International Leasing and Financial Services Limited

Executive summary

As a course requirement for Business Finance course, F-109 the report is on a “Report on International Leasing and Financial Services Limited (ILFSL)”, which is assigned to us by our honorable course teacher, M. Shahjahan Mina, Professor, department of Finance, University of Dhaka.

This an academic term paper on lease financing features. Lease financing is basically a contractual agreement between two parties establishing an agreement for the use of an asset in return for periodic payments by the user. lease financing is of two types that is operating lease and financial lease. Methods of lease financing are direct leasing (In this lease agreement the lessors buys the lease product with his own capital and perform lease agreement.), leveraged leasing (In this lease agreement lessor takes loan from any financial institutions and buys lease product with his own capital and borrowed capital but the leasee does not take part in the both agreements.), sale and lease back (In this lease agreement the owner of an asset sells his asset to other parties and then takes lease from the buyer of the asset). Finance lease expenses are allocated between interest expense and principal value much like a bond or loan; therefore, in a statement of cash flows, part of the lease payments are reported under operating cash flow but part under financing cash flow. Therefore, operating cash flow increases. Under operating lease conditions, lease obligations are not recognized; therefore, leverage ratios are understated and ratios of return are overstated.

Among all leasing companies that exist in our country our assigned leasing company is “International Leasing and Financial Services Limited”. International Leasing And Financial Services Limited (ILFSL), is a multi product joint venture financial institution has been established with the purpose of assisting the productive enterprises in Bangladesh through the provision of lease financing and related financial services for development of the industrial, energy, agricultural, transport, construction, telecommunication, power, medical, commercial and professional sectors.

In company overview the vision, mission, strategic goals, core values its milestone and its functions are discussed elaborately. CRISL also viewed the company with “Negative Outlook” in consideration of its deterioration in asset quality which will have subsequent impact on profitability and business operation.

The financial statement that represents the overall condition of the company is also discussed. The statements include the income statement, balance sheet and the cash flow and their financial position in the market is also shown.

International Leasing and financial services limited is one of the fewest leasing companies in our country. It is also one of the renowned leasing companies because it offers various services to its customers which they enjoy. The services provided by ILFSL are given below:

  • Deposit scheme
  • Project finance
  • Lease finance
  • Long term finance
  • Short term finance
  • Syndicated finance
  • Real estate finance
  • Work order finance
  • Primary dealership
  • Factoring

They offer lease financing for all types of manufacturing and service related equipment for               all major industrial sectors. Lease rental is determined based on actual acquisition cost and    lease term. Lease term usually ranges from 2 to 5 years. In general monthly lease rental is fixed on EMI (equal monthly installment) basis; however, quarterly and half-yearly payment may also be considered based on the requirement of the client and cash flow of the project.

The functions of ILFS include lease financing, short-term financing, house building financing, and merchant banking and corporate financing. In this last group of functions, the leasing business in Bangladesh moved away from regular leasing activities and is now involved in stock-market related activities such as issue management, underwriting, trust management, private placement, portfolio management, and mutual fund operation.

The Company has not entered into any financial / lease obligation in the last five years. ILFSL is operating with limited funding base. The main funding sources include term loan and term deposits (both institutional and public) which constitute 72.20% of total funding mix. Fund management of the company is being looked after by the treasury department under Finance and Administration (F & A) Division. The lease portfolio of International Leasing and Financial Services Limited (ILFSL) is well diversified among various market segments.

For lease finance ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) basically focuses on satisfaction of the client which is the most important for them. They emphasizes on their service as financing of capital machinery, equipment and vehicles with easy terms and conditions. But ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) is not in a very good position in terms of their assets. If they want to stay in the competition it should revise its strategies and increase its profit level.

International Leasing and Financial Services Limited

Introduction

The report attempts to explain the condition of International Leasing And Financial Services Limited. For this purpose we have conducted a case study on International Leasing And Financial Services Limited. This report also includes the mission and mission and vision, board of directors of the company, financial statements of this company, the related activities and one real case of this company.

Origin of the Report

As a course requirement for Business Finance course, F-109 the report is on a “International Leasing And Financial Services Limited”, Brazil which is assigned to us by our honorable course teacher, M. Shahjahan Mina, professor, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka.

Objective of the Report

The report deals with the study, and research we have done on SEMCO GROUP of Sao Paulo, Brazil. We, the group members, are trying our level best to obtain the precise and related facts. The subsequent group report was assigned as a part of mandatory requirement for F-108 course. Some more definite objectives of the report were to:

  • To evaluate the current state of International Leasing And Financial Services Limited
  • To analyze the organizational structure of the company
  • To describe the lease agreement
  • To find out about the problems faced by the company
  • To conduct a real case study on International Leasing and Financial Services Limited

Scope of the Report

There are several Banking and Non-banking (twenty nine) financial institutions operating throughout Bangladesh. Among these institutions Union Capital Limited is one, who is operating in the market with their various types of business and from all those we are dealing with their Leasing Business activities. The report studies all the related information from different sources about International Leasing And Financial Services Limited ( ILFSL).

Methodology

The report that was given by our course instructor was to analyze the current situation International Leasing and Financial Services Limited. So, basically this report is inductive.

To prepare this report we conducted a study on the “International Leasing and Financial Services Limited”. We analyzed their organizational structure, their lease agreement.

The secondary sources are the website of the company which is updated regularly and their annual report.

Limitations

The following are the limitations of our report:

  •  The annual report does lack of some information we needed very badly for our report.
  • They are planning to expand their operation but they were unwilling to disclose the information related to us.
  • Limited information is found about their different products.
  • Due to time constraint, we could only analyze the financial reports of last five years.
  • In spite of the limitations, we tried our best to make the analysis representative

Theoretical overview:

Theoretical overview deals with the knowledge of overall idea of the report. As the topic of our report is leasing company this part includes the definition and different types of lease, its functions and types.

Lease Agreement

A lease is a contractual agreement between two parties establishing an arrangement for the use of an asset in return for periodic payments by the user.

Leasing is a process by which a firm can obtain the use of a certain fixed assets for which it must pay a series of contractual, periodic, tax deductible payments.

The lessee is the receiver of the services or the assets under the lease contract and the lessor is the owner of the assets.

We can say that

  • The lessor is the asset owner, who receives the periodic payments.
  • The lessee makes the payments to the lessor in return for using the asset.

A rental agreement is a lease in which the asset is tangible property.[2] Leases for intangible property could include use of a computer program (similar to a license, but with different provisions), or use of a radio frequency (such as a contract with a cell-phone provider). A gross lease is when the tenant pays a flat rental amount and the landlord pays for all property charges regularly incurred by the ownership from lawnmowers and washing machines to handbags and jewelry.

A cancelable lease is a lease that may be terminated solely by the lessee or solely by the lessor. A non-cancelable lease is a lease that cannot be so terminated. Commonly, “lease” may imply a non-cancelable lease, whereas “rental agreement” may connote a cancelable lease.

The lease will either provide specific provisions regarding the responsibilities and rights of the lessee and lessor, or there will be automatic provisions as a result of local law. In general, by paying the negotiated fee to the lessor, the lessee (also called a tenant) has possession and use (the rental) of the leased property to the exclusion of the lessor and all others except with the invitation of the tenant. The most common form of real property lease is a residential rental agreement between landlord and tenant.

A lease should be contrasted to a license, which may entitle a person (called a licensee) to use property, but which is subject to termination at the will of the owner of the property (called the licensor). An example of a licensor/licensee relationship is a parking lot owner and a person who parks a vehicle in the parking lot. A license may be seen in the form of a ticket to a baseball game. The difference would be that if possession is subject to ongoing, recurrent payments and is generally not subject to termination except for misconduct or nonpayment, it is a lease; if it’s a one-time entrance onto someone else’s property, it’s probably a license. The seminal difference between a lease and a license is that a lease generally provides for regular periodic payments during its term and a specific ending date. If a contract has no ending date then it may be in the form of a perpetual license and still not be a lease.

Under normal circumstances, owners of property are at liberty to do what they want with their property (for a lawful purpose), including dealing with it or handing over possession of the property to a tenant for a limited period of time. If an owner has surrendered possession to another (i.e., the tenant) then any interference with the quiet enjoyment of the property by the tenant in lawful possession is itself unlawful.

Similar principles apply to real property as well as to personal property, though the terminology would be different. Similar principles apply to sub-leasing, that is the leasing by a tenant in possession to a sub-tenant. The right to sub-lease can be expressly prohibited by the main lease, sometimes referred to as a “master lease”.

History of Lease:

Over the centuries, leases have served many purposes and the nature of legal regulation has varied according to those purposes and the social and economic conditions of the times. Leases, for example, were mainly used for agricultural purposes until the late 18th century and early 19th century when the growth of cities in industrialized countries had made leases an important form of landholding in urban areas.

