Report on Ibrahim Medical College
Subject: Medical | Topics:


The IPH is a national organization under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the government of Bangladesh. Its major role is to support public health activities, quality control, and production of biomedical agents, training and research.

The institute has a credible history of producing smallpox vaccine, which helped in eradication of the disease from the country. It is also responsible for producing typhoid & cholera vaccines to help control their outbreaks.


The institute began its journey as the, ‘School of Tropical Medicine and Public Health’, situated at Old Dhaka. It then began functioning as the ‘Combined Public Health Laboratory’, in 1952 and was finally converted to the ‘Institute of Public Health’, in 1953 with expansion of activities.




  • To produce International standard biomedical products such as parenteral fluids, vaccines, serum etc to support health care activities of govt. of Bangladesh.
  • To play an effective role in quality assurance of raw materials, biomedical products and drugs available in Bangladeshi market.
  • To assist the government to prevent & control the health hazards caused by adulterated & contaminated food & water.
  • To provide curative & preventive support by diagnosis of various infectious diseases including polio} measles, HIV / AIDS, diarrheal & respiratory diseases.
  • To conduct training procedures for health manpower & research activities in related fields of health & public health.
  • To collaborate & cooperate with other national & international organizations, agencies in the promotion of health & public health services of government of Bangladesh.


The activities of IPH are performed through different laboratory sub-units by a group of skilled and experienced individuals.

A) Biological Production Laboratory

  • Intravenous (IV) Fluid production unit:

 The unit is engaged with production of interna­tional standard life saving Parental fluids such as, Dextrose-saline, Dextrose in ­aqua, normal saline, Cho­lera saline, 3% Sodium chloride solution, Baby saline and peritoneal dialysis fluid.

  • Blood Bag production unit:

The unit produces CPD blood collection bags of different capacities, as well as infusion & transfusion sets.

  • Anti Sera production unit:

Production of polyvalent anti snake venom serum (ASVS) against different types of snake bites, using horse serum is undergoing research & preparation phase.

  • Reagent production unit:

 This unit is preparing & supplying several high quality diagnostic re-agents and chemicals used in government clinical laboratories & institutes.

  • Quality Control Unit:

The internal quality control unit conducts tests to assure the quality of all raw materials & finished products of IPH.

B) Microbiological Laboratory :

  • Virology unit:

The National Polio Laboratory is situated in this unit. The National Polio Laboratory is a SEARO-WHO supported and accredited laboratory functioning as the center for detection of Polio and Non-polio Enteroviruses from stool samples to eradicate wild Polio virus from Bangladesh.

The laboratory is also engaged with the serolo­gical study of measles & rubella to support the natio­nal measles control programme.

The Laboratory is getting ready to work as voluntary counseling & testing center (VCTC) for HIV/AIDS suspects.

  • Bacteriology unit:

The laboratory is involved in detection & diagnosis of epidemic & epidemic prone communicable diseases. The major fields are diarrheal & respiratory infections.

  • Epidemiology unit:

The section is supporting the microbiology laboratory and is jointly engaged with other government health organization, in the communicable disease control programme.

          C) Public Health & Drug Testing Laboratory:          

  • Public Health Laboratory:

It is the only government national laboratory performing analysis and reporting of food & water samples collected by authorized agencies from across the country. This is done according to the Bangladesh pure food ordinance of 1959, the Bangladesh pure food rules of 1967 and International food codes.

  • Drug testing laboratory:

The laboratory is established as per the drug legislation act of Govt. of Bangladesh. It is the only Govt. laboratory authorized to undertake and report test results of medicinal drugs.

D) Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) production unit:

The ORS production units of IPH are five in number and are situated in Dhaka, Comilla, Jessore, Barisal and Rangpur. The high quality product meets the demand of public sector health. Two new units will start functioning in Mymenshingh & Jhenaidah. The Dhaka unit is situated at 46, Tejkunipara, Tejgaon.


  • IPH was awarded the Gold medal within the preventive sector for the eradication of smallpox in the year 1980.
  • It plays a pivotal role in the public health sector of Bangladesh through following activities: Production of 1.5 million bags of IV fluid/year and 1.6 million vials of ARV/year and it also plays a central role in the Polio eradication program of Bangladesh.


  • Production of the combined DPT vaccines.
  • Production of Anti-rabies cell culture vaccines.


  • The National Polio lab is well equipped and making serious and effective contribution to the Polio eradication drive in Bangladesh.
  • Some, if not all laboratory facilities are still un-modern; this should be rectified.
  • Working environment is not very hygienic, with no proper uniforms.
  • There is a lack of skilled manpower and financial stability.

IV Fluid Production Unit at IPH:


Various types of Saline, transfusion and other bags:

Various types of Saline, transfusion and other bags

Autoclaving the IV Fluid Bags:

Autoclaving the IV Fluid Bags


IPH is playing a very effective role for maintaining the general public health of our country, so I would urge, the government and others concerned to attend to the financial and moral aspects of its operations. Thus, IPH can become an international reference institute to support public health activities.

Ibrahim Medical College

Related Medical Paper:

Popular Medical Paper:

Report on Department of Forensic Medicine

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Medical Ethics Definition: Medical ethics may be defined as the moral principles, which guide the members of medical profession in course of their practice of medicine & their dealings with their patient, other members of the profession & with the state. M.....

Current Status in Bangladesh of Drug Abuse

A. Background Drug abuse directly influences the economic and social aspects of a country. In Bangladesh it is a growing national concern. There are millions of drug-addicted people in Bangladesh and most of them are young, between the ages of 18 and 30. And they are from all strata of the societ.....

Drug Addiction

Introduction: In recent years Drug Addiction has significantly increased in Bangladesh. This agent of human devastation has spread its tentacles worldwide and also in our country. Every intelligent and humane person in the world, society and international organizations such as the UN and WHO are .....

Report on Health Care of Bangladesh

 Introduction: The administration of primary healthcare by the Bangladesh Government is carried out through a suprisingly extensive infrratructure of facilities within each of the 64 districts. The  districts are divided into 460 papila(sub districts) which are subdivided into unions. Each unio.....

Report on Congenital Anomaly

Abstract: Objective :To find out proportion ,types of congenital anomalies at birth ,  immediate outcome of anomalous baby and associated maternal risk factors . Design : An observational study . Place and duration of the study : This study was carried out in the department of Obstetrics and gyn.....