Report on Performance of IBBL in investment
Subject: Finance | Topics:

The trend of deposit increasing of IBBL last four years is so much satisfactory. Total deposit stood at Tk 87,841 million as on 31st December as against Tk 69,942 million of the preceding year registering an increase of Tk.17, 899 million, i.e. 26%growth as compared to the growth rate of 17% of the banking sector during 2004.  

Table 4.1: Trend of IBBL Deposit

Year

Tk. In Million

Increase %

2002

32,113

2003

41,547

29%

2004

55,462

33%

2005

69,942

26%

2006

87,841

26%

2007

108,263

23%

Trend of IBBL Deposit

Trend of IBBL Investments:

Investment of the Bank stood at Tk. 35,238 Million as on 31.12.03 as against Tk. 27,437 Million as on 31.12.02 showing an increase of Tk. 7,801 Million i.e. 28 percent against 13 percent growth of investment of the Banking sector. This increased growth of investment of the Bank in 2003 may be attributed to the trust given to foster investment and to reduce the Surplus Liquidity of the Bank.

Table 4.2: Trend of IBBL Investment

Year

Tk. (in million)

Increase %

2002

27,437

 

2003

35,238

28%

2004

46,281

31%

2005

59,007

27%

2006

75,859

29%

2007

93,644

23.44%

Figure 4.2-Growth of investment: 2002 to 2007

Mode-wise Investment

Table 4.3: Mode-wise Investment

Mode

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

 

Million (Tk)

Million (Tk)

Million(Tk)

Million (Tk)

Million (Tk

Bai-Murabaha12,003.9217,112.5623,522.9431,138.8841,731.48
HPSM8,496.8710,664.0814,131.4818,065.1023,344.46
Bai-Muajjal4,478.344,753.544,965.745,512.135,735.19
Purchase & Negotiation1,337.051,386.141,865.261,801.332,416.84
Quard640.23923.161,298.191,765.651,694.32
Bai-Salam407.98610.27807.14
Mudaraba52.0052.0052.00102.00102.00
Musharaka428.91346.2837.0212.1327.13
Total35,237.7646,280.6159,007.4975,858.5693,644.54

Sector-wise Investment

Table 4.4: Sector-wise Investment

Mode

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

 

Million (Tk)

Million (Tk)Million (Tk)Million (Tk)Million (Tk)
Industrial

11,526.18

19,692.68

24,480.21

35,593.03

46,063.51

Commercial

15,722.00

17,534.07

20,467.76

26,877.02

29284.21

Real Estate

2,576.00

3,581.72

5,204.18

5,785.11

6,813.70

Transport

1,397.00

1,851.32

2,475.11

2,472.46

2,975.12

Agriculture

2,344.82

2,350.52

2,235.29

3,537.17

6,445.67

Others

1,671.76

1,270.30

4,144.94

1,593.77

2061.94

Total

35,237.76

46,280.61

59,007.49

75,858.56

93644.15

Sector-wise Investment

Table 4.5: Different Special Investment Schemes

                                                                                                (Amount in Million Taka)

Name of schemes

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Rural Development Scheme

272.60

371.10

432.04

570.88

789.97

Household Durable Scheme

735.20

865.90

886.79

910.91

878.76

Investment Scheme for Doctor

81.50

95.10

97.21

101.01

85.54

Transport Investment Scheme

967.90

1,147.50

1,822.38

2,311.60

2,442.54

Car Investment Scheme

22.90

27.40

28.25

33.58

30.30

Small Business Investment Scheme

216.80

244.10

325.06

395.75

501.26

Micro Industries Investment Scheme

4.80

6.30

6.63

10.10

17.18

Agricultural Investment Scheme

16.70

18.80

13.66

12.70

14.69

Housing Investment Scheme

467.90

499.50

597.64

661.56

672.10

Real Estate Investment Program

1,507.00

1,641.70

2,264.35

3,418.85

4,713.70

% to total Investment

15.63%

13.95%

13.99%

14.28%

13.37%


Table 4.6: Rural Development Scheme

                                                                                                         (Amount in Million Taka)

Name of schemes

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Rural Development Scheme

272.60

371.10

432.04

570.88

789.97


Table 4.7: Position of Disbursement & Outstanding of RDS Investment

                                                                                                         (Amount in Million Taka)

Items

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Disbursement

850.00

1323.87

2029.67

2923.59

4216.77

Outstanding

212.20

301.00

389.94

509.71

716.15

Table 4.8: Investment in Real Estate

                                                                                            (Amount in Million Taka)

Table 4.9: Household Durable Scheme

                                                                                                         (Amount in Million Taka)

Year

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Household Durable Scheme

735.20

865.90

886.79

910.91

878.76

Figure 4.14: Household Durable Scheme

Table 4.10: Investment Scheme for Doctors

                                                                                                         (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Investment Scheme for Doctors

81.50

95.10

97.21

101.01

85.54

Figure 4.15: Investment Scheme for Doctors

Table 4.11: Transport Investment Scheme

                                                                                                       (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Transport Investment Scheme

