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Static Program Analysis

This article talks about Static Program Analysis, which is the art of reasoning about the behavior of computer programs without actually running them. In most cases the analysis is performed on some version of the source code, and in the other cases, some form of the object code. In contrast, it .....

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Cohesion in Computer Programming

Cohesion in Computer Programming refers to the level of strength and unity with which different components of a software program are inter-related with each other. Cohesion measures the strength of relationship between pieces of functionality within a given module. Cohesion of any software determ.....

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Modular Programming

Modular Programming is a subset of procedural programming that enforces a logical structure on the program being written to make it more efficient and easier to understand and modify. It can often be used in a variety of applications and functions with other components of the system. It is closel.....

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Runtime Verification

Runtime Verification is an emerging research field with strong ties to Model Checking. It is a computing system analysis and execution approach based on extracting information from a running system and using it to detect and possibly react to observed behaviors satisfying or violating certain pro.....

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Intelligent Verification

This article talks about Intelligent Verification, whih is is a software process that allows engineers and technicians to use computers to ensure that a hardware design will perform as expected once the device has been fabricated or built. It uses information derived from the design and specifica.....

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Denotational Semantics

Denotational Semantics is a methodology for giving mathematical meaning to programming languages and systems. It is an approach of formalizing the meanings of programming languages by constructing mathematical objects that describe the meanings of expressions from the languages. It was developed .....

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Compiler

Compiler is a computer programming language processor, that translates a program written in a high-level language, which humans can understand, into machine language program which the computers can understand. Compiler is the first parses or analyzes all of the language statements syntactically o.....

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Model Checking

Model Checking is widely accepted that its application will enhance and complement existing validation techniques as simulation and test. It also  refers to the following problem: Given a model of a system, exhaustively and automatically check whether this model meets a given specification. It&#.....

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Program Analysis

This article talks about Program Analysis, which is detailed examination of every aspect of a program to ascertain its requirements and feasibility in view of the available resources. It is the process of automatically analyzing the behavior of computer programs regarding a property such as corre.....

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Manual Testing

This article talks about Manual Testing, which is the process of using the functions and features of an application as an end-user would in order to verify the software is working as required. It is very basic type of testing which helps to find the bugs in the application under test. It’s .....

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Computer Output Device: Arm Robot

A robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm, usually programmable, with similar functions to a human arm; the arm may be the sum total of the mechanism or may be part of a more complex robot. The links of such a manipulator are connected by joints allowing either rotational motion (such as in.....

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Computer Input Device: Scanner

In computing, a scanner is a device that analyzes images, printed text, or handwriting, or an object (such as an ornament) and converts it to a digital image. Most scanners today are variations of the desktop (or flatbed) scanner. The flatbed scanner is the most common in offices. Hand-held scann.....

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