Financial Statement Analysis of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited (Part 3) - Assignment Point
Financial Statement Analysis of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited (Part 3)
Subject: Finance | Topics:

Comment:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited  has the cash flow ratio 0.21360 increased indicating stronger short-term solvency compared to the Quasem Drycell Limited (0.18194).On the other hand, Olympic Industries Limited (1.01918) is the strongest short term solvency among them.But  Navana Batteries Limited (0.26856) is somewhat stronger short term solvency compared to Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited ,where current ratio and acid test ratio was poor.here,there is increased payable Tk.181173288.(from vertical analysis of Balance sheet).

Competitive Market Position:

The liquidity position of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited is comparably satisfactory among the four companies.Rahimafrooz Companies captures current ratio 1.03 times compared to industry average 0.99908, acid test ratio 0.3521562 times compared to industry average 0.3457328 times and cash flow liquidity ratio captures 0.024331 compared to industry average -0.0078028 times.So, the market position of Liquidity is satisfactory.

Competitive Market Position5. Operating Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Operating Ratio

Operating Expenses

Operating Income

(2.4520+1.0819+1.2871+0.4066)/4= 1.3069

 Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Operating Ratio:

355,830,694

145,118,837                                             = 2.4520

91,128,721

84,232,428                                      = 1.0819

39287085

30523417                                    = 1.2871

41,442,055

101,924,274                                               = 0.4066

 Comment:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the highest ratio of 2.4520 where Quasem Drycell Limited has 1.0819 ,Olympic Industries Limited has 1.2871,Navana Batteries Limited has 0.4066.Where, the industry average is 1.3069. Navana Batteries Limited has the lowest ratio among the companies.So, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has high expenses incurred in gaining operating income.So, the company needs to minimize cost avoiding unnecessary administrative expenses from increased administrative expenses Tk 5599449,i,e,1.91% (from vertical income statement analysis).

6. Administrative Expense to Sales percentage:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Administrative Expense to Sales percentage

Administrative Expense

Total Sales

(11.4487+5.4714+3.4691+1.7822)%/4

= 5.5429%

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Administrative Expense to Sales percentage

298,264,314

2,605,227,370                                            = 11.4487%

51,162,699

935,094,525                                      = 5.4714%

8,526,204

245,775,310                                    = 3.4691%

8,887,858

498,689,132                                               = 1.7822%

Comment:

From horizontal income statement analysis, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the highest percentage  of 11.4487% where Quasem Drycell Limited has 5.4714%,Olympic Industries Limited has 3.4691%,Navana Batteries Limited has 1.7822%.Where, the industry average is 5.5429%. Navana Batteries Limited has the lowest ratio among the companies.So, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited needs to minimize cost avoiding unnecessary administrative expenses from increased administrative expenses Tk 5599449, i, e, 1.91% (from vertical income statement analysis) to pool up net profit.

THE CASH CONVERSION CYCLE MODEL1

 7. Marketing and selling expenses to Sales percentage:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Marketing and Selling  Expenseto percentage

Marketing and Selling  Expense

Total Sales

(2.20965+4.27401+12.51585+6.52795)%/4 = 6.38187%

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Administrative Expense to Sales percentage

57,566,380

2,605,227,370                                            = 2.20965%

39,966,022

935,094,525                                      = 4.27401%

30,760,881

245,775,310                                    = 12.51585%

32,554,197

498,689,132                                               = 6.52795%

 Comment:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the lowest 2.20965% of sales where Quasem Drycell Limited has 4.27401% of sales ,Olympic Industries Limited has 12.51585% of sales ,Navana Batteries Limited has 6.52795% of sales.Where, the industry average is 6.38187% of sales. Olympic Industries Limited  has the highest percentage 12.51585% of sales among the companies. So, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has minimizing  expenses to  gain operating income. So, the performance of the company is satisfactory.

THE CASH CONVERSION CYCLE MODEL

Finish goods and sell them

 

 Inventory conversion period:

The days inventory held is the average number of days it takes to sell inventory to customers. This ratio measures the efficiency of the firm in managing its inventory. Generally, a low number of days inventory held is a sign of efficient management; the faster inventory sells, the fewer funds tied up in inventory. On the other hand, too low a number could indicate understocking and lost orders, a decrease in prices, a shortage of materials, or more sales than planned. A high number of days inventory held could be the result of carrying too much inventory or stocking inventory that is obsolete, slow-moving, or inferior; however, there may be legitimate reasons to stockpile inventory,  The type of industry is important in assessing days inventory held.

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Inventory conversion period

Inventory

Average daily cost of sales

(81.6919+106.4410+50.8454+114.17)/4= 88.287075

Comparison of Four companies

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Inventory conversion period

470,966,115

5,765,145

= 81.6919842

221,552,994

2,081,461

= 106.4410823

24,512,371

482,095

= 50.84548164

111,150,844

973,487

= 114.1780311

Comment: Rahimafrooz company takes 82 days to convert material into finished goods and then to sell these. a sign of efficient management; the faster inventory sells, the fewer funds tied up in inventory compared to  industry average 88 days. Where, , Olympic Industries Limited (51 days) is more efficient in managing inventory and Navana Batteries Limited (114 days) and Quasem Drycell Limited (106 days) have not so efficient management of inventory.

 Receivable collection period:

The average collection period of accounts receivable is the average number of days required to convert receivables into cash. The ratio is calculated as the relationship between net accounts receivable (net of the allowance for doubtful accounts) and average daily sales (sales/365 days).

