Management System in Apparel Industery of Balaka Stitch Pvt Ltd (Part 3)

Chapter – 07

Human Resource Department

HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT

 Recruitment Procedure Both Technical & Non-Technical Person

The policy of recruitment should be inducted employees with qualification, training, experience and intelligence. Proper recruitment increase productivities, able to collect more business, established business principle etc. The recruitment policy of managerial and worker levels are discussed below.

Source of employee

  • Internal source.
  • External source.

The recruitment procedure of the managerial levels are given below-

Basically most of the time company recruit employee from external source. Sometimes fulfill post by the internal person to give promotion, reference of higher authority etc otherwise collect employee through circulars.

Recruitment procedure of worker levels:

raining Procedures to the Workers Levels and Managerial Levels

Training is the process of altering employee’s behavior and attitudes in a way that increase the probability of goal attainment by training the employee will be skillful and increase ability to perform his job.

Training procedure for managerial levels in 3A FASHIONS LTD.. Are as follows-

For new employers:

  • Make training schedule.
  • Orientation training.

          –About working environment.

          –About specific job.

          –Rules and regulation of company.

          –Information about managerial job.

For old employers :

  • Training needs analysis.
  • Identified the problem in every department.
  • Make training schedule.

         –How increase working efficiency.

         –Introduce with new rules if any.

         –Organizational behaviors.

         –Modern communication.

         –Introduce with update version

Training procedure of the worker levels in 3A FASHIONS LTD.. Are as follows-

Actually in this company, there has no fixed training procedure of the workers. Non experience people join as helper and they learn technical things from operator. When operator face any problem this time line chef, line in charge or production manager guide them.

 Job Evaluation Procedure to Ensure Promotion and Financial Benefit

In 3A FASHIONS LTD.. strongly follow the job evaluation process. After every six month evaluate job performance of every employee in every department, it is a continuous process.

The job evaluation criteria of employee are as follows-

  • How many days absent or not.
  • Working skills.
  • Any complain letter.
  • Department incharge statement.
  • Communication skills.
  • In and out time.

On the basis of those criteria this company provides increment and promotion after every six month.

Chapter: 8

BGMEA

BGMEA (Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association) a recognized trade body that represents export oriented garment manufacturers and garment exporters of the country. Starting in the late 1970s as a negligible non-traditional sector with a narrow export-base, the Readymade garment industry emerged as a promising foreign exchange earning sector of the country by the year 1983. Since then, this sector has been acclaimed as the thrust sector of Bangladesh economy. BGMEA had only 12 members at the time of its inception in 1977. It promotes and protects the greater interest of the garment sector of Bangladesh and its members, the number of which was about 3200 in July 2000 and it approximately 4800 in 2009.

BGMEA is dedicated to establishing and promoting contacts with foreign buyers, business and trade associations, chambers and research organizations to develop the export base of apparels. It also promotes trade negotiations in international market. The fundamental objective of BGMEA is to establish a healthy business environment for a close and mutually beneficial relationship between manufacturers, exporters and importers, thereby ensuring steady growth in the foreign exchange earnings of the country. The organization is run by a 27-member board of directors elected for a tenure of one year. The board is headed by a president who is assisted by four vice presidents and a qualified team of officials. Core issues include human rights, and code of conduct in the work place and environment. BGMEA plans to launch a program for SA8000/WRAP compliance by all its member units within a fixed time frame so that all of them are ready to face new challenges of liberalization and globalization.

Functions and Activities of BGMEA

Activities:

Trade Facilitation:

The first & foremost duty of BGMEA is to protect & promote the interest of garment industry & trade in Bangladesh. BGMEA issues Utilization Declaration (UD) & Utilization Permission (UP) to members on be half of the Customs Department of the Government. It keeps its members abreast on contemporary business trend & at the same time involved in creates & promotes markets. BGMEA also supports the Government to formulate pro-growth policies for the sector & pursues to deregulate controls over private sector.

Trade Fair & Mission:

BGMEA bridges interactions between the local exporters & international buyers by arranging fairs in Bangladesh & participates with its members in international fairs. BGMEA regularly organizes BATEXPO & CAFEXPO annually in Dhaka & Chittagong. BGMEA organizes trade missions to explore the emerging markets for Bangladesh’s apparel products. BGMEA also organizes seminars & dialogues for recommending on key policies for trade & industries.

WTO, Regional & Bilateral Trade Negotiations:

BGMEA actively participates in WTO trade negotiations with the government. BGMEA appointed a lobbyist firm in the United States with its own resources for getting of duty free access in the US market. BGMEA also has an advisor in Washington keeping the sector updated on the latest developments in trade related areas of the US.

Human Resources Development:

BGMEA got itself involved in a number of human resources development projects, across the country, with the support of the government & various development partners. Trainings are provided among the underprivileged people on different machine operating courses free of cost including free food & accommodation, &after successful completion of training they are placed in different garment factories.

BGMEA Institute of Fashion & Technology (BIFT)

The BGMEA Institute of Fashion & Technology (BIFT) is a prime institute of Bangladesh aimed to produce technically competent human resource for the RMG sector of the country. It was established by BGMEA in 1999 and was affiliated to the National University, Bangladesh in 2001.The institute offers bachelor & master programs in apparel manufacturing & technology, fashion design & technology ,knitwear manufacturing & technology,& a number of diploma programs & six months of certificate courses pertinent to the need of the RMG sector of Bangladesh.

Corporate Social Responsibilities:

BGMEA believes in its corporate social responsibilities, both in the industry & outside the industry. Therefore with its own resources BGMEA has been engaged in several activities for the garment workers’ welfare, as well as for the well being of the society & people.

 Salary of Workers as Approved by Government and BGMEA

The official minimum wage has been set at 3,000 takas (£28) a month, up from 1662 takas in the first raise since 2006. The new pay structure starts in November and has seven grades – the highest pay fixed at 9,300 takas.

Number of Garments is in BGMEA

BGMEA started with only 12 members in 1978 & got registered in 1983 with membership increased to 134.Presently BGMEA has more than 5000 member factories fetching more than 80% of the country’s total garment export earnings. Around 40%of BGMEA member factories are knitwear & sweater manufacturers & the rest 60% are woven garment manufacturers.

Chapter – 9

BKMEA

 Number of Garments are in BKMEA

BKMEA established in 1996 as a national trade body to represent solely the knitwear sector of Bangladesh. BKMEA’ mission is to promote & enhance knitwear sector’s competitiveness, productivity & profitability in the global market through support services to members, capacity building of the sector & networking with all stakeholders. Starting with a minimum membership base, now it is an association of more than 1600 knitwear manufacturers that represents the largest export earning sector of the country.

