1.1 Origin of the study:
As a student of Bachelor of Business Administration I have to complete internship program as a part of achieving mine Bachelor degree. After completion of the program period a student must submit the report on the assigned topic to the Supervisor and the department. To fulfill this requirement I have attended a three months internship at the city bank ltd. Head office-Finance division. And I am assigned the topic on “Budget & Financial Statement Analysis of the city bank ltd.”
1.2 Scope of the Report:
As I was working in the city bank ltd., Head office-Finance division, I got the opportunity to learn different part of banking system especially in finance division. I have learnt the cost center and the business functions of banks.
1.3 Objective of the study:
General objective of the Report
To learn corporate environment of financial institutions like banks.
Specific Objectives are:
- To make an analysis on revenue budget of the city bank ltd. comparing with actual achievement on 2007 & 2008.
- To have a comprehensive knowledge on activities of finance division of the city bank ltd.
- To know about a corporate banking & environment where top level executive work by delivering their professionalism.
- To have a comprehensive knowledge on budget analysis of a bank.
- As I am assigned to analysis on budget, I tried to find the discrepancies with actual achievement.
1.4 Methodology of the Report:
As they assigned me the topic on “Budget & Financial Statement Analysis of the city bank ltd.” Therefore, mainly the sources of data collection are based on secondary sources I have also collected some primary information those are also given below:
- Bank Annual Report (2007-2008 & 2008-2009)
- Business Plan Projection for 2008
- Official website of the bank.
- Different books, journals and periodicals that are related to the banking sector.
Direct observation of daily banking activities.
- Discussion with Top level management.
- Face to face conversation with employee of the bank.
1.5 Limitation of the report:
As we know finance division has a significant role on banking sector, that’s why they are very much busy. As top level management officers were busy in their work, I had a little scope to share with them. As an internee I haven’t got enough time to understand more about banking activities of the city bank. But one thing is sure if I got more time I would be able to enrich my knowledge. At the same time for time constraints I couldn’t go in-depth of mine analysis. For maintaining secrecy I am not provided enough information, and it’s another reason which limited me.
2.1 City Bank at a glance:
The City Bank Limited is the first private sector Bank in Bangladesh. The Bank has been operating since 1983 with an authorized capital of Tk. 1.75 Billion under the entrepreneurship of twelve prominent & leading businessman of the country. The noble intention behind starting this Bank was to bring about qualitative changes In the sphere of Banking and Financial management. Today The City Bank serves it’s customers at home & abroad with 82 branches spread over the country & about three hundred oversea correspondences covering all the major cities and business center of the world.
The services encompass wide diversified areas of trade, commerce & industry which tailored to the specific needs of the customers and are distinguished by an exceptional level of prompt and personal attention. Over the years the Bank has expanded the spectrums of Its Services. The extensive and ever growing domestic network provides and carries various products and services to the doorsteps of millions.
The City Bank Limited has already introduced some new Banking products like duel currency Credit Cards, ATM and Online services which has created attraction among the clients. The Bank is going to introduce real time Internet, SMS and Phone Banking systems with all modern delivery channels at an early date. For significant performance, The Bank has earned national & international recognition.
The City Bank Limited was one of the 12 Banks Of Bangladesh among the 500 Banks in Asia for it’s asset, deposit & profit as evaluated by “ASIA WEEK” In The Year 2000. Other than that, The City Bank Limited received the “Top Ten Company” award from the
Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
The city bank ltd. have a distinguished Board of Directors which consists of thirteen successful and reputed businessmen. Mr. Aziz Al-Kaiser, a top leading businessman, industrialist, pioneer personality & entrepreneur of private sector’s Bank in Bangladesh, is the Chairman of the Bank. Mr. Kazi Mahmood Sattar a dynamic, nationally & internationally reputed Banker is the Managing Director (MD) of the Bank.
Vision of the city bank ltd:
To be the leading bank in the country with best practices and highest social commitment.
Mission of the city bank ltd:
To contribute to the socioeconomic development of the country.
To attain highest level of customer satisfaction through extension of services by dedicated and motivated team professionals.
To maximize bank’s profit ensuring its steady growth.
To maintain the high moral and ethical standards.
To ensure participative management system and empowerment of human resources.
To nurture an enabling environment where innovativeness and performance is rewarded.
Total capital of the city bank limited.