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Receivable collection period

Receivable

Sales per day

(20.488+9.4311+

2.0113+42.87757)/4

= 18.70210142 days

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Receivable collection period

146238314

(2605227370/365)                                            = 20.488416 days

24161564

(935094525/365)                                     = 9.431100 days

1354329

(245775310/365)                                    = 2.011308 days

58582418

(498689132/365)                                               = 42.877578 days

 Comment: Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited  takes 20 days after sales to convert Receivables into cash compared to the industry average 18.7 days and Navana Batteries Limited (43 days),they are so kind in collecting accounts receivable.On the other hand , Quasem Drycell Limited (9 days) and Olympic Industries Limited (2 days) are restristive. The average collection period helps gauge the liquidity of accounts receivable, the ability of the firm to collect from customers. It may also provide information about a company’s credit policies. The loosening of credit could be necessary at times to boost sales, but at an increasing cost to the firm. On the other hand, if credit policies  are too restrictive, as reflected in an average collection period that is shortening and less than industry competitors, the firm may be losing qualified customers.

Payment deferral period:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Payment deferral period

Payable

Average daily cost of sales

(28.2986+2.65944+39.45599

+186.1075)/4=64.13041

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem

Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Payment deferral period

163,145,791

5,765,145

= 28.29864603

5535542

2,081,461

= 2.659449873

19,021,551

482,095

= 39.45599233

181,173,288

973,487

= 186.1075325

 Comment: The days payable outstanding is the average number of days it takes to pay payables in cash.This ratio offers insight into a firm’s pattern of payments to suppliers.. Rahimafrooz  is taking lesser days to pay suppliers compared to industry average 28.2986 days, Olympic Industries Limited (39.4559 days) and Navana Batteries Limited (186.1075 days),Quasem Drycell Limited (2.659 days). delaying payment of payables as long as possible, but still making payment by the due date, is desirable.

Cash conversion cycle:                                                                                       (in days)

Company Name

Inventory conversion period:

Add : Receivable collection period:

Deduct: Payment deferral period:

Result

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

81.6919842

20.488416 days

28.29864603

73.881

Quasem  Drycell Ltd

106.4410823

9.431100 days

2.659449873

113.212

Olympic Industries Ltd

50.84548164

2.011308 days

39.45599233

13.400

Navana Batteries Ltd

114.1780311

42.877578 days

186.1075325

-29.05

Average

42.8608

 Comment:

The cash conversion cycle helps the analyst understand why cash flow generation has improved or deteriorated by analyzing the key balance sheet accounts—accounts receivable, inventory, and accounts payable—that affect cash flow from operating activities. Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has improved its cash conversion cycle is 73.881 days with comparison to industry average is 42.8608 days, Quasem Drycell Limited (113.212 days), Olympic Industries Limited (13.400days).Here,we see that Navana Batteries Limited has cash conversion cycle less than 1.

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has improved its cash conversion cycle is 73.881 days compared to 42.8608 days where by approximatiely improving collection of accounts receivable, efficient management of moving inventory faster, and taking leser time to pay accounts payableThat’s why a mismatching of cash inflows and outflows in the future, Rahimafrooz should be able to improve further the days inventory held and the cash conversion cycle.

Activity Ratios: Asset Liquidity, Asset Management Efficiency:

Asset Liquidity Asset Management Efficiency

 8. Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

 

Net Sales

Net Accounts Receivable

(17.81494+38.70174

+181.47386+8.51261)/4

= 61.62579 times

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem

Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

2605227370

146238314                                            = 17.81494 times

935094525

24161564                              = 38.70174 times

245775310

1354329                                    = 181.47386 times

498689132

58582418                                               = 8.51261 times

 9.Inventory Turnover Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Inventory Turnover Ratio

Cost of goods sold

Inventory

(4.4680+3.4291+7.1786+3.1967)/4

= 4.568

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem

Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Inventory Turnover Ratio

2,104,277,839

470,966,115

= 4.468002627

759,733,376

221,552,994

= 3.429127101

175,964,808

24,512,371

= 7.178612302

355,322,803

111,150,844

= 3.196762078

 10.Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio:

Cost of goods sold

Accounts Payable

(12.8981+137.2464+9.25081

+1.9612)/4

=40.339

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem

Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio:

2,104,277,839

163,145,791

= 12.89814359

759,733,376

5535542

= 137.2464297

175,964,808

19,021,551

= 9.250812828

355,322,803

181,173,288

=1.961231741

 Comment: The accounts receivable, inventory, and payables turnover ratios measure how many times, on average, accounts receivable are collected in cash, inventory is sold, and payables are paid during the year. These three measures are mathematical complements to the ratios that make up the cash conversion cycle, and therefore, measure exactly what the average collection period, days inventory held, and days payable outstanding measure for a firm; they are merely an alternative way to look at the same information.

 Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited converted accounts receivable into cash 17.81494 times compared to  the industry average 61.62 times and compared to Quasem Drycell Limited (38.70 times), Olympic Industries Limited (181.47 times) .On the other hand,Navana Batteries Limited has the lowest 8.5126 times to be converted from accounts receivable into cash. Inventory turned over 4.468002627 times compared to 4.568 times in industry average, meaning that inventory was selling slightly slower. The lower payables turnover 12.898 times compared to 40.33 indicates that the firm is taking longer to repay payables.and Navana Batteries Limited payable turnover 1.961231741 times is so low indicating longer time needed to repay payables (payment deferral period 186.1075 days).

 11. Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio:

The fixed asset turnover considers only the firm’s investment in property, plant, and equipment and is extremely important for a capital-intensive firm, such as a manufacturer with heavy investments in long-lived assets

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio

Total Sales

Fixed Assets

(5.78748+1.89538+4.35323+1.45705)/4

= 3.37329

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio

2,605,227,370

450,148,876                                            = 5.78748

935,094,525

493,354,302                                      = 1.89538

245,775,310

56458194                                    = 4.35323

498,689,132

342,258,655                                               = 1.45705

12. Total Assets Turnover Ratio:

 The total asset turnover measures the efficiency of managing all of a firm’s assets.

