Transportation Problem facing In Banani Area for AIUB female Students
Subject: Business, Business Statistics, Other | Topics: ,

Executive Summary

Bangladesh is a developing country with a population of about 14.5 million and it is increasing day by day. Facing a problem of high population, our country also faces several problems of political instability and conflicts. News of such problems is always present in our daily newspapers every morning. Along with such news we are also exposed to news of sexual harassments that women of our society face every day. Recently, I read in a daily newspaper that a young girl 2 years of age was raped by a man! It was shocking news for me and I was surprised that how cruel men can be.

The main focus of my research is the problems especially with AIUB female students face problem in public transportation modes today. Most of the women in the middle class segment of the community use public transport to reach their destinations every day. Many of them include working women doing part time or full time jobs. They use busses, rickshaws, tempos or CNG auto rickshaws to go to different places they need to go. The following will discuss various transportation modes and their degree of being safe for women.

Background

A few years back I saw a poster in a store. There was a picture of a woman with 10 hands doing ten different things and her husband looking at her and saying that “my wife does not work”. It was a common picture in Bangladesh.

There was a time when women used to stay at home and do all the household works. Their husbands used to complain that they do not do anything. Men used to underestimate and dominate their wives as they were the only earning member of the family. They used to take all the major decisions for the family. Women were treated like servants.

But the situation is very different now. Women are working almost in every sector. They are taking higher education and even going abroad to take higher degrees. They are aware of their career. They are earning their own livelihood. They are not financially dependent on their husbands anymore. They are doing their job outside the home as well as inside the home.

Although we can see huge differences between now and then, one thing that has not changed yet is the mentality of men. They still want to dominate women and complain about them. Before men used to complain about her wife that she does not work and now they complain about their wives’ working outside. Before they used to dominate as they were the only person earning income, and now when their wives are earning income they do not like it.

The possible reasons for husbands not allowing or opposing their wives doing jobs outside are categorized on the following classifications:

Sense of insecurity:

Typical husbands often do not like the fact that their wives will be working with other men in the absence of the former. They feel literally insecure while their wives are working outside under a male supervisor or are surrounded by male colleagues. They feel the tension of what might happen and does not tend to take things normally and casually.

Lack of trust:

It is seen that no matter how long the married life, husbands usually cannot trust their wives blindly. They often out of their own frustration begin to think that their wives, as they are working under a male boss or working together with male colleagues might get attracted to each other sexually and things might go wrong. This frustration sometimes leads to greater tension in a married life and often it is seen that the tension between the couple results in physical abuse. Husbands often beat up their wives assuming that latter might be cheating on the former. Often husbands get a clue to their assumption when they see their wives talking casually with their male colleagues and going outside with them which is not right and does not justify the fact that the wives will be having physical relationship with their male subordinates.

Feeling of embarrassment:

In cases where husbands earn less than their wives, husbands usually do not like the outcome. Still today in developing countries like Bangladesh husbands tend and wish to dominate women when it comes to fulfilling financial needs. They like the fact that women are dependant on them for money. There is no other reason behind such a want and it is the basic nature or part of men’s character. Thus, in cases where women earn a higher income than their husbands, problems pursue and it leads to imbalance or conflicts in the married life.

Lack of care:

Husbands might also oppose or try to restrict their wives from working outside because they feel that they are not getting the love and affection that they need as husbands from their wives. They feel that if their wives do not work, they would get more care and love from their spouse.

Objective of the Research

The research report is Transportation Problem facing In Banani Area for AIUB female Students. AIUB is one biggest Private university in Bangladesh. Including some of facilities, there is a major problem, which faced especially female students of AIUB, is Transportation problem. In this Report, we try to fin those problem regarding female students of AIUB. Just Because of There is no Transportation facility for student from University so Those students who are from far side from Dhaka, facing a huge problem. It looks simple problem but in a certain case it is a big problem.

Broad Objective:

  • To know the problems which are faced by female students of AIUB.

Specific Objectives:

  • To find out the number of female student whose are using public transport.
  • To find out which type of public transport they are using.
  • To find out the availability of public transport in Bnani.
  • To find out what is the average cost of communication in Banani.
  • To find out how much time needed to come in Campus.
  • To find out classify the transport.

Methodology

Information will be collected through interviewer administered questionnaire method. The questionnaire will contain several questions with close and open ends accommodating additional quarries for understanding the opinion of the respondents and having an insight into the matter. To prepare the report both primary and secondary data and information were needed. Primary data collected over interview along with the survey of the end user. The information needed for completion of the report was collected in a systematic manner from both primary and secondary sources.

