border in order to prevent immigrants from coming into the country illegitimately. Since winning the election, Trump has not backed down from the arrangement, as his transition team requested documents from Homeland Security that look into the expenses and property accessible to build the wall.

United States president-elect Donald Trump told a press conference 11 January 2017 that construction of a wall on the Mexican border will begin as soon as he takes office. As of January 2009, U.S. Customs and Border Protection reported that it had more than 580 miles (930 km) of barriers in place.

President-elect Donald Trump’s transition team has signaled to congressional Republican leaders that his preference is to fund the border wall through the appropriations process as soon as April, according to House Republican officials.

Why does Donald Trump desire to build a wall on the border for Mexico?

Donald Trump supports the construction of a multi million dollars, several thousand mile border wall, because he feels that, US borders have not been esteemed and protected appropriately.

True, US have million of illegitimate immigrants. While there is a accountable debate about what should be done to them now, there should be no debate on the fact that we need to stop the inflow of illegitimate immigrants going forward.

Trump says he wants to control and bound the flow of illegal’s going back and forth across the border and to also bound smuggling. Right now the narco-bandits have been striking deep into the USA.

 

General impact on immigration

The barriers were built as part of three larger “Operations” to narrow hauling of illegal drugs manufactured in Latin America and immigration: Operation Gatekeeper in California, Operation Hold-the-Line in Texas, and Operation Safeguard in Arizona.

Ninety-six-point-six (96.6) per cent of apprehensions by the Border Patrol in 2010 occurred at the southwest border. The number of Border Patrol apprehensions declined 61% from 1,189,000 in 2005 to 723,840 in 2008 to 463,000 in 2010. The reduce in apprehensions may be due to a number of factors including changes in U.S. economic conditions and border enforcement efforts. Border apprehensions in 2010 were at their lowest level since 1972.

Trump has said a lot of things about that wall, but it’s still not clear exactly what he means.

  • At one point, he said the wall would be 35 to 40 feet high and made of precast concrete, which he estimated would cost about $8 billion to assemble.
  • On other occasions, he has said it could be as high as 65 feet. (For comparison, the tallest sections of the current fence are about 20 feet tall.)
  • He has constantly corrected journalists who called his project a “fence,” saying he is building “a real wall.” We don’t yet know whether he thinks any of the current fences meets that explanation.

Could Mexico pay for the border wall?

Trump himself has anticipated his border wall would cost $8 billion, though other analysts have predictable the price would be as much as $10 billion. And the proposals Trump has outlined to coerce Mexico into paying for the wall engage controversial procedures that would still likely fail to cover the wall’s full cost.

According to Trump’s website, those steps could include: remittance seizure, probable tariffs and foreign aids cuts, increasing fees on provisional visas issued to Mexican CEOs and diplomats, increasing fees on border crossing cards, increasing fees on NAFTA worker visas; and increasing fees at ports of entry to the US from Mexico.

Total US foreign aid to Mexico is less than $200 million a year ($186,000,000 in the 2014 fiscal year), so redirecting all of that money to a border wall would only put a mild dent in the $8 billion bill. And it’s complex to know the sum of profits generated from a tariff on Mexican exports — or to account for potential losses from a disciplinary tariff — without the specifics of the tax.

 

Some reason why Trump’s border wall would be his worst idea

  • The U.S.-Mexican border is by now well defended, and a wall won’t develop the defenses.
  • The expenditure of Trump’s fence would be a huge $25 billion on top of this.
  • There’s no way Mexico will pay for it.
  • There’s no cause for the wall anyway because undocumented migration from Mexico has sharply declined.
  • The decline isn’t because of rising border enforcement but because of Mexico is producing fewer young people.
  • There’s little or no evidence undocumented immigrants take jobs away from native-born Americans, anyway.

Related Political Science Paper: