General Banking Department of City Bank Ltd
Subject: Banking | Topics:

General Banking

General Banking department performs the core functions of a branch. General Banking department is that department which is mostly exposed to the maximum number customers. It is the introductory department of the Bank to its customers. A bank does not produce any tangible product to sell but does offer a variety of financial services to its customers. The Kawran Bazar branch of The City Bank Limited has all the required sections of general banking and these sections are run by manpower with high quality banking knowledge. Hence, a touch of rich customer service is prevailing in the branch. They take the deposit from the customer and pass entry of every transaction within the day. It opens new accounts remit funds, issue Bank drafts and pay order etc. Since Bank is confirmed to provide these services everyday, that’s why the General Banking is known as the ‘Retail Banking’.

Deposit Conceptions of Retail Banking

Accepting Deposit

Accepting deposit is one of the two classic functions of CBs. Deposit may be classified in to two parts:

a)      Time Deposit.

b)      Demand Deposit.

(a) Time Deposit

A time deposit which is payable at the fixed date or after short notice is known as the Time Deposit. The City Bank Limited accepts time deposit through­

  • Fixed Deposit Receipt (FDR)
  • Short Term Deposit (STD)
  • Deposit Pension Scheme (DPS)
  • Monthly Fixed Deposit (MFD)

While accepting these deposits, a contract is done between the Bank and the customer. When a banker opens an a/c in the name of a customer then arises a contract between these two. This contract will be a valid one only when the parties are competent to enter contracts. As a/c opening initiates the fundamental relationship and since the banker has to deal with different kind of person with different legal status, The City Bank Ltd. official’s remain very much careful about the competency of the customer’s.

(1)Fixed Deposit (FD)

The depositor’s deposit a fixed amount for a fixed period of time. A FD receipt is issued to the depositor acknowledging receipt of sum money mentioned therein. IT also contains the rate of interest and the date on which the deposit fall due for payment.

(2)STD Account

In STD A/C the deposit should be kept for at least 7 days to get interest. The interest offered for STD is less than that of saving deposit. In The City Bank Ltd. various big company, organization, government departments keep many in STD a/c. Frequent withdrawal is discouraged and requires prior notice.

In The City Bank Ltd., usually customers give an instruction to the Bank that their CA will be debited whenever its deposited amount crosses a certain limit and this amount ­will be transferred to the STD a/c.

(b)Demand Deposit

These deposits are withdrawn able about without notice, e.g. Current Account. The City Bank accepts demand deposit through the opening of­

  • Current Account.
  • Savings a/c.

(1)Current Account

Current account is an account where numerous transactions can be possible by the account holder within the funds available in its credits. No interest is paid on those deposits. A current is a running and active a/c, which may be operated upon any no of times during a working day. There is no restriction on the amount of withdrawal from a Current Account.

The Primary objectives of CA are to save big customers such as- business men, Joint Stock Company, Public authorities etc. from risk of handling a lot of cash themselves. The cost providing CA facilities is considerable to the Bank since they undertake to make payments

and collect bills drafts, cheque for any no.  The Bank is therefore don’t pay interest on current deposit while on the other hand, some Banks charges on a/c’s.

The current account holders enjoy certain additional privileges in comparison to a saving deposit holder:

  • The bank collects third party cheque with the endorsement for their current account

       holders.

  • The bank gives overdrafts facilities a certain case.
  • The banks grant the loans and advances though current accounts.

(2)Saving’s Account

To encourage savings habit amongst the general public, bank allows depositors to open savings account. As the name indicates, these accounts are opened for the purpose of savings. Interest is awarded on the balance of the account. Only 13% of the saving deposits are demand deposit and rest of is time deposit.

  • The Bank offers a reasonable rate of interest.
  • The no of withdrawals over period of time is limited. Only two withdraws are

allowed per week. If there are more than two withdrawals are made in a week no interest will be paid on rest of amount of that month.

  • The total amount of withdrawals on any date should not exceed 25% of the balance in the a/c unless 7 days advance notice is given.

 Composition of Deposit

Banks deposit grew by 29% in 2006. Total deposit stood at Tk 39572 million with an increase of Tk 8924 million. The deposit position in the year 2005 was Tk 30648 million. The growth was supported by branch network and high standard service provided to customers. Fixed deposit remained the main component of deposit contributing about 46% of total deposit.

