Report on Sick Industry Rehabilitation in Bangladesh (Part-1)

1.1 Introduction:

Any academic course of the study has a great value when it has a particular application in the real life. Only a lot of theoretical knowledge will be little important unless it is applicable in practical field. So we need proper application of our knowledge to get some benefit from our theoretical knowledge to make it more fruitful. When we engage ourselves in such field to make proper use of our knowledge in our practical life only then we come to know about the benefit of the theoretical knowledge. Such an application is possible through internship as an integral part of MBA program of our university I have been engaged in Bangladesh Shilpa Bank (BSB) Head Office, Motijheel Commercial Area Dhaka, to complete the same where my concentration is on “Sick Industry Rehabilitation- an overview on Bangladesh Shilpa Bank”.

As the level of industrial development increase in Bangladesh so banks give loan towards the advancement of various sectors for industrialization. It helps to manage all types of efforts from establishment to implement of its operation. They also help to accumulate of human capital and technological innovations and facilitate in the project implementation. Bangladesh is one of the countries of manifestation. Here industrial sector is very weak whereas, industrially developed countries are dominating the world. So Government has established Bangladesh Shilpa Bank to strengthen the industrial sector. Since Bangladesh is a developing country and the present economic situation of Bangladesh is of open market in nature. So, in this situation, the specialized bank like BSB can play necessary role towards the economic improvements.

1.2 Problem Statement:

Now a day there is an increasing trend in industrial sectors in Bangladesh but performance of the entire industrial sectors are not up to the standard. Many firms in different industries are becoming increasingly sick. Some of these firms are liquidated or closed and some are not on the verge of being closed. Shy firms are increasingly becoming sick and what action to be taken to ensure their survival and growths are yet to be discovered. This study addresses the issues pertains the above-mentioned problems.

1.3 Objective of the Study:

The study encompasses the overall activities of Bangladesh Shilpa Bank (BSB). However, the main objective of the study is to evaluate the ‘Sick Industries Rehabilitation by BSB. The objective of the study can be summarized as under:

-To gets an overall idea about the operation of BSB

-To examine the success status of loan recovery

-To identify status of sickness of enterprises financed by BSB

-To identify the causes behind sickness of enterprises

-To evolve measures for overcome the problem of sickness

-To determine the limitation of Bangladesh Shilpa Bank

-To criterion on the basis of which the industries are identified as a sick industry

-To understand the rehabilitation program

-To know which firms are rehabilitate and which are not

-To recommend some steps to overcome such problem

1.4 Rationale of the Study:

As a developing country, it is necessary to enrich the industrial growth of our country of compete with the global market and open market economy as now we are in a global village. To facilitate the industrial growth and strengthen out economy, the government of Bangladesh has established BSB immediately after liberation war in 1972. Whereas, BSB extends long and medium term loan facilities in local and foreign currencies, provides working capital loans to Industrial units, provides equity support, Involved in Capital market activities, also extends commercial banking service though it is a specialized bank for the development of the industries. There are so many industries, which have already been established as a pioneer industry of our country with the help of BSB finance. But our industrial growth has not yet reached at expected level. There are so many industries that are not operating in the market with profit. Why we have not yet reached at expected level of growth comparing with other countries with the same variables as Bangladesh belong to-it is my query. The study will help us to get the reasons of sickness and tools to overcome these complexities in sick industries in our country.

1.5 Methodology of the Study:

The report “Sick Industries Rehabilitation” has been prepared absolutely based on BSB. I have used some graphical presentation, growth rate, and trend analysis. In this study, the descriptive as well as some analytical types of research have undertaken to gain insight and to understand about the overall operations and mainly the sick industries rehabilitation by BSB In this study, I have relied on both primary and secondary sources of data the sources are as follows:

1.5.1 Primary Sources:

i.    Oral and informal conversation with the different departmental

heads of Bangladesh Shilpa Bank,

ii.    Observations of banking operations in Head Office.

iii.    Expert’s opinion.

