Transportation Problem in Banani for AIUB Female Students

The main purpose of this report is to discuss Transportation Problem facing In Banani Area for AIUB female Students. In this Report try to find those problem regarding female students of AIUB. Other objectives are to find out which type of public and private transport female students are using and the availability of public transport in Banani area. Here also find out what is the average cost of communication in Banani and classify the transport which female students are using.

Introduction

Bangladesh is a developing country with a population of about 14.5 million and it is increasing day by day. Facing a problem of high population, our country also faces several problems of political instability and conflicts. News of such problems is always present in our daily newspapers every morning. Along with such news we are also exposed to news of sexual harassments that women of our society face every day. Recently, I read in a daily newspaper that a young girl 2 years of age was raped by a man! It was shocking news for me and I was surprised that how cruel men can be.

The main focus of my research is the problems especially with AIUB female students face problem in public transportation modes today. Most of the women in the middle class segment of the community use public transport to reach their destinations every day. Many of them include working women doing part time or full time jobs. They use busses, rickshaws, tempos or CNG auto rickshaws to go to different places they need to go. The following will discuss various transportation modes and their degree of being safe for women.
A few years back I saw a poster in a store. There was a picture of a woman with 10 hands doing ten different things and her husband looking at her and saying that “my wife does not work”. It was a common picture in Bangladesh.
There was a time when women used to stay at home and do all the household works. Their husbands used to complain that they do not do anything. Men used to underestimate and dominate their wives as they were the only earning member of the family. They used to take all the major decisions for the family. Women were treated like servants.

But the situation is very different now. Women are working almost in every sector. They are taking higher education and even going abroad to take higher degrees. They are aware of their career. They are earning their own livelihood. They are not financially dependent on their husbands anymore. They are doing their job outside the home as well as inside the home.

Although we can see huge differences between now and then, one thing that has not changed yet is the mentality of men. They still want to dominate women and complain about them. Before men used to complain about her wife that she does not work and now they complain about their wives’ working outside. Before they used to dominate as they were the only person earning income, and now when their wives are earning income they do not like it.
The possible reasons for husbands not allowing or opposing their wives doing jobs outside are categorized on the following classifications:

Sense of insecurity:

Typical husbands often do not like the fact that their wives will be working with other men in the absence of the former. They feel literally insecure while their wives are working outside under a male supervisor or are surrounded by male colleagues. They feel the tension of what might happen and does not tend to take things normally and casually.

Lack of trust:

It is seen that no matter how long the married life, husbands usually cannot trust their wives blindly. They often out of their own frustration begin to think that their wives, as they are working under a male boss or working together with male colleagues might get attracted to each other sexually and things might go wrong. This frustration sometimes leads to greater tension in a married life and often it is seen that the tension between the couple results in physical abuse. Husbands often beat up their wives assuming that latter might be cheating on the former. Often husbands get a clue to their assumption when they see their wives talking casually with their male colleagues and going outside with them which is not right and does not justify the fact that the wives will be having physical relationship with their male subordinates.

Feeling of embarrassment:

In cases where husbands earn less than their wives, husbands usually do not like the outcome. Still today in developing countries like Bangladesh husbands tend and wish to dominate women when it comes to fulfilling financial needs. They like the fact that women are dependant on them for money. There is no other reason behind such a want and it is the basic nature or part of men’s character. Thus, in cases where women earn a higher income than their husbands, problems pursue and it leads to imbalance or conflicts in the married life.

Lack of care:

Husbands might also oppose or try to restrict their wives from working outside because they feel that they are not getting the love and affection that they need as husbands from their wives. They feel that if their wives do not work, they would get more care and love from their spouse.

Objective of the Research

The research report is Transportation Problem facing In Banani Area for AIUB female Students. AIUB is one biggest Private university in Bangladesh. Including some of facilities, there is a major problem, which faced especially female students of AIUB, is Transportation problem. In this Report, we try to fin those problem regarding female students of AIUB. Just Because of There is no Transportation facility for student from University so Those students who are from far side from Dhaka, facing a huge problem. It looks simple problem but in a certain case it is a big problem.

Broad Objective:

• To know the problems which are faced by female students of AIUB.

Specific Objectives:

• To find out the number of female student whose are using public transport.
• To find out which type of public transport they are using.
• To find out the availability of public transport in Bnani.
• To find out what is the average cost of communication in Banani.
• To find out how much time needed to come in Campus.
• To find out classify the transport.