 Strength of knitwear sector of Bangladesh

  1. The core strength of the knitwear sectors is the backward linkage. Currently BKEMA members are supplying 90% of the knit fabric requirements of the sectors.
  2. BKMEA has about 400 composite factories; besides the composite units many garments have their own dyeing and finishing units. A separate dyeing and finishing industries also has grown up over the time to support the sectors.
  3. the entrepreneurs are using modern machineries and latest production technology
  4. Bangladeshi knitwear is almost unbeatable in the price advantages.
  5. Bangladesh provides not only cheaper labor force but they are also unparallel in the stitching capability.
  6. Bangladesh knitwear is exported to 100+ countries of the world. Ongoing programs BKMEA has taken several initiatives with developments partners for capacity building of the sector.

Chapter – 10

Export Promotion BURUE

EXPORT PROMOTION BURUE

  • A National Export Promotion Agency under the Ministry of Commerce;
  • Reorganized by the promulgation of a Presidential Ordinance in 1977 as a semi autonomous body;
  • Promote export trade and improve plan & policies helpful to the private sector.
  • Administered by a Board of Management (BOM) comprising members from both public & private sectors.
  • Honorable Minister for Commerce is the ex-officio Chairman ; and
  • The Vice-Chairman is the chief executive of the Export Promotion Bureau

Export Promotion Bureau, the only government agency with a semi-autonomous entity, is entrusted with the responsibility of undertaking measures related to export development of the country. A Board of Management comprising members from both public & private sectors manages it. The Hon’ble Commerce Minister, Govt. of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh is the Ex-Office Chairman of the Board. The other members of the Board are the Vice-Chairman, who is also the CEO of EPB; representatives from the Ministries of Industries, Agriculture, Commerce, Foreign Affairs, Textile & Jute, Fisheries & Livestock, CCI & E and Bangladesh Bank, four members are appointed from the private sectors for a term of three years representing Chambers, Trade & Industry.

 Function and Activities.

  1. In consultation with different Chambers of Commerce, Export Associations, Concerned Ministries, Government Departments, Public & Private sector Agencies, Export Promotion Bureau helps the govt. to formulate & implement export policy.
  2. Assists & advises the exporters through organizing programmed relating to product diversification, product development, product adaptation for the expansion of our export basket.
  3. Organize marketing missions & buyer-seller meets in Co-operation with different exporters association to find out new markets for exportable.
  4. In a bid to disseminate export related information & to educate local exporters with the latest technological know how in the area of product development & marketing, EPB regularly organizes seminars, workshops, etc under National Export Training Programmed.
  5. Maintains a Trade Information Center(TIC)along with a commercial library in which a large number of recently published international Trade Directories, Statistical books, market Surveys & Product Profiles are preserved for the use of the business community, exporters, researchers & others.
  6. For the wide publicity of the exportable products of Bangladesh, EPB publishers various colorful & informative publications i.e. News Letter, Product Brochures,   Posters, Export Directory, Export Statistics etc.
  7. Compile analysis & publishes books & periodicals on export statistics on the basis of Bill of Export collected from different customs points of the country.
  8. Organizes international Trade Fairs at home of both general & specialized nature with a view to help local producers to display their products of export quality & compare those with the quality of the products exhibited by the participants from abroad.
  9. Participates in International Trade Fairs & organizes single Country Trade Shows abroad for exploration of new market for Bangladeshi products & consolidation of existing ones.
  10. To monitor quota of Textile products & to facilitate its export, a textile cell was created in EPB in 1985.From the very inception, Textile Cell extends all sorts of services to the readymade garments exporters for smooth exporting of readymade garments to the USA & other quota & non quota countries of the world.

What are the Documents Used by Export Promotion Bureau Required by GMTS.

  • ·         Following documents are needed for enrollment of a new export oriented readymade garments industry with the Export Promotion Bureau:
  1. Pay order for Tk. 2000/- (Two hundred) in favor of EPB.
  2. Two copies passport size photographs.
  3. Trade license (Renewed)
  4. Export Registration Certificate (ERC) (renewed).
  5. Membership of Concern Association (renewed).
  6. Bonded Ware house license (renewed).
  7. Fire Service Licence (renewed).
  8. Fire Policy (Renewed).
  9. Tax Identification (TIN) Certificate.
  10. Value Addition Tax (VAT) Certificate.
  11. Memorandum of Article (It necessary).
  12. Approval of Board of Investment.
  13. Approved Building layout plan and structural design from concern govt. authority.
  14. Group Insurance for the workers employed in the factory.
  • ·         Following documents are needed for renewal of enrollment certificate:

Pay order Tk. 1000(one thousand) up to 31-12-2006 and  Tk. 1500 (One thousand five hundred) after said date.

  1. Two copies passport size photographs
  2. Trade licence (renewed)
  3. Export    Registration Certificate (ERC) (renewed).
  4. Membership of Concern Association (renewed).
  5. Bonded Ware house licence (renewed).
  6. Fire Service Licence (renewed).
  7. Approved Building layout plan and structural design from concern govt. authority.
  8. Workers Group Insurance for workers employed in the factory.
  • Following documents are needed for issuing GSP and SAPTA Certificates:
  1. Export L.C/Sales contract/contract.
  2. Back to Back L/C, connecting Back to Back /.C
  3. Production Certificate issue from BTMA/Bill of Entry for import of Yarn.
  4. Certificate of Origin from a Textiles Mills for supply of yarn/fabrics foreign chamber certificate of origin for import of yarn.
  5. G.P-2
  6. Utilization Declaration.
  7. Commercial Invoice, Packing list,
  8. Bill of lading, Air way bill.
  9. Truck Chalan.
  10. Import Permit (IP) for EPZ firm and concern documents,
  11. Bank Certificate, EPZ declaration
  12. Shipping Bill .
  13. I.D Card, Signature card to M.D or Proprietor
  14. Copy of a EPB Registration certificate.
  • Following documents are needed to obtain Certificate of Origin (C.O):
  1. Pay order Tk.100 (One hundred) in favors of EPB.
  2. Invoice,
  3. Packing list.
  4. L/C
  5. Back to Back L/C
  6. Utilization Declaration.
  7. Shipping Bill.
  8. Bill of Lading/Airway Bill.
  9. Import permit of BEPZA for EPZ firm and concern documents.
  10. Chalan.
  11. I.D card, Signature card to Managing Director or proprietor.
  12. Copy of EPB Registration Certificate

Chapter – 11

BTMA

Bangladesh Textile Mills association (BTMA) is the national trade organization of Primary Textile Industry i.e. Yarn Manufacturing, Fabric Manufacturing and Dyeing-Printing-Finishing mills of the country under private sector. BTMA is registered in 1983.

