Philosophy

Anthropic Principle

Anthropic Principle

Anthropic Principle is well known that our existence in this universe depends on numerous cosmological constants and parameters whose numerical values must fall within a very narrow range of values. It is the philosophical consideration that observations of the Universe must be compatible with th.....

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Reductionism

Reductionism

Reductionism is the belief that human behavior can be explained by breaking it down into smaller component parts. It can be applied to objects, phenomena, explanations, theories, and meanings. Reductionism strongly reflects a certain perspective on causality. In a reductionist framework, the phen.....

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Falsifiability

Falsifiability

Falsifiability is the belief that for any hypothesis to have credence, it must be inherently disprovable before it can become accepted as a scientific hypothesis or theory. Falsifiability as a black and white definition, that if a theory is falsifiable, it is scientific, and if not, then it is un.....

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Contingency in Philosophy

Contingency in Philosophy

Contingency in Philosophy is a state where something could be either true or false. It is not normally an issue in propositional or first-order logic, but in modal logic, there is an important distinction there. Contingency of formulae is universally important, as it distinguishes normal formulae.....

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Simulation Theory of Empathy

Simulation Theory of Empathy

Simulation Theory of Empathy is rather a theory of how people understand others, that they do so by way of a kind of empathetic response. This theory uses more biological evidence than other theories of mind, such as the theory-theory. It is an account of our everyday ability to make sense of the.....

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Neuroethics

Neuroethics

Neuroethics focuses on ethical issues raised by our increased and constantly improving understanding of the brain and our ability to monitor and influence it. This ethical issues emerge from our concomitant deepening understanding of the biological bases of agency and ethical decision-making. Som.....

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Eugenics

Eugenics

Eugenics is a movement of philosophy and social argues, which is possible to improve the human race and society by encouraging reproduction by people or populations with “desirable” traits and discouraging reproduction by people with “undesirable” qualities. It’s aimed at improving .....

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Biotic Ethics

Biotic Ethics

This article focus on Biotic Ethics, which is a branch of ethics that values not only species and biospheres, but life itself. It’s value more generally organic gene/protein life itself, the structures and processes shared by all the biota. Biotic Ethics defines life as a process whose outc.....

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Biocentrism in Ethics

Biocentrism in Ethics

Biocentrism in Ethics elements can be found in several religious traditions, it was not until the late decades of the 20th century that philosophical ethics in the Western tradition addressed the topic in a systematic manner. It is an understanding of how the earth works, particularly as it relat.....

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Pragmatic Theory of Truth

Pragmatic Theory of Truth

Pragmatic Theory of Truth is the ideas about truth are often confused with the quite distinct notions of “logic and inquiry”, “judging what is true”, and “truth predicates”. It may be described according to several dimensions of description that affect the char.....

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Pragmatic Maxim

Pragmatic Maxim

Pragmatic Maxim is originally intended to convey, at least in Peirce’s earliest statements, and to briefly discuss some of the consequences of this maxim for philosophical method. It is actually a family of principles, not all equivalent at least on the surface.It  also known as the maxim .....

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Philosophy of Mind

Philosophy of Mind

Philosophy of Mind is a potential influence on philosophical questions such as the nature of death, the nature of free will, the nature of what a person is, and the nature of emotion, perception and memory. The central issue in Philosophy of Mind is the mind-body problem, and the challenge is to .....

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