The modern law of landlord and tenant in common law jurisdictions retains the influence of the common law and, particularly, the laissez-faire philosophy that dominated the law of contract and property law in the 19th century. With the growth of consumerism, consumer protection legislation recognized that common law principles, which assume equal bargaining power between the contracting parties, create hardships when that assumption is inaccurate. Consequently reformers have emphasized the need to assess residential tenancy laws in terms of protection they provide to tenants. Legislation to protect tenants is now common.

Lease agreement in general term

A Lease is a legal contract, and thus enforceable by all parties under the Contract Laws of the applicable jurisdiction. But, since it also represents a conveyance of possessory rights to real estate, it is a hybrid sort of contract that involves qualities of a deed. Some specific kinds of leases may have specific clauses required by statute depending upon the property being lease, and/or the jurisdiction in which the agreement was signed or the residence of the parties.

Common elements of a lease include:

  • Names of the parties of the agreement.
  • The starting date and duration of the agreement.
  • Identifies the specific object (by street address, VIN, or make/model, serial number) being leased.
  • Provides conditions for renewal or non-renewal.
  • Has a specific consideration (a lump sum or periodic payments) for granting the use of this object.
  • Have provisions for a security deposit and terms for its return.
  • May have a specific list of conditions which are therein described as Default Conditions and specific Remedies.
  • May have other specific conditions placed upon the parties such as need to provide insurance for loss
  • restrictive use
  • which party is responsible for maintenance

All kinds of personal property (e.g.: cars, furniture,…) or real property (raw land, apartments, single family homes, and business property (including wholesale and retail)) may be leased. As a result of the lease, the owner (lessor) grants the use of the stated property to the lessee.

Types of tenancies:

There are mainly four types of tenancies. Those are described below:

 Fixed-term tenancy or tenancy for years:

A fixed-term tenancy or tenancy for years lasts for some fixed period of time. It has a definite beginning date and a definite ending date. Despite the name “tenancy for years”, such a tenancy can last for any period of time—even a tenancy for one week may be called a tenancy for years. A fixed term tenancy comes to an end automatically when the fixed term runs out or, in the case of a tenancy that ends on the happening of an event, when the event occurs. If a holdover tenant remains on the property after the termination of the lease, s/he may become a tenant at sufferance because the lessor/landlord has suffered (or allowed) the tenant to remain as a tenant instead of evicting him or her. Such a tenancy is generally “at will,” meaning the tenant or the landlord may terminate it at any time, upon the providing of proper statutory notice.

Tenancy at sufferance:

A tenancy at sufferance (sometimes called a holdover tenancy) exists when a tenant remains in possession of a property after the expiration of a lease, and until the landlord acts to eject the tenant from the property. Although the tenant is technically a trespasser at this point, and possession of this type is not a true estate in land, authorities recognize the condition in order to hold the tenant liable for rent. The landlord may evict such a tenant at any time, and without notice.

The landlord may also impose a new lease on the holdover tenant. For a residential tenancy, this new tenancy is month to month. For a commercial tenancy of more than a year, the new tenancy is year to year; otherwise it is the same period as the period before the original lease expired. In either case, the landlord can raise the rent, so long as the landlord has told the tenant of the higher rent before the expiration of the original lease.

Periodic tenancy:

A periodic tenancy also known as a tenancy from year to year, month to month, or week to week, is an estate that exists for some period of time determined by the term of the payment of rent. An oral lease for a tenancy of years that violates the Statute of Frauds (by committing to a lease of more than — depending on the jurisdiction — one year without being in writing) may actually create a periodic tenancy, depending on the laws of the jurisdiction where the leased premises are located. In many jurisdictions the “default” tenancy, where the parties have not explicitly specified a different arrangement, and where none is presumed under local or business custom, is a month-to-month tenancy.

Tenancy at will:

A tenancy at will is a tenancy which either the landlord or the tenant may terminate at any time by giving reasonable notice. Unlike a periodic tenancy, it isn’t associated with a time period. It may last for many years, but it could be ended at any time by either the lessor or the lessee for any reason, or for no reason at all. Proper notice, as always with landlord/tenant law, must be given, as set forth in the state’s statutes. If there is no formal lease, the tenancy at will is the one that usually exists. In rare cases it may occur where the tenancy is not for consideration. Under the modern common law, a tenancy at will without compensation is very rare, partly because it comes about only if the parties expressly agree that the tenancy is for no rent, commonly where a family member is allowed to live in a home (a nominal consideration may be required) without any formal arrangements. In most residential tenancies for a fixed term, for consideration (However, an oral lease for more than 12 months is not enforceable if the statute of frauds in the jurisdiction includes leases of more than 12 months.)

International usage:

The practice of leasing is well established in most countries of the world. However the benefits (in particular the tax benefits) to the lessee and lessor will vary widely depending on national accounting standards and tax regulations. These largely divide into countries observing:

  • Legal Form:  the lessors legal ownership of the property,
  • Substance:     the lessee legal right to use the property.

National Accounting standards:

National accounting standards vary in the tests that decide if the lease is a:

Capital or Finance lease, which is considered a financing transaction – as the lessor has less of the risks of ownership, such as the value of the equipment in future years.

Operating lease, whose term is short compared to the useful life of the asset, where the lessee does not have to show the lease on their balance sheet.

Types of leases:

Although leasing arrangements vary widely, all leases can be categorized into specific type’s. There are two major categories:

  • Operating leases
  • Financial leases

Operating leases:

 An operating lease is a short term cancelable lease. A simple example for an operating lease is a lease for telephone service. For business firms, computers and copiers are often obtained by operating leases. It is usually characterized by the following features:

  • The lease is cancelable by the lessee prior to its expiration
  • The lessor provides service and maintenance
  • The sum of all the lease payments by the lessee does not necessarily fully provide for the recovery of the asset’s cost

 Financial leases:

A financial lease or capital lease is typically a long-term , non-cancelable lease – the opposite of an operating lease .Financial leases can be divided into two basic forms :

  • Direct lease: In this straight forward agreement, the firm leases an asset it did not previously own.
  • Sale and leaseback: Here the firm sells an asset it currently owns and then leases the same asset back from the buyer.

Formalities

Formal requirements for a lease are determined by the law and custom of the jurisdiction in which real property is located. In the case of personal property, it is determined by the law and custom of the jurisdiction in which the rental agreement is made.  A tenancy for a duration greater than one year must be in writing in order to satisfy the Statute of Frauds.

Rent:

Rent is a requirement of leases in common law jurisdiction, but not in civil law jurisdiction. There is no requirement for the rent to be a commercial amount. “Pepper corn” rent or rent of some nominal amount is adequate for this requirement.

Real estate:

There are different types of ownership for land but, in common law states, the most common form is the ‘fee simple absolute’, where the legal term fee has the old meaning of real property, i.e. real estate. An owner of the ‘fee simple’ holds all the rights and privileges to that property and, subject to the laws, codes, rules and regulations of the local law, can sell or by contract or grant, permit another to have possession and control of the property through a lease or tenancy agreement. For this purpose, the owner is called the lessor or landlord, and the other person is called the lessee or tenant, and the rights to possess and control the land are exchanged for some payment (called ‘consideration’ in legal English), usually a monthly rent. The acceptance of rent by the landowner from a tenant creates (or extends) most of the rights of tenancy even without a written lease (or beyond the time limit of an expiring lease). Although leases can be oral agreements that are periodic, i.e. extended indefinitely and automatically, written leases should always define the period of time covered by the lease. In the 1930s, the British government introduced infinite leases, only to remove the power to create these in the early 1990s.”

Because ownership is retained by the lessor, he or she always has the better right to enforce all the contractual terms and conditions affecting the use of the land. Normally, the contract will be express (i.e. set out in full and, hopefully, plain language), but where a contract is silent or ambiguous, terms can be implied by a court where this would make commercial sense of the transaction between the parties. One important right that may or may not be allowed the lessee, is the ability to create a sublease or to assign the lease, i.e. to transfer control to a third party. Hence, the builder of an office block may create a lease of the whole in favour of a management company that then finds tenants for the individual units and gives them control.

Under common law, a lease should have three essential characteristics:

  • A definite term (whether fixed or periodic)
  • At a rent
  • confer exclusive possession

Tangible personal property:

An owner can allow another the use of a vehicle (such as vehicle leasing of a car, a truck or an airliner) or a computer either for a fixed period of time or at will. This can be a simple leasing transaction, or it can be a transaction intended to allow the user the right to buy the item at some future time.