Organ gram of BTMA

Function and Activities of BTMA

Objectives

  1. To promote and protect the trade, commerce and manufacturers of Bangladesh in general and of the textile related trade in particular.
  2. To collect and circulate statistics and to collect, classify and circulate information relating to the trade, commerce and manufactures of its members.
  3. To take all steps which may be necessary for promoting, supporting or opposing legislative and other measures affecting the trade, commerce or manufactures of its members.
  4. To make representations to the appropriate authorities on any matter connected with the trade, commerce and manufactures of its members.
  5. To advance and promote commercial and technical education connected with the trade and commerce of its members.
  6. To undertake special inquiries and initiate or support any action for securing the redress of legitimate grievances connected with the trade or commerce of its members.
  7. To engage in such activities for imports, exports of raw materials, spares and finished products for the collective benefit of the members of the Association.
  8. To organize such factories and workshops for selling or display centers centrally which may be of common benefit for sections which might not be possible or feasible for individual members.

Regional Activities

  1. SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry organized the 3rd SBLC regional cooperation. A catalyst for socio-economic growth in South Asia was held in Sri-Lanka between SBLC is a prestigious event of SAARC CCI. Head of the government of the Socialist Republic of Sri-Lanka, leading politician, prominent speakers, scholars and elite corporate leaders from SAARC region addressed on trade, investment, social security, HRM, Environment protection etc.. The third SBLC focused mainly on the following issues:
  2. Global financial crisis and its impact on South Asia.
  3. Addressing food crisis through enhanced investment in agriculture.
  4. Interactive dialogue between business leaders and triumphant entrepreneurs.
  5. Trade facilitation: A fosterer of regional integration.
  6. Trade in services: Prospects and challenges for regional integration.
  7. Climate change & depleting water resources: emerging priority concerns for South Asia.
  8. Culture and Tourism: A fosterer of socio-cultural interactions.
  9. Creating synergies in the area of enhanced regional cooperation.

Chapter – 12

Shipping Company

SHIPING COMPANY

Bangladesh shipping agencies: Bangladesh Shipping Agencies (Pvt.) Ltd. has been established in 1972 and register to Bangladesh Customs, Port and Maritime organizations. We have been acting as agents of various Local and foreign organizations very efficiently since inception of our company. We have experienced professionals

We have been performing Shipping agents, International Freight Forwarding agents, Clearing & Forwarding Agents Ship Chatterers, Ship Brokers, Local’s Representative of various importers/exporters vessel’s receivers/cargoes agents and also operating NVOCC.

During this span of time Bangladesh Shipping Agencies (Pvt.) Ltd. has engaged in various job

Bangladesh Shipping Agencies (Pvt.) Ltd. also fully capable of undertaking large and any challenging assignment of different organization. We have own CFS Space in the port-protected area. Wire house out side port and give service efficiently and also have Container Depot.

APL – Shipping Company

APL provides customers around the world with container transportation services through a network combining high-quality intermodal operations with state-of-the-art information technology.

APL is a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore-based Neptune Orient Lines, a global transportation and logistics company engaged in shipping and related businesses.

We help customers grow their business – whether that is venturing into new territories, exploring new business opportunities, or growing in already developed markets. With more than 150 years’ experience, APL has the knowledge and the expertise to help you negotiate the increasingly complex and ever-changing global marketplace.

Our partnership with some of the world’s best-known brands and success in fostering trade in emerging markets has helped defined global trade, setting new benchmarks in service innovation and excellence in every market we serve.

Today, we offer a scale of container transportation solutions that few can match:

  • Seamless global connectivity
  • Highly competitive transit times
  • Industry-leading schedule reliability
  • Extensive intermodal network to facilitate inland reach
  • Two state-of-the-art intermodal terminals in the US West Coast
  • Priority access to strategic Asian terminals
  • Comprehensive fleet of vessels and modern equipment
  • Integrated supply chain solutions with APL Logistics
  • Excellent customer service widely recognized in the industry
  • Vertical expertise who understand your special shipping needs
  • Over 4,000 committed staff in 200 offices

What are the Documents Issued

  1. Invoice
  2. Packing list.
  3. If FOB then cost caring from buyer.
  4.  C& F

Internal Communication of Shipping

For internal communication shipping company use-

  • E-mail.
  • Fax.
  • Phone.

Chapter – 13

C & F AGENT

Persons, who are employed to collect, deliver and otherwise forward goods on behalf of others are called forwarding agents. With the expansion of business, many manufactures use forwarding agents who would relieve the manufacturers from the troubles of collecting goods from suppliers and delivering goods to the destination.

 What are Document Handled by C & F Agents

There are some documents handle by clearing and forwarding agents such as-

  1. Master L/C
  2. Pass Book.
  3. Invoice
  4. BTMA Certificate
  5. Packing list.

Chapter – 4

Bank

B/B L/C Opening Procedure in Bank.

Application Format of B/B L/C to the Bank are as Follows.

July28, 2010.

To

The manager (Import).

L/C issuing bank name & address.

Ref: Account name ……… holding A/C No………. with your branch.

Sub: Request for opening a back to back L/C against export L/C number…… received by buyer.

Dear Sir,

We would like to inform you that please open B/B L/C for US$ against Master L/C to enable we import fabric to execute the stipulated in the said Master L/C.

You are hereby authorized to keep the aforesaid original Master L/C #……… as lien …….to cover finances involved in the opening back to back L/C.

Thanks,

Applicant name

Signature & designation.

Encl:

  • Contract.
  • Banks L/C application duly filled-up.
  • Insurance cover note (if applicable)
  • Import form(if applicable)
  • L.C.A (Letter of credit authorization form)

Idea About Irrevocable M L/C

Constitute a definite undertaking of the issuing bank, provided that the stipulated documents are presented, the terms and conditions of the credit are complied with:

The full name of L/C is IRREVOCABLE LETTER OF CREDIT which means once it is issued by the bank for the buyer and received and accepted by beneficiary(the seller), it cannot be canceled or withdrawn by the buyer or the opening bank, unless with the consent of the beneficiary. In short, once the buyer opens the L/C from his bank to cover the goods he has purchased, he will have to pay for the goods when the seller ships the goods exactly a per the terms stipulated in the L/C. Therefore , as far as the seller is concerned, the sooner he has the L/C on L/CS can be opened in many ways, but in essence ,it is a promise the buyers bank make to the supplier, to pay him when he does certain things with evidence to prove. There fore when the suppliers receives an L/C he must read the terms carefully to make sure he is capable of fulfilling them all exactly as they are written.

Idea About Different L/C

Letter of Credit is classified into various types according to the method of settlement employed. All credits must clearly indicate in major categories.

Sight payment credit.

Deferred payment credit.

Acceptance credit.

Negotiation credit.

Red close credit.

Revolving credit.

Stand by credit.

Transferable credit.

Chapter – 15

Yarn Supplier

 Idea About  Different Yarn Suppliers.

Company Formation

In 1990 Padma & Sonali Group separated to Padma Group and Sonali Group. Padma Group started its journey with six Industries under her umbrella. Today within fifteen years it’s having many more industries under the roof and some more upcoming. All this successes made the group one of the leading successful companies in the country’s current scenario. .