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Total Assets Turnover Ratio

Total Sales

Total Assets

(1.410178+1.055525 +1.804632+.848634)/4

= 1.239388

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Total Assets Turnover Ratio

2,605,227,370

1,847,445,449                                            = 1.410178

935,094,525

885904358                                      = 1.055525

245,775,310

136,191,376                                    = 1.804632

498,689,132

587,637,508                                               = 0.848634

 Comment:

The fixed asset turnover and total asset turnover ratios are two approaches to assessing management’s effectiveness in generating sales from investments in assets..

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has higher ratio 5.78748 times in Fixed assets turnover compared to 3.3729  and with Quasem Drycell Limited (1.89 times), Olympic Industries Limited (4.353) and Navana Batteries Limited (1.45 times) and on the other hand, total assets turnover is 1.4101 times compared to industry average 1.2393 and with the Quasem Drycell Limited (1.0555), Olympic Industries Limited (1.80463) and Navana Batteries Limited (0.848634).These ratios are higher, the smaller are the investment required to generate sales and thus the more profitable is the firm. The increase in total asset turnover is the result of improvements in inventory and accounts receivable turnover.

 When Quasem Drycell Limited has asset turnover ratios low relative to the industry, either the investment in assets is increased too heavy (1500%) and sales are sluggish decreased by(-3.519%). Navaana batteries limited has low asset turnover 0.848634 times compared to industry average.There is high purchase of fixed asset Tk.214,369,352.

 Leverage Ratios: Debt Financing and Coverage:

Debt Financing and Coverage

 13. Total Debt Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Total Debt Ratio

Total Liabilities

Total Assets

(.679776+.425226+.613636

+0.591436)/4= 0.5775188

 Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Total Debt Ratio

1,255,849,606

1,847,445,449                                            = 0.6797763

376,709,576

885904358                                      = 0.4252260

83572038

136,191,376                                    = 0.6136368

347550126

587,637,508                                               = 0.5914363

 14. Long-Term Debt to Total Capitalization:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Long-Term Debt to Total Capitalization:

Noncurrent Liabilities

Noncurrent Liabilities + Stockholder’s Equity

(0.156976+0.018967

+0.25976+0.15697)/4

= 0.145235

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Long-Term Debt to Total Capitalization:

110,159,100

701,754,943

= 0.156976593

9844677

519,039,459

= 0.018967107

18,464,861

71,084,199

= 0.259760415

Nil

 15. Debt/Equity Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Debt/Equity Ratio

Total Liabilities

Owner’s Equity

(2.12281+0.739814+1.588238+1.447598)/4 = 1.474617

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Debt/Equity Ratio

1,255,849,606

591,595,843                                            = 2.122817

376,709,576

509194782                                      = 0.739814

83572038

52619338                                    = 1.588238

347550126

240087382                                               = 1.447598

 Comment on the above three ratios:

Each of the three debt ratios measures the extent of the firm’s financing with debt. The amount and proportion of debt in a company’s capital structure is extremely important to the financial analyst because of the trade-off between risk and return. Use of debt involves risk because debt carries a fixed commitment in the form of interest charges and principal repayment. Failure to satisfy the fixed charges associated with debt will ultimately result in bankruptcy. A lesser risk is that a firm with too much debt has difficulty obtaining additional debt financing when needed or finds that credit is available only at extremely high rates of interest. Although debt implies risk, it also introduces the potential for increased benefits to the firm’s owners.

      Debt ratio considers the proportion of all assets that are financed with debt.

      The ratio of long-term debt to total capitalization reveals the extent to which long term debt is used for the firm’s permanent financing (both long-term debt and equity).

      The debt-to-equity ratio measures the riskiness of the firm’s capital structure in terms of the relationship between the funds supplied by creditors (debt) and investors (equity).

Each of the three ratios has increased somewhat in Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

      Debt ratio: Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the higher proportion of debt 0.67977 compared to the industry average 0.5775188 compared to Quasem Drycell Limited (0.6797763) and Olympic Industries Limited (0.6136368) and Navana Batteries Limited (0.5914363), so, the company has  the greater  the degree of risk because creditors must be satisfied before owners in the event of bankruptcy. The equity base provides, in effect, a cushion of protection for the suppliers of debt. The ratio indicates the company’s degree of leverage .It also indicates the company’s ability to withstand losses without impairing the interests of creditors. Therefore, the percentage of debt to total assets is higher so, the risk of inability to meet its maturing obligation .So, the company should utilize its assets  and financial flexibility.

      Long Term Debt To Total Capitalization :for Rahimafrooz Batteres Limited. The company’s  Long term debt to total capitalization has 0.1569 compared to industry average 0.145235 and with the Quasem Drycell Limited (0.0189671),Olympic Industries Limited (0.259760415).

      Debt-Equity ratio: On the other hand Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has 2.122817 compared to industry average 1.474617 and with the Quasem Drycell Limited (0.7398),Olympic Industries Limited (1.58828) and Navana Batteries Limited (1.447598)

      Equity Injectionthe company needs to quickly equity injection by lowering the debt-equity ratio. That means raising equity capital and utilizing  the fullest resources of the company.

The debt ratios for Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited reveal a steady increase in the use of borrowed funds 299,960,412(31.380%).Total debt has risen relative to total assets(18.294%), has increased as a proportion of the firm’s permanent financing, and external or debt financing has increased relative to internal financing. Given the greater degree of risk implied by borrowing, it is important to determine why debt has increased the main cause is from Cash flow statement shows that Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has substantially increased its investment in capital assets 100010000 Take (3.157%) when additions to property, plant, and equipment accounted for 2.324% of the total cash outflows. These investments have been financed largely by borrowing intercompany loan Tk.129781126.and long term loan Tk.98474158.

 Financial leverage:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Financial leverage

Total Assets

Stockholder’s Equity

(3.122816821+2.68935+ 7.91193+6.35860)/4

= 2.474617

 Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Financial leverage

1,847,445,450

591,595,843

= 3.122816821

885,904,358

509194782

=1.73981429

136,191,376

52,619,338

= 2.588238

587,637,507

240,087,382

= 2.44759

 Comment: Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has high 3.1228 times stockholder’s equity to Total assets compared to the  industry average 2.4746 17.Financial leverage means the company also highly dependent on equity/own financing in investing projects or purchasing fixed assets. Where other firms are below the industry average.