Real property:

Whether it is better to lease or buy land will be determined by each state’s legal and economic systems. In those countries where acquiring title is complicated, the state imposes high taxes on owners, transaction costs are high, and finance is difficult to obtain, leasing will be the norm. But, freely available credit at low interest rates with minimal tax disadvantages and low transaction costs will encourage land ownership. Whatever the system, most adult consumers have, at some point in their lives, been party to a real estate lease which can be as short as a week, as long as 999 years, or perpetual (only a few states permit ownership to be alienated indefinitely). For commercial property, whether there is a depreciation allowance depends on the local state taxation system. If a lease is created for a term of, say, ten years, the monthly or quarterly rent is a fixed cost during the term. The term of years may have an asset value for balance sheet purposes and, as the term expires, that value depreciates.

Private property:

Rental, tenancy, and lease agreements are formal and informal contracts between an identified landlord and tenant giving rights to both parties, e.g. the tenant’s right to occupy the accommodation for an agreed term and the landlord’s right to receive an agreed rent. If one of these elements is missing, only a tenancy at will or bare licence comes into being. In some legal systems, this has unfortunate consequences. When a formal tenancy is created, the law usually implies obligations for the lessor, e.g. that the property meets certain minimum standards of habitability. With a bare licence, some states do not imply any significant lessee protections

A tenancy agreement can be made up of:

  • Express terms: These include what is in the written agreement (if there is one), in the rent book, and/or what was agreed orally (if there is clear evidence of what was said).
  • Implied terms: These are the standard terms established by custom and practice or the minimum rights and duties formally implied by law.

Commercial property:

Generally speaking in the modern US legal framework, commercial real property leases fall into one of just a few categories: Office, Retail, Warehouse, Ground, and a catch-all hybrid often referred to as “Mixed Use”. Each has certain typical characteristics, although Ground leases may differ somewhat, taking on some characteristics of Retail leasing when associated with a retail project, like a shopping center.

Difference between Buying and Leasing:

There are many distinct differences between buying and leasing, regardless if such a transaction or agreement applies to property, machinery, equipment or other assets.

The difference lies in that a Lease is conceptually very similar to the principle of “borrowing.” The ownership of the leased property (be it land, equipment, merchandise, or etc.) is not transferred under the terms of the lease agreement. The lease gives the lessee the right to use the assets covered under the agreement for the duration of the contracted term, however, upon the completion of said term the lessee is required to return the assets in question to the lessor, thereby completing the terms of the agreement. In a general example having to do with an automobile lease, the vehicle is due back to the dealership at the conclusion of the lease term. Once the vehicle is returned, the automobile lease agreement is completed and the parties (lessor and lessee) separate with no further obligations to each other (assuming there is no damage on the vehicle entitling the dealer to some further compensation). The lessee has no further claim or right to use the vehicle and the lessor, or car dealer no longer collects any payment from the former lessee – the previous driver.

It should be noted, however, that many lease agreements contain clauses and addendums that outline additional rights, or options for the lessee, to be exercised at will upon the conclusion of the lease (there are numerous equipment lease types[2] with individual features). In automobile leases[3] as a general example, a lessee may have an option to purchase the vehicle, thereby restructuring the agreement and ultimately obtain the ownership of the asset previously leased. In the example of a property lease, the renter (or lessee) may have the option to extend the lease, under pre-determined terms. Such scenarios are numerous and are typically pre-set during the initial creation and negotiation of the agreement between the parties.

Purchasing, on the other hand, involves an agreement that outlines the terms under which the purchaser acquires ownership of the desired item, property or asset. The purchase agreement delineates the purchase price and the terms under which it is to be paid for by the buyer. The overall purchase price can be [[amortized] over a period of time as in the case of financing, or it can be paid in full, resulting in the instant transfer of ownership to the purchaser.

Depreciation Depreciation is a major consideration for individuals deciding between buying and leasing. For assets that suffer from significant depreciation, either as a result of regular wear and tear or through becoming obsolete upon the release of newer versions of the same materials (particularly applicable in the case of technology) leasing can prevent a significant loss of value. In business, there exists a basic rule of thumb: “If it appreciates, buy it. If it depreciates, lease it.” Leasing could permit the use of the equipment while it is new and upon the completion of the lease, it can be simple to upgrade by virtue of a new lease.

Advantages:

  • Leasing is less capital-intensive than purchasing, so if a business has constraints on its capital, it can grow more rapidly by leasing property than it could by purchasing the property outright.
  • Because of investments which are done with leasing, new businesses are formed. Furthermore, unemployment in that country is decreased.
  • Leasing may provide more flexibility to a business which expects to grow or move in the relatively short term, because a lessee is not usually obliged to renew a lease at the end of its term.
  • Depreciation of capital assets has different tax and financial reporting treatment from ordinary business expenses. Lease payments are considered expenses, which can be set off against revenue when calculating taxable profit at the end of the relevant tax accounting period.

Disadvantages:

For businesses, leasing property may have significant drawbacks:

  • A net lease may shift some or all of the maintenance costs onto the tenant.
  • If circumstances dictate that a business must change its operations significantly, it may be expensive or otherwise difficult to terminate a lease before the end of the term. In some cases, a business may be able to sublet property no longer required, but this may not recoup the costs of the original lease, and, in any event, usually requires the consent of the original lessor..
  • If the business is successful, lessors may demand higher rental payments when leases come up for renewal. If the value of the business is tied to the use of that particular property, the lessor has a significant advantage over the lessee in negotiations.

Leasing in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is an agricultural country gradually shifting towards industrialization. Traditionally, people of this subcontinent were reluctant to business and trade. But as the demand of time, they are inspired and inclined to take risk and establish business enterprises. The entrepreneurs are faced with scarcity of initial capital and if somehow they have started business they face serious shortage of working capital. In such case, they run for long term direct financing from commercial banks, specialized banks and other financial institutions, but receiving long term loans from direct financing institutions in Bangladesh is not an easy task. Leasing business in Bangladesh is providing for the alternative financing introduced by the three prominent leasing companies in Bangladesh; IDLC, ULC and PLC. Recently, some other leasing companies namely, Peoples Leasing Company, Bay Eastern Leasing Company.

Bangladesh is a developing country, but the national calamity and political unrest sluggish the industrial growth as well as economic growth of the country. The traditional sources of funds of our country in the financial market are – the Commercial Banks, DFIs and the stock exchange. But these sources are not enough to effectively meet the growing demand of capital investments for industrialization of the country. And the backdrop of such scenario, leasing companies came forward in the 80s to serving as an alternative source of financing. At present there are 11 leasing companies operating their business.

Factors Influencing Lease Financing

All types of assets such as plant and machinery, equipment, transports, land and buildings are subject to lease. Lease varies widely in contractual terms. The variables of lease includes: length of lease term; renewal and purchase options; cancellation provision and penalties; guarantees by lessees of residual values; amount and timing of lease payment; Interest rates; Degree of risk assumed by the lessee; and,  payment of certain costs such as maintenance, insurance and taxes. There are many other factors that influence lease financing.

Leasing companies of Bangladesh:

There are not many leasing company in our country given the economic situation.  The names of the leasing companies are given below:

  • Industrial Development Leasing Company of Bangladesh Ltd. IDLC
  •  United Leasing Company
  •  Uttara Finance & Investment company Ltd.
  • Phoenix Leasing company Ltd
  • Bay leasing & Investment Ltd.
  • International Leasing & Finance Company Ltd.
  • GSP Finance company (BD) Ltd.
  •  Prime Finance & Investment Ltd.
  •  Vonike
  •  Prime Bank Ltd.

These are the leasing companies of our country. Among them IDLC, ULC and Phoenix Leasing Company Ltd are the three most prominent leasing companies of our country.

The company we were assigned by our course instructor is “International Leasing and Financial Services Limited” (ILFSL). it is not very well own as it has many flaws in their planning but still it is one of the few leasing companies in our country.

Company Overview (ILFSL):

Among all leasing companies that exist in our country our assigned leasing company is “International Leasing and Financial Services Limited”. International Leasing And Financial Services Limited (ILFSL), is a multi product joint venture financial institution has been established with the purpose of assisting the productive enterprises in Bangladesh through the provision of lease financing and related financial services for development of the industrial, energy, agricultural, transport, construction, telecommunication, power, medical, commercial and professional sectors.

Vision

  • To serve with flexibility and care
  • To rise high with our stakeholders

To materialize our vision, we are pursuing proactive approach which has been reaping benefit for all our stakeholders. This is manifested by our various business growth rates. We have been continually introducing appropriate and innovative financial products as required by our clients our quest for newer financial solutions goes on and we are strong enough to take dynamic action to keep up our momentum.

