The prime purpose of this article is to analysis Side Scanning Sonar. about Side scanning sonar technology is one of the forms of sonar technology; it is broadly used in tasks that engross creating images of the ocean floor. This method finds itself helpful in a multiplicity of fields including maritime archaeology and military operations. They are also used to find drowned people and to acquire images of the sea or ocean beds. It is also used broadly in fishery and ecological research and also by the military personnel in their operations to detect mines on the sea floor.