16. Interest Coverage Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Interest Coverage Ratio

Earning before interest and Tax

Interest Expenses

(3.20722+2.68935+ 7.91193+6.35860)/4

= 5.04178

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Interest Coverage Ratio

166,395,387

51881470                                            = 3.20722

87,594,227

32,570,755                                      = 2.68935

30183198

3,814,895                                    = 7.91193

97,803,177

15,381,235                                               = 6.35860

 Comment: This ratio provides an indication of the company’s ability to meet interest payments as they come due. This represents the amount available to cover interest.  In order for a firm to benefit from debt financing, the fixed interest payments that accompany debt must be more than satisfied from operating earnings. The higher the times interest earned ratio the better. So, Rahimafrooz batteries Limited has 3.20722 times less than industry average 5.04178.On the other hand, Olympic has the highest 7.91193 times interest coverage ratio among four companies. So, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has not so sufficient interest coverage ratio it needs to accelerate as quickly as possible.

 Profitability Ratios:

Profitability Ratios

17. Gross Margin Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Gross Margin Ratio

Gross Profit

Total Sales

(19.229+0.188+28.404+0.287)%/4

= 12.027%

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Gross Margin Ratio

500,949,531

2,605,227,370                                            = 19.229%

1,753,611

935,094,525                                      = 0.188%

69,810,502

245,775,310                                    = 28.404%

1,433,663

498,689,132                                               = 0.287%

 Comment: The gross profit margin, which shows the relationship between sales and the cost of products sold, measures the ability of a company both to control costs of inventories or manufacturing of products and to pass along price increases through sales to customers .In gross profit margin, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has  19.229 % improved apparently to control the growth of operating expenses compared to Quasem Drycell Limited 0.188% and industry average 12.027% and Navana Batteries Limited 0.287%. Olympic Industries Limited has earned highest percentag of gross profit  percentage of 28.404%.

 18. Profit Margin Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Profit Margin Ratio

Net Profit

Total Sales

(0.73562+4.3006+7.7782+11.306581)/4

= 6.0302798%

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Profit Margin Ratio

19,164,748

2,605,227,370                                            = 0.7356267%

40,215,241

935,094,525                                      = 4.3006605%

19117020

245,775,310                                    = 7.7782508%

56,384,692

498,689,132                                               = 11.3065813%

 Comment: The gross profit margin, which shows the relationship between sales and the cost of products sold, measures the ability of a company both to control costs of inventories or manufacturing of products and to pass along price increases through sales to customers.

The net profit margin measures profitability after consideration of all revenue and expense, including interest, taxes, and nonoperating items.

There was also a huge decrease in net profit margin in Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited 0.73562% compared to the industry average 6.03027798%,Operating expenses is high in Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited.On the other hand Navana Batteries Limited has earned huge income by getting huge nonoperating income.

19. Return on Assets Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Return on Assets Ratio

Net Profit

Average Total Assets

(1.1243+4.6310+16.2133

+12.8143)%/4

= 8.6957%

Comparison of Four companies:

Name of the companies

Calculation

Calculation

Result

Rahimafrooz

Batteries Ltd

19,164,748

(1847445449+1561737558)/2

19,164,748

1,704,591,504

= 1.1243%

Quasem Drycell Ltd

40,215,241            (885904358+850897245)/2

40,215,241

868400801.5

= 4.6310%

Olympic Industries Ltd.

19117020

(136191376+99628328)/2

19117020

117909852

= 16.2133%

Navana Batteries Ltd.

56,384,692

(587637508+292391878)/2

56,384,692

440,014,693

= 12.8143%

 Comment: It measures how efficiently the company uses its assets to generate sales. Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has 1.1243% compared to the industry average 8.6957%.Where other companies Quasem Drycell Limited (4.6310%), Olympic Industries Limited (16.2133%) and Navana Batteries Limited (12.814%).So, the company needs to accelerate net profit or selling unprofitable fixed assets.

20. Return on Equity Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Return on Equity Ratio

Net Profit

Owner’s Equity

(3.2384+7.897+36.331 +23.484)%/4

= 7.30%

Comparison of Four companies:

Name of the companies

Calculation

Result

Rahimafrooz

Batteries Ltd

19,164,748

591595843

= 3.2384%

Quasem Drycell Ltd

40,215,241

509198782

= 7.8970%

Olympic Industries Ltd.

19117020

52619338

= 36.3311%

Navana Batteries Ltd.

56,384,692

240,087,382

= 23.4847%

 Comment: Return on equity measures the return to common shareholders; It measures profitability from the common stockholder’s viewpoint. How many taka of net income were earned for each taka invested by the owners. The rate of return on common stockholder’s equity is 3.2009% compared to 28.73% in industry average,Quasem Drycell Limited has 7.9704%,Olympic Industries Limited has 43.41911% and Navana Batteries Limited has 60.3552%.

 So, the company needs increase its return through efficient strategy for cost control and quality improvement of product to push up the profit by reducing  avoidable expenses.

 21. Basic Earnings Power Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Basic Earnings Power Ratio

Earning before interest and Tax[1]

Total Assets

(9.0067+9.88754+22.162341

+16.643453)/4

= 14.4250316%

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Basic Earnings Power Ratio

166,395,387

1,847,445,449                                            = 9.0067822%

87,594,227

885904358                                      = 9.8875489%

30183198

136,191,376                                    = 22.1623416%

97,803,177

587,637,508                                               = 16.6434538%

 Comment:

Rahimafrooz has not so much adequate EBIT percentage of total assets 9.0067822%  compared to the industry average 14.4250316%. and other competitors is the lowest.So, the company where their interest expenses is huge  with respect to the percentage of sales ,interest coverage ratio 3.20722 not equal to industry average needs to cut down operating expenses to design the financial scenario well-off.

