Assignment on Garments Washing
Subject: Textile | Topics:

GARMENTS WASHING:

It is a new technology by which outlook, size, comfort ability & fashion   etc   properties   are changed   of a Garment   are called   Garments Washing.  The technology    was   first   developed   in 1988.  Before   this washing   was done   in   Hong Kong, Singapore & some other   country   .

Objective of Garments Washing:

  •       To Develop   Softness in   Garments.
  •       To introduce Fadding   effect.
  •       To create new   fashion.
  •       To   satisfy   the   customer.
  •       To   remove   dirty thing    from the garments.
  •       To remove starch   or size material.

There   is   Different   type of Garments Washing In our country.

  •        Normal   Wash.
  •       Pigment   Wash.
  •       Bleach   Wash.
  •       Caustic   Wash.
  •       Acid   Wash.
  •       Enzyme   wash.
  •       Enzyme   Wash   With Stone.
  •       Stone   Wash.
  •       Supper   White   Wash.
  •       Wash   and Over   Dyeing.

Special   affect   on Garments   can be obtained by the following    process Which is known as a Dry Process.

  •             Scraping
  •             Tearing
  •             Whiskering
  •             P.P spray.
  •             Curing
  •             Tagging
  •             Grinding
  •             Sand Blasting   etc.

WASHING MACHINE

WASHING MACHINE

 Production sequence of Washing

Garments receive from sewing

 Scraping

Tearing

Whickering

P.P spray

Curing/Tearing

Washing

Drying Hot + cold

Checking

        Disposes

MACHINE SUMMURY OF WASHING SECTION:

Ref No.

Type Of Machine

Machine Brand

1

Washing MachineSMARTEX 225

2

Washing MachineSMARTEX 340

3

Washing MachineAVANTEC 340

4

Washing MachineNGAI SHING 2250

5

Washing Machine SampleRAMSONS

6

Washing Machine SampleNGAI SHING 2211

7

Washing Machine SampleSUNLEGUE-SLW-100(S)

8

Washing Machine SampleSUNLEGUE-SLW-250(S)

9

Hydro ExtractorNGAI SHING

10

Hydro Extractor SampleRAMSON

11

Drying MachineNGAI SHING 2330

12

Drying MachineTRANSRERON

13

Drying MachineAVANREC

14

Drying Machine SampleRAMSON

15

Ironing TableRAMSON

16

Hot Pressing MachineRAMSON

17

Trouser FinisherMACPI

18

Trouser FinisherNGAI SHING

19

Jacket DummyVE-CO

20

Scraping Motor 

21

Teg MachineSPA 80

22

CmpressorINGARSOL RAND

23

CmpressorATLAS COPCO

24

Sand BlastingMEC SHOT BLASTING+TM-JM.

25

Spray Gun 

26

Spray Baloons 

27

Grinding Machine 

28

Crock Master Testing 

29

Light BoxVERIVIDE

30

Light BoxMECHBATH

31

Lab Dip MachineROACHRS

32

OvenAVANTEC

33

OvenRAMSON SUPER CARE

34

Photo SpectrometreDATA COLOR

35

Teg MachineDENISION

36

Steam Iron 

37

weighting Indicator. A&D 

38

Vertical DummyConcorde

39

Genarator  (320KW)Vibro Power

40

Washing Machine SampleSMARTEX 20KG

41

Scrunch MCGFK

42

TECAGFK

43

Popping MachinGFK

44

FMG(Fabric Grinding M/C)GFK

HANDSAND

Some Washing Chemical List

Desizing Agent                                   : Desizing Hts, D-Peast

Anti Back Stain Agent                       : Antistain – Lp-30

Fastness Improvers For Dyeing          : Albafix®

Levelling Agents For Dyeing             : Albatex®

Fastness Improvers For Dyeing          : Albafix®

Enzyme                                               : G Enzyme S89, G Enzyme – Sl,     Innozyme Npe   S89

Salt                                                      : G/Salt.

Alkali                                                  : Naso4

Ph Control                                           : Using Buffer & Acid

Bleaching Agent                                 : Sodium Hypochlorite Naocl; 15% Cl2 Available

                                                               Calcium Hypochlorite.

Neutralizing Agent                             : Hydro Peroxide, Bisulphate Or Thiosulphate.

Softener                                              : Innosoft 1070

Washing Chemical

SAMPLE DEVELOPMENT

Pumic stone: those are silica-rich, viscose, high temperature melt products of explosive.

Volcanic eruption during ascent & expulsion of earth. These are light weight highly porous, rocky substance which will float on water.

Major Pumic Stones Supplies Countries Are Usa, Turkey, Italy, Island, Newzeland, Japan, Indonesia And Philiphine.

This is one of the important components in the production of stone washed apparels. It is used softer hands. Since the degree of abrasion may vary in different parts of garments, such as trouser-, button slays and seaming parts, a number of natural patterns can be formed.

The degree of wash down or used look effect is depends on stone size, stone ratio, liquor ratio, duration of treatment, garments load and garments fabric gsm. Stone size varies from 1cm diameter to 7 cm.

In here two types of stone are mostly used:

  1. Turkey             : white color, light weight. More use for twill and denim;
  2. Indonesia        : Red color, weight. More use for denim, this type of stone size is big, that’s reason there is a possibility to thread brakes. To prevent it needs to make it smaller size.

Enzyme

In here two types of enzyme are used:

  1. Acid condition enzyme;
  2. Neutral condition enzyme.
  1. Acid condition enzyme: this is low cost, but risk of degraded.
  2. Neutral condition enzyme: this is very costly, but mostly useful and working result is good.

List of some dyes

        Name                                                                                                      Price

  1. Cibacron Yellow Fn2r                                                                     Tk.1600/Kg
  2. Novacron Blue Ce                                                                           Tk.1600/Kg
  3. Novacron Deep Red S-B                                                                 Tk.2200/Kg
  4. Cibacron Red Fnr                                                                            Tk.2000/Kg
  5. Novacron Yellow Ce                                                                       Tk.1600/Kg
  6. Novacron Orange W-3r                                                                   Tk.1600/Kg
  7. Navy-W-B                                                                                       Tk.1300/Kg
  8. N. Navy-W-B                                                                                  Tk.1700/Kg
  9. Novacron Super Black G                                                                 Tk.1000/Kg
  10. Reactive Deep Black-N                                                                   Tk.600/Kg
  11. Direct Grey-Cgl                                                                               Tk.1200/Kg
  12. Novacron Dark Blue W-R                                                               Tk.2700/Kg
  13. Novacron Red Ce                                                                            Tk.2000/Kg
  14. Optisal Red -7b                                                                                Tk.1700/Kg
  15. R. Blue-3rl                                                                                       Tk.2500/Kg
  16. Solar Turquoise Blue Fbl-400%                                                       Tk.850/Kg
  17. Ciba Turquoise-Hgn                                                                         Tk.1000/Kg

Some of Garments Wash Perform during My training Period

Garments Type                                    Type of wash                          Quantity

     T. S.P                                 Enzyme with Stone wash                       80Pcs

Recipe:

Desize:

Desize: D-Peast                                               : 300gm;

Temperature                                                    : 700C;

Water                                                              : 1:7;

Time                                                                : 5min;

Rains                                                               : 2 times

Enzyme with Stone:

 G ENZYME S89                   : 1kg;

Stone                                       : 50kg;

Anti-stain                                : 500gm;

Temperature                            : 550C – 600C;

PH                                            : 5.5 – 6;

Required time                         : 23min;

Rains                                       : