Sanitation Scenario in Bangladesh

SANITATION SCENARIO IN BANGLADESH

The global commitment of Johannesburg declaration 2002 is to achieve 50% coverage of the un-served population (2.40 Billion) with sanitation facilities by the year 2015.

Government of Bangladesh declared the target of achieving a state whereby every household in the nation will have a sanitary latrine by 2010. The target will be fulfilled in three phases by 2005, 2008 and 2010.

The Government Initiatives so far to achieve 100% Sanitation by 2010

  • Local Government Division of the Government of Bangladesh carried out a nation-wide baseline sanitation Survey in 2003 involving govt. and Local government Institutions and acquired relevant information to prepare a comprehensive plan to achieve the sanitation target. The summary of the baseline survey is presented below :

Households with hygienic, unhygienic and no latrines

Area/RegionNumber of HouseholdsHouseholds with Hygienic Latrines (%)Households with Unhygienic Latrines (%)Total Households with Latrines (%)Households With No Latrines (%)
National2,13,94,09333.2224.8057.9541.99
Rural1,83,26,33228.7724.3353.1046.90
Urban30,67,76159.7727.6287.3912.61
City Corps.12,16,42469.9227.5597.472.53
Municipalities18,51,33753.1027.6680.7619.24

The reasons for not having a latrine

Area/RegionNumber of Households with No LatrinesLack of Money (%)Lack of Space (%)Lack of Awareness (%)Preference for Open Defecation (%)Lack of Material(%)
National89,82,55173.2310.6425.134.231.99
Rural85,95,62672.9010.3025.324.272.05
Urban3,86,92580.4718.2620.853.320.59
City Corps.30,72767.9131.5323.045.533.20
Municipalities3,56,19881.5517.1220.663.130.37

Respondents were free to cite more than one reasons

  • The Government of Bangladesh has taken up an extensive program of “ National Sanitation Campaign” in order to ensure Government’s Commitment of achieving 100% sanitation by the year 2010. In this regard the month of October, each year has been declared Sanitation month.
  • Govt of Bangladesh hosted SACOSAN (South Asian Conference on Sanitation), 2003 in October in order to (i) assess the state of Sanitation & Hygiene, sharing experience and lessons learnt in the region (ii) raise the profile of Sanitation & Hygiene in South Asia following WSSD (iii) generate political commitment through a joint declaration and (iv) strengthen leadership/advocacy for improved sanitation & hygiene in South Asia.
  • Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives has allocated 20% of the Upazila (Sub-District) development grant for improvement of sanitation. In this regard a guidelines has been formulated for proper utilization of the aforesaid grant. In case of City Corporations and Municipalities, Government also earmarked 20% of the development grant for improvement of sanitation.
  • Task Forces/WatSan Committees with definite terms of reference have been formed in the National, City Corporations, District, Municipality, Upazila, Union and ward levels to materialize the national sanitation program.
  • Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives has adopted a “National Sanitation strategy” to reach the target.
  • ·         Local Government Division declared additional development grants to Municipality/ Upazila Parishad/Union Parishad and awards to head of those Local Govt. Institutions for achieving 100% sanitation under their jurisdiction. Up to September2006, 1211 no Union Parishads, 95 no Upazila Parishads and 54 no Municipalities have achieved 100% sanitation coverage.
  • Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives has adopted a policy to provide sanitary latrine sets to “Hard-Core Poor” free of cost, who will install the latrine set and construct its superstructure of their own.

SANITATION