Sir Dudley North, Economist was born on 16 May 1641 in Westminster, London. He was also an english merchant and politician. He was one of the sheriffs forced on the city of London in 1683 with an express view to securing verdicts for the crown in state trials. He was knighted in 1683, and was appointed a commissioner of customs, and later of the treasury, and then again of the customs. His tract entitled Discourses upon Trade, principally directed to the cases of the interest, coinage, clipping and increase of money, was published anonymously in 1691, and was edited in 1856 by J. R. McCulloch in the Select Collection of Early English Tracts on Commerce printed by the Political Economy Club of London.