 Market Ratios:

22. Earnings per Share Ratio

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Earnings per Share Ratio

Net Profit

Average No of Share Outstanding

(17.2049+2.09454+8.23365

+3.06934)/4

= 7.65062

 Comparison of Four companies:

Name of the companies

Calculation

Result

Rahimafrooz

Batteries Ltd

19,164,748

(1,113,909+1,113,909)/2

= 17.20495

Quasem Drycell Ltd

40,215,241

(19200000+19200000)/2

= 2.09454

Olympic Industries Ltd.

19117020

(2321817+2321817)/2

= 8.23365

Navana Batteries Ltd.

56,384,692

(18370269+18370269)/2

= 3.06934

 Comment: The earnings per share ratio provides the investor with a common denominator to gauge investment returns.Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the highest EPS at 17.20495 compared to the industry average 7.65062 and other companies are lower than average industry EPS. So, it is a good sign of profitability.

 23.Dividend Payout Ratio:

Ratio

Method of Computation

Industry average

Dividend Payout Ratio

Dividend Paid

Net Income

(1.74368+0.82485

+0.09585)/3

= 0.888126637

Comparison of Four companies:

Ratio

Rahimafrooz Batteries Ltd

Quasem Drycell Ltd

Olympic Industries Ltd.

Navana Batteries Ltd.

Dividend Payout Ratio

33,417,270

19,164,748                                            = 1.74368

33,171,341

40,215,241                                     = 0.82485

1,832,378

19,117,020                                    = 0.09585

nil

56,384,692                                            = nil

 Comment: Rahimafrooz batteries Limited has the highest 1.74368 times from net income paid as dividend compared to the industy average 0.8881266 and Quasem Drycell Limited has0.82485 ,Olympic Industries Limited has 0.09585.So, the company’s Dividend payout ratio is highly satisfactory. the overall long-term impact to be extremely favorable to shareholders and has committed to maintaining excellent dividend payment

Relating the Ratios—The Du Pont System:

The Du Pont System helps the analyst see how the firm’s decisions and activities over the course of an accounting period—which is what financial ratios are measuring—interact to produce an overall return to the firm’s shareholders, the return on equity. By reviewing this series of relationships, the analyst can identify strengths and weaknesses as well as trace potential causes of any problems in the overall financial condition and performance of the firm.

Name of Company

Net profit margin

×

Total asset turnover

=

Return on investment

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

0.7356267%

×

1.410178

=

1.037%

Quasem Drycell Limited

4.3006605%

×

1.055525

=

4.539%

Olympic Industries Limited

7.7782508%

×

1.804632

=

14.037%

Navana Batteries Limited

11.3065813%

×

0.848634

=

9.595%

Comparison of Four companies:

Name of Company

Return on investment

×

Financial leverage

=

Return on equity

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

1.037%

×

3.122816821

=

3.2384%

Quasem Drycell Limited

4.539%

×

1.73981429

=

7.8970%

Olympic Industries Limited

14.037%

×

2.588238

=

36.3311%

Navana Batteries Limited

9.595%

×

2.447598

=

23.4847%

 Comment:

Specifically, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited  has added debt to finance incestments and has used its debt effectively. Although debt carries risk and added cost in the form of interest expense, debt has the positive benefit of financial leverage when debt is employed successfully in 2010. Improvement in inventory management has impacted the firm favorably, showing up in the high  total asset turnover ratio compared to the industy average. Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited could not control fixed  costs while increasing sales during expansion has negatively impacted  the net profit margin.

Return on equity of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited is below compared to the industry average 7.30%.So, the company is not improved compared to the other firms.Because, In profit margin ratio only 0.7356267%  and Total asset turnover ratio is almost better is 1.410178 times  and on the other hand , the financial leverage system is very good is cpaturing 3.1228168 in the industy average 2.474617 times. The combination of increased debt (financial leverage) but not improved in profitability and asset utilization has produced an poor overall return relative to other companies.

Trend Analysis

 Short-Term Liquidity:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

Ratio name

Particulars

2010

2009

2008

Average

Current Ratio

Current asset

1,190,640,768

944420225

1193918033

Current Liabilities

1,145,690,506

891977511

1040219331

Ratio =

 1.03923

1.05879376

1.147756052

1.081927

Acid Test Ratio

Liquid Asset[2]

393,684,725

277738971

527236779

Liquid Liabilities[3]

1,117,926,145

829416777

1007361396

Ratio =

0.213601

0.33486057

0.523383943

0.4034669

Cash flow liquidity

Cash +Marketable

securities + CFO[4]

244720081

296764529

106213738

Current Liabilities

1,145,690,506

891977511

1040219331

Ratio =

0.213600514

0.33270405

0.10210706

0.2623224

Receivable collection period

Accounts Receivable

146238314

172342511

303519588

Sales /365

2605227370/365

9194075.94

9003494.529

No. of Days:

20.488416

18.7449519

33.71130921

24.314892

Inventory conversion period

Inventory

470,966,115

362108817

439441974

Cost of Sales/365

5,765,145

6483497.09

6735070.529

No. of Days:

81.6919842

55.850849

65.24682587

67.596553

Payment deferral period

Accounts payable

163,145,791

18983999

236201761

Cost of Sales/365

5,765,145

6483497.096735070.529

No. of Days:

28.29865

2.92804928

35.07042131

22.099039

CCC[5]

No. of Days

73.88175

71.6677516

63.88771

69.81241

CFO

Amount in Taka

234,364,346

187,474,669

86,303,108

169,380,707.7

 Comment: Liquidity analysis involves the prediction of the future ability of the firm to meet prospective needs for cash.This prediction is made from the historical record of the firm, and no one financial ratio or set of financial ratios or other financial data can serve as a proxy for future developments.