Mission:

The mission of “International Leasing and Financial Services Limited” is:

  • Commitment towards the development of industrial & financial sectors by offering diverse, innovative financial products.
  • Continuous drive in improvising our services tailored to clients’ needs.
  • Pursue proactive approach for reaping the benefits for all stakeholders
  • Attach importance to human resource management & administration and provide job satisfaction to all with equal opportunity for career development.
  • Serve for the well being of the society.

Strategic Objectives

The strategic objectives of International Leasing and Financial Company are given below:

• Continuous Diversification for maximization of shareholders’ value.
• Creating Synergy through symbiosis of Dynamic Management and Board.
• Serving and sustaining individual and institutional clients having high Integrity.
• Focusing intensely on maintaining a sound asset portfolio.
• Finding out Diversified Sources of Fund and exercising good Fund Management practices.
• Providing flexible and customized service to clients to build a long-term relationship.
• Retaining most dynamic people with good Aptitude.
• Achieving a Leadership Position with distinction in the Market

Growth

Over the years International Leasing has been able to maintain consistent growth in its operation maintaining quality portfolio. In the first year of operation in 1996 the volume of contract was TK. 77.32 million, which rose to staggering TK. 3,428.0 million.

Philosophy:

Grow with the customers, who have always been at the centre of ILFSL( international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) activity and maintain the highest degree of financial & business ethics in all transactions.

History Key Limestone:

Date

Business Description

January 15,1996

:

Promoters Agreement signed

January 15.1996

:

Incorporation of the company

February 19.1996

:

Licensed by Bangladesh Bank

March 24,1996

:

Commencement of Business

May 19.1996

:

First Lease Agreement signed

December 19,1996

:

First Credit Line Agreement signed

July 7,1997

:

First Dividend declared

August 22,2001

:

First syndication Lease Agreement signed

October 30,2001

:

First Term Loan Agreement signed

March 10,2002

:

First Work Order Financing Agreement signed

December 11,2003

:

Licensed by Bangladesh Bank as Primary Dealer.

September 19,2004

:

Capital Market Operation commenced

May 29,2005

:

First Factoring Agreement signed

December 20,2005

:

Management Agreement signed with First Capital Ltd. of Sri Lanka for Primary Dealership Operations

April 13,2006

:

Agreement signed with Equity Partners Ltd. to act as Issue Manager for forthcoming Initial Public Offering (IPO) of International Leasing

July02 to July 16,2007

:

Subscription for Initial Public Offering (IPO) of shares of the Company held for issuance of 0.5 million shares for 1k. 112.50 million.

September 16,2007

:

Became enlisted with Dhaka Stock Exchange Ltd. and Chittagong Stock Exchange Ltd.

October 6,2007

:

Purchased Membership of Dhaka Stock Exchange Ltd. from public auction offered by DSE.

April 07,2008

:

First Real Estate Loan Agreement signed

June 24,2008

:

Inauguration of Chittagong Branch of International Leasing And Financial Services Limited.

August 31,2008

:

Inauguration of International Leasing Securities Limited, fully owned subsidiary Company of ILFSL

October 25,2009

:

Acquisition of 100% shares of Hongkong Bangladesh Securities Ltd., a member Brokerage House of Chittagong Stock Exchange Ltd. by International Leasing Securities Ltd.

September 28,2010

:

Commencement of stock dealer and biokerage operation under membership of Chittagong Stock Exchange

November 7,2010

:

Commencement of Stock Brokerage Operation at Khatunganj Branch

December 12,2010

:

Commencement of Stock Brokerage Operation at Sylhet Branch

Core Values:The core values of International Leasing and Financial Services Limited” (ILFSL) are given below:

  • Clients First:

Our priority is to serve the clients financial needs properly

  • Flexible Care:

Harness friendliness, caring mindset.

  • Leadership:

We inculcate Leadership in both individual and corporate level.

  • Think Long Term:

We believe in long-term prosperity and solid position

  • Identifying Opportunities:

In our service, in strategic planning and in the market, find out the  opportunities befitting our  clients as  well as our business.

  • Synergy:

We always believe that it is the combination of good owners and management that produce values more than the total of isolated entities.

Business function

As a financial institution, International Leasing performs all sorts of industrial credit functions to

corporate, industrial, commercial and individual clients. We take deposits from clients by offering various deposit schemes. We invest in capital markets and also perform primary dealership operations, mainly to transact various government bonds.

Description of securities outstanding or being offered Dividend, voting and preemption right

The share capital of the Company is divided into Ordinary Shares, carrying equal rights to vote and receive dividend in terms of the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1994 and the Articles of Association of the Company. Shareholders shall have the usual voting right in person or by proxy in connection with, among others, selection of Directors and Auditor(s) and other usual agenda of General Meeting – Ordinary or Extra Ordinary. On a show of hand, every shareholder present in person and every duly authorized representative of a shareholder present at a General Meeting shall have one vote and on a poll every shareholder present in person or by proxy shall have one vote for every share held by him or her.

In case of any additional issue of shares through right shares for raising further capital, the existing shareholders shall be entitled to Right Issue of shares in terms of the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) from time to time.

Conversion and liquidation right

If the Company at any time issues convertible preference shares or debenture with the consent of the SEC, such holders of securities shall be entitled to convert such securities into ordinary shares if it is so determined by the Company.

In case of winding- up or liquidation of the Company, all shareholders will have the same privileges and advantages regarding participation in profits and voting at meetings of the Company.

Right for transfer

In terms of the provisions of the Companies Act 1994, Articles of Association of the Company and other relevant rules in force, the shares of the Company are transferable. The Company shall not charge any fee other than Government duties for registering transfer of shares. No shares shall be transferred to an infant or person of unsound mind.

Debt securities

The Company did not issue any debt securities and has no plan to issue debt securities within six months.

Capital structure

PARTICULARS Amount in Taka

Authorized Capital= 3,000,000 Ordinary Shares of Tk. 100 each.

 Particulars amount of taka 300,000,000

1. Issued & Fully Paid Up

1,800,000 Ordinary Shares of Tk. 100 each have been subscribed and paid in full. 180,000,000

2. Total Paid Up Capital before Initial Public Offering (IPO) 180,000,000

3. Initial Public Offering (IPO):

Issue of 500,000 Ordinary Shares of Tk. 225 each including a premium of Tk. 125

per share 50,000,000

Total Capital Structure after IPO (1+2) 230,000,000.

it is a very important part of a company. A company’s overall performance can be known from its capital structure.

Board of Directors:

Management members
Mr. Mahbub JamilChairman
Mr. Mustafizur RahmanManaging director
Mr. Mizanur RahmanBoard Members
Mr. Faiz AhmadBoard Members
Mr. A. Q. I. Chowdhury, OBEBoard Members
Mr. Jamal Uddin AhmadBoard Members
Mr. Mohammed Iqbal Hossain ChowdhuryBoard Members
Mr. Ali Reza IftekharBoard Members
Mr. Salim RahmanBoard Members
Mr. Syed Fahim MunaimBoard Members
Mr. C. K. HyderBoard Members

Risk factors and management perception about risks

As with all investments, investors should be aware that there are risks associated with an investment in the Company. These risks could result in loss of income or capital investment. Investors are encouraged to seek independent financial advice.

  • Interest rate Risk

The Company’s leases are generally structured at fixed rates for specified terms. Increase in interest rates of borrowings could narrow or eliminate the spread, or result in a negative spread, and hence, may have a materially adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and/or results of operations. Although the consequences of unusual and abrupt increase in borrowing rate cannot be avoided but the Company will definitely take all the appropriate measures to minimize the negative consequences.

  • Exchange Rate Risk

Since we have not availed any funding from foreign sources and have no borrowing in foreign currency, we are not directly exposed to any exchange rate risk. But in future in this company becomes associated with foreign sources it may face external risk, which will materialize as the industry is growing.

  • Industry Risk

The Company is operating in a highly competitive market. Some of the competitors have more resources than those of the Company, including better image, broader range of products, complementary lines of business etc. It is difficult to predict in advance the move of the competitors in the coming years.

International Leasing And Financial Services Limited is always cautious in offering products and services at competitive terms and conditions. We have some innovative products with better competitive advantages.

  • Market and technology-related Risk

In the wide market of 21st century, advanced technology obsoletes the old service / product strategy. So the existing technology may not be efficient enough to cope with the future business trends and needs.

The Board always put emphasis on development and implementation of the state of the art technology and is always committed to invest in modern and updated information technology.

  • Potential or existing government regulations

The company operates under the specific guidelines as laid down by the Bangladesh Bank as well as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Any sudden change of the guidelines/ policies formulated by the Bangladesh Bank and / or the SEC may affect the business of the Company adversely.

Unless the regulatory authorities adopt any adverse policies which may materially affect the industry as a whole, the business of the Company will not be affected that much since we are always particular in complying with rules and regulations of the authorities.