Composition of Deposit

Deposit Composition of Bank

No.

Type of deposit

Amount in million

% of share

01

Current + others

5815.47

14.70%

02

Savings

7167.83

18.11%

03

Short term

2829.34

7.15%

04

Fixed deposit

18324.06

46.31%

05

Scheme

5435.24

13.73%

 

Total deposit

39571.94

100.00%

Different Types of Customer / Account Holder

Any one can open an account in Bank if he or she is capable of entering in valid contract and a banker’s are willing to enter into the necessary business relation with him. So any of the following can open an Account­

  • Individual (personal) account.
  • Joint account.
  • Partnership firm (Sole traders/ registered or unregistered)
  • Joint stock company (Private/Public LTD Company.)
  • Public Sector Corporation.
  • Municipalities/ Local bodies.
  • Clubs/Associations/Schools/ colleges/ Universities.
  • Executors/ Administrator.
  • Trustee.

Account Opening Section

The relationship between the customer and the banker begin with the opening of an account by the customer. Opening of an account binds the banker and the customer into contractual relationship. But selection of customer for opening an account is very crucial for a bank. In fact all kinds of ford and forgery start by opening an account. So the banker should take extreme caution in its selection.

Account Opening Procedure

A. Below the Process

  • An existing CA holder of the Bank.
  • Officials of the Bank not below the rank of an Assistant officer.
  • A respectable person of the location well known to the Manager/Sub-Manager of the Branch concerned.

B.  The type of account, the prospective Customer wishes to open should be ascertain. Highlight the main features of the account obtained necessary papers prescribed for opening of the particular type of account including two copies passport size photo of the account holder duly attested by the Introducer and verified by the Authorized officer of the Bank.

C.  Supply a set of printed forms required for opening the account, which will normally

      Include:

  • Advise of new account.
  • Specimen Signature Cards (SS Card).
  • Account Agreement.
  • Deposit Slip Book.
  • Check Book Requisition Slips.

D.  Request the customer to carefully read and fill up the printed forms supplied to him.

E.  Signature of the customer on the reserves of the signature card. Any special instructions          with regard to operation of the account should be noted on the relevant signature card      boldly duly authenticated by the account holder should be obtained.

F.   The required account no. For the new account from the account opening register should          be obtained.

G. Obtain the signature and account no. Of the Introduces on the advice of new account the

      place meant for the purpose and gets the signature properly verified by an Authorized

      official of the Bank.

H. The Deposit slip properly filled in and signed by the customer in duplicate should be

      collected. Then the new account no. Should be written at the appropriate place of the deposit slip and request the customer to deposit the money at the Teller’s counter.

I.    Get each signature of the Customer) introduces on the Advice of New A/c and on the

      signature cards admitted by the authorized official of the Bank using a small rubber

      Stamp. The Authorized officer on the advice of new A/c and on the spice men signature

      cards should also attest the signature of new a/c hold.

J.   After approval of the opening the a/c, get the Chequebook requisition slip signed by the

      Customer’s a/c of the amount of Exercise duty payable for the checkbook.

K.  Deliver the checkbook to the customer after properly marking the a/c no. Name and place

      of the branch on each leaf of the checkbook.

L.  On completion of a/c opening opens a file for the new a/c holder and files all relevant

      papers forms etc. Signature card copies of advice, Deposit slip Debit ticket etc. is

      distributed to concerned departments.

Cheque Book Issue

To facilitate the withdrawals and payments to third parties by the customer, the bank contains ten leaves book to the customer. A savings account chequebook contains ten leaves and a chequebook of current account may be 20 pages or 50 pages. The account number is affixed on corner of each page. The withdrawal pages book contains one extra page called cheque requisition slip, which is signed by the account holder and verified by the authorized officer at the time of issuing a chequebook. The cheque serial is entered both in the chequebook issue register and in computer to the corresponding account.