Capital: a) Authorized Capital——————: Tk. 1,750,000,000
b) Paid up Capital———————-: Tk. 720,000,000
c) Reserve——————————–: Tk. 1,238, 397, 3
Total Assets ———————————————–: Tk. 35,303,744,444
Number of shareholders: —————————————————-5678
Business Center & Cost Center:
Retail: In line with the Bank’s strategy of making banking services more accessible to customers, City Bank is planning to launch proper banking services and business in all branches. All branches or the bank will be brought under sales and service model focusing retail banking business while giving services to all other customer of different business units. City bank towards the end of 2007 opened one new branch at Nikunjo under the Retail Banking Model.
Corporate: As a part of its commitment to provide global quality service, City Bank, one of the largest local private banks has launched its Corporate & Investment Banking Division recently. This shift, from branch banking model to business driven matrix, is the first step of the bank’s plan to revitalize its way of doing business in upcoming years.
Treasury: In 2007 bank’s Treasury investment portfolio increased substantially due to slow growth of corporate lending portfolio. In 2007 Treasury investment portfolio in creased by almost 80%. At the end of 2007 our total treasury investments were made in areas like Government Treasury bond, Inter-bank Fixed Deposit and Bangladesh Bank Bill. Due to low yield in T-Bill and low demand in secondary security market, Investment in was lower in 2007.
SME: It is expected that SME business momentum in the coming years will significantly enhance your bank’s market share in this segment.
HR (Human Resource): In the year 2007, the Bank Appointed 87 employees of whom 23 were executives, 9 junior cash officers and 48 officers of different levels with 8 staff and sub-staff, Total number of employees of the Bank at the close of the year 2007 thus stood at 1991 employees, comprising 239 executives, 1158 officers and 594 other support staff. Compared to 1989 in 2006 of which 200 were executives, 1178 officers and 611 other support staff.
ICC (Internal Control & Compliance Division): Good controls encourage efficiency, compliance with laws and regulations, sound information and helps eliminate fraud and abuse. Internal control is not only about getting things done but also about ensuring that they are done properly and that this can be demonstrated and reviewed i.e. maintain transparency and accountability.
There are several other division conducting cost center activities, these are Legal Division, Credit Risk Management, Finance Division, Operations & Support Division, Special Asset Management Division, Share Division, DSS, Capital Market Division, Trade Service, Audit & ins, Central Processing Center, Credit Administration Department, Logistic & Support Division, Internal Control & Compliance Division, Information Technology, Brand-Communication & Marketing
The principal activities of the bank are to provide all kinds of commercial banking services to its customers through its branches in Bangladesh.
Significant Accounting Policies
|Method of Accounting||The financial statements of the Bank are made up to 31st December 2007 and are prepared under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the “ First schedule ( Sec-38) of the Bank Companies Act, 1991, BRPD Circular # 14 Dated 25th June 2003, other Bangladesh Bank Circulars, International Accounting Standards and International Financial Reporting Standards adopted by the institute of Chartered accountants of Bangladesh, Companies Act, 1994, the security and exchange rules 1987, Dhaka & Chittangong stock exchange listing regulations and other laws and rules applicable in Bangladesh.|
|Provision for taxation||Provision for current income has been made @ 45% as prescribed in the finance ordinance, 2007 of the accounting profit made by the Bank after considering some of the add backs to income and disallowances of expenditure as per income tax laws in compliance with BAS-12 “Income Taxes”|
|Basis of consolidation||A separate set of records for consolidation of the statement of affairs and income and expenditure account of the branches are maintained at Head Office of the Band based on which these financial statement have been prepared.The consolidated financial statement comprises the financial statement of the City Bank Limited in terms of the Bangladesh Accounting Standard 27 on Consolidated financial statements.|
|Fixed asset depreciation||Category of fixed assets RateLand NilBuilding 2.50%|
Furniture and fixtures 10%
Office equipment 20%
|Minimum Capital Requirement||With a view to strengthening the capital base of banks and make them prepare for the implementation of Basel ц Accord, it has been decided that henceforth banks will be required to maintain capital to risk-weighted assets ratio 10 percent at the minimum with core capital not less than 5 percent. This requirement will have to be achieved by December 31, 2007.|
Board of director and their share:
Name of directors: Position Shares (%)
Mr. Aziz Al Kaiser Chairman 4.578
Mr. Mohammad Shoeb Director 2.495
Mr. Deen Mohammad Director 4.973
Mr.; Rubel Aziz Director 4.625
Mr. Hossain Khaled Saifullah Director 1.563
Location of ATM Booths
1 Dilkhusha 14. Mouchak ATM
2. Satmasjid Road 15. Banani ATM
3. DSE 16. Mohakhali AT
4. Uttara 17. Balaka Cinema Hall
5. Rifles Square 18. Baily Road
6. Pragati Sarani 19. Shyamoli
7. Gulshan Branch 20. Chamber Branch
8. VIP Road Branch 21. Agrabad
9. DSE NIKUNJA BRANCH 22. Cox’s Bazar ATM
10. Dhanmondi ATM 23. Golpahar
11. Bashundhara ATM 24. Lalkhan Bazar
12. Green Road ATM 25. Zindabazar
13. Wari ATM 26. Khulna ATM
Credit rating agency of Bangladesh (CRAB), a premier rating agency of the country, rated your bank “A2” rating for long term and “ST-2” rating for long term. The above rating has been done on the basis of the bank’s performance and capital adequacy, asset quality, operational efficiency and financial performance. Credit rating for the year 2006 was “A-” for long term and ‘ST-3’ for short term.