1.5.2 Secondary Source:

 i.      Printed forms and documents supplied by the official of BSB.

ii.      Relevant books/papers, etc,

iii.      BSB website-

iv.      Annual Reports.

v.      Other published documents.

1.6 Limitation of the Study

This internship report is my first assignment outside our course curriculum in the particular life. To prepare the report we have faced divergent problems and among them main limitations are as follows.

•    Lack of sufficient knowledge.

•    Lack of previous practical experience in this concern.

•    Lack of enough available data.

•    Confidentiality is the main problem; as a result some confidential facts were not sufficiently disclosed by the respective personnel.

•    Up-to-date information was not available and Most of the manual of BSB is maintained in Bengali

•    Bangladesh Shilpa Bank is a large financial institution and it is very difficult to understand each and every aspect of its operation within a very short time (within three months)

1.7 Literature Review:

The main function of BSB is to extend financial assistance to the industrial project. According to the BSB project means the scheme for capital investment to develop facilities and to provide goods and services. To give a loan in a project, the project has to satisfy the overall viability. Consequently, the project appraisal covers five different aspects viz., Management and organization, technical, Market, Economic and Financial. Although the five steps are followed in case of implementation of a project, but these five steps cannot always ensure that a project would be successful because there are many uncertain events, which may cause a project sick or unsuccessful and in such a situation, BSB has nothing to do but rehabilitate the project Rehabilitation of a project means to reshape the existing projects that is diagnosis a weak or sick projects so that it may operate successfully in future.

All sick industries are not possible to rehabilitate. It is mainly depends on the nature of the sickness. BSB provides assistance in a predefined criterion to the sick industry that is probable to rehabilitate. The predefined creations are based on the perspective of management, technological, financial. The BSB also put realistic efforts to rehabilitate its sick, problem-ridden and stuck up projects. In this perspective BSB has taken three-dimensional measures comprising of debt relief, injection of additional funds and direct Management. The bank for the rehabilitation of the sick project takes three steps. It is mentionable that with a view to make such project profitable the bank applies a combination of measures including a financial package.

To identify and to rehabilitate the sick project, BSB has established a new department called project rehabilitation department. The responsibility of this department is to make a project capable of debt servicing through profitable operation. Under rehabilitation program BSB has undertaken so many measures to rehabilitate the sick industries. I have elaborately discussed these measures by chart and table in the report the success and failure of rehabilitation depend on present circumstances of the project.

2.1 Introduction:

The former Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan (IDBP) and Equity Participation Fund (EPF) both of which were established for the industrial development of Pakistan were converted into a single institution names Bangladesh Shilpa Bank (BSB) after-liberation war in 1971. BSB comes into existence on October31, 1972 by the promulgation of Bangladesh Shilpa Order 1972 (President Order no 129 of 1972). The BSB order, 1972 was amended subsequently by the parliament to provide more operational autonomy to its management

The main objective of BSB is to provide finance both in local and foreign currencies for establishment of new industrial project as well as to balancing, modernization, replacement and expansion (BMRE) of existing industrial units in Bangladesh both in public and private sectors. It also provides other types of financial assistance’s like guarantees for credit/loans, equity-support, and working capital loan to the BSB financed projects. BSB also provide banking business on limited scales.

2.2 Brief Overview on BSB:

Establishment                     : 31st October, 1972

Organization              : Head Office- Dhaka

Division                               : 5

Department                        : 21

Zonal Office                       : 3

Branch Office                    : 15

Personnel                             : 731

Ownership:

At least Government subscribed 51 percent of the authorized capital of BSB and local or foreign Financial Institutions subscribed by Bangladeshi nationals or the remaining 49 percent. Presently, 100 percent ownership of the Bank belongs to the Government.