Cash Flow from  Operating Activities

Cash conversion cycle

 The current and quick ratios have trended downward over the three year period, indicating a deterioration of short-term liquidity. On the other hand, the cash flow liquidity ratio improved strongly in 2009 after that year a negative cash generation in 2010.

The average collection period for accounts receivable and the days inventory held ratio—after

Improvement in 2009, there was worse in 2010.These ratios measure the quality or liquidity of accounts receivable and inventory. Here, company needs to emphasize more in collecting accounts receivable with following their policy. Days payable outstanding has varied each year, but has increased in 2008 huge. In 2009, company quickly paid due money quickly had 2.928 days but in 2010, it is increased to 28.29865 days. As long as the company is not late paying bills, this should not be a significant problem. The payment deferral period  increased  in 2010 due to an increasing collection period 20.4884 days and longer number of days inventory 81.6919 was held. In 2010, not a significant improvement in management of current assets and liabilities has caused the cash conversion cycle to 73.8817 days . Compared to industry average 79.82, the cash conversion cycle is good.

The common-size balance sheet for Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited revealed that inventories now

comprise about one forth (25%) of  the firm’s total assets.The growth in inventories has been necessary to satisfy the requirements associated with the lauching new battery Globatt Battery by Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited but has been accomplished by reducing holdings of cash and cash equivalents.This represents a tradeoff of highly liquid assets for potentially less liquid assets. The efficient management of inventories is a critical ingredient for the firm’s ongoing liquidity.

 Cash flow from operations are being increased at regular interval. It is also a positive improvement for efficient liquidity position.

Operating Efficiency:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

Ratio name

Particulars

2010

2009

2008

Average

 

Accounts receivable

turnover

Net Sales

2605227370

2970760616

2971427428

Net accounts receivable

146238314

172342511

303519588

Ratio =

17.81494

17.2375382

9.78990334

14.94746

Inventory

turnover

Cost of goods sold

2,104,277,839

2366476437

2458300743

Inventory

470,966,115

362108817

439441974

Ratio =

4.468002627

6.53526323

5.594141863

5.53246924

Accounts payable

turnover

Cost of goods sold

2,104,277,839

2,366,476,437

2458300743

Accounts payable

163,145,791

18,983,999

236201761

Ratio =

12.89814359

124.6563718

10.4076309

49.32072

Fixed asset turnover

Net sales

2,605,227,370

2970760616

2971427428

Fixed asset

450,148,876

517307333

509551210

No. of Days:

5.78748

5.742738265

5.83145986

5.787226

Total asset turnover

Net sales

2,605,227,370

2970760616

2971427428

Total asset

1,847,445,449

1565253956

1703469243

No. of Days:

1.410178

1.897941612

1.74433876

1.684153

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

The turnover ratios measure the operating efficiency of the firm. The efficiency in managing the company’s accounts receivable, inventory, and accounts payable was analyzed in the short-term liquidity analysis. Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited ’s fixed asset turnover has decreased to 5.74273 times  in 2009 compared to 2008 and is now 5.7875 times above  the industry average 5.7872 by 0.0003 times. As noted earlier, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited  has increased its investment in investing projects not in fixed assets. The asset turnover ratios reveal a upward trend in the efficiency with which the firm is generating sales from investments in investing projects and total assets. The fixed asset turnover ratio declined in 2009, a result of expanding offices and retail outlets. The total asset turnover rose in 2010, progress traceable to improved management of inventories and receivables. Accounts payable turnover was fantastic in 2009, where 124.6563 times compared to 49 times, now decreased to 12.89814 times compared to industry average not so satisfactory but is subject to due time.

Capital Structure and Long-Term Solvency:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

Ratio name

Particulars

2010

2009

2008

Average

Debt to total assets

Total liabilities

1,255,849,606

959405591

1153236788

Total assets

1,847,445,449

1565253956

1703469243

Ratio =

0.6797763

0.612939253

0.67699302

0.6565695

Long-term debt to

total capitalization

Long-term debt

110159100

63911683

113017457

Long-term debt + Stockholders’ equity

701,754,943

669760047

663249912

Ratio =

0.156976593

0.095424747

0.170399505

0.1409336

Debt to Equity

Total liabilities

1255849606

959405591

1153236788

Stockholders’ equity

591595843

605848364

350232455

Ratio =

2.1228

1.5836

3.2928

2.3331

Times Interest Earned

Operating profit

166,395,387

100172269

101483712

Interest expense

51881470

72655887

94631490

No. of Days:

3.20722

1.3787

1.0724

1.8861

111

The analytical process includes an evaluation of the amount and proportion of debt in a firm’s capital structure as well as the ability to service debt. Debt implies risk because debt involves the satisfaction of fixed financial obligations. The disadvantage of debt financing is that the fixed commitments must be met in order for the firm to continue operations. The major advantage of debt financing is that, when used successfully, shareholder returns are magnified through financial leverage. Debt ratios for Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited reveal a steady increase in the use of borrowed funds. Total debt has risen relative to total assets, long-term debt has increased as a proportion of the firm’s permanent financing, and external or debt financing has increased relative to internal financing. Given the greater degree of risk implied by borrowing Tk. 98,474,158 (3.587%),investing in share money deposit that is increased by 6635806 (6.635% growth compared to 2009).Times interest earned ratio

Also tends to increase at a increasing rate.

Profitability:

Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited

Ratio name

Particulars

2010

2009

2008

Average

 

Gross Profit

Gross profit

500,949,531

640284178

513126685

Net Sales

2,605,227,370

2970760616

2971427428

% =

19.229%

21.5529%

17.2687%

19.3502%

Net Profit Margin

Net Profit

19,164,748

100172269

101483712

Net Sales

2,605,227,370

2970760616

2971427428

%=

0.7356267%

3.3719%

3.4153%

2.5076%

Return On Assets

Net Profit

19,164,748

100172269

101483712

Total Assets

1,704,591,504

1565253956

1703469243

% =

1.1243%

6.3997%

5.9575%

4.4938%

Return on Equity

Net Profit

19,164,748

100172269

101483712

Stockholder’s Equity

591595843

605848364

550232455

%

3.2384%

16.5342%

18.4438%

12.7388%

Profitability

All the sales,cost of goods sold , gross profit and net profit are being decreased from 2008.In 2010, Net profit is dramatically so decreased (-80.868%) in respect to last year. That’s why the net profit margin is 0.74%.On the other hand, Gross profit is also huge decreased by -21.761% more over both sales (-12.304%) and cost of goods sold (-11.08%) decreased at a decreasing rate.