Source: City Bank Annual Report’2007.
2.2 Global Economy in 2008:
The global economy entered a major downturn in the face of severe shock in mature financial markets since 1930s. In their October 2008 issue of World economic Outlook, IMF projected 3.9 percent global output growth in 2008, down from 5.0 percent registered in 2007. Growth rate of advanced economies is projected downward at 1.5 percent compared with 2.6 percent of 2007. Emerging and developing economies is projected to grow at 6.9 percent as against 8.0 percent of 2007. The downward pressure stemmed from the ongoing sub prime mortgage market difficulties in USA and its spillover effect to other areas. China and India are projected to grow at 9.3 percent and 7.9 percent respectively. But it is feared that the continued recession in the developed countries is likely to reduce the growth rate of developing countries further.
Oil prices experienced strong run-up during late August 2007 to early January 2008 sparked by geopolitical concerns about tensions in the Middle East and some weather related production shutdowns. However due to severe global financial crisis the price of oil declined frown $100 per barrel to below $50 per barrel by the end of November 2008. The non-fuel commodity price boom picked up at much higher levels in real terms than at any time in the past 20 years. Consumer price inflation has increased markedly in the advanced economies and is projected to be 3.6 percent in 2008. Consumer price rises have been particularly strong in emerging and developing economies and inflation is projected to increase to 9.4 percent in 2008 reflecting strong growth of domestic demand and greater weight of energy and particularly food in the consumer price index.
The growth of worked trade volume in 2008 is projected to decline to 4.9 percent compared to 7.2 percent in 2007. The growths of exports from both the advanced and other emerging markets are projected to decline in 2008. Due to real effective depreciation of US dollar, US current account deficit was projected to decline by 5 percent. However, dollar appreciated again during October 2008 indicating a possibility of rise in current account deficit in US.
Global financial system came under serious strains and developed into the largest financial shocks since the Great depression. Equity markets have turned down while volatility measures have remained elevated. Risk spread on both corporate and sovereign papers continued to widen. Despite aggressive response by central banks liquidity remained aggressive response by central banks liquidity remained seriously impaired. The concern for credit risk has intensified. The overall balance of risks to the short-term global growth outlook remains tilted to the downside.
The major downside risks include the risk arising from the still-unfolding events in financial markets, growth risks intensified for inflation and oil market and risk of disorderly unwinding of large global imbalances. Global capital markets continue to be fragile and indicators of systemic risk remain strong. Rising losses in the context of global slow down could add to strains on capital and exacerbate the squeeze on credit availability.
Looking forward to 2009, the growth of emerging and developing market is likely to ease and will remain at a high level. China is expected to grow at 9.3 percent in 2009 driven by strong domestic demand and rapidly rising current account surplus. South Asia’s (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lana) growth rate is expected to be robust. The world trade volume is projected to grow 4.9 percent in 2009.