Heritage of Padma Group

Late Al-Hajj Md. Eunoos Khan’s father started his Printing Business in Kolkata India in 1910 and Mr. Eunoos Joined his father Late Md. Ismail’s Business. In 1915 he migrated to Myanmar and started ” Rangoon Fine Art Press “.

After the World War II in the year of 1948 he came back to Dhaka and Established “The Art Press” Mr. Khan Mohammed Ameer joined his father’s printing concern in 1958 along with his brother Khan Mohammed Eqbal.

After the World War II in the year of 1948 he came back to Dhaka and Established “The Art Press” Mr. Khan Mohammed Ameer joined his father’s printing concern in 1958 along with his brother Khan Mohammed Eqbal.

In the year of 1967 Mr. Khan Mohammed Eqbal and his brother Mr. Khan Mohammed Ameer started Padma Printing & Color Limited which was the turning point of the country’s printing technology and became the milestone in this trade. From the success of printing industry they diversified to other business like paper, textile, Food Processing and Trading.

Besides Mr. Ameer started photo finishing color processing laboratories and gradually he started importing Fuji Film and became the sole agent of world renowned Fuji Photo Film Co. Ltd. Within 1976 Mr. Ameer and Mr. Eqbal were able to establish a good number of industries and formed Padma and Sonali Group.

Yarn Products

Cotton yarns including ring spun carded and combed yarns, open-end yarn, and 100% cotton yarn.
Blended yarns including polyester viscose yarn and acrylic yarn, as well as poly-cotton combed and carded cotton yarn.
Synthetic yarns including polyester yarn, acrylic yarn, nylon, and viscose yarns.
Specialty yarns such as core spun, modal and mélange yarn.

Fabric Products

Woven including cotton and poly-cotton such as twills, drills, satins, dobby, canvas, and denim.
Knitted fabrics including single jersey, rib, and cotton-blends, fleece, modal, viscose, and tencel.
Grey and dyed fabrics for apparel, bedding and home textiles.
Fabrics are availabe in different weights and widths as per customer requirements and specifications.

Home Textile Products

We are dealing in bed sets, flat sheets, fitted sheets, pillow cases, quilt & duvet sets, shams & shells, valance sheets, comforter sets, kitchen items, curtain range, upholserty range and bed in a bag.

Textile Production Facilities

Our production facilities and yarn and fabric inspection processes set the standard for the textile industry. We use only state-of-the-art spinning and weaving equipment.Our prices are extremely competitive and we do whatever it takes to ensure 100% customer satisfaction.

Traders

Our Quality Promise

At SHM Traders, your success is our success. As a valued supplier of yarns and fabrics, it’s our promise to consistently deliver high-quality products that meet our customers’ demanding standards and enable them to gain a competitive marketplace advantage.

Customer Focus

We know that your satisfaction with the on-time delivery of our quality products and outstanding service is critical to retaining the long-term customer relationships that we value. That’s why we welcome customer feedback about anything and everything having to do with their experience with SHM Traders. We use customer feedback surveys to measure satisfaction levels and glean valuable feedback regarding product quality, price, delivery and issue resolution.

Our corrective action process sets the standard in the industry. Whether it’s a product or service related issue, rest assured that we are diligent in resolving the problem to your satisfaction.

Rigorous Product Standards

From cotton yarns to the most elegant of apparel fabrics, our products represent the SHM Traders name. It’s no accident that our product standards are among the highest in our industry.  Our inspection process, performed throughout the various stages of the manufacturing process, is thorough and exacting, ensuring that the products you receive are of the highest quality. We keep you informed during each step, sending various reports for yarns and fabrics once they are cleared or inspected with USTER®.  USTER® STATISTICS are acknowledged as the internationally-accepted quality standard yielding accurate and reliable quality data.  USTER® STATISTICS are used as the basis for the trade and certification of textiles throughout the world.  In addition, we ensure that the products that you receive are delivered on time with the greatest of care.

Product Innovation

As an industry trendsetter, we’re always scouting for the newest and best product innovations.  We invest in technology and staff training to ensure optimal quality control, outstanding products, and superior customer service.

Learn more about our amazing yarn and fabric offerings by contacting us today

Vision

Our vision encompasses our passion for delivering only the highest-quality yarns and fabrics to worldwide client base.  Even our name reflects our dedication to quality product offerings and unmatched customer service:

SHM = Services, Honesty, Magnificence

Services. No matter what your yarn or fabric need, SHM Traders can provide you with the quality products you require.  Every one of our employees from our veteran

management team to our production and quality assurance teams is single-minded in its motivation to ensure that our services are absolutely top-notch.

Honesty.  We know that we stake our reputation on every order.  That’s why our prices are extremely competitive and we go the extra mile to ensure 100% customer satisfaction.   Because an informed customer is a happy customer, we address your questions quickly and thoroughly.

Magnificence. From a variety of carded, combed and blended yarn products to fabrics for apparel, home furnishings, work wear and industrial-grade applications, we offer a dazzling array of colors, textures, and styles from which to choose.

Our yarn products include cotton yarns, blended yarns, synthetic yarns, and specialty yarns.

Our wide array of fabrics includes woven fabrics (including 100% cotton and poly-cotton fabrics that include canvas, denim, dobby, drills, satins, and twills; knitted fabrics including 100% cotton and cotton blends, fleece, modal, viscose and tencel fabrics.

While we continue to build on our years of solid trading experience, we’re always looking for new products to introduce, innovative customer service programs, and, of course, competitive pricing.

Contact us today to learn more about our products and services

Mission Statement

At SHM Traders, our mission is to reliably deliver competitively-priced, quality products to our customers in the textile industry.

Our commitment to our customers is unyielding.  We strive to consistently exceed our customers’ expectations, whether it’s expeditiously addressing customer questions or maintaining our flexibility in an ever-changing market to deliver products that are of the highest quality at a fair price.

We know there is nothing more valuable than the trust that our customers put in us. That’s why our experienced, highly-focused management team seeks to strengthen established, long-term relationships, while building new relationships within our diverse client base.

Acrylic Yarn:

Acrylic yarn is a yarn which is made from artificial fiber. This synthetic fiber as it is more commonly referred to as, is used in the making of bulky fabrics, and the said fabric washes and dries quite easily. SHM Traders supplies several varieties of acrylic yarn, and you can contact us for any sort of inquiries about the acrylic yarn.

Acrylic yarn is available in many different colors, weights, and styles. This yarn is used in textures, which can be used for home furnishings, among other things. These days acrylic yarn is available for making bathmats, and this particular trend is gaining momentum. We can deliver this yarn to clients in a plethora of colors and quantities. We have an extensive range of all the different varieties of acrylic yarn, and customers can fill out our inquiry form for further details.

We have acrylic yarn spun on cotton spinning system for knitting / weaving from count Ne10s to Ne40s both Ecru and Dyed.