Relating the Ratios—The Du Pont System:

YEAR

NPM[1]

×

TAT[2]

=

ROI[3]

×

× FL[4]

=

ROE[5]

2008

3.4153%

×

1.74433876

=

5.957%

×

3.095908334

=

18.442%

2009

3.3719%

×

1.897941612

=

6.400%

×

2.583573793

=

16.535%

2010

0.7356267%

×

1.410178

=

1.037%

×

3.122816821

=

3.238%

The Du Pont System

Return on equity is below earlier year levels since its high point in 2008.The Du Pont System helps provide clues as to why these changes have occurred. Both the profit margin and the asset turnover are lower in 2010 than in 2009 and 2008. The combination of increased debt (financial leverage) 3.12281 in 2010 higher than 2009 and 2008 and the deterioration  in profitability and asset utilization has produced an declined  overall return in 2010 relative to the two previous years  is 3.238% .Specifically, the firm has added debt to finance investment projects  and has used its debt effectively.

Although debt carries risk and added cost in the form of interest expense, debt has the positive benefit of financial leverage when debt is employed successfully, which is the case for Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited. The 2010 deterioration in inventory management has impacted the firm not favorably, showing up in the decreased total asset turnover ratio. The firm’s ability to control operating costs is low while decreased sales having decreased net profit margin.

The overall return on investment is now decreasing as a result of these combined factors.

SW(Strength Weakness) Analysis:

 

 The analysis of any firm’s financial statements consists of a mixture of steps and pieces that interrelate and affect No one part of the analysis should be interpreted in isolation. Short-term liquidity impacts profitability; profitability begins with sales, which relate to the liquidity of assets. The efficiency of asset management influences the cost and availability of credit, which shapes the capital structure. Every aspect of a firm’s financial condition, performance, and outlook affects the share price.

 The last step of financial statement analysis is to integrate the separate pieces into a whole, leading to conclusions about the business enterprise. The specific conclusions drawn will be affected by the original objectives established at the initiation of the analytical process. The major findings from the analysis of. Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited’s financial statements can be summarized by the following strengths and weaknesses.

 Strengths

  1. Company is one of 9 SBUs of Rahimafrooz Group, well-positioned geographically to benefit from expected economic and industry growth, intercompany funds of profitable SBU is transterred to nonprofitable SBUs of the company.
  2. Aggressive marketing and expansion strategies determined by balance scorecard prepared by Kaplan-Norton Pladdium Group,England.
  3. Recent improvement in management of accounts receivable and inventory
  4. Effective control of operating costs
  5. Increased profitability in 2007 and strong, positive generation of cash flow from
  6. OperationsTimes Interest Earned Ratio tends to Increase from 1.3787 in 2009 to 3.20722 in 2010.
  7. Accounts Receivable turnover increase from 17.2375 in 2009 to 17.81494 times. in 2010
  8. Fixed Assets turnover tends increase from 5.74273 in 2009  to 5.7875 times in 2010
  9. 9.      Payment deferral period also increased from 2.9280 days in 2009 to 28.29865 days.
  10. 10.  Cash balance increases from 2009 in 2010 Tk. 1065874 (11.474%)
  11. 11.  Rahimafrooz has not so much adequate EBIT percentage of total assets 9.0067822%  compared to the industry average 14.4250316%. and other competitors is the lowest.
  12. The earnings per share ratio provides the investor with a common denominator to gauge investment returns.Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has the highest EPS at 17.20495 compared to the industry average 7.65062 and other companies are lower than average industry EPS. So, it is a good sign of profitability.

Weaknesses

  1. Highly sensitive to economic fluctuations in 2010
  2. Negative cash flow from operating activities in 2010
  3. Historical problems with inventory management and some weakness in overall asset management efficiency
  4. Increased risk associated with debt financing
  5. The firm’s ability to control operating costs is low while decreased sales having decreased net profit margin.
  6. Return on Investment tends to declining from 6.4% in 2009 to 1.037% in 2010
  7. Return on Equity tends to declining  from 16.535% in 2009  to 3.238% in 2010
  8. Return on Assets tends to decreasing from 6.40% in 2009  to 1.12%. in 2010
  9. Net Profit Margin tends decrease -1.29% in 2009 to -80.87% in 2010
  10. Gross profit Margin tends to decrease from 21.55% in 2009  to 19.23%. in 2010
  11. Debt Equity tends to increase from 1.5836 in 2009 to 2.1228 times in 2010
  12. Long term Debt to total capitalization tends to increase from 0.095424747 in 2009  to 0.156976593 times. in 2010
  13. Total Debt –Total Assets tends increase from 0.6129392 in 2009  to 0.6797763 times. in 2010
  14. Inventory turnover decreased from 6.53526 in 2009  to 4.468 times in 2010
  15. Accounts Payable turnover highly decreased from 124.65637 in 2009 to 12.89814 times in 2010.
  16. Receivable collection period tends increase from 18.74495 in 2009 to 20.4884 in 2010.
  17. Inventory conversion period tends increase from 55.850849 in 2009 to 81.6919 in 2010.
  18. Cash conversion cycle tends increase from 71.6677 times in 2009 to 73.8817 times in 2010.
  19. Current Ratio 1.03923 times in 2009 from 1.05879376 times in 2010.
  20. Acid test ratio also decreased 0.213601 times in 2010 from in 0.33486057  times
  21. Cash inflow decreases from 2009 in 2010 Tk. -411830755.