  • Potential changes in global and national policies

Any incidental change in global context, economic or political, affects national economies. This will affect the policy measures of the company as well.

All modern economies act integrated in a global setting. Any economic or political shock globally affects all national economies as well. We are always abreast with the global and national economic scenarios. Any such effects are properly evaluated and appropriate action measures are taken by the company.

  • Operational Risk

The company runs the risk of being in insecure position due to incomplete documentation, not ensuring proper creation of charges on securities, not properly executing reschedule and renewal accounts etc.To ensure proper documentation, charge creation, proper follow-up of subsequent changes of terms and condition, the company has a fully functional internal audit department. All credit accounts are properly checked to ensure detection and mitigation of all lapses by the department before disbursement and also subsequently.

Amount of Asset and Equity:

EQUITY=TK. 760.71 million (as on June 30, 2009)

TOTAL ASSETS= K.12,107.57 million (as on June 30, 2009)

Long Term Short Term Surveillance Rating-2008 A- ST-3 Outlook Negative

Rationale

Credit Rating Information and Services Limited (CRISL) has reaffirmed “A-” (pronounced as

single A minus) rating to International Leasing and Financial Services Limited (hereinafter called “ILFSL”) in long term and “ST-3” rating in short term based on audited financials of FY2008 and other relevant qualitative and quantitative information up to the date of rating. The above rating has been assigned in consideration of its good franchise value in the market, Considerable portfolio growth, good shareholding pattern and corporate governance. The above areas, however, were constrained by its financial performance, asset quality, liquidity and capital base. Financial Institutions rated in this category are adjudged to offer adequate safety for timely repayment of financial obligations. This level of rating indicates a financial institution with an adequate credit profile. Risk factors are more variable and greater in periods of economic stress than those rated in the higher categories. Short term rating “ST-3” signifies good certainty of timely payment. Liquidity factors and company fundamentals are sound. Although ongoing funding needs may enlarge total financing requirements, access to capital markets is good with small risk factors.

ILFSL(international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) has been operating its business with a good market share being supported by good market franchise. The outstanding credit portfolio of the company stood at TK. 7.18 billion representing 6.54% market share in year 2008. However, portfolio growth is not supported by the exiting capital base which stood at TK. 760.71 million including paid-up capital of TK. 290.00 million as on June 30, 2009. Shareholder’s equity to total assets of the company stood at 6.28% as on June 30, 2009 against 6.61% in year 2008.

The overall asset quality of the company is found below average. Financial statement submitted to Bangladesh Bank as on June 30, 2009 reveals classified amount of TK. 776.47 million (63.88% substandard, 14.50% doubtful and 21.62% bad & loss) against TK. 468.03 million as on December 31, 2008 (44.25% substandard, 20.37% doubtful and 35.38% bad & loss) which pushed the gross NPL ratio to 8.42% as on June 30, 2009 from 6.51% as on December 31, 2008. Consequently the profitability revealed moderate position as reflected in ROAA (1.28% in 2008 from 1.66% in 2007), ROAE (18.34% in 2008 from 23.14% in 2007) and return on average earning asset (1.29% in 2008 from 1.51% in 2007). Liquidity position of the company is also moderate as reflected in current ratio (1.01 times in 2008 from 1.00 times in 2007) and Liquid assets to current liabilities ratio (0.34 times in 2008 from 0.30 times in 2007).

CRISL also viewed the company with “Negative Outlook” in consideration of its deterioration in asset quality which will have subsequent impact on profitability and business operation. CRISL foresees that the rating of the company might be downgraded if proper steps are not taken shortly. However, CRISL believes that the company’s recent move in product/service diversification will likely to have some positive impact on earning streams of the company.

Services offered:

Service offer defines the extent and limits of the customer service that an organisation is offering. The service offer is something over and above what an organisation will do for you. It is about knowing the service offer and the details of it

Services provided by ILFSL (international Leasing and financial Services limited)

International Leasing and financial services limited is one of the fewest leasing companies in our country. It is also one of the renowned leasing companies because it offers various services to its customers which they enjoy. The services provided by ILFSL are given below:

  • Deposit scheme
  • Project finance
  • Lease finance
  • Long term finance
  • Short term finance
  • Syndicated finance
  • Real estate finance
  • Work order finance
  • Primary dealership
  • Factoring

The descriptions of services provided by ILFSL are given below:

Deposit Scheme:

They accept deposit from local and foreign corporate bodies, banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions as well as individuals. At present, they have four types of deposit scheme to accommodate customized need of their clients.

ILFSL DEPOSIT SCHEMES

 

 ::: ANNUAL DEPOSIT SCHEME :::

  FOR INDIVIDUALS & INSTITUTIONS

 

Deposited Amount

Year

Rate

 

ANY AMOUNT

BELOW

05 CRORE

6 Months

13.75%

01 Year

14.00%

 

02 Years

13.50%

 

 03-05 Years

13.00%

 

Deposited Amount

Year

Rate

 

ANY AMOUNT

05 CRORE

AND ABOVE

6 Months

14.00%

01 Years

14.00%

 

02 Years

13.50%

 

 03-05 Years

13.00%

Figure : Annual Deposit Scheme

 ::: CUMULATIVE DEPOSIT SCHEME :::

 FOR INDIVIDUALS & INSTITUTIONS

 

 Deposited Amount

Year

Rate

 

ANY AMOUNT

BELOW

05 CRORE

6 Months

13.75%

01 Year

14.00%

 

02 Years

13.50%

 

03-05 Years

13.00%

 

 Deposited Amount

Year

Rate

 

ANY AMOUNT

05 CRORE

AND ABOVE

6 Months

14.00%

01 Year

14.00%

 

02 Years

13.50%

 

03-05 Years

13.00%

 Figure: Cumulative deposit Scheme

 ::: MULTIPLE BENEFIT SCHEME :::

 FOR BOTH INDIVIDUALS & INSTITUTIONS

 

 Deposited Amount 

Amount to be Received

Term

 

ANY AMOUNT STARTING FROM

Tk. 1,00,000

1.5 Times

3 Years 6 Months

 

2 Times

5 Years 6 Months

 

2.5 Times

7 Years 10 Months

 

3 Times

9 Years 6 Months

Figure : Multiple Benefit Scheme

 ::: INCOME SCHEME :::

 FOR BOTH INDIVIDUALS & INSTITUTIONS

 

 Deposited Amount 

Year

Monthly

Quarterly

Half-Yearly

 

ANY AMOUNT STARTING FROM Tk. 1,00,000

 01-02 Year

 1,111.11

 3,375.00

6875.00

Figure: Income Scheme

Project   Finance:

This company provides project finance facility to economically, technically, environment friendly and financially viable projects. A good business-project proposal is carefully evaluated by them, required technical and professional advice are given and if deems viable required finance will be provided.

Lease   Finance

They offer lease financing for all types of manufacturing and service related equipment for all major industrial sectors. Lease rental is determined based on actual acquisition cost and lease term. Lease term usually ranges from 2 to 5 years. In general monthly lease rental is fixed on EMI (equal monthly installment) basis; however, quarterly and half-yearly payment may also be considered based on the requirement of the client and cash flow of the project. In leasing the client has the full liberty to select the equipment, supplier and fix terms and conditions including price. They buy the equipment of the client’s choice for use of the client.

Long Term Finance

They provide long term finance facility which is usually for up to the period 5 years. Usually the long term loan facility is extended for the purpose BMRE (Balancing, Modernization, and Replacement & Expansion) of any good project.

Short Term Finance

They provide short term loan usually for the period of 1 year in form of Working Capital Financing, Factoring of Accounts Receivable to maximize your business growth.

Syndicated   finance

For projects requiring large-scale investment, they raise funds from banks/financial institutions through syndication.

Syndicated Finance

For projects requiring large-scale investment, they raise funds from banks/financial institutions through syndication. As Lead Syndication Arranger, they will help the client in the documentation, execution and administration of syndicated finance.

Real Estate Finance:

  • Real Estate Finance
  • Bangladesh Bank Refinancing Scheme (Home Loan @ 9%)
Real Estate Finance:
A – Residential
1. Individual House Building Loan
 
  • ◙ Construction of Residential Building
 
  • ◙ Extension and/or Renovation of Residential Building/Apartment
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Residential Building
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Apartment
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Residential Plot
 
  • ◙ Home Loan under Bangladesh Bank Refinancing Scheme
 
  • ◙ Construction of Residential Building
B – Commercial

1.

Individual House Building Loan
  
  • ◙ Construction of Commercial Building; and
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Office Space, Show Room/Shop etc.
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Office Space, Show Room/Shop etc.

2.