  Transfer of an Account

When an account is transferred from one officer to another, the account opening form etc. signed at the time of opening account and any forms or documents which are necessary for its proper conduct at the time of transfer, must be forwarded under cover of form, to the office to which the account is transferred together with the relative mail transfer, specimen signature cards) and standing instruction if any, no exchange should be charged on such transfer. Attention is also invited in this connection.

 Closing the Account

A banker can close the account of his customer or justifies the stoppage of the operation of the account under considerable circumstances:

  • Notice given by the customer himself.
  • Death of customer.
  • Customer’s insanity and insolvency.
  • Order of the court.
  • An application to close the account from customer is received.
  • Chequebook is destroyed.

Telegraphic Transfer (TT)

TT is “Account payee only instrument. The customer can enjoy this facilities only A/C in the down on branch. Telegram, telephone, telex, or fax as desired by the remitter effects TT. Transfer of the funds by telegraph is most repaid and convenient but expensive method. The drawer and payee should have a/c with the bank. TT is issued against cash, cheque and later of instrument.

 Procedure for Outgoing TT

  • Deposits of money by the customer along with filled application form.
  • A cash memo is given to the customer containing TT serial no…
  • Tested telex message is prepared, when TT serial no. Notifying party name, a/c no. is mentioned.
  • Telex section officer confirms transaction of message.

 Procedure for Incoming TT

After receiving the telex message, it is authenticated by verify cod no Serial no. Etc. It is called the test for TT. For example:

  • There is the TT serial no.
  • Payment serial no.
  • Branch serial no. (It is written on ABC book, which will not to another branch.)
  • Date code no
  • Amount code no.
  • Managers code no.
  • Officer codes no.

Pay Order (PO)

This is an instrument issued by the branch of a bank for enabling the customer/ purchaser to pay certain amount of money to the order of a certain person/ firm/ organization/ department/office in the same clearinghouse area of the pay order-issuing branch.

(a) Pay Order Has Different Characteristics

  • The issuing branch and the paying branch are same.
  • Application for payment with in the clearinghouse area of the issuing branch.
    • This may be open or can be crossed.

(b) Procedure of P.O. Issue

  • Obtain PO application form duly filled in and signed by the applicant.
  • Receive the amount in cash/transfer with commission amount.
  • Issues pay order.
  • Enter in pay order register.

(c) Procedures of Pay Order Payments

  • Examine genuinely of the pay order.
  • Enter in to pay order register and give contra entry.
  • Debit if fund ok for payment.

(d) Canceling a Pay Order

The party will submit the pay order along with an application mentioning the reason of cancellation. If the pay order is submitted to the favoring party endorsement will be given on the pay order.

Party will be charged an amount of TK.60/- as per cancellation charge. No cancellation charge will be charged if the favoring party will released the pay order. For every commission government charges 15% VAT of the commission.

Opening FDR Account

The necessary steps for opening of an FDR account are­

  • Filling up the prescribed FDR account opening application form.
  • Signing on the SS card.
  • Depositing the FDR amount.
  • Accepting the FDR Receipt.

 The FDR Block

The FDR block has different parts. The smaller one remains in the bank along with FDR block and the other one is received by the account holder as FDR receipt. The account holder as FDR receipt receives both of the other. Both of the FDR pages contain the same information.

A FDR slip contains the following information:

  • Serial number of the FDR.
  • Issuing data.
  • Received form (name of the account holder).
  • Sum of the TK.
  • The rate interest and period.
  • Date of maturity.
  • Two authorized officer’s sign.

 FDR Account Opening

In Fixed Deposit receipt party could deposit for 1 month, 3 month, 6 month or 1 year and time block offers different interest rate. Below is the table describing this:

FDR

Rate (%)

Remarks

  Eligibility: Interest accrued

Less than Tk. 2000 will not be

   
For 1 month

8

 
For 3 month:

 
Up to Tk. 1 crore

10.25

 
Tk. 1 crore to 5 crore

10.50

 
Above Tk. 5.00 crore

10.75

 
 

 
For 6 month:

 
Up to Tk. 1 crore

10.50

 
Tk. 1 crore to 5 crore

10.75

 
Above tk.5.00 crore

11.00

 
 

 
For 1 year:

 
Up to Tk. 1 crore

10.75

 
Tk. 1 crore to 5 crore

11.00

 
Above Tk. 5.00 crore

11.25

 

 These interest rates is calculated and revised by finance division located at the corporate office of The City Bank Ltd. And forwarded to all the branches.