967.90

1,147.50

1,822.38

2,311.60

2,442.54

Figure 4.16: Transport Investment Scheme

Table 4.12: Car Investment Scheme

                                                                                                      (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Car Investment Scheme

22.90

27.40

28.25

33.58

30.30

Figure 4.17: Car Investment Scheme

Table 4.13: Small Business Investment Scheme

                                                                                                      (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Small Business Investment Scheme

216.80

244.10

325.06

395.75

501.26

 Figure 4.18:  Small Business Investment Scheme

Table 4.14: Micro Industry Investment Scheme

                                                                                                       (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Micro Industry Investment Scheme

4.80

6.30

6.63

10.10

17.18

Figure 4.19: Micro Industry Investment Scheme

Table 4.15: Housing Investment Scheme

                                                                                                      (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Housing Investment Scheme

467.90

499.50

597.64

661.56

672.10

Figure 4.20: Housing Investment Scheme

Table 4.16: Real Estate Investment

                                                                                                        (Amount in Million Taka)

Particulars

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Real Estate Investment

1,507.00

1,641.70

2,264.35

3,418.85

4,713.70

Figure 4.21: Real Estate Investment

Table 4.17: Total deposit, investment and overdue position: 2003 to 2007

                                                                                                (Amount in Million Taka)

Items

 

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Total deposit

41,547

55,462

69,942

88,452.18

108,263.05

Total Investment

35,238

46,281

59,007

83,893.63

102,144.51

% of investment to total deposit

85%

83%

84%

94.85%

94.35%

Total Overdue

1,413.04

1,906.78

3,068.36

4,573.97

4,358.85

% of total overdue to total investment

4.01%

4.12%

5.20%

5.45%

4.26%

 

Classified investment

3,126.25

3,731.52

4,803.20

5,247.95

3,047.05

% of classified investment to total investment

9%

8%

8%

6.26%

2.98%

Recovery

95.99%

95.88%

94.80%

94.55%

95.74%

Average recovery (for 5 years)

95.39%

 

Figure 4.22: Investment and overdue position

Table 4.18: Investment distribution by size of accounting

year

investable fund 90% of  total deposits

Up to Tk.50 M

Above to Tk 0.5 0 M to Tk.1.00 M

Above to Tk.1.00 M to Tk.2.50 M

Above to Tk.2.50 M to Tk.5.00 M

Above to Tk.5.00 M

Total

200390%20%11%16%13%40%100%
2004902011161340100
2005902011161340100
2006902011161340100
2007902011161340100

Table 4.19: Investment distribution of by sector-wise (private & public)

year

investable fund 90% of  total deposits

Public sector

Private sector

Total

200390%5%95%100%
2004905%95%100%
2005905%95%100%
2006905%95%100%
2007905%95%100%

Table 4.20: Investment distribution of by Area-wise (Urban and Rural)

year

Investable fund 90% of  total deposits

Urban

Rural

Total

200390%6%94%100%
2004907%93%100%
2005908%92%100%
2006909%91%100%
20079010%90%100%

Table 4.21: Distribution of investment by Economic Purpose

year

Investable fund 90% of  total deposits

Agriculture, fishing and forestry

Industry

Working capital

Construction, real estate

Electricity, gas, water & sanitary services

Transport & communication

Storage

200390%2%18%15%10%.5%5%1%
2004902181510.551
2005902181510.551
2006902181510.551
2007902181510.551

House hold durable scheme

Small business investment

Doctors investment

Poultry dairy

Ural development

RDS

Micro industry

Others

Miscellaneous

Total

1.5%1.5%.5%.5%2%.5%1%1%100%
1.51.5.5.52.511100
1.51.5.50.52.5011100
1.51.5.5.52.511100
1.51.5.5.52.511100

Table 4.22: Investment distribution by Securities

year

investable fund 90% of  total deposits

share securities

merchandise

machinery with fixed assets

Real estate

financial obligation

miscellaneous

Total

200390%2%70%15%8%3%2%100%
20049027015832100%
20059027015832100%
20069027015832100%
20079027015832100%

CHAPTER 5`

Identification of Problems on investment

&

Recommendation

Despite tremendous popular support spectacular success in terms of mobilization of deposit and distribution of profit Islamic banking in Bangladesh yet to achieve the desired level of success due to the absence of appropriate legal framework for carrying out Islamic Banking operations in the country. All the government- approved securities in Bangladesh are interest bearing; Besides, Islamic Money Market in Bangladesh is yet to develop. As a result the Islamic banks, which are committed to avoid interest, cannot invest the permissible part of their Statutory Liquidity Reserve and short Term Liquidity in those securities.

IBBL is experiencing different problems including the investment program under the Islamic Shariah.Due to this, it is yet to conduct the some schemes which are agreed with the Islamic law and some of the schemes has already been closed and which are under operations are not out of flows.

The following section highlights the major findings of the problem that are associated with the investment program of IBBL.

The problems of Musharaka:

The Sahib-al-mal (in this case the bank) bears all the loss in Musharaka may result in moral hazards.

Lack of knowledge

Lack of expertise persons

Lack of governmental support

Lack of legal framework of Islamic Banking in Bangladesh

Uncertain cost of capital

Opportunity cost of capital

The problems of Bai-Muajjal:

Clients don’t repay the profit in time.

