Biology

Activity and Effects of Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Activity and Effects of Follicle Stimulating Hormone Introduction Follicle Stimulating Hormone or FSH is a glycoprotein hormone, and the FSH receptor (FSHR), a G protein-coupled receptor, play central roles in human reproduction. It is a gonadotrophic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that .....

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About Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

About Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Definition Follicle-stimulating hormone (or FSH) is an important part of the reproductive system. It’s responsible for the growth of ovarian follicles. Follicles produce estrogen and progesterone in the ovaries and help maintain the menstrual cycles in women. .....

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Mechanism and Function of Erythropoietin (EPO)

Mechanism and Function of Erythropoietin (EPO) Introduction Erythropoietin or EPO is the main hemopoietic hormone synthesized by the kidney as well as by the liver in fetal life, is implicated in mammalian erythropoiesis. Production and secretion of EPO and the expression of its receptor (EPO-R) .....

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About Erythropoietin (EPO)

About Erythropoietin (EPO) Definition Erythropoietin (EPO) is a hormone produced by the kidney that promotes the formation of red blood cells by the bone marrow. The kidney cells that produce erythropoietin are sensitive to low level of oxygen in blood that travels through kidney. These cells mak.....

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CRH: Corticotropin Releasing Hormone

CRH: Corticotropin Releasing Hormone Definition Corticotropin Releasing Hormone or CRH is a highly conserved peptide hormone comprising 41 amino acid residues, which stimulates both the synthesis and the secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in the corticotropin-producing cells (cortico.....

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ANP: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide

ANP: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Definition Atrial Natriuretic Peptide or ANP is a powerful vasodilator, and a protein (polypeptide) hormone secreted by heart muscle cells. It is also called Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF), Atrial Natriuretic Hormone (ANH), Cardionatrine, Cardiodilatin (CDD), or A.....

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ADH: Antidiuretic Hormone

ADH: Antidiuretic Hormone Definition Antidiuretic Hormone is a small protein secreted by part of the brain called the pituitary gland. Antidiuretic hormone is also known as ADH, or vasopressin. Antidiuretic hormone binds to receptors on cells in the kidney and blood vessels to affect the body. Ma.....

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Adiponectin Hormone

Adiponectin Hormone Definition Adiponectin Hormone secreted by adipose tissue that seems to be involved in energy homeostasis; it enhances insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance, as well as oxidation of fatty acids in muscle. It is involved in regulating glucose levels as well as fatty acid br.....

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About Thromboxane

About Thromboxane Introduction Thromboxane is a lipid essential to the body’s production of clots. To stop bleeding, the lipid simultaneously restricts arteries and veins while clumping platelets. Platelets produce thromboxane through conversion of certain prostaglandins. In individuals wit.....

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About Leukotriene

About Leukotriene Definition Leukotriene is any of a group of eicosanoids that are generated in basophils, mast cells, macrophages, and human lung tissue by lipoxygenase-catalyzed oxygenation especially of arachidonic acid and that participate in allergic responses, as bronchoconstriction in asth.....

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About Eicosanoid

About Eicosanoid Definition Eicosanoids are any of a group of compounds, including the leukotrienes and the prostglandins, which are produced by the oxygenation of essential fatty acids and which are involved in a range of physiological processes, including inflammation and immunity. Eicosanoids .....

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Functions and Types of Amino Acids

Functions and Types of Amino Acids A large proportion of our cells, muscles and tissue is made up of amino acids, meaning they carry out many important bodily functions, such as giving cells their structure. They also play a key role in the transport and the storage of nutrients. Amino acids have.....

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