Sources of Data

From the broad objectives, specific objectives were developed centering on single and multiple concepts. The research requires primary data to meet the specific objectives.

  • Primary sources:

The primary data and information relating to this report was collected from different persons through questionnaire. It was conducted in two different ways. It includes—

  • Questionnaire­­­­– Topic related questions.
  • Discussion with the people of AIUB.
  • Mall Intercept
  • Secondary Sources:

The Secondary Data and information were collected from-

  • Female Students of AIUB
  • Different Transports regarding Banani Communication.
  • Stuff of AIUB
  • File study

Data Analysis, Chart and Graphs 

I conducted a survey among forty people for the purpose of the research. I have showed my findings of the survey through graphs and interpretations. The graphs and explanations are given as follows:

Location

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidBanani

2

6.7

8.0

8.0

Farmget

4

13.3

16.0

24.0

Uttara

6

20.0

24.0

48.0

Dhanmondi

4

13.3

16.0

64.0

Gulshan

3

10.0

12.0

76.0

Naratanganj

4

13.3

16.0

92.0

Mirpur

2

6.7

8.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

 location

We have interviewed 100 of respondent. There is no area, where is mostly visible in AIUB female student. All most all areas are same and equal. Some of the area like Uttara, farmget is shortly notable otherwise all are same. But which cities are far from campus, these are less noticeable.

Age

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid18-22

6

20.0

24.0

24.0

22-24

14

46.7

56.0

80.0

25-30

3

10.0

12.0

92.0

30-34

2

6.7

8.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

age

We are focused on AIUB female student. So generally it is very much common that, those who are mostly regular student likely to be 226 year in old. That’s seemed in our survey, that most of the girls are 22-24 years old and some of more than that and those who are fresher’s, they are mostly 18-22 years in age.

Department

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidBBA

13

43.3

52.0

52.0

EEE

4

13.3

16.0

68.0

CSE

4

13.3

16.0

84.0

Arh.

1

3.3

4.0

88.0

MBA

3

10.0

12.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

 dep

Our most of the respondents were from BBA department for our Universities. But in the AIUB we have covered almost all the department to make our study more efficient. There were six departments in AIUB but fifty percent students were from BBA department and other fifty percent students were from another five departments.

Marital Status

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidSingle

17

56.7

68.0

68.0

Married

8

26.7

32.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

mat

In AIUB, all most all of the female student is unmarried/single. Some of are married, whose are maximum studied in their last semester or all most finish their degree. In MBA maximum are married. So this is the mixed but majority of the student reads in under graduate program, so rate of unmarried is high.

CGPA

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid2-2.5

3

10.0

12.0

12.0

2.5-3.00

11

36.7

44.0

56.0

3.00-3.50

8

26.7

32.0

88.0

3.5-Above

3

10.0

12.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

cgpa

This is very tuff in AIUB to keep in CGPA in a high rate. The format of the system of education is too much different from the other universities. That’s why most of the girls have average CGPA, Which is between ‘2.5-3.5.’ So it is clearly showed in our survey

Income

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid2000-5000

6

20.0

24.0

24.0

5000-1000

14

46.7

56.0

80.0

>10000

5

16.7

20.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

trans

Some of the students do their study beside some part time work. This work conditions are not permanently, it’s just for part time. We can see that majority of the students have their income within 5000-10000.

Preferable Transport

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidCNG

4

13.3

16.0

16.0

Private Car

4

13.3

16.0

32.0

Bus

13

43.3

52.0

84.0

Taxi cab

4

13.3

16.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

trans

Public Transport has another name that is Bus. If you are use public transport in your day to day life, Bus is the most preferable for you. In the female students of AIUB also use mostly BUS for their transportation. It is lot more safety and spacious for day to day journey. Some of other public transports have shown in our survey, these are for those people who are stayed not far from campus.

Availability of others types of transportation

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidAvailable

9

30.0

36.0

36.0

Very Available

1

3.3

4.0

40.0

Average

9

30.0

36.0

76.0

Not available

6

20.0

24.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

12This is the transport of those students, who are come from not far from campus. This type of transport is very much average for students. Not so frequent, not so rare.

Traffic in the road

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidAgree

5

16.7

20.0

20.0

Strongly agree

5

16.7

20.0

40.0

Average

3

10.0

12.0

52.0

. Disagree

5

16.7

20.0

72.0

Strongly disagree

7

23.3

28.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

123

Whenever we finish the survey, we just measure these topics that it’s a similar for every point. Traffic is not frequent in Dhaka city. So it’s an answer of infrequent.

