Neural Networks

neural networks

General purpose of this lecture is to explain on Neural Networks. A neural network can be defined as a model of reasoning based on the human brain. The brain consists of a densely interconnected set of nerve cells, or basic information-processing units, called neurons. Here also briefly discuss.....

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Exterior Routing Protocols And Multicasting

exterior routing protocols

This lecture brifly describe on Exterior Routing Protocols and Multicasting. Multicasting means sending message to multicast address. Multicast address refers to a group of hosts. Here also focus on the problems with Distance-Vector and Link-State Routing and Path Vector Routing. Finally expla.....

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Routing Information Protocol


Main purpose of this lecture is to explain on Routing Information Protocol. Routing Information Protocol or RIP are suitable for small internet, widely used and uses distance vector routing. Here also briefly discuss on Distance Vector Routing, RIP Packet Format, RIP Limitations and Link Sta.....

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Interior Routing Protocols

interior routing protocols

This lecture focus to describe on interior routing protocols. Interior Routing Protocol passes routing information between routers within AS, does not need to be implemented outside AS and allows IRP to be tailored. Interior Routing Protocols may be different algorithms and routing information .....

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Routing Algorithms

routing algorithms

General objective of this lecture is to explain Routing Algorithms. Here briefly describe on the Optimality Principle, Shortest Path Routing, Flooding, Distance Vector Routing, Link State Routing, Hierarchical Routing, Broadcast Routing, Multicast Routing, Routing for Mobile Hosts and Rou.....

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ATM Networks

atm networks

Major objective of this lecture is to explain on ATM Networks. ATM networks are packet-switched, but still create a (virtual) circuit through the network. Before transfer can occur, the network must create a path (called a virtual circuit) between the two machines. Here also focus on ATM Proto.....

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Frame Relay and Packet-Switching Networks

Frame Relay

Principle purpose of this lecture is to describe on Frame Relay and Packet-Switching Networks. Packet-Switching Networks includes: Switching Technique, Routing and X.25. Frame Relay Networks includes:  Architecture, User Data Transfer and Call Control. Packet-Switching Networks are one o.....

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Multiple Access Strategies


Basic objective of this lecture is to describe on Multiple Access Strategies for Sharing a Communication Medium. Most networks are shared medium, this means that a single medium (radio frequency) is shared by all of a network’s hosts. here also briefly describe on Carrier Sensing Hardware an.....

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Data Link Layer Issues

data link layer issues

This lecture briefly describe on data link layer issues. Network hardware can be categorized into two types: Circuit-switched (telephone) and Packet-switched (Ethernet, ATM etc.). Here also explain advantages and disadvantages of Data Link Layer Issues. Disadvantages are: Circuit-switched, .....

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Connecting Devices

Connecting Devices

Major objective of this lecture is to describe on Connecting Devices. Here explain some Connecting Devices like Layer 1 (Physical) Devices: Repeater and Hub, Layer 2 (Data Link) Devices: Layer 2 switch and Layer 2 bridge; Layer 2/3 Devices: Broadband (Cable/DSL) or Wireless Router and Laye.....

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Hubs and Switches according to Router


Basic objective of this lecture is to describe on Hubs and Switches according to Router. Hubs indicates only one transmission at a time. Transmission from a station received by central hub and re transmitted on all outgoing lines. Layer 2 Switches are: Flat address space, Broadcast storm and o.....

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Layered Architectures

layered architectures

General objective of this lecture is to explain Layered Architectures. Here briefly describe schemes for Organizing the Responsibility of Networking Components and provide a layered abstraction for networking. This also focus on Network Service Model and OSI Reference Model. A layered service mo.....

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