Chaper# 5

Conclusion and Recommendation

 Items to be discussed:

                                                                                                                     Page No.

Conclusion                                                                                                      111

Recommendation                                                                                            112-113

Conclusion

 

 Rahimafrooz is one of the well-known business houses in Bangladesh. It has endured turbulences of the last 53 years and has been able to transform itself from a small trading company into a leading diversified corporate body.Some years back, Rahimafrooz was running monopoly business in battery market by its flagship brand, Lucas. But now days there are many other competitors in the battery market like Navana, Volvo, Hamco etc. So there is a question of market sustainability.

 After the analysis of the financial statements of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited,Quasem Drycell Limited,Navana Batteries Limited and Olympic Industries Limited ,we have seen that all four companies are group company.Among them, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited is capturing majority of the market share. The Liquidity position is satisfactory, Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited has improved its cash conversion cycle is 73.881 days compared to 42.8608 days where by approximatiely improving collection of accounts receivable, efficient management of moving inventory faster, and taking leser time to pay accounts payableThat’s why a mismatching of cash inflows and outflows in the future, Rahimafrooz should be able to improve further the days inventory held and the cash conversion cycle. Turnover ratios are also approximately satisfactory according to the industry average. The debt ratios for Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited reveal a steady increase in the use of borrowed funds 299,960,412(31.380%).Total debt has risen relative to total assets(18.294%), has increased as a proportion of the firm’s permanent financing, and external or debt financing has increased relative to internal financing. Huge decrease in net profit margin in Rahimafrooz Batteris Limited also focusing the pivotal issue to take into consideration for cost control. Rahimafrooz has not so much adequate EBIT percentage of total assets 9.0067822%  compared to the industry average 14.4250316%. and other competitors is the lowest.Highest EPS is good sign for profitability for the company. From Du pont analysis, the company making  combination of increased debt (financial leverage) but not improved in profitability and asset utilization has produced an poor overall return relative to other companies. , Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited  has increased its investment in investing projects not in fixed assets. The asset turnover ratios reveal a upward trend in the efficiency with which the firm is generating sales from investments in investing projects and total assets. The 2010 deterioration in inventory management has impacted the firm not favorably, showing up in the decreased total asset turnover ratio. The firm’s ability to control operating costs is low while decreased sales having decreased net profit margin.

 To convert financial statement data into formats that facilitates the evaluation of a firm’s financial condition and performance, both over time and in comparison with industry competitors,the techniques applied will help the interested parties to use this report.

Recommendation

 

 After analyzing the financial statements of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited and comparison with other three competitors and comparison with past three years, I want to recommend some of the issues that will help the company to improve better in the next year. These are as follows:

  1. Company needs to quickly complete feasibility test of Globatt Battery and launcing the product in the right place so that cost can be reduced, net proft can be improved, operating ratio will be better, profitability ratio will be better and ultimately it impacts on the return on equity.
  2. Company as early as possible start their activity of making strategy through Balance scorecard.
  3. To improve the cash conversion cycle, company needs to change the policy to maintain a good relationship with the customer and suppliers.
  4. Company needs to increase the internal funds, because a big amount of money is transferred from the company to outside party through interest, ultimately company suffers loss.So, company needs to quickly take attainable target profit and to attain this company limits loan policy so that the risk of liquidity or tremendous loss or in recession the company can easily recoup from the reserve from the profit in future. To improve times interst earned, interst expese must be decreased or profit should be extended, debt equity ratio should be below the industry average should be must availed.
  5. Efficiency in managing inventory, accounts receivable, accounts payable should be strengthened quickly upto the company policy standard to get favourable fixed assets,total assets , accounts receivable ,accounts payable turnover ratio.
  6. With a view to survey,Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited company can take the following steps to improve market share:
    1. Price should be considered
    2. Plant capacity should be increased as the market border is expanding every year.
    3. Distribution channel should be more smooth and quick.
    4. The advertisement should be more vibrant and target-oriented
    5. The company should arrange consumer meeting at different automobile showroom to introduce Locus with new users.
    6. Product should diversify so as to meet the varied categories of engine of new model of automobile.
    7. For becoming more aggressive, acquisition of other existing battery market should be considered with significance right now.The company should render more social responsibilities to make the brand friendly, familiar and responsible.
    8. From the trend analysis, we can see which factors of the ratio is being dropped/harmed/improved, a careful investigation should be taken to improve the ratio.
    9. From vertical and horizontal analysis, we can see which line items of the statements of cash flow, income statements; balance sheet goes down or up, a powerful scrutiny needs to be applied to rescue the information to impair the line items of the respective statements.
    10. Through Statement of Changes in Equity, we can easily see which items of the current assets and liabilities is different compared to the other competitors, sound project analysis, CVP analysis, master budget preparing, ABC costing ,standard costing etc. can be applied to improve the internal control over the working capital requirement.
    11. Quality of reporting is high but the unavailability of information in the annual report compared to Quasem Drycell Limited ,Chartered accountants( K.M.Hasan & Co) needs to clarify the trend anlaysis, chart presentation, adequate notes should be adherewith for following full discosure principle.

Bibliography  

 Annual report of Aftab automobiles Limited  collected from Mothjil 128/A, Riaj Tower

Annual report of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited collected from Nakhalpara, Lucas Mor.

Annual report of Quasem Drycell Limited collected from, DSE shop.

Annual report of Olympic Industries Limited collected from, Third party, Motijil

Fraser M.L., and Alieen Ormiston (2010), “Understanding Financial Statements”8th Edition, Prentice-

     Hall of India Private Limited.,Chapter-6,pp-192-220

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Rahimafrooz Batteries limited

Some are parts:

Financial Statement Analysis of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited (Part 1)

Financial Statement Analysis of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited (Part 2)

Financial Statement Analysis of Rahimafrooz Batteries Limited (Part 3)

 

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