We have acrylic yarn spun on worsted spinning system with high bulk fiber and non bulk fiber.

Acrylic yarn with us is available from count N/m 1/6 to Nm 50, as single ply or double and or twin ply, raw white or colored, high bulk or relaxed and regular dyed, as well as Grey on cones and Hanks.

We can also provide dyed as well as grey acrylic yarns, together with all its blends.

100% Acrylic Yarn is a product which is much sought after today. The name itself suggests that this particular variety of yarn is fully synthetic. The popularity of this man made yarn has increased a lot, and its ramifications can be noticed in many products. Some of the acrylic yarn centric products include blankets, upholstery, gloves and socks, carpets, and sweaters. Weaving and knitting too, make use of 100% acrylic yarn.

Some of the widely seen 100% acrylic yarn dimensions include,

  1. 100% acrylic yarn made from micro acrylic fiber suitable for chenille yarn.
  2. Acrylic yarn spun on a cotton spinning system. This is basically for knitting and weaving, from count Ne10s to count Ne40s, both dyed and ecru.
  3. 100% acrylic yarn spun on worsted spinning system. This is basically used for sweaters and blankets. The use of high bulk and non bulk fiber is made over here.

SHM Traders can fulfill all the requirements of 100% acrylic yarn, of not only the above mentioned count range, but also other varied count ranges

Blended Yarn

Blended yarn involves the constructive gelling together of two or more constituents. SHM Traders has a comprehensive list of blended yarns to offer.

Synthetic Blended Yarn:

A very widely used man made creation, this blended yarn has a major role to play in today’s world. SHM Traders supplies several varieties of synthetic blended yarn. We offer the said yarn at attractive prices and plenty of count ranges. The polyester / viscose yarn which we offer is in raw white, and made from 3D x 60 mm fiber. The polyester is semi dull and the viscose is dull blended. If need be, yarn with reverse blend in the desired percentage is also provided. This blended yarn is used widely in the knitting and weaving fields.

Polyester / Viscose Yarn:

Polyester Viscose yarn is practical and cost effective. It is available in raw white and dyed options, and is a high twist yarn with a crepe effect. We offer this poly viscose yarn in a count range of up to 60s in single ply and multifold. This is suitable for weaving and knitting. We also cater to a variety of fiber denier.

Acrylic / Polyester Yarn:

Used for knitting and weaving, as well as fashionable knitwear. This acrylic polyester yarn is also used in textures, which can be used for home furnishings. Acrylic / Polyester Yarn are available in cone and hank forms. SHM Traders provides the acrylic polyester blended auto coned spliced yarn. This blended yarn is of high quality and good strength. It works efficiently on all types of high speed knitting machines. All the yarns are available in standard packing.

Acrylic / Cotton Yarn:

The acrylic / cotton blended yarn is available in both, the raw as well as the dyed mode. We can deliver this trendy yarn in traditional blends of 52:48 and 65:35. Besides the above mentioned blends, we can also cater to customer desired blends. The count range of this blended yarn is usually Ne16s to Ne40s.

Viscose / Cotton Yarn:

Viscose / cotton yarn is a blend of viscose rayon and cotton. This blended yarn, when thought of as a product, falls within the domain of a synthetic yarn manufacturer. SHM Traders has a wide range of this variety of blended yarn in various good quality colors. We take care to maintain the quality of blended yarn reaching the customer, and supply yarn which is well packed. More often than not we make the use of polythene.

Polyester / Linen Yarn:

This blended yarn is a combination of polyester and linen. The combination of this synthetic fiber, with the fiber obtained from the flax plant, is a winning combination. The blend of polyester to linen is in the range of 70-30% or so. This blended yarn is primarily used for knitting and weaving. The rough parameter of the count range of this blended yarn is in the region of Ne 10/1 to Ne 40/1. SHM Traders supplies the above mentioned yarn.

Cotton / Nylon Yarn:

The cotton / nylon blended yarn is a very useful tool of the weaving and knitting industry. The blend ratio differs on different occasions. One of the commonly seen blend ratios is 60% cotton as against 40% nylon. We cater to this variety of blended yarn. Feel free to contact us for any enquiries.

Cashmere blended yarns:

The cashmere acrylic yarns that we provide are not only soft, but more often than not super soft. This blended yarn comes in different count ranges. There are many other effective combinations of blended yarn, such as cotton/cashmere blended yarns, wool/cashmere blended yarns and so on. We deliver a very potent variety of cashmere blended yarns.

Silk blended yarns:

When it comes to silk, there are many options in terms of producing a blended yarn. One such effective combination is cashmere blended with silk. Silk blended stoles and scarves are some of the products generated from this particular yarn.

Our inventory of blended yarn is exhaustive in nature. Kindly email us or fill out our inquiry form for further details.

Chapter – 16

FORWARDING & CONSOLIDATION

 FORWARDING & CONSOLIDATION.

Export Procedure

· Registration’ Stage.

· Shipment Stage.

· Pre-shipment Stage

· Post-shipment Stage.

Registration Stages

The exporter is required -to register his organization with a number of institutions and authorities, which directly or indirectly help him in the smooth conduct of export, trade. The
registration stage includes: –

a. Registration of the Organization: – The form of organization selected by the exporter must. Be registered under the appropriate Act of. the country.
· A joint stock company under the Companies Act, 1956.;
· A partnership firm under the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.;
· A sale trader should seek permission from the local authorities, as required.

b. Opening-Bank Account: – The’ exporter should open a current account in the name of the firm or company with a commercial bank which is authorized by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to deal in foreign exchange. Such bank also serves as a source of pre-shipment and post-shipment finance for the exporter.

c. Obtaining Importer-Exporter Code Number (lEC No.): – Prior to 1.1.1997, it was obligatory for every exporter to obtain CNX number from the RBI. However, since then, IEC number issued by the Director General for Foreign Trade (DGFT) has replaced the CNX number. The application form for obtaining IEC number should be accompanied by fee of Rs. 1000.

 d. Obtaining Permanent Account Number- (PAN): Export income is subject to a number of exemptions and deductions under different sections of the Income Tax Act. For claiming such exemptions and deductions, the exporter should register his
organization with the Income Tax Authorities and obtain the Permanent Account Number (PAN).

 e. Obtaining Sales Tax Number: – Exportable goods are exempted from sales tax, provided, the ‘exporter or his firm is registeredwith the Sales Tax Authorities. , For this purpose, the exporter is required to make an application in the prescribed form to the’ Sales Tax Office (STO) in whose jurisdiction his {exporter’s). Office is situated f. Registration with, Export Promotion Council (EPC) :: It is obligatory for every exporter to ,register with the
appropriate Export Promotion Council (EPC) and obtain the ‘Registration-cum-Membership Certificate’ (RCMC). The benefits provided in the current EXIM Policy are extended only to the registered exporters having valid RCMC.