Source: Annual Report of Prime Bank’2008
2.3 Bangladesh Economy in 2008
Bangladesh economy during the year 2008 maintained a satisfactory growth in spite of repeated natural calamities like floods and cyclone. Bangladesh achieved a strong growth of 6.2 percent in fiscal year 2008 slightly slower than 6.4 percent of fiscal year 2007.This performance was facilitated by strong remittances of expatriates from abroad and reasonable export growth. Though Bangladesh Bank took monetary policies to achieve the growth but there are several key challenges they faced:
- Depth and severity of the recession of global financial crisis as well as its impact in Bangladesh economy is still unfolding;
- Probable rising inflationary pressure emanating from both domestic and international;
- Infrastructure inadequacies particularly in power, gas, ports and transportation,
- Probable adverse effect of global recession in RMG sectors due to falling growth prospects in US and other developed trading partners in the west;
- Probable adverse effect of global recession foreign direct investments, aid inflow and wage earners remittances;
- Disruption in economic activities, especially in agricultural sector and rural economy due to consecutive floods and devastating cyclone.
Agriculture sector achieved a moderate growth of 3.6 percent in fiscal hear 2008 mainly due to lower growth in crops and horticulture sub-sector and spread of avian flu in the country.
Source: Annual Report of Prime Bank’2008
2.4 Bangladesh Economy in 2009 (January to June):
BB caps interest at13% for banks lending to NBFIs:
Referring to the news of daily newspaper, Bangladesh Bank has fixed their lending interest rate to the Non-Bank Financial Institutions at 13%. This will offset the complexity of lending rate for Banks.
BB to monitor banks risk management:
Bangladesh Bank has more consent over monitoring risk management of banks.
Shipbuilders demand a waiver of 25% bank guarantees:
Shipbuilders of Bangladesh are blocked huge funds with bank, which they can invest further.
Sugar sector counts losses.
Source: The Daily Star on 2nd, 3rd .4Th & 7Th of June, 2009
2.5 Prospect and challenges faced by City Bank-2008
Bank made a modest profit in 2007, held an excess provision for loans and advance, maintained a surplus capital as per CAR requirement. Bank’s NPL ratio reduced toward benchmark level. An enormous task of restructuring & realignment process is going on in operations, introduced SMS banking, increased ATM & POS numbers as well as number of Cards in respect of Debit and Credit. Bank’s branch network is well spread within the country with 83 branches. There is a work force of nearly two thousand employees comprised of experienced & dynamic supervisors, hardworking & motivated workers lead by charismatic & successful leaders.
The bank is well positioned to meet the challenges in up coming years and will continue to strive to innovate and capture opportunity for satisfactory growth, improvement of asset quality, customer services and value creation. The bank is focused on its existing customers and will focus on potential customers also. This strategy is supported by wide spectrum of scrumptious products in the bank’s product line up and by offering fast and quality service and pleasant experience to its customers.
The bank will continue to harness the potential of retail operations, SME financing, on line banking channels through out all branches, internet banking, phone banking and NRB remittance market. However, there is continued pressure on interest margins, commission and fee earnings, exchange income and increased provision requirement and compliance issues. In its pursuit for growth, the bank will always adhere to good corporate governance and best practices and sound risk management policies and strict credit evaluation procedure.
Source: City Bank Annual Report’2007
3.1 The Internship Program:
I did my internship At The city bank Ltd. Head office-Finance division from the 10th May to 10th August, 2009. I got the opportunity to work as an internee in the Bank with the Head and SAVP of finance division.
|01||Writing Voucher, Pay slip, IBC, Help in preparing annual report of the city bank ltd.2008.||30 days|
|02||Revenue expenditure of each division from each days vouchers for the month of January to May, 2009.||30 days|
|03||Prepare my report by collecting all information required.||30 days|
Table: 01 Working Activities and durations
3.2 The Job Description:
It was clearly mentioned in my joining letter that I was Suppose to give regular attendance at the place where I would be deputed to my project. As an internee I was suppose to perform the following works:
Finding revenue expenditure for each division
Writing cash debit voucher.
Writing credit Voucher.
3.3 Working in a team:
When I was attending my internship at The city bank Ltd. Head office-Finance division, two other students from different educational institution were also doing there internship. So, I got an opportunity to work in a team.
3.4 Technical features in internship Program:
While doing my internship I did some technical work as an internee;
I experienced more with Ms Excel while preparing revenue expenditure of each division.
How they reconcile their accounts
3.5 Use of office Machinery:
In my Internship I do use some office machinery as an internee, this office machinery which I do use, are listed below:
Computer for data entry.
Photocopy machine for copying documents.
Printer for printing voucher.
Some More Parts-