Herbert Alexander Simon, Economist was born June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wisconsin., U.S. He was also an American political scientist, sociologist, psychologist, and computer scientist whose research ranged across the fields of cognitive psychology, cognitive science, computer science, public administration, economics, management, philosophy of science, sociology, and political science, unified by studies of decision-making. He received both his B.A. (1936) and his Ph.D. (1943) in political science, from the University of Chicago. Simon and his longtime collaborator Allen Newell won the 1975 A.M. Turing Award, the highest honour in computer science, for their “basic contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing.” He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics “for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations” in 1978.