Methodology

Information will be collected through interviewer administered questionnaire method. The questionnaire will contain several questions with close and open ends accommodating additional quarries for understanding the opinion of the respondents and having an insight into the matter. To prepare the report both primary and secondary data and information were needed. Primary data collected over interview along with the survey of the end user. The information needed for completion of the report was collected in a systematic manner from both primary and secondary sources.

Sources of Data

From the broad objectives, specific objectives were developed centering on single and multiple concepts. The research requires primary data to meet the specific objectives.

Primary sources:

The primary data and information relating to this report was collected from different persons through questionnaire. It was conducted in two different ways. It includes—

  • Questionnaire¬¬¬¬– Topic related questions.
  • Discussion with the people of AIUB.
  • Mall Intercept

Secondary Sources:

The Secondary Data and information were collected from-

  • Female Students of AIUB
  • Different Transports regarding Banani Communication.
  • Stuff of AIUB
  • File study

Data Analysis, Chart and Graphs

I conducted a survey among forty people for the purpose of the research. I have showed my findings of the survey through graphs and interpretations. The graphs and explanations are given as follows:
Location

 

Location

 

Farmget Uttara Dhanmondi Gulshan Naratanganj Mirpur Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidBanani26.78.08.0
413.316.024.0
620.024.048.0
413.316.064.0
310.012.076.0
413.316.092.0
26.78.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

 

We have interviewed 100 of respondent. There is no area, where is mostly visible in AIUB female student. All most all areas are same and equal. Some of the area like Uttara, farmget is shortly notable otherwise all are same. But which cities are far from campus, these are less noticeable.

 

CGPA

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
Valid2-2.5310.012.012.0
1136.744.056.0
826.732.088.0
310.012.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0 

This is very tuff in AIUB to keep in CGPA in a high rate. The format of the system of education is too much different from the other universities. That’s why most of the girls have average CGPA, Which is between ‘2.5-3.5.’ So it is clearly showed in our survey

 

Income

5000-1000 >10000 Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
Valid2000-5000620.024.024.0
1446.756.080.0
516.720.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0 

Some of the students do their study beside some part time work. This work conditions are not permanently, it’s just for part time. We can see that majority of the students have their income within 5000-10000.

 

Preferable Transport

Private Car Bus Taxi cab Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidCNG413.316.016.0
413.316.032.0
1343.352.084.0
413.316.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0 

Public Transport has another name that is Bus. If you are use public transport in your day to day life, Bus is the most preferable for you. In the female students of AIUB also use mostly BUS for their transportation. It is lot more safety and spacious for day to day journey. Some of other public transports have shown in our survey, these are for those people who are stayed not far from campus.

 

Availability of sitting system in Transportation

very available Average Not available Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidAvailable310.012.012.0
516.720.032.0
826.732.064.0
930.036.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

 

This system depends on quality of service. Those transports are very much spacious, well designed and moderate; these are very much useful for sitting system. Most of the respondent faces average quality of sitting system.

Time frequency of Bus arrival  very frequent Average Infrequent very Infrequent Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidFrequent826.732.032.0
826.732.064.0
516.720.084.0
310.012.096.0
13.34.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

Most of the transports, whose are come in Banani, are mostly frequent in time, Because Banani is a busy and official area, and so infrequent transports are very rare in this area. That’s why most of the students face not much problem for timing in Transport.

 

Availability of others types of transportation

Very Available Average Not available Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidAvailable930.036.036.0
13.34.040.0
930.036.076.0
620.024.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

This is the transport of those students, who are come from not far from campus. This type of transport is very much average for students. Not so frequent, not so rare.

 

Rent of CNG or Taxi Cab services Bargain Mixed Others Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidFixed1240.048.048.0
516.720.068.0
620.024.092.0
26.78.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

Rent of different type of transport, which is available for students to come in AIUB, is almost fixed. Students, who is come regularly, is faces not so many problem in rent. All most all of the respondents face acceptable rent.

Satisfaction level with the Rent

Strongly agree Average Disagree Strongly disagree Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidAgree826.732.032.0
26.78.040.0
516.720.060.0
620.024.084.0
413.316.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

Satisfaction of rent in transportation is for all AIUB female students. Mostly are agreed with the rent which they can afford. Some of not so agree and some of totally disagree of the rent of transportation

 

Availability of transport of the late afternoon or evening

Very Available Average Not Available Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidAvailable413.316.016.0
516.720.036.0
1033.340.076.0
620.024.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

This is the vital fact for the every student for AIUB. In the afternoon, lots of offices finish, so normally it’s a busy time for everyone. It is a task point to get transport in right time. Our respondent shows us that it’s very difficult to get that.

