Present Banking Sector Status of Bangladesh

Definition of Bank

Whoever, being an individual firm, company or corporation generally deals’ in the business of money and credit Is called a bank. In our country, any institution, which accepts for the purpose of lending or Investment deposits of money from public, repayable on demand or otherwise, and with transferable by checks draft order & otherwise Is called a bank?

The purpose of Banking is to ensure transfer of money from surplus unit to deficit units  Banks In all countries work as the repository of money. The owners look for safety and amount of Interest for their deposits with Banks. Entrepreneurs try to obtain money from the banks as working capital and for long term investment These entrepreneurs welcome effective and forward-looking advice for Investment Banking sector thus owe a great deal to the deposit holders on the one hand and the entrepreneurs on the other. They are expected to play the role of friend, philosopher, and guide for the deposit holders and the entrepreneurs.

Banking Sector in Bangladesh:

Since liberation, Bangladesh passed through fragile phases of development In the Banking sector. The nationalization of Banks In the post liberation period was Intended to safe the Institutions and the Interest of the depositors. Those handling the banking sector have borne the burden of putting banks on reliable footings. Despite all that was done, some elements of irregularities appeared. With the assertion of the role of the Central Bank, the Bangladesh Bank started adopting measures for putting banking institutions on right track Yet the preponderance of public sector management of banks left some negative effects In the money market In particular and the economy In general The agility among the borrowers manipulates the banking sector as a whole. In effect, a default culture, among other effects, appeared on the scene.

The opening of private and foreign participants to the banking sector was Intended to obtain desirable results from banking. The authorization of private banks was designed to create competition among the banks and competition in the form of efficiency within and the productivity In enterprises funded by banks. Unfortunately, for the people, at large, banking sector is yet to obtain the credit for efficiency, credibility  and growth.

The clever, among the user of banking services, have Influenced the management of banks, for obtaining short term and long term loans. They sometimes showed inflated equity to get money for Investment in businesses and industry. Few diverted their loan money to purposes different from the loan proposals, and Invested In non profitable units have failed to repay their loans to the banks. For this reason new entrepreneurs are not getting capital while defaulting entrepreneurs have started obtaining either relief In the form of rescheduling of the repayment program or additional inevitable money for diversified units.

But now, the situation Is changing day by day, Bangladesh Bank is taking more initiative for reducing the bad loan. The banks’ are also taking smart techniques and decision to reduce the bad loan and Investing In more secured place. This Is not only good for the banks but also good for Bangladesh economy, because Investors are trying to improve their business decision & Innovating more constructive business plan.

For the improvement of banking sector, Bangladesh Bank took some changes in Banking Company Ad in the recent year and some changes also In progress. Which are as follows:

•   Every bank has to increase their paid up capital and reserve from 10 million to 20 million.

•   There should not be more than 13 directors in a bank (except the Investors).

•   If any family holds more than 5% of share, then two directors may be appointed from that family at best

•   If any family holds less than 5% of share, then one director may be appointed from that family at best.

•   Excepts the Managing Director, other directors should not hold his post more than two times continuously.

•   Excepts these rules, Bangladesh Bank enhanced the penalties more Ideal for the miss users of these Act.

Bangladesh Bank is trying to Improve the strength of banking sector of Bangladesh, for this reason It wants to Increase banks paid up capital and reserve from 20 million to 40 million between few years. Because In India its now 30 million and in Pakistan its 50 million. If any bank face difficulty to improve their paid up capital and reserve then Bangladesh Banks suggestion Is to merge with another bank.

Banks in Bangladesh:

There are 48 (forty eight) banks in Bangladesh. The banks and the number of branches are as follows:


Name of Bank

Number of Branches

 
 

Urban
Area

Rural
Area

Total

Approval for new
brandies in 2007

 
A. Nationalized Commercial Banks(4)     
1.Sonali Bank Ltd.

381

803

1184

0

 
2. Janata Bank Ltd.

324

519

843

0

 
3. Agrani Bank Ltd.

298

568

866

0

 
4.  Rupali Bank Ltd.

235

256

491

0

 