2.3 Mission:

Accelerating the process of industrialization of the country by providing financial assistance and equity support;

2.4 Objectives of BSB:

Bangladesh Shilpa Bank as the prime Development Financing Institution (DFI) of the country extend financial assistance both in local and foreign currencies to setting up new industries. It accelerates the process of industrialization of the country by providing financial assistance equity support. It assists the existing industries and rehabilitation of sick industries to boost up the industrial development to the country in conformity with the industrial policy and financial reform programs of the government towards market economy.

2.5 Functions:

Extend long and medium term loan facilities in local and foreign currencies

For industrial projects (both new and BMRE) in the private and public sector as well as partnership and proprietorship concern.

Provide working capital loans to Industrial units.

Provide equity support by way of participation in the equity of the company in the form of underwriting and bridge finance to public limited companies.

Issues guarantees on behalf of borrowers for repayment of loan.

Extends commercial banking service along with deposit mobilization, foreign Exchange business, L/C handling, foreign exchange remittances inland & Outland. sPurchases and sells shares/securities for BSB and on behalf of customers as a member of Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) Ltd. and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE) Ltd. for capital market development and Conducts project promotional activities along with preparation of various sector

2.6 Management:

The board of Directors of BSB consists of 9 (nine) members including the Chairmen and the Managing Director where the Board of Directors is selected by the Govt. Non-Government shareholders subscribing to the capital to the Bank shall eventually elect 4(four) directors from amongst themselves. The Managing Director is the chief executive often Bank. The General Managers assist the Managing Director in conducting overall business of the bank.

2.7 Operational Activities:

Bangladesh Shilpa Bank being the prime Development Financing Institution continued its efforts to make an effective contribution towards expansion of industrialization process of the county. It emphasis on long term lending to the viable new projects having comparative advantage, export prospects, forward and backward linkages and local technology as well as raw material based projects.

2.7.1 Profit and Loss:

The bank has made net profit (after adjustment) of Tk.248.38 million during FY2007-08as against 79.04 million (after adjustment) in the previous year. Where as total income of the bank in FY2005-06 was Tk.702.70 million as against Tk.715.20 million of the previous year.*

2.7.2 Deposit Mobilization:

During FY2007-08, the bank tried to meet its fund requirement from various sources for lending and investment. The bank emphasized more on no cost and /or low cost deposit mobilization during the period. Total deposit was Tk.707.3 million on June 30, 2006 as against Tk.655.43 in the previous year.

2.7.3 Sanction of Term Loans:

The bank kept on sanctioning of term loans during FY2007-08. This year local currency Loan of Tk. 918 million was sanctioned to 20 projects & short loan of about tk.3 million to 3 projects. . Of the total sanctioned amount, Tk.538 million for new 12 projects and an additional loan of Tk.380 million for 8 -existing projects.

2.7.4 Commitment and Disbursement of Term Loans:

During FY 2007-08the bank made commitment of Tk.403 million in local currency to 13 projects. During the period the bank disbursed term loans of Tk.384 million in local currency to 45 projects. In FY 2006 2007, tk. 534 million term loan in local currency was disbursed to 53 projects.

2.7.5 Sanction of Working Capital/Commercial Loan:

During FY 2007-08, the bank sanctioned working capital /commercial loans of Tk3.37 million to 3 projects and disbursed Tk.32.67 million 9 projects. The bank sanctioned Tk.105 million to 15 projects and disbursed Tk.196 million to 13 projects in the previous year.

2.7.6 Project Implementation:

The bank intensively monitors and supervises implementation of its own financial project. During FY-2007-08, 27 Projects commenced commercial production till now amount of tk. 362 million has been disbursed and 31 projects were under different stages of implementation. Of these, 25 projects were under construction 24Projects completed loan agreements and 11 projects were awaiting documentation. In the below, we have given a chart of stages of project implementation for last three years.