Corporate House Building Loan
 
  • ◙ Construction of Office Building
 
  • ◙ Construction of Factory Building
 
  • ◙ Construction of School Building
 
  • ◙ Hospital Building
 
  • ◙ Convention Hall/Hotel; and
 
  • ◙ Purchase of Office space Show Room/Shop

3.

Developer’s Loan
 
  • ◙ Construction of Residential Apartment
 
  • ◙ Construction of Commercial Project (Office/Shopping Mall)
 
  • ◙ Construction of Multipurpose complex (Apartment cum Commercial)
LOCATION
 Metropolitan Cities like Dhaka and its associated areas, Chittagong and areas under Municipal Corporation which will have basic infrastructural facilities.
LOAN LIMIT
 Maximum loan amount would be determined by Approval Authority subject to:
  
  • ◙ For purchase of Apartment : 70% of the price
  
  • ◙ For Construction/ Extension/ Renovation of existing House and purchase of Building (residential purpose): 60% of the cost.
  
  • ◙ For purpose other than above : 50% of the cost
  
  • ◙ For purchase of Residential Plot : 40% of the price
LOAN PERIOD
  Individual (Residential): Maximum 20 years
  Individual (Purchase of Land): Maximum 07 years
  Corporate Loan (Commercial): Maximum 07 years
  Developer’s Loan: Maximum 04 years
  ◙ Loan period plus current age of the applicant shall not exceed 65 years.
LOAN AMOUNT
  ◙ Individual Level : Maximum Tk.5.00 million
  ◙ Corporate Level : Maximum Tk.50.00 million
ELIGIBILITY CRITERION
 Eligibility would be determined by the management of International Leasing considering the applicant’s & co-applicant’s monthly income, age, monthly expense, other loans & liabilities, savings, nature of service or business, stability and consistency of service or business etc.
RATE OF INTEREST
  ◙ Competitive Rate of interest
LOAN DISBURSMENT
 One shot or phase by phase disbursement depending on the requirement of the project. However, the equity portion of the applicant or co-applicant to be utilized first before taking disbursement forms International Leasing.
LOAN REPAYMENT
  ◙ Loan repayment @ equal monthly installment
COLLATERAL
 The Proposed property and/or any property acceptable to International Leasing may be taken against the Loan. The property is required to be under Registered Mortgage in favor of International Leasing.
FEES & CHARGES
 Processing fee is required to be paid with the Application Form and Documentation Fee is required to be paid after approval.
HOME LOAN SHIELD
 To protect the client’s investment from future uncertainties, the home loan shall be supplemented by Home loan Shield that comes with a very low premium.
SPECIAL FEATURES
  ◙ Loan processing within shortest possible time.
  ◙ Customer friendly & competitive interest rate.
  ◙ No hidden or extra charge.
  ◙ Partial or full prepayment at any time during the loan tenure with special rebate.
  ◙ Refinancing facility by Bangladesh Bank @ 9% p.a
  ◙ Reasonable grace period.
HOW TO APPLY
 Intending applicant(s) may collect the Application Form from any offices of International Leasing free of cost or download it from company’s website and apply along with the relevant papers.
  

 

 

Work Force Finance

They provide finance against work orders from reputed multinational companies, local blue chip companies, large NGOs and government institutions. The client can meet his delivery /performance deadlines specified in the work order by mobilizing funds from them.

 Primary Leadership

They got primary dealership license from Bangladesh Bank to operate in secondary bond market. This is primarily done against the 5-year and 10-year bonds that Bangladesh Bank has launched in the market for institutional and general investors. Every investor must buy or sell the bonds through primary dealers. International Leasing is the only non-bank financial institution to receive the PD license from Bangladesh Bank.

Factoring

Factoring is a service designed to enable the client to get immediate payment on his invoices/bills made against any supply / performance of service, thereby enhancing his cash flow. There are three distinct features built into factoring:

  • Financing
  • Sales Ledger administration and reporting
  • Collection

Benefits of Factoring is that the client can obtain upfront financing against credit sales, which strengthens his cash flow by releasing the working capital stuck up with the credit sales. This leads to faster growth, greater turnover and more net profit. This is a more comprehensive mode of financial service rather than mere financing. Their follow up of collection contributes to improvement in the client’s overall collection performance. Their customer assessment enables the client to choose credible customers and fix safe credit limits which substantially improves credit administration.

Financial Statement:

Financial statements are statements required by a particular business enterprise at the end of a certain accounting period for reporting operating results, financial position and liquidity position. Financial statements include income statement, statement, retained earnings, balance sheet and cash flow.

Financial Statement of ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited):

Before preparing the financial statements of ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) we have to have a glance at the company.

The financial statement of ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) includes the reports of 2010 first quarter and 2011 first quarter. The statements include:

  • Income statement
  • Balance Sheet
  • Cash flow

About the Company:

International Leasing and Financial Services Limited (ILFSL) is a multi-product Financial Institution having its 15 years record of innovative and customer-driven financial services. Starting from single-product Lease Financing services, the Company is now an established market leader in the leasing service industry.

We are the first-generation licensee of Primary Dealership (PD) from Bangladesh Bank to buy and sell government treasury bonds and bills in the secondary market. Our new product range includes Stock Brokerage (through our subsidiary company, International Leasing Securities limited), Real Estate Finance & SME Finance. We also offer various attractive Deposit Schemes. Over the years, through proactive marketing and services, the company has been able to establish itself as a leading financial institution of the country. Our client and market focus will continue as we march ahead with our growth momentum.

Shareholders and shareholdings structure

The chart showing the shareholders and the shareholding structure is given below. With this chart we can have a better understanding of the company.

Income Statement:


2010 (First Quarter)

 

2011 (First Quarter)

Income statement
Interest Income

366,482

598,613

Less : Interest Expenses

(217,558)

(348,895)

Net Interest Income

148,923

249,718

Other Income

109,986

53,809

Net Income

258,913

303,528

Other Operating Expenses

(26,311)

(46,861)

Less : Provision for Bad and Doubtful Debts and Loans Written Off

(95,027)

(155,193)

Less: Provision/(Reversal) for Decline in Value of Investments (Net)

(25,972)

(24,123)

Operating Profit Before Corporate Tax

111,602

77,350

Less: Tax on Profits on Ordinary Activities

(20,686)

(29,245)

Operating Profit After Corporate Tax

90,916

48,105

Attributable to Equity Holders of the Parent

90,915

48,105

Earnings Per share – Basic

11.16

5.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income statement represents the net profit or loss of the company after the end of a certain accounting period.  And the table above shows the amount of profit of international leasing and financing services limited. And we can assume from the table that their earning per share is declining.

Balance Sheet:

 


2010 (First Quarter)

 

2011 (First Quarter)

Balance Sheet
Cash in hand and at banks

949,582

Investments in Government securities

1,234,849

Investment securities

464,009

Loans and advances

9,306,100

Other assets

408,789

Property, plant and equipment

50,282

Lease Rental Receivable and Stock Out On Hire

3,432,338

Total Assets

15,845,949

Other Liabilities

1,903,828

Deposits

441,813

Borrowings

4,218,931

Time Deposits

7,965,788

Total Balance Sheet Liabilities

14,530,360

Stated Capital

814,660

Statutory Reserve Fund

237,421

Retained Earnings

171,189

Reserves

92,318

Funds attributable to equity holders of the parent

1,315,588

Minority Interest

1

Total Shareholders’ Funds and Minority Interest

1,315,589

Total On-Balance Sheet Liabilities, Shareholders’ Funds and Minority Interest

15,845,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is the balance sheet of the International Leasing and Financial Service Limited which represents the total asset, total liabilities and the overall condition of the company at the end of a certain accounting period.

Cash flow:

Cash flow shows the amount of cash inflow and outflow after a certain accounting period. And the cash flow of ILFSL is given below:

Cash Flow
Receipts from other operating activities

14,144

(22,810)

Dividend Received

405

623

Interest Received

278,072

254,855

Interest Payments

(292,667)

(377,423)

Fees and Commission Receipts

86,086

56,634

Cash Payments to Employees and Suppliers

(10,489)

(26,668)

Operating profit before changes in operating assets & liabilities

75,551

(114,789)

Increase/ (Decrease) Funds advanced to customers

(1,549,218)

163,126

Others

29,948

613,473

Deposits

447,274

(35,432)

Net cash from operating activities before income tax

(996,445)

626,378

Income tax paid

(6,558)

(26,509)

Net Cash Generated from Operating Activities

(1,003,003)

599,869

Acquisition of Property, Plant and Equipment

(3,101)

(2,431)

Proceeds from Disposal of Securities

1,244,509

1,211,806

Purchase / Transfer of Securities

(1,201,371)

(1,146,675)

Other Cash Flows

(125)

(144)

Net Cash Flow from Investing Activities

39,912

62,556

Proceeds from Long Term Loans

3,156,330

153,830

Settlement of Long Term Loans

(2,482,499)

(259,692)

Net cash proceeds from short term interest bearing loans and borrowings

280,000

(636,416)

Net Cash Flow Financing Activities

953,813

(742,278)

Increase (decrease) in Cash

(9,278)

(79,853)

Cash at the beginning of the period

848,486

1,029,436

Cash at the end of the period

839,208

949,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leasing and financial condition of ILFS

 

International Leasing And Financial Services Limited (International Leasing), a multi product joint venture financial institution has been established with the purpose of assisting the productive enterprises in Bangladesh through the provision of lease financing and related financial services for development of the industrial, energy, agricultural, transport, construction, telecommunication, power, medical, commercial and professional sectors.