  1. Registration with ECGC: – The exporter should also register with the Export Credit and Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC) in order to secure overseas payments against political and commercial risks. It also helps the exporters in obtaining the financial assistance from commercial banks and other financial institutions.

h. Registration with other Authorities: – The exporter should also register with various other authorities, such as: –
· Federation of Indian Export Organisation (FIEO),· Indian Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO), · Chambers of Commerce
(COC), · Productivity Councils, etc.

Shipment Stages

Export, cargo can be exported to the overseas buyer by sea, air or land. However, shipment by sea is the most popular and generally resorted to, as it is comparatively cheaper. Besides, the ship’s capacity is far greater than other modes of transportation. Nevertheless, transportation by air is utilized for export of expensive items like, diamonds, gold, etc. The shipment stage includes the following steps

a. Reservation of Shipping Space: – Once the export contract is finalized, the I exporter reserves the required space in the vessel for shipment. On accepting the exporter’s request,
the shipping company issues a Shipping Order. The original copy of the shipping order as given to the exporter and the duplicate instruction by the shipping company to the commanding officer of the ship that the goods as per the details given should be received on board

b. Arrangement of Internal Transportation up to the Port of Shipment :-The exporter makes necessary arrangements for transportation of goods to the port either by road or railways. On loading goods into the railway wagon, the railway authorities
issue a ‘Railway Receipt’, which may be either ‘freight paid’ or ‘freight to pay’. It serves as a title to the goods. The exporter doses the railway receipt in favor of his agent to enable him to take delivery of the goods at the port of shipment.

c. Preparation and Processing of Shipping Documents :- As the goods reaches the port of shipment, the exporter should issue detailed instructions to the C&F agent for the
shipment of cargo along with a complete set of the documents listed below:-
· Letter of Credit along with the export contract or export order.
· Commercial Invoice (2 copies)
· Packing List or Packing Note.

· Certificate of Origin.
· GR Form (original and duplicate)
· ARE-I Form.
· Certificate of Inspection, where necessary (original copy)
· Marine Insurance Policy.

d. Customs Clearance: – The cargo must be cleared from the Customs before it is loaded on the ship. For this, the above mentioned documents, along with five copies of shipping bill, are to be submitted to the Customs Appraiser at the Customs House. The Customs Appraiser ensures that all the formalities relating to exchange control, quality control, pre-shipment inspection and licensing have been complied with by the exporter. After verification, all documents, except the original GR, original copy of Shipping Bill and one copy of Commercial Invoice, are returned to the C&F agent.

e. Obtaining ‘Carting Order’ from the Port Trust Authorities: – The C&F agent, then, approaches the Superintendent of the concerned Port Trust for obtaining the ‘Carting Order’
for moving the cargo inside the dock. After obtaining the Carting Order, the cargo is physically moved into the port area and stored in the appropriate shed.

Chapter – 17

Chittagong Port

CHITTAGONG PORT

The Port of Chittagong is Bangladesh’s major port on the Indian Ocean. Lying about 12 miles inland from the mouth of the Karnaphuli River, the Port of Chittagong is an important communications center for the country.

 Area of Chittagong Port

The Port of Chittagong is managed by the Chittagong Port Authority (CPA). The CPA owns and operates ten berths for general cargo and six berths for containerized cargo. It also manages an oil jetty, a grain silo jetty, and several other specialized jetties. In 2007, the Port of Chittagong welcomed almost two thousand vessels carrying almost 28 million tons of cargo and almost one million TEUs of containerized cargo.

The Port of Chittagong contains nine transit sheds covering 52 thousand square meters, seven warehouses covering 26.7 thousand square meters, two car sheds covering five thousand square meters, and open yards of 90 thousand square meters. Six additional warehouses outside the port area cover 90 thousand square meters, and additional open yards of 200 thousand square meters are available.

The Port of Chittagong berths have holding capacity for almost 10 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo and 18 storage yards covering over 200 thousand square meters. The Chittagong Container Terminal can handle 16 thousand TEUs and has 150 thousand square meters of container storage yard. The container quays offer 210 reefer points

 Capacity of Container Handling Both Import and Export Per Day

Containers Handled

Calendar Year

Chittagong Port(TEUs)Cargo (Tones)

Dhaka ICD

(TEUs)

Cargo (Tones)

2004

6,88,771

65,55,885

68,567

4,36,088

2005

7,83,353

76,95,431

78,660

4,83,440

2006

8,76,186

85,17,130

77,567

3,25,305

2007

9,58,020

96,06,032

80,714

3,31,216

2008

10,69,999

102,16,055

82,458

4,34,628

CONTAINER HANDLING AT CHITTAGONG PORT

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 2007-2008

Import:

MONTH

CONT

VES.

IMPORT

TOTAL

FCL

LCL

EMPTY

20′

40′

20′

40′

20′

40′

BOX

TEUs

TONS

JUL’07

75

13328

10320

658

439

376

1685

26806

39250

527763

AUG’07

79

14817

11016

800

545

522

2271

29971

43803

591341

SEP’07

74

15732

11405

818

553

79

1127

29714

42799

638473

OCT’07

84

17345

11172

938

568

45

1008

31076

43824

633969

NOV’07

81

15865

10843

830

511

15

804

28868

41026

581808

DEC’07

88

15991

10290

439

960

30

1204

28914

41368

588561

S/TOTAL

481

93078

65046

4483

3576

1067

8099

175349

252070

3561915

JAN’08

87

16608

10773

347

834

9

403

28974

40984

615604

FEB’08

79

16144

9980

284

720

6

1140

28274

40114

595944

MAR’08

75

15583

10432

281

604

226

1193

28319

40548

596111

APR’08

85

17746

11804

377

1109

54

793

31883

45589

655159

MAY’08

87

21907

12892

408

1089

68

430

36794

51205

795692

JUN’08

78

19011

11401

325

820

8

1607

33172

47000

678479

S/TOTAL

491

106999

67282

2022

5176

371

5566

187416

265440

3936989

G / TOTAL

972

200077

132328

6505

8752

1438

13665

362765

517510

7498904

 Export:

MONTH

CONT

VES.

