Medical

Lightning Injuries

Lightning Injuries

Lightning Injuries Definition Lightning injuries are a major source of injury and death from the environment, lightning is one of the top three causes of death from environmental origins. They result from three factors: electrical damage. intense heat. the mechanical energy which these generate. .....

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About Infection

About Infection

About Infection Definition Infection is the presence of microorganisms causing damage to body tissues, usually in the presence of acute inflammation (pain, swelling, redness, heat, and loss of function). Infections can be localized, as in pharyngitis, or widespread as in sepsis, and are often acc.....

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Alveolar Process

Alveolar Process

Alveolar Process Definition Alveolar process is the ridge on the surfaces of the upper and lower jaws containing the tooth sockets. It is also called as an Alveolar bone. The maxillary alveolar process is the ridge present on the superior surface, and the mandibular alveolar process is the ridge .....

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Periodontitis

Periodontitis

Periodontitis Definition Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth. The word “periodontitis” literally means “inflammation around the tooth.” Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around th.....

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Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune Hepatitis Definition Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic condition and can result in cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver and (ultimately) liver failure. AIH is a disease in which the body’s immune system attacks liver cells, causing inflammation of the liver (hepatitis). It is .....

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About Lyme Disease

About Lyme Disease

About Lyme Disease Definition Lyme disease is a disease caused by the bacterial spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, transmitted by deer ticks and characterized initially by a bull’s-eye-shaped rash followed by flu-like symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and headache. If untreated, it can resu.....

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Autoimmune Disease

Autoimmune Disease

Autoimmune Disease Definition Autoimmune disease is a disease in which impaired function and the destruction of tissue are caused by an immune reaction in which abnormal antibodies are produced and attack the body’s own cells and tissues. Autoimmune diseases include a wide variety of disord.....

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Concussion

Concussion

Concussion Definition Concussion is an injury to a soft structure, especially the brain, produced by a violent blow or impact and followed by a temporary, sometimes prolonged, loss of function. A concussion of the brain results in transient loss of consciousness or memory. It is also known as min.....

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Encephalitis

Encephalitis

Encephalitis Definition Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It is different from meningitis, which is defined as inflammation of the layers of tissue, or membranes, covering the brain. The most common cause is viral infections. In rare cases it can be caused by bacteria or even f.....

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Rett Syndrome

Rett Syndrome

Rett Syndrome Definition Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare, severe neurological disorder that affects mostly girls. Girls with the syndrome show normal development during the first 6-18 months of life followed first by a period of stagnation and then by rapid regression in motor and language skills. .....

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Hematuria

Hematuria

Hematuria Definition Hematuria is a condition where there is blood in the urine. If this happens, it may be nothing to worry about or it may be a sign of a serious condition, because hematuria is a symptom of another condition or disorder rather than a condition in and of itself. It may be idiopa.....

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Costello Syndrome

Costello Syndrome

Costello Syndrome Definition Costello syndrome is a disorder that affects many parts of the body. Its condition is characterized by delayed development and intellectual disability, loose folds of skin which are especially noticeable on the hands and feet, unusually flexible joints, and distinctiv.....

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