Position    of   projects    under implementationNumber of Projects
2005-062006-072007-08
Started Commercial Operation121527

Under Construction 25j

44 31

Documentation Completed 24 14 11

Awaiting Documentation 11 24 24

2.7.7 Loan Portfolio:

During FY 2007-2008, loan liabilities of 41 projects were liquidated and 14 new projects were receded in the Banks loan portfolio. As on 30 June 2005 total number of projects in the loan portfolio stood at 166 with a total loan outstanding of Tk.7441 91 million compared to that of 308 projects having a total loan outstanding of Tk. 13998.11 million in the preceding year. Out of 166 projects in the loan portfolio, 60 were export-oriented, 72 import substituting and 34 service / other industries.

2.7.8 Other Investments:

During FY 2007-08, the bank invested Tk.66.16 million to purchase shares from the primary and secondary market and the bank earned an amount of Tk. 14.47 million as Capital gain, dividend, and commission from share trading

2.7.9 Loan Recovered:

Loan recovery is a crucial index to measure the success of a lending organization. Like previous year, this year too, The Bank has strengthened its recovery drive for real realizing loans and dues from its borrowers and significant success was achieved. Total recovery target of loans during FY 2007-08was Tk.900 million, against which actual cash recovery was Tk. 981.20 million constituting 7 percent increase. During the reporting year outstanding loan of Tk. 423.00 million was regularized through rescheduling and replacement of bad and doubtful loan accounts.

2.7.10 Legal Action Taken for Recovery of Loans:

The Bank initiates legal actions under the BSB Order, 1972 against those defaulting and recalcitrant borrowers who fail to come up with any satisfactory settlement of Banks dues after all normal recovery efforts have been exhausted.

2.7.11 Loan Written off:

During FY 2007-08, The Bank has written off a total loan liability of Tk.5420.33 million of 7 projects. Out of which 116 for long term,  52 for bridge & 3 for short term loan.

2.7.12 Other Activities:

Apart from the tasks mentioned above, the bank assist the interested entrepreneurs in selecting industrial projects, upgrade the professional competence and skills of its employees, improve the working efficiency by providing better customer service, computerizing of banks activities.

2.8. Audit Committee:

An audit committee has been constituted by the Board of Directors of the Bank in its 400th meeting held on 06 April, 2003 which position as on 30-06-2005 as under:

   Sl.NoNameStatus    with lie BankStatus With the CommitteeQualification
1Abu AhmedChairmanChairmanVI.A    in    Economics, York            University, Toronto, Canada.
.M.sc.                           in
Economics. Islamabad
University ,Pakistan
2Mr.Md Nural AminDirectorMemberB.Sc. Engineer (Civil)
3Mr. Liaqua Ali KhanBoard SecretaryMember-SecretaryM.A in Economics

Name of the Directors and the entities in which they have interest as on 30 June, 2008:

SI. No.NameStatus with the 3ankName   of  the firms  companies   in   which interest  as  proprietor, partner,          director, managing          agent, guarantor,    employee, etc.
1Professor Abu AhmedChairman
2Dr. Nazmul BariManagingInvestment
director (Current Charge)Corporation   of             Bangladesh    (Director as                 •       Govt. Representative)
3Mr.Mokbul HossainDirector
4Md. Nural ArninDirector
5Mr.  Syed   Abdu MuqtadirDirectorChairman, Kushiara ServiceLtd.

2.9.   BSB: AT A GLANCE:

PARTICULAR2000-01001-022002-032003-042004-05 \
 Loan application received1331315183
 Term loan sanctioned
\ New55182134
BMRE1231
Additional32133
Total88212738
\Term Loan Disbursed108111423
Working capital Loan sanctioned21353
 Start of commercial operation52247
 Entrance into Loan portfolio327614
 Repayment Rescheduling4752271723
Liquidation of Loan liabilities3221312241
Total Loan portfolio532513461308166
 (Million Taka)
Term loan sanctioned29318914189891009
 Term Loan Disbursed13484170 ‘297   –144
 Working Capital Loan Sanctioned94301914
 Working capital Loan Disbursed15192821
Loan Recovered1400.   1198131611241391
Rephrased\ Rescheduled5741833507        ‘       149259