 

Traffic in the road

Strongly agree Average . Disagree Strongly disagree Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidAgree516.720.020.0
516.720.040.0
310.012.052.0
516.720.072.0
723.328.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

 Whenever we finish the survey, we just measure these topics that it’s a similar for every point. Traffic is not frequent in Dhaka city. So it’s an answer of infrequent.

 

Physically Harassment

 No Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidYes1550.060.060.0
1033.340.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

 

Condition of the seats in Transport

 

Uncomfortable Total

 FrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulative Percent
ValidComfortable620.024.024.0
1963.376.0100.0
2583.3100.0 
MissingSystem516.7  
Total30100.0  

In this sector in our public transport stays very much behind. The condition of seats is becoming very poor in transport. Every passenger faces huge trouble in journey for the poor condition of the seats. Especially women, AIUB female students are not in different case. They also suffer for poor condition of seats.

 

Descriptive Statistics

 MinimumMaximumMeanStd. Deviation
Location173.881.787
Age142.04.841
Department152.081.412
Marital121.32.476
CGPA142.44.870
Transport121.80.408
Income131.96.676

 

Crosstabs

Case Processing Summary

 Cases
ValidMissingTotal
NPercentNPercentNPercent
Age * Marital2583.3%516.7%30100.0%


Age * Marital Cross tabulation

Count

 MaritalTotal
SingleMarriedSingle
Age18-22516
22-2410414
25-30123
30-34112
Total17825


Crosstabs

Case Processing Summary

 Cases
ValidMissingTotal
NPercentNPercentNPercent
Department * CGPA2583.3%516.7%30100.0%

 

Department * CGPA Cross tabulation

Count

 CGPATotal
2-2.52.5-3.003.00-3.503.5-Above2-2.5
DepartmentBBA183113
EEE12104
CSE01214
Arh.10001
MBA00213
Total3118325

 

Crosstabe

Case Processing Summary

 

 Cases
ValidMissingTotal
NPercentNPercentNPercent
Income * Transport2583.3%516.7%30100.0%

 

Income * Transport Cross tabulation

Count

 TransportTotal
PrivetPublicPrivet
Income2000-5000156
5000-100031114
>10000145
Total52025

 

Findings

The overall results of the primary research are listed below.

  • AIUB female students from age group 22 years to 25 years are more vulnerable to sexual harassment and other problems alike in public transportation services.
  • AIUB female students face many problems while travelling in public transportation. The most common problems are indecent looks being given by the opposite sex and unwanted physical contacts intentionally made by the opposite sex in the public transports. Moreover women also face teasing and dirty comments being passed at them.
  • AIUB female students generally from the middle class segment of the community use public transportation services every day. Thus, without public transport services, women are not able to travel to their places of destination. Thus, they are in a sense bound to travel by bus or tempos for instance and tolerate the problems often without even complaining or protesting. Thus they take the problems for granted.
  • Many women who do not take the problems for granted had already taken some corrective measures. Some have changed the ways they dress up so that their level of attractiveness is reduced, some have changed the mode of transport being used, and for instance shifting from using busses to using CNG auto rickshaws and others have stopped using public transport services completely.
  • Many AIUB female students we have interviewed assume the CNG auto rickshaw to be the safest mode of transport. Then they assume rickshaws to be safer and busses and tempos are considered to be the least safe modes of public transportation services.

 

Recommendation

At the end of my research I would recommend several ways that might help reduce the mentioned problems that women face in public transportation.

  1. Education system must be premeditated in a way as to promote positive relationship between girls and boys, especially at a younger age. Co-education encourages competition, but the curriculum must target at building a healthy environment of learning rather than encouraging male-female contact unnecessarily. Boys from conservative backgrounds tend to follow girls more often than boys from rather liberal backgrounds.
  2. Parents’ role is very significant. They should keep their children from bad influences. Parents must educate their children ‘what to’ or ‘what not to’ watch. They should adopt friendly relations with their children rather than being harsh with them.
  3. Teachers must play their role to repeat moral teachings in the young minds in a more rational and modern way.
  4.  The Police must be more conscious. They should not take such offensive acts lightly and they should be more active to punish such vagabonds where necessary.

 

 

Conclusion

We live in a society in Bangladesh where Public Transportation at one time or the other. We all know how vulnerable women in AIUB are towards Problem in public transportation. Private Universities are playing a vital role in our education system. Some of the top class private universities are really contributing a lot in our society. They are providing good Transportation faculties. To build a safe environment where both our mothers and sisters can move freely we need to increase our self awareness and feel other women as our own mothers and sisters. If we tend to realize that we all should respect women and treat them with dignity and support them in every aspects of life, such problems as Public Transportation will not exist.