Medical

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclosporiasis Definition Cyclosporiasis (or Cyclospora Infection) is an intestinal illness caused by the microscopic parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis. It refers to infection by the sporeforming protozoan known as Cyclospora. Cyclospora is a parasite composed of one cell, too small to be seen wit.....

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Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter Pylori Definition Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria that infects about 50% of the world’s population. It is a bacterium that causes stomach inflammation (gastritis) and ulcers in the stomach and duodenum. This bacterium is the most common cause of ulcers wor.....

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis Definition Rheumatoid Arthritis (or RA) is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks the lining tissue of joints, causing chronic joint inflammation. While it primarily affects joints, it can also cause inflammation of organs, such as the lungs, eyes, skin, and heart. Rheu.....

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Arthralgia (Joint Pain)

Arthralgia (Joint Pain) Definition Arthralgia actually means joint pain. It is a combination of two Greek words – Arthro – joint and algos – pain. The pain can be dull, sharp, stabbing, throbbing or burning and vary in intensity from mild to severe. There are various causes of arthralgia in.....

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Chikungunya

Chikungunya Definition Chikungunya is an RNA virus and a member of the alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family. The virus is passed on through bites of female mosquitoes that are infected. The mosquitoes may bite at any time but are most active outdoors during the early morning and late aftern.....

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About Malaria

About Malaria Definition Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called “malaria vectors.” Malaria produces recurrent attacks of chills and fever. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin,.....

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Embryonic Development

Embryonic Development Introduction of Embryonic An “embryo” is a person or animal that is still growing in the womb or egg, and embryonic means “like an embryo.” The embryonic stage lasts through the first eight weeks of pregnancy. In humans, other placental mammals, and o.....

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Blood Coagulation

Blood Coagulation Definition Blood Coagulation is a process that changes circulating substances within the blood into an insoluble gel. The gel plugs leaks in blood vessels and stops the loss of blood. The process requires coagulation factors, calcium and phospholipids. Coagulation (also known as.....

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FFP: Fresh Frozen Plasma

FFP: Fresh Frozen Plasma Definition Fresh Frozen Plasma or FFP is made from plasma which is separated from donor blood and frozen to minus 35° Centigrade to preserve it. It colder within 8 hours of whole blood donation if the antigoagulant used was CPD, CD2D, or CPDA-1. If the preservative was A.....

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Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications of Hyperparathyroidism

Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications of Hyperparathyroidism Introduction Hyperparathyroidism is the presence of excess parathyroid hormone in the body resulting in disturbance of calcium metabolism with increase in serum calcium and decrease in inorganic phosphorus, loss of calcium from bone, a.....

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About Radiation Therapy

About Radiation Therapy Definition Radiation Therapy, also known as radiotherapy, is a treatment used against cancer and, less commonly, thyroid disease, blood disorders and noncancerous growths. Radiation therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to one area of.....

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Tuberculosis (TB): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Tuberculosis (TB): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments Definition Tuberculosis or TB is a multisystemic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a rod-shaped bacterium. It is also an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB can also affect any other part of the body, inc.....

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