They offer lease financing for all types of manufacturing and service related equipment for               all major industrial sectors. Lease rental is determined based on actual acquisition cost and    lease term. Lease term usually ranges from 2 to 5 years. In general monthly lease rental is fixed on EMI (equal monthly installment) basis; however, quarterly and half-yearly payment may also be considered based on the requirement of the client and cash flow of the project. In leasing the client has the full liberty to select the equipment, supplier and fix terms and conditions including price. They buy the equipment of the client’s choice for use of the client.

Financial objectives:    

Lease financing, as organized in Bangladesh, operates with the following objectives:

  • to assist the development and promotion of productive enterprises by providing equipment lease financing and related services;
  • to assist in balancing, modernization, replacement and expansion of existing enterprises;
  • to extend financial support to small and medium scale enterprises;
  • to provide finance for various agriculture equipment; and
  • to activate the capital market by operating as managers to the issue, underwriters, or portfolio managers.

 Functions:

The functions of ILFS include lease financing, short-term financing, house building financing, and merchant banking and corporate financing. In this last group of functions, the leasing business in Bangladesh moved away from regular leasing activities and is now involved in stock-market related activities such as issue management, underwriting, trust management, private placement, portfolio management, and mutual fund operation. Broad capital market operations of the lease financing institutions include bridge financing, corporate counseling, mergers and acquisition, capital restructuring, financial engineering, and lease syndication. Prominent among the sectors of the economy that now receive lease financing services are textiles, apparels and accessories, transport, construction and engineering, paper and printing, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, chemicals, agro-based industries, telecommunications, and leather and leather products.

It must be understood that the “use” that qualifies a lessor to depreciation is not the physical use by the lessee, but the use by the lessor in his business of leasing. The lessor makes the use of the asset in the lessor’s business of leasing the asset, and that use qualifies the lessor to stake a depreciation claim.

In 2000, the funds of the company stood at Tk 313.45 million and its liabilities comprised shareholders equity -Tk 108.58 million and long-term liabilities-Tk 204.87 million. Components of the shareholders’ equity were the share capital (Tk 82.8 million), general reserves (Tk 16 million) and retained earnings (Tk 9.78 million), while the long-term liabilities included long-term debt (Tk 165.59 million) and lease rental deposits (Tk 39.28 million). Lease investment of the company in 2000 was Tk 478.53 million comprising net leased assets of Tk 408.83 million and net advances for lease assets Tk 69.70 million. Up to 31 December 2000, the company financed a total of 253 projects and the volume of financing amounted to Tk 1,323 million. During the year 2000, the company disbursed Tk 397 million and recovered Tk 234 million. That year it earned a net profit of Tk 29.31 million and paid dividend @ 20%.

Operating lease:

The Company has been running its operations for last five years through its Corporate Office in

Dhaka on the leased premise as mentioned below:

Particulars of Lease Rented  Premises

Effective periodArea (SFT)Monthly RentalPeriod of Lease

 

Corporate Office:

Printers Building (14th

floor), 5 Rajuk

Avenue, Dhaka-1000.

Feb. 01, 2005Feb. 01, 2002 to

Jan. 31, 2005

6,500 SFT.6,500 SFT.161,000.00161,000.003 years3 years

Former Corporate Office:

BSB Building Aug. 01, 2001 (16th

floor), 8 Rajuk

Avenue, Dhaka 1000.

Aug. 01, 20011,685 SFT.40,693.002 years

 Financial/lease commitment

The Company has not entered into any financial / lease obligation in the last five years.

Personnel related scheme:

The Company has a well-designed compensation plan to attract highly capable professional staff with high degree of integrity. Employee performance is regularly evaluated.

  • ¾ Provident Fund: The Company offers Provident Fund benefit for its full time employee’s with 10% of the basic contributed by the employee and 10% of basic by the Company effective on confirmation of service at International Leasing And Financial Services Limited.
  • ¾ Group Life Insurance: The Company also provides group life insurance benefit for its fulltime employees.
  • ¾ Festival and Annual Incentives: The Company provides two festival bonuses to the employees in every year to the employees depending on the Company’s performance at the discretion of the Board.
  • ¾ Gratuity Scheme: The Company has unfunded gratuity scheme for its employees approved by its Board.

Financial performance:

Financial performance of ILFSL found average compared to its per companies yet showing a declining trend. The company reported profit after tax of TK. 101.67 million in 2006 against TK. 144.84 million in 2005 with 29.8% negative growth rate. However, total earning assets of the company has increased by 16.32% during the period. The operating revenue of the company increased by 25.04% against 38.80% increase in operating expenses representing 30.99% diminution of operating profit which was mainly because of increase in financial expenses. Shareholders’ equity to total assets reduced to 7.05% in 2006 against 7.19% in 2005 representing lower equity back-up of assets. Again, credit portfolio to shareholders’ equity increased to 12.13 times against 11.97 times in 2005, which was found much higher, compared to peer median. Total gearing ratio found higher (11.97 times) compared to peer median (9.72 times) in 2005 indicating lower equity backup against outside source of fund. However, the same has further increased to 13.18 times in 2006. Internal capital generation of the company found below per median, which subsequently reduced to 13.13% in 2006 due to declaration of dividend of Tk. 45 million during the period.

Fund management

ILFSL is operating with limited funding base. The main funding sources include term loan and term deposits (both institutional and public) which constitute 72.20% of total funding mix. The total asset base of Tk. 6520.50 million as on December 2006 of the company was financed by shareholders’ equity of 7.05%, term loan of 31.66%, and term deposit of 40.55%, call loan of 6.75% and other liabilities and provision of 13.99%.

Fund management of the company is being looked after by the treasury department under Finance and Administration (F & A) Division. ILFSL has been enjoying funded facility from 24 different banks and financial institutions including Bangladesh Bank. As on December 31, 2006 the credit line availed from different  banks and financial institutions stood Tk. 2627.63 million of which term loan Tk. 2015.19 million, counter veiling loan Tk. 48.85 million, refinancing arrangement with Bangladesh Bank Tk. 14.46 million and short term loan & SOD Tk. 549.12 million (including Tk. 440 million call loan). The company regularly involves in call operation during 2006 with an average borrowing of Tk. 34.87 million per day within the range of 7% to 28% interest rate. It is worth mentionable here that the company involved in the call market as lender in couple of months during 2006 when market interest was relatively high. The company has applied for credit line of Tk. 850 million from different banks which is, if allowed, expected to ensure funding flexibility.

Liquidity management

The company is operating its financial activities relatively under tight liquidity position compared to its peer companies. Current ratio of the company slightly reduced to 1.01 times in 2006 compared to 1.04 times in 2005, which was found to be below per median. Again, liquid asset to current liabilities ratio reduced to 0.16 times in 2006 from 0.20 times in 2005 which was lower compared to its peer companies. Time interest earned ratio of the company also decreased in 2006 due to increase in financial expenses by 52.46% during the period and the position of the company again found below peer median. However, loan to deposit ratio found better than its peer median although there is no guideline regarding this ratio for FIs.

The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats of ILFSL:

Strengths:

  • Significant market share
  • Large portfolio base
  • Diversified product line
  • Institutional shareholding pattern
  • Repetitive client base
Weaknesses:

  • Deteriorating trend in asset quality
  • Inadequate capital base
  • Tight liquidity
  • Dependence on high interest bearing funding sources
Opportunities:

  • Scope to explore fee based products
  • Scope of exploring cheaper sources of fund
Threats

  • Increased competition in the market for quality products
  • Commercial banks portfolio expansion to lease financing
  • Increasing competition compelling reduction in rental rate

Clients of Lease Finance of ILFSL:

According to its policy, Lease Finance focuses generally on institutional clients. Both manufacturing and service organizations are eligible to apply for lease financing. However, International Leasing and Financial Service Limited (ILFSL) also extend leasing facilities to reputed proprietorship and partnership companies, and professionals who are guaranteed by their employers.