Sub Total

1238

2146

3384

00

 
B.  Specialized Banks (5)     
5.  Bangladesh Krishi Bank

77

871

948

0

 
6.  Rajshahi Krlshi Iinnayan Bank

33

331

364

0

 
7.  Bangladesh Shilpa Bank (Industrial)

15

0

15

0

 
8.  Bangladesh Shilpa Rin Sangstha

02

0

02

0

 
9. Basic Bank Ltd

29

01

30

0

 

Sub Total

156

1203

1359

00

 
C. Private Commercial Banks (30)     
10.     Pubali Bank Ltd.

201

160

361

05

 
11.     Uttara Bank Ltd.

153

54

207

05

 
12. Arab Bangladesh Bank Ltd.

52

18

70

00

 
13.     International Finance & Investment & Commerce Bank Ltd. (IFIC)

51

19

70

05

 
14.     Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd.

125

61

186

10

 
15.     National Bank Ltd.

71

30

101

–        10 
16. The City Bank Ltd.

67

16

83

00

 
17.     United Commercial Bank Ltd.

62

22

84

00

 
18. The Oriental Bank Ltd.

26

04

30

00

 
19.     Eastern Bank Limited

27

03

30

05

 
20.     National Credit & Commerce Bank Ltd.

43

10

53

05

 
21 PrIme Bank Ltd.

48

13

61

10

 
22. South East Bank Ltd.

32

09

41

10

 
23.     Dhaka Bank Ltd.

28

13

41

07

 
24. AI-Arafah Islami Bank Ltd.

37

09

46

00

 
25.     Social Investment Bank Ltd.

20

04

24

00

 
26.     Duch Bangla Bank Ltd.

35

14

49

10

 
27.     Standard Bank Ltd.

23

06

29

05

 
28.     One Bank Ltd.

23

07

30

05

 
29.     Exim Bank Ltd.

27

08

35

05

 
30.     Mercantile Bank Ltd.

31

10

41

06

 
31.     Bangladesh Commerce Bank Ltd.

25

00

25

00

 
32.     Mutual Trust Bank Ltd.

22

08

30

05

 
33.     First Security Bank Ltd.

16

04

20

05

 
34. The Premier Bank Ltd.

20

07

27

01

 
35.BankAsiaLtd.

23

07

30

05

 
36. Trust Bank Ltd.

25

09

34

08

 
37.     Shahajalal Islami Bank Ltd.

21

05

26

05

 
38. Jamuna Bank Ltd.

26

09

35

05

 
39.     BRAC Bank Ltd.

26

10

36

10

 
Sub Total

1386

549

1935

142

 
D. Foreign Commercial Banks (9)     
40.     Commercial Bank of Ceylon Ltd.

06

00

06

00

 
41. The Standard Chartered Bank

19

00

19

00

 
42.     Habib Bank Ltd.

04

00

04

00

 
43. State Bank of India                  –

04

00

04

00

 
44.     National Bank of Pakistan

02

00

02

00

 
45.     City Bank N. A.

04

00

04

00

 
46. Woori Bank Ltd.

01

00

01

00

 
47 The HSBC Ltd.

08

00

08

01

 
48.     Bank Alfala Ltd.

05

00

05

00

 
Sub Total

53

00

53

01

 
Grand Total

2833

3898

6731

143

 
Source: www..bangladesh-bank.org

Banking in Bangladesh:

Banking is the backbone of national economy. All sorts of economic and financial activities revolve round the axis of the bank. As the industry produces goods and commodities, so does the bank creates and controls money-market and promotes formation of capital. From this point of view, banking-a technical profession- can be termed as industry. Services to its customers are the products of banking industry besides being a pivotal factor in promoting capital formation in the country. As all economic and fiscal activities revolve round this important ‘Industry, the role of banking can hardly be over emphasized.

circumstances being such, It becomes Imperative to find out the role that now planning in the country and analyze its operational aspects so as to ascertain the Importance of this delicate financial sector and Its over all Impact on our national economy. To ascertain the role of banks and to analyze Its operational aspects and its overall Impact on our national economy a through study as to Its distribution, expansion and contribution Is essential to comprehend Its past, present and future bearings for the growth and development of the banking sector of the country. In the global context, the role banks is far – reaching and more penetrating In the economic and fiscal discipline, trade, commerce, Industry, export and import- all carried through the bank. Banks are the only media through which international trade and commerce emanate and entire credit transactions, both national and International.

banking sector