Physically Harassment

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

ValidYes

15

50.0

60.0

60.0

No

10

33.3

40.0

100.0

Total

25

83.3

100.0

MissingSystem

5

16.7

Total

30

100.0

1234

This seems a vital problem for female in public transport. We always see this problem faces women in transportation. Maximum women are physically harassed by teasers. AIUB female students are also faces this type of problem. Al most half of the respondents face this problem.

Descriptive Statistics

 

Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Std. Deviation

Location

1

7

3.88

1.787

Age

1

4

2.04

.841

Department

1

5

2.08

1.412

Marital

1

2

1.32

.476

CGPA

1

4

2.44

.870

Transport

1

2

1.80

.408

Income

1

 

3

 

1.96

 

.676

 

Crosstabs

Case Processing Summary

Cases

Valid

Missing

Total

N

Percent

N

Percent

N

Percent

Age * Marital

25

83.3%

5

16.7%

30

100.0%

Age * Marital Cross tabulation

Marital

Total

Single

Married

Single

Age

18-22

5

1

6

22-24

10

4

14

25-30

1

2

3

30-34

1

1

2

Total

17

8

25

Crosstabs

Case Processing Summary

Cases

Valid

Missing

Total

N

Percent

N

Percent

N

Percent

Department * CGPA

25

83.3%

5

16.7%

30

100.0%

Department * CGPA Cross tabulation

CGPA

Total

2-2.5

2.5-3.00

3.00-3.50

3.5-Above

2-2.5

Department

BBA

1

8

3

1

13

EEE

1

2

1

0

4

CSE

0

1

2

1

4

Arh.

1

0

0

0

1

MBA

0

0

2

1

3

Total

3

11

8

3

25

Crosstabs

Case Processing Summary

Cases

Valid

Missing

Total

N

Percent

N

Percent

N

Percent

Income * Transport

25

83.3%

5

16.7%

30

100.0%

Income * Transport Cross tabulation

Transport

Total

Privet

Public

Privet

Income

2000-5000

1

5

6

5000-1000

3

11

14

>10000

1

4

5

Total

5

20

25

Findings

The overall results of the primary research are listed below.

  • AIUB female students from age group 22 years to 25 years are more vulnerable to sexual harassment and other problems alike in public transportation services.
  • AIUB female students face many problems while travelling in public transportation. The most common problems are indecent looks being given by the opposite sex and unwanted physical contacts intentionally made by the opposite sex in the public transports. Moreover women also face teasing and dirty comments being passed at them.
  • AIUB female students generally from the middle class segment of the community use public transportation services every day. Thus, without public transport services, women are not able to travel to their places of destination. Thus, they are in a sense bound to travel by bus or tempos for instance and tolerate the problems often without even complaining or protesting. Thus they take the problems for granted.
  • Many women who do not take the problems for granted had already taken some corrective measures. Some have changed the ways they dress up so that their level of attractiveness is reduced, some have changed the mode of transport being used, and for instance shifting from using busses to using CNG auto rickshaws and others have stopped using public transport services completely.
  • Many AIUB female students we have interviewed assume the CNG auto rickshaw to be the safest mode of transport. Then they assume rickshaws to be safer and busses and tempos are considered to be the least safe modes of public transportation services.

Recommendation

At the end of my research I would recommend several ways that might help reduce the mentioned problems that women face in public transportation.

  1. Education system must be premeditated in a way as to promote positive relationship between girls and boys, especially at a younger age. Co-education encourages competition, but the curriculum must target at building a healthy environment of learning rather than encouraging male-female contact unnecessarily. Boys from conservative backgrounds tend to follow girls more often than boys from rather liberal backgrounds.
  2. Parents’ role is very significant. They should keep their children from bad influences. Parents must educate their children ‘what to’ or ‘what not to’ watch. They should adopt friendly relations with their children rather than being harsh with them.
  3. Teachers must play their role to repeat moral teachings in the young minds in a more rational and modern way.
  4.  The Police must be more conscious. They should not take such offensive acts lightly and they should be more active to punish such vagabonds where necessary.

Conclusion

We live in a society in Bangladesh where Public Transportation at one time or the other. We all know how vulnerable women in AIUB are towards Problem in public transportation. Private Universities are playing a vital role in our education system. Some of the top class private universities are really contributing a lot in our society. They are providing good Transportation faculties. To build a safe environment where both our mothers and sisters can move freely we need to increase our self awareness and feel other women as our own mothers and sisters. If we tend to realize that we all should respect women and treat them with dignity and support them in every aspects of life, such problems as Public Transportation will not exist.

Bibliography

Text Book-

Business Research Methods by William G. Zikmund

www.google.com

AIUB female Students

Guardians of AIUB female students

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