It provides lease finance facilities to all market segments of customers

  • Individuals
  • Small & Medium Enterprises,
  • Commercial Houses,
  • Large Corporate organizations

Sectors preferred for Lease Finance

Many Lease companies prefer many segments but ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited) prefers these segments for lease financing:

  • In the manufacturing segment
    • Textile
    • Garment
    • Leather
    • Cement
    • Ceramic
    • Restaurants

Service segments include

  • Construction
  • Telecommunications
  • Power sector companies
  • Dry cleaning services
  • Vehicle service stations
  • Hotels and restaurants and
  • Transportation services.

Lease Finance provides leasing services for commercial and personal equipments like

  • Office equipment
  • Industrial machinery and accessories
  • Generators
  • Elevators/lifts
  • Heavy construction equipment

However, entrepreneurs in other sectors are also encouraged to speak to Union Capital if they have a good project. It also caters to the needs of requirements of the entrepreneurs for their existing projects.

  • Balancing
  • Modernization and
  • Replacement

The lease portfolio of International Leasing and Financial Services Limited (ILFSL) is well diversified among various market segments.

Lease Requirement of ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited)

To take lease from ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited) some elements are required. Those elements are as follows:

  • Mortgage: Mortgage means securing any fixed asset as collateral. To take lease from ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited) mortgage is must.
  • Business Experience: Having Business Experience is a must for taking lease from ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited).
  • Bank Statement: Having required amount of Bank solvency certificate is also vital to take lease from ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited).
  • CIB: CIB is the credit information of the individual or the lessee issued by Bangladesh Bank (central bank of Bangladesh).This another requirement for lease financing designed by ILSSL.

Terms & Condition:

ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited) provides lease financing to customers on fairly easy terms and conditions. Lease term varies from two years to maximum of five years depending on the nature of machinery/ equipment to be financed. Vehicles, office equipment and other smaller equipment are normally lease financed for two/three years while industrial machinery and other heavy equipment are leased for a maximum period of five years.

  • Documentation fee:

Documentation fee is a general formality that requires some amount of money for the preparation of document for the agreement of leasing on between lessee and lessor.

  • Rates for lease finance

Rates charged by Lease Finance vary depending on the nature of equipment and other terms and conditions negotiated between the parties. However rates are comparable to those of the market and are always kept at competitive levels so that both Union Capital and its customers mutually benefit from the arrangement.

  • Authorization:

ILFSL (International Leasing and Financial Services Limited) is authorized to perform lease finance activities under the Financial Institution license granted by the Bangladesh Bank.

Real Case of ILFSL:

ILFSL was faced with the following lease-or-buy decision. They can purchase a $50,000 piece of equipment by putting 25 percent down and paying off the balance at 10 percent interest with four annual installments of $11,830. The equipment will be used in business for eight years, after which it can be sold for scrap for $2,500. The alternative is that they can lease the same equipment for eight years at an annual rent of $8,500, the first payment of which is due on delivery. They’ll be responsible for the equipment’s maintenance costs during the lease.

They expect that their combined federal and state income tax rate will be 40 percent for the entire period at issue. ILFSL further assume that their cost of capital is 6 percent (the 10 percent financing rate adjusted by their tax rate).

The following tables demonstrate how ILFSL can use a cash flow analysis to assist customers with a lease-or-buy decision. In this case, if cost were the sole criterion for the decision, they would be inclined to purchase the asset because in current dollars, the cost of purchasing is $32,204, while the cost of leasing is $34,838. Even if cost isn’t ILFSL’s sole criterion, a cash flow analysis is useful because it can show one how much they’re paying for non-cost factors that may dictate their decision to lease.

Cash flow analysis of purchase:

This analysis assumes the financed purchase of a $50,000 piece of equipment for 25 percent down, interest at 10 percent, and four annual payments of $11,830 (all payments are made on the first day of the year).

Interest is deemed to accrue on the outstanding balance of the loan at the end of each year and is computed as follows (the last column shows the portion of each annual payment that goes to principal and that reduces the outstanding loan):

Year EndOutstanding LoanInterestPrincipal
137,5003,5708,080
229,4202,9428,888
320,5322,0539,777
410,7551,07510,755

Depreciation is computed on the basis of the 200 percent declining balance method.

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)(F)(G)(H)
YearCash PaymentsPrior Year’s InterestPrior Year’s DepreciationTax Savings [40% x (C + D)]Net Cash Flow [B – E]Discount Factor (6% Cost of Cap.Present Value

[F x G]

112,500000125001.000012500
211,830010000400078300.94347,387
311,8303,75016000790039300.89003,498
411,83029429600501768130.83965720
511,83020535760312587050.79216895
6 107557802734(2734)0.7473(2043)
7  28801152(1152)0.7050(812)
8       
9(2,500)  (1,000)(1,500)0.6274(941)
Net Cash Flow      32,204

Cash flow analysis of leasing:

This analysis assumes that equipment costing $50,000 will be leased for eight years for an annual rent of $8,500, with the first payment being due on delivery and the following payments being due on the first day of each subsequent year. The business is assumed to have a combined federal and state income tax rate of 40 percent (tax benefits are computed as of the first day of year following the year for which the rental deduction was claimed) and a 6 percent cost of capital.

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)(F)
YearLease PaymentPrior Year’s Tax Savings [40% x B]Net Cash Flow [B – C]Discount Factor (6% Cost of Capital)Present Value [D x E]
18,500    
 8,5001.0008,500  
28,5003,4005,1000.94344,811
38,5003,4005,1000.89004,539
48,5003,4005,1000.83964,282
58,5003,4005,1000.79214,040
68,5003,4005,1000.74733,811
78,5003,4005,1000.70503,596
88,5003,4005,1000.66513,392
9 3,400(3,400)0.6274(2,133)
Net Cash Flow34,838    

Analysis

  • In case of delay payment 10%-15% delinquent fee on the original finance amount has to be paid as punishment. This rate is determined in the time of planning and it fluctuates business periods to business period.
  • In case of client’s failure to repay the loan or lease rents, ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) first sends a letter to its client where it gives 20 day time period to repay its obligation.
  • If the client fails again then it goes for legal procedure. In this case it sends a notice to its clients where the court gives a 50 day time period to repay its obligation.
  • In case of further failing to pay the obligation, ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) put the securities against which the lease or loan was sanctioned in an auction.
  • The financial condition of International Leasing and Financial Services Limited is not very good.
  • To be more successful and be take one of the top three places ILFSL should come up with brand new strategies.

Conclusion:

For lease finance ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) basically focuses on satisfaction of the client which is the most important for them. They emphasizes on their service as financing of capital machinery, equipment and vehicles with easy terms and conditions. But ILFSL (international Leasing and Financial Services Limited) is not in a very good position in terms of their assets. If they want to stay in the competition it should revise its strategies and increase its profit level.

References:

  • http://www.ilfsl.com/
  • http://www.bangladeshyellowpages.com/details/176117
  • http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/ILFSL:BD
  • http://www.acronymfinder.com/International-Leasing-and-Financial-Services-Limited-(Bangladesh)-(ILFSL).html
  • ^ Stickney and Weil 2007 p. 791 (Glossary of Financial Accounting: An Intro. to Concepts, Methods, and Use 12e).
  • ^ 34 Am. Jur. 2d Federal Taxation ¶ 16762 Section 467 rental agreements defined: “A rental agreement includes any written or oral agreement that provides for the use of tangible property and is treated as a lease for federal income tax purposes.”
  • ^ “If you want it, rent it … from a ‘must have’ handbag to an Aston Martin”, The Observer, 2009-01-04. Retrieved on 2009-09-09.
  • ^ Sullivan, Arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2003). Economics: Principles in action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 523.ISBN 0-13-063085-3.
  • ^ For example in England and Wales the Law of Property Act 1925 s149(6) abolishes lease for lives, and lease expressed to be for a life is converted into a lease for 90 years.
  • ^ For examples of what typical leases contain: http://www.documatica-forms.com/usa/residential-rental-lease/more-info.php
  • ^ “Example of Rental Application”. www.rentersfriend.com. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
  • ^ “About Renter’s Insurance”, ”Geico” Retrieved 3 May 2008
  • ^ ^ Wiening, Eric; George Rejda, Constance Luthardt, Cheryl Ferguson (2002). Personal Insurance (1st ed.). Malvern, Pennsylvania: American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters/Insurance Institute of America. ISBN 0-89463-108-X.
  • ^ Tracking down England’s council house sublet cheats, Panorama, BBC, 4 May 2011
  • ^ “Real Estate Glossary Business Dictionary Definition Head Lease”. www.bizoptions.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05.

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