EXPORT

TOTAL

FCL

LCL

EMPTY

20′

40′

20′

40′

20′

40′

BOX

TEUs

TONS

JUL’07

75

6486

11178

210

513

7313

1874

27574

41139

272057

AUG’07

79

6677

10614

206

493

8278

2113

28381

41601

245112

SEP’07

74

5650

9105

145

401

9562

2290

27153

38949

240960

OCT’07

84

4863

7187

145

289

11324

4175

27983

39634

218057

NOV’07

81

5976

8363

172

368

13188

4870

32937

46538

266134

DEC’07

88

6525

9467

50

281

9505

2635

28463

40846

257383

S/TOTAL

481

36177

55914

928

2345

59170

17957

172491

248707

1499703

JAN’08

87

6664

9305

0

0

11987

2891

30847

43043

257323

FEB’08

79

6778

9758

0

0

9702

2084

28322

40164

264082

MAR’08

75

8349

9860

0

0

8626

2298

29133

41291

286147

APR’08

85

6659

9044

0

0

9612

3592

28907

41543

262397

MAY’08

87

6130

10497

0

0

13784

4884

35295

50676

292927

JUN’08

78

6553

11662

0

0

10832

2051

31098

44811

281731

S/TOTAL

491

41133

60126

0

0

64543

17800

183602

261528

1644607

G / TOTAL

972

77310

116040

928

2345

123713

35757

356093

510235

3144310

Number of Sailing of Feeder Vessel Per day

Vessels Handled

Calendar Year

No. of Vessels

2004

1764

2005

1892

2006

1957

2007

1945

2008

2099

VESSELS HANDLING AT CHITTAGONG PORT

DURING THE FISCAL YEAR 2007-2008

VESSELS                          JUL’07     AUG’07          SEP’07            OCT’07           NOV’07            DEC’07           S/TOTAL        JAN’08            FEB’08            MAR’08          APR’08            MAY’08          JUN’08            S/TOTAL        G/TOTAL%
CALLED VESSELS     162     161       177     189      184      185       1058   190      185       216      188        205      177       1161     2219
SAILED VESSELS      149     145       163     175      173      180        985    176      180       197      186        177      173       1089     2074
Cont. Called Vessel        80       79         75       82        87        88         491     86        79         79        79           90        77         490       981
Cont. Sailed Vessel         75       79         74       84        81        88         481     87        79         75        85           87        78         491       972
LIGHTER VESSELS      0        0           0         0         0           0            0        0          0           0          0              0          0
      

 What are the Different Sizes of Containers

  • Standard containers.
  • High-cube containers.
  • Hard-top containers.
  • Open-top containers.
  • Flat racks.
  • Platforms (plats).
  • Ventilated containers.
  • Insulated and refrigerated containers.
  • Bulk containers.
  • Tank containers

 What are the Different Kinds of Containers

ISO standard:

There are five common standard lengths, 20-ft (6.1 m), 40-ft (12.2 m), 45-ft (13.7 m), 48-ft (14.6 m), and 53-ft (16.2 m). United States domestic standard containers are generally 48 ft (15 m) and 53-ft (rail and truck). Container capacity is often expressed in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU, or sometimes teu). An equivalent unit is a measure of containerized cargo capacity equal to one standard 20 ft (length) × 8 ft (width) container. As this is an approximate measure, the height of the box is not considered, for instance the 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m) High cube and the 4-ft 3-in (1.3 m) half height 20 ft (6.1 m) containers are also called one TEU.

The maximum gross mass for a 20 ft (6.1 m) dry cargo container is 24,000 kg, and for a 40-ft (including the 2.87 m (9 ft 6 in) high cube container), it is 30,480 kg. Allowing for the tare mass of the container, the maximum payload mass is therefore reduced to approximately 22,000 kg for 20 ft (6.1 m), and 27,000 kg for 40 ft (12 m) containers.

Specifications:

20′ container

40′ container

40′ high-cube container

45′ high-cube container

imperial

metric

imperial

metric

imperial

metric

imperial

metric

external
dimensions

length

20′ 0″

6.096 m

40′ 0″

12.192 m

40′ 0″

12.190 m

45′ 0″

13.716 m

width

8′ 0″

2.438 m

8′ 0″

2.438 m

8′ 0″

2.438 m

8′ 0″

2.438 m

height

8′ 6″

2.591 m

8′ 6″

2.591 m

9′ 6″

2.896 m

9′ 6″

2.896 m

interior
dimensions

length

18′ 10 516

5.758 m

39′ 5 4564

12.032 m

39′ 4″

12.000 m

44′ 4″

13.556 m

width

7′ 8 1932

2.352 m

7′ 8 1932

2.352 m

7′ 7″

2.311 m

7′ 8 1932

2.352 m

height

7′ 9 5764

2.385 m

7′ 9 5764

2.385 m

8′ 9″

2.650 m

8′ 9 1516

2.698 m

door aperture

width

7′ 8 ⅛″

2.343 m

7′ 8 ⅛″

2.343 m

7′ 6″

2.280 m

7′ 8 ⅛″

2.343 m

height

7′ 5 ¾″

2.280 m

7′ 5 ¾″

2.280 m

8′ 5″

2.560 m

8′ 5 4964

2.585 m

volume

1,169 ft³

33.1 m³

2,385 ft³

67.5 m³

2,660 ft³

75.3 m³

3,040 ft³

86.1 m³

maximum
gross mass

66,139 lb

30,400 kg

66,139 lb

30,400 kg

68,008 lb

30,848 kg

66,139 lb

30,400 kg

empty weight

4,850 lb

2,200 kg

8,380 lb

3,800 kg

8,598 lb

3,900 kg

10,580 lb

4,800 kg

net load

61,289 lb

28,200 kg

57,759 lb

26,600 kg

58,598 lb

26,580 kg

55,559 lb

25,600 kg

 Chapter – 18

Insurance Company

INSURANCE COMPANY

Insurance Policy for Export Garments from Bangladesh to Other Countries

Insurance company policy for all export garments from Bangladesh to other countries.  There are three types of insurance policy for export garments such as-

 01. ICC-A.

 For all export risk coverage.

 02. ICC-B.

For fire risk coverage.

 03. ICC-C.

When ship is damage under the water that time this quality policy undertaken risk coverage.

ICC-A= 50%-10% =

                     + 0.05%=

ICC-B= 30%-10%=

                     +.05%=

ICC-C= 25%-10% =

                     +.05%=

Mainly % depend on the value of L/C

What are the Papers Issued by Insurance Company

  1. Copy of Master L/C
  2. copy of PI, Commercial  Invoice
  3. Packing list, Cartoon list.
  4. Bill of lading
  5. Bill of exchange.

And all export related papers issued by insurance company policy.

 Payment Procedure of Against any Claim

At first the company investigation the causes why the problem is occurred it is their fault. After checking of all activities if the causes are positive they will payment on the other hand the result is negative they will not payment.

Chapter – 19

COMPLIANCE DEPARTMENT

The continual increase in demands from regulatory authorities aimed at ultimately improving patient and consumer safety have had a welcome impact on product quality.  However, the impact of these activities on companies seeking to bring new products to market is immense.  Picking the way through the minefield of regulatory compliance presents one of the most significant challenges to emerging companies. In addition to their in-house expertise, Essential Science has established relationships with Compliance organizations across the global Life Science industry to support the needs of clients at all stages of development. So by the help & the coordination of my faculty teacher I did my compliance project based on Babylon Garment Ltd. which company as per my observation follow the compliance procedure & maintain the compliance rules & regulation.