Bank has to bear the risk of goods until those are delivered to the client and the bank is also responsible for any damages of the goods in this period.

The bank will face problem if the client refuse to satisfy the contract.

The problems of Ijarah:

Lack of  marketing expertise for purchasing of an asset.

Maintenance of the asset and bearing all cost associated therewith or with replacement if the asset is deficient or fails to perform the service for which it has been leased. This is likely to demand specialist knowledge and expertise about the asset being leased disposing of the asset, when the asset is no longer be needed.

Uncertainty about the total life of the asset.

The problems of Bai-Murabaha:

  Clients don’t repay the profit in time.

  Bank has to bear the risk of goods until those are delivered to the client and the bank is also responsible for any damages of the goods in this period.

  The bank will face problem if the client refuse to satisfy the contract.

General problems:

  The decoration of the branches is older than other commercial banks.

  They don’t use the Share Mode of investment.

  Absence of Islamic Money Market.

State law defers with Islamic Shariah

Lack of proper monitoring system of the Islamic Banks by the central bank

Absence of Islamic Economic system in Bangladesh.

In the money market of Bangladesh   there is no easy provision to take short time loan from the bank.

It is not unexpected to have many problems in any organization. For this reason already I have found many problems of IBBL. To solve these problems, I can suggest following recommendation:

  • The Bank should disburse total invested money at once to the clients to achieve full benefits of invested money.
  • IBBL should more emphasize on their marketing effort and try to increase their sales force.
  • IBBL should appoint a Customer Relation Officer at every branch level.
  • IBBL should make their credit approval and monitoring system more customers friendly.
  • IBBL should try to reduce their loan issuing and disbursement timing.
  • IBBL should increase their profit rate on different deposit scheme.
  • IBBL should try to attend different type of target customer.
  • IBBL should introduce long-term credit scheme like different types of 5 years or ten years credit scheme.
  • Maximum clients do not know about IBBL’s Loan schemes. They should carryout more promotional activities to make clients aware about their offers.
  • It was observed that, IBBL is absent in TV, Print Media, Bill Boards, and Sponsorships etc. Bank should advertise about itself so that it can attract more clients. That will increase the business volume of the bank.
  • To avoid bad debts IBBL should more emphasize on Lending Risk Analysis (LRA) and try to conduct sensitivity analysis.
  • IBBL should highest attention on recovery of Bad Debts. This concerns the Image of the Bank, to the clients

Recommendation to the Government:

  • The government should take an initiative to open an Islamic money market in Bangladesh.
  • The government should also take an initiative to develop a legal framework of Islamic banking in Bangladesh.
  • The government should develop an Islamic economic system in Bangladesh

Recommendation to the Civil Society:

  • The people should improve their morality for the proper use Islamic banking in Bangladesh.
  • They should return the amount of profit in due time.

Most of the people in our country have a bad impression about IBBL’s operations regarding indirect generation of interest, which means no difference between investments of IBBL loan/credit/advance of conventional banks for this reason. They are not too much interested to investment with IBBL because majority of our people have no proper knowledge about the activities of Islami banking as well as its investment machanism.they don’t know mark up is accepted Islamic Shariah. The bank is committed to run its all activities as per Islamic Shariah.IBBL through its steady progress and continuous success has, by how, earned the reputation of being one of the leading private sector bank of the country. The bank has shown steady progress in this important sector. Main items of import (by the help of IBBL) machinery, garments, fabrics and accessories, ships for scrapping, rice, pharmaceuticals etc. where as main items of exports are jutegoods, readymade garments, leather, frozen fish, fertilizer etc. IBBL’s capital adequacy, deposits, reserves, earning per share, export, import and remittances are increasing day by day. So, no doubt IBBL is a growing profitable financial institute and its strengths is high.  

Books:

Chapra, M.U, (1995). Towards a Just Monetary System. Leicester: The Islamic Foundation.

Rahaman, A.A.M.Habibur. “Islami Banking”.

Kabir at el, Text Book on Islamic Banking, Islamic Economics Research Bearue, Dhaka, 2004.

Class Notes (IBTRA):

Jebal, Ahmed Asheque, Vice President & Faculty Member, IBTRA

Hussain, Md. Abul, SVP & FM, IBTRA

Hossain, Md. Mosharraf. AVP.IBBL.

Manual (IBBL):

Bai-Murabaha

Hire Purchase Under Shirkatul-Melk

Bai-Salam

Musharaka

Others:

Various types of publications of IBBL.

Annual reports of Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd. for,2001,2002,2003,2004&2005

Islami Bank Porichety.

Various lecture sheets of IBTRA.

Internship Program for MBA Students

From 5th February  to 15th April , 2008

Joined at IBTRA:  5th February  , 2008

Joined at IBBL’s Elephant Road Branch, 25th February, 2008

Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd.

Work schedule

Area of operation

Assigned time

General banking

25.02.2008 to 14.03.2008

Investment

15.03.2008 to 30.03.2008

Foreign Exchange

01.04.2008 to 18.04.2008

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