Medical

Morphine

Morphine

Morphine Definition Morphine is a highly addictive drug derived from opium and used to treat intractable pain, as in severe injury or metastatic cancer. It is a naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called alkaloids. The name, which derives from Morpheus (the mythologi.....

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Catatonia

Catatonia

Catatonia Definition Catatonia is an abnormal condition often associated with schizophrenia and variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs. It was first described in 1874 by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, in Die Katatonie Oder das Spannung.....

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Paranoia

Paranoia

Paranoia Definition Paranoia is a psychotic disorder characterized by systematized delusions, especially of persecution or grandeur, in the absence of other personality disorders. It is a state of mind in which a person believes that others are trying to harm them. Paranoia is distinct from phobi.....

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About Schizophrenia

About Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Definition Schizophrenia is an illness affecting the brain and rooted within the biological functions of the brain cells. The word schizophrenia literally means a “fragmented mind”. It tends to strike most often in late teens and early twenties, slightly earlier in men than in w.....

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Mumps

Mumps

Mumps Definition Mumps is an acute inflammatory contagious disease caused by a paramyxovirus and characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotids, and sometimes of the pancreas, ovaries, or testes. This disease, mainly affecting children, can be prevented by vaccination. .....

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Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis Definition Pancreatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. It is an abdominal gland situated behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. The main function of the pancreas is to secrete hormones and enzymes that help with digestion and regulate blood sugar (glu.....

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Biliary Colic

Biliary Colic

Biliary Colic Definition Biliary colic is a type of smooth muscle or visceral pain specifically associated with the passing of stones through the bile ducts, which is also called cholecystalgia. It is also known as a gallbladder attack or gallstone attack. It is caused most frequently by a gallst.....

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Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis Definition Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gall bladder, due to bacterial infection or the presence of gallstones. Complications of acute cholecystitis include gallstone pancreatitis, common bile duct stones, or inflammation of the common bile duct. More than 90% of the time.....

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Gallstone

Gallstone

Gallstone Definition Gallstone is a small, hard, abnormal mass composed chiefly of cholesterol, calcium salts, and bile pigments, formed in the gallbladder or in a bile duct. The presence of gallstones can lead to painful obstruction or infection and is sometimes treated with cholecystectomy. Mos.....

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Kernicterus

Kernicterus

Kernicterus Definition Kernicterus is also called nuclear jaundice. It is a disorder that is due to severe jaundice in the newborn, with deposition of the pigment bilirubin in the brain that causes damage to the brain, potentially leading to athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, vision problems,.....

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Jaundice

Jaundice

Jaundice Definition Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the whites of the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes caused by deposition of bile salts in these tissues, occurring as a symptom of various diseases, such as hepatitis, that affect the processing of bile. Jaundice is also known as icterus.....

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Proteinuria

Proteinuria

Proteinuria Definition Proteinuria is synonymous with albuminuria. It is the presence of excess proteins in the urine. Some protein is normal in the urine. Too much means protein is leaking through the kidney, most often through the glomeruli. The main protein in human blood and the key to the re.....

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