The compliance is evolved by the worker-owned enterprises themselves through a process that seeks to continuously improve labor standards and social protection, looking at developmental aspects beyond the workplace and towards the family and community. Such development compliance works to improve each collective from its current level, rather than attempting to achieve a top-down absolute standard.

Social Compliance Monitoring Program: BKMEA has started a ‘Social Compliance Monitoring Program’ in collaboration with German Technical Cooperation (GTZ). The project is started from February 2007 and it will continue up to end of 2009. Ultimate goal of the project is to ensure social compliance in all the member factories of BKMEA within 3 years. Already BKMEA has appointed a 15 members monitoring team and intensive training is going on to make them more competent. A Checklist has been developed based on the National Labor Law including Child Labor, Minimum Wage, Weekly Holiday, Maternity benefit and all other basic requirements.

 Importance Items Followed by Company to Ensure Companies Requirement of Buyer

According to the buyer requirement company follow three kinds of compliance such as-

  1. Social compliance:

Under social compliance this important items have to follow

  • Child labour.
  • Forced labour.
  • Discrimination.
  • Employment practice discipline.
  • Health and safety.
  • Wages and others benefit.
  • Freedom of association WPC.
  • Environment protection.
  1. security compliance:

According to the buyer those kind of security compliance have to follow-

  • Physical security.
  • Access control.
  • Information technology security.
  • Personnel security.
  • Security training and awareness.
  • Conveyance and container security.
  1. Quality security:

According to the buyer for quality compliance they follow

ISO 9001:2008.

 ETP Status of Company

Balaka Stitch(Pvt)Ltd. use ETP to ensure a pollution free environment in their industrial area, they have installed a sophisticated high-tech effluent treatment plant(ETP) thereon meeting the statutory provisions of compliance regulation with the daily treatment capacity measuring 3000m3. The plant has been in continuous operation since may 2008, under the direct supervision of one of the experienced post graduate chemists.

ETP Operation Procedure and What are the Chemical Used in ETP for  Treatment

The operation procedure of ETP in Balaka Stitch(Pvt)Ltd. are explained below-

1st step: Dyeing water send to the storage tank at first time.

2nd step: Than this water transfer to the neutralization tank and use sulphuric acid for controlling PH and use Docolorant for color band breaking.

3rd step: After that this water sends to the distribution tank by using fitting pump. Bacteria will mix in this tank.

4th step: Next this water transfer in oxidation tank and in this tank use circular treatment machine for water treatment and also destroy all the harmful things of chemical.

5th step: The water sends to the clarifier tank from oxidation tank. Here use scraping bridge which is moving all time over this tank by moving scraping bridge then the bacteria will gather one place and the purification water will go in cannel or river by out line drain. On the other hand the gathered bacteria will go in distribution tank through recycling process. Then this bacterium will mix again with dyeing water.

As like this way the water treatment procedure will be continued.

What are the chemical used in ETP for treatment

  1. sulphuric acid=For PH controlling
  2. Decolorant= For color band breaking.
  3. Antifoam=For removing foam.
  4. Sodium Hypochlorite=Use for bacteria.
  5. Nutrient salt=For bacteria food.
  6. Poly ebatrolytes= Coagutition.
  7. TDS=Harmful things turned into environment friendly.

Kinds of ETP

  1. Biological.
  2. Biochemical.

Machine use for ETP

  1. Lifting pump.
  2. Dosing pump.
  3. Scraping pump.
  4. Pannel board.

What is the Status of Worker Welfare Team

In Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd… has WPC (worker participation committee) for workers welfare. This committee ensure all the workers right. Such as-

  • Free medical facility.
  • Fresh drinking water.
  • Good working place.
  • Proper lighting and ventilation.
  • Canteen facility.
  • Maternity benefit.
  • Leave ensure.
  • First aid facility.
  • Right time salary.
  • Bonus.

CONCLUSIONS

Today’s garments fully depend on merchandising. A good merchandiser can develop the quality of product and increase the sales of the product. Merchandising is a big job and is a complex one. It is so much important in our textile industry. The study “Technical Procedure & Management System of Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd...” revealed that Textile of Bangladesh is fully depending on merchandising. . It may an honorable professional for educated persons. For developing garment sector merchandising management system will have to focuses on modern system. For the development of merchandising there are many factors involved. Merchandising plays an important role. The result of the study showing that there is lot of step for Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd. to improve their merchandising management have certain implications for the business community as well as national merchandising planners. The study “Merchandising Management of Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd. revealed that Merchandiser is most valuable human resources for the progress of the organization. For the development of these valuable resources there are many factors involved. To increase the productivity of an organization effectively, efficient merchandiser will have to develop. Preparation of future business managers should provide for the development of managerial skills relating to merchandiser function. Colleges and universities offering business administration curriculum would do well to evaluate their courses as they relate to the findings of this study. This direct study indicates the potential utility that could be derived from undertaking more comprehensive investigations covering only merchandising management of Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd... There are consequent developments of newer knowledge can definitely contribute to increase the efficiency of business management and this, in turn, will increase the satisfaction of all interested buyer parties, which will be the ultimate goal of business.

RECOMMENDATIONS

Textile sector plays a very important role to earn foreign exchange to our country. A large amount of foreign money comes from the exporting of Garments. However a large number of workers maintain there live on this sector. Specially the women. So, government should take special nursing in textile sector. Some points are given to overcome the problems of merchandising of this sector:

Ø  The authority should gather adequate knowledge about merchandising.

  • They should follow appropriate merchandising technique.
  • Adequate training facilities provided for personnel for development.

  Should follow a specific inventory costing method, in the context of rising trend     in raw materials price.

  • They should determine yearly inventory cost like ordering cost, carrying cost acquisition cost separately.
  • For purchasing raw materials, Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd.. should follow acquisition procedure strictly.
  • Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd. should analyze the balance sheet through various ratios for determining efficiency, profit-earning capacity, financial solvency etc.
  • Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd. should develop merchandising system and strictly. They should determine optimum level of inventory.
  • Sound communication should be established between managing directors to merchandiser. Steps to be taken to increase fire service equipment are to face any kind of accident.
  • Cost control system must be implemented at every stage in the organization.
  • Most of the officer has to motive to teach every employees and researcher of their own inspiration.
  • A specific department for training and research, which will provide adequate training and research facilities for personnel for development.
  • Every department will communicate their problem with other department of the company
  • Medical facilities should be improved.
  • Effective personnel management should be set up.
  • Proper steps should be taken to stop power failure.
  • Various motivations will be provided to workers for sound production.
  • Balaka Stitch(Pvt}Ltd. should modernize their equipment for inventory.
  • They should computerize their every level of inventory.

Balaka Stitch Pvt Ltd

Some are parts:

Management System in Apparel Industery of Balaka Stitch Pvt. Ltd. (Part 1)

Management System in Apparel Industery of Balaka Stitch Pvt. Ltd. (Part 2)

Management System in Apparel Industery of Balaka Stitch Pvt. Ltd. (Part 3)