**Basic Operations Terms Relating to Mathematics**

**Basic Operations Terms Relating to Mathematics**

Operations are actions or procedures which produce a resulting value from one or more input values.

The four basic mathematical operations are: Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The basic arithmetic properties are the commutative, associative, and distributive properties.

**Addition **is an operation indicated with + sign. The result of addition of two or more numbers (addends) is called their Sum

**Subtraction **is an operation indicated with a – sign. The result of a subtraction is called the difference.

**Multiplication** is an operation with * or dot or X or variables can simply be written together. The cross (X) is not normally used with literal numbers because it can be confused with the variable x. 5xy means 5 times x times y and is read 5 x, y. The result of a multiplication is called the product and the numbers that are multiplied together are the factors.

**Division **is an operation indicated by viniculum, slash or an obelus (รท) which is also know as a division sign. To divide x by y, where y is not zero, means to find a number z such that x = yz. x is called the dividend, y is called the divisor and z is called the quotient.

**Here define some other important Operations Terms:**

**Binary operations** involve two quantities and include addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and exponentiation.

**Unary operations** only involve one quantity such as negation, absolute value or trigonometric functions.

**Fundamental operations** of Algebra are addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

**A Power** is an operation indicated by a superscipt.

**A Root** is an operation indicated by the radical sign with a viniculum over the radicand.

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