 Payment of Matured FDR

In case of matured FDR interest is paid with the principle amount but pre maturated FDR does produce minimal interest. Suppose party opens an FDR for 1 year and after 8

FDR A/C                Debit.

(Auto) Source tax A/C

Excise Duty

Pay slip/ (SB/CD) A/C

Interest   Credit

Months he /she want to withdraw, and then interest will be given for 6 months, not for 1 year.

(a) Pay Slip

Stamp is mandatory, when closes the FDR account, this is needed. It contains the signature of the accountholder, which is verified later.

(b)Auto Renewal of FDR

If the account holder allows the provision of auto renewal then the FDR account will be auto renewed after the maturity. The renewal will be for another three month.

(C) Preparing Bill, Statements

Accounts section makes the salary statement for the employee at the end of the month and also some bills like

  • Conveyance: Going outside in office time for official purpose.
  • Entertainment: Supplying tea
  • Table stationary
  • Office stationary
  • Beautification
  • Electricity fitting and replacement
  • Furniture
  • Magazine: Pay the bill of newspaper and magazine.

Clearing House

According to the article 37(2) of Bangladesh Bank Order.1972 the banks, which are the member of the clearinghouse are called as Schedule banks. The scheduled banks clear the house drawn upon one another through the clearinghouse. This is an arrangement by the central bank where everyday the respective member banks gathers. Banks for credit of the proceeds to the customers’ accounts accept cheque and other similar instruments. The bank receives many such instruments during the day from account holders. City Bank Kawran Bazar branch receives different types of instruments, such as check, pay order, demand draft (DD), from its customers for collection. It also pays on behalf of its customers for those instruments that come to it through clearinghouse. When instruments of City Bank are sent for collection or received for payment through clearinghouse it is called Inter Branch Collection or IBC. The whole process of collection and payment would involve considerable labor, delay, risk and expenditure, all the labor. Risk delay and expenditure are substantially reduced, by the representatives of all the banks meeting at a specified time, for exchanging the instruments and arriving at the net position regarding receipt.

Transfer Delivery

The process of collection of cheque’s and other instruments from branch to branch of a bank is known as transfer delivery.

(a) Preparing Instrument for Transfer Delivery

  • The branch received the instruments through deposit slip.
  • All the essential of an instrument is then checked.
  • Entry is given in outward register.
  • Courier/ attendant send the cheque with a schedule to the drawer branch.

(b)Responding the Instruments Through Transfer Delivery

  • The responding branch will collect the instrument from the messenger.
  • Entry is given in inward register.
  • If the instrument is honored then responding branch will send an IBCA.

Accounting entries for main Branch:

Party a/c……………………….   Dr.

H.O a/c (responding branch)   …………………  Cr.

Accounting entries for main branch:

H.0 a/c…………     Dr.

Party a/c ………………………………         Cr.

 Out ward Bill Collection (OBC)

Collection of check of a bank outside the clearing zone is known as OBC. It refers the instruments drawn on the other Banks received by the City Bank Ltd.

(a) System of OBC Lodgment

  • Accepting the instrument with deposit receipt from the client.
  • Investing the instrument and deposit receipt carefully, specially date of check, amount, and account number, name, and sign of depositor.
  • The following seals are applied on the instruments; like OBC seal with OBC number, Endorsement seal.
  • Entry in the OBC registers.
  • Making two copies of schedule. One is enclosed with the instrument for collecting and the other one ID used as office copy.
  • A contra voucher will be written. The entries:

Customer Liability ……         Dr.

Banker’s Liabilities ……………….. Cr.

  • Instrument attached with forwarding schedule is send to the bank on which the check has been drawn.

Inward Bills Collection (IBC)

When a check comes to the bank from another branch outside the clearing area, the process is called IBC. After collection of check an IBCA is send to the OBC sending branch.

Sending the OBC is not enough for marking payment. We send the remained on instrument drawee bank to send back the instrument may be placed more than one time for payment.

 Cash Section

(a) Cash

Receive and payments in cash are the prime task of the cash section. Everyday cash balancing is done at the end of the transaction. There are three limits in cash section:

they are the

  • Counter limit
  • Volt limit
  • Transit limit.

How many accounts have to be kept in the counter, volt and transit decided by the size and mode of transaction of the branch.

(b) Functions of the Department

  • Shall be responsible for all cash and cash items related matters including record keeping
  • of the information are received regarding cash remittances.
  • Shall supervise the cash remittance under direct guidance of Sub-Manager.
  • Shall be responsible for any receipts and payments as per circular issued from time to time.
  • Keeping liaison with the Bangladesh Bank, Cash department.

Receipt

The account holders are prescribed deposit slips supplies to depositing cash in their respective account. So a cashier carefully scrutinizes the deposit slips. If any information is missing it is failed by the depositor. The cash receiving process is process is as follows:

  • Count the notes and list the amount on the back of deposit slip in order to denomination starting from the highest.
  • Compare listing with the cash amount shown on the face of the deposit slip.
  • Place the cash drawn duly stored according to the denomination.
  • Enter the particulars such as serial no, account no, title of account received in the cash receive register.
  • Put cashier’s signatures on the deposit slip and simultaneously get the same countersigned and the entry in the cash received register duly authenticated by the head cashier/officer.
    • Validate the deposit slip on the face with the validating rubber stamp and return to the depositor, retaining officer copy for bookkeeping purpose.

  Cash Payment

The token Clark issues a token to the presenter against of cash check after scrutinizing the material part of the check, the no of the entries with his initials on the back of the check under a rubber stamp. The check is also scrutinizing by the computer operation/officer who must satisfy himself that it is the order in every respect that it is from drawer’s S/B. a check book and that the amount does not exceed the credit balance of the amount. He will then the post the amount in the ledger, entry the folio no in the left corner of the check.

Then the check is sent to the authorized official who offer satisfying him that in every respect inclusive of verification signature will pass it for payment and recording the entries in cash payment register. Both the cashier and head cashier will put their initials against the entries in the cash payment register.

After payment of cheque/instrument the cashier affixes the PAID seal on the instrument. The documentation of the currency notes paid is also recorded on the back of the instrument.

Conclusion

The City Bank Limited is one of the fastest growing banks among all the private commercial banks in Bangladesh. This bank constantly looks for ways & means to improve productivity by rendering to its customers in order to remain competitive in the market.

The City Bank Limited plays a significant role in various fields in the economy such as industry, trade & commerce, transportation, deposit mobilization etc. It is playing a crucial role in human resource development and in creating new employment opportunities. It is also undertaking various welfare activities for the betterment of the society, in this context the bank has established The City Bank Foundation.

The reliability of the customers on The City Bank Limited is increasing promptly day by day. The overall performance of The City Bank Limited solid revenue growth together with strict discipline on expenses. The bank constantly reviews its systems, policies, process and prices of its products and services with the changing marketing reality.

Recommendations

(a) Performance Evaluation

Top management of The City Bank Limited should conduct a comprehensive study or survey on the branch performance, its management performance and their motivation as well. The marketing department should think freshly about their objectives and practices. As a developing private bank The City Bank Limited should allow their client satisfied with their services.

(b) Training

From my observation, the front desk people need more training to handle people smartly. In clearing section, there are not any trained employee and work delayed with mistakes often, even there are not any specific document regarding clearing vouchers. So, training is mandatory for this department for overall benefit and smart work along with client satisfaction.

(c) Salary and Motivation

Motivation is the key to employee satisfaction and employees are satisfied productivity will increase, profit of the organization also increased rapidly with customer satisfaction. When I have worked in cash section I have seen that employees of this section gets minimal salary compared to other sections of the bank and they are not satisfied with their salary, so management should think of them.

 References

1. Annual Report of The City Bank Ltd.

2. Web side of The City Bank

        www.thecitybankltd.bd

3. Different document of The City Bank

      Limited, Kawran Bazar Branch

4. Search engine: Google, Wikipedia

5. Strategic Management, Charles W. L. Hill and Gareth R. Jones, 7th Edition

6. Principle of Marketing, Philip Kotler and Gary Armstrong, 11th Edition

City Bank Ltd

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