Fluororichterite

Fluororichterite is a rare amphibole with formula Na(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22F2. It was recognized by the International Mineralogical Association in 1994. Its name is derived from its fluorine content and relation to richterite.

Its crystals can have an iridescent shimer and associated minerals can be seen intergrown in some of the crystals filling pits and voids on their surface

General Information

  • Category: Silicate mineral
  • Formula: Na(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22F2
  • Crystal system: Monoclinic
  • Crystal class: Prismatic (2/m) (same H-M symbol)

Properties

Fluorrichterite forms well-shaped crystals that can have a pearly luster. Its luster is higher than most members of the amphibole group possibly because of the unusual presence of fluorine which comes from the unusual magma chemistry.

  • Color: Brown to brownish-red, rose-red, yellow, grey-brown, also pale to dark green
  • Mohs scale hardness: 5 – 6
  • Luster: Vitreous
  • Streak: White
  • Specific gravity: 3.17

Occurrence

Fluororichterite was first reported from the Ilmen Nature Reserve, Ilmen Mountains, Chelyabinsk Oblast’, Southern Urals, Russia.

At the type locality in the Ilmen Mountains fluororichterite occurs in carbonate veins in amphibolites and ultramafic rocks. In the Essonville occurrence in Wilberforce, Ontario it occurs in a limestone lens within a gneiss and is associated with phlogopite and calcite. It has also been reported from Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, and China. At Coyote Peak in the Coastal Range, Humboldt County, California, it occurs with a variety of rare minerals in an alkaline mafic diatreme.

 

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