Autism disorder is a situation that affects societal communication, interaction, interests and behavior. In children with Autism disorder, the autism symptoms are present before three years of age, although autism therapies and diagnosis can sometimes be made after the age of three.
Autism is a lifetime developmental situation that affects, among other things, the way an individual relates to his or her environment and their interaction with other people. Autistic people see, hear and feel the world another way to other people. If you are autistic, you are autistic for life; autism is not an illness or disease and cannot be ‘cured’. Often people feel being autistic is a basic phase of their identity.
Signs and symptoms
People with Autism disorder lean to have problems with communal interaction and communication.
In early childhood, some children with Autism disorder don’t babble or use other vocal sounds. Older children have problems using non-verbal behaviors to interact with others – for example, they have complexity with eye contact, facial expressions, body language and gestures. They may give no or brief eye contact and ignore recognizable or unfamiliar people.
People with Autism disorder often have these characteristics:
- Constant social problems that contain complexity communicating and interacting with others
- Tedious behaviors as well as limited interests or activities
- Symptoms that classically are recognized in the first two years of life
- Symptoms that spoil the individual’s aptitude to function socially, at school or work, or other areas of life
Children with Autism disorder may also lack awareness of an interest in other children. They’ll often either gravitate to older or younger children, rather than interacting with children of the same age. They tend to play alone.
Autism in adults
Some people with Autism had features of the situation as a child, but enter adulthood without ever being diagnosed.
However, getting a diagnosis as an adult can often help a person with Autism and their families understand the condition, and work out what type of advice and support they need.
Treatments and Therapies
Early action for Autism and correct care can decrease individuals’ difficulties while helping them learn new skills and make the most of their strengths. The very wide range of issues facing those “on the spectrum” means that there is no single best treatment for Autism disorder. Working closely with a doctor or health care professional is an significant part of finding the right treatment program. There are many treatment options, social services, programs, and other resources that can help.
How autism is diagnosed
The characteristics of autism differ from one person to another, but in order for a diagnosis to be made, a person will typically be assessed as having had constant difficulties with communal communication and social interaction and restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviors, activities or interests since early childhood, to the extent that these “limit and impair everyday functioning”.
There is no known treatment for autism. However, an untimely diagnosis and targeted intervention can help in tumbling the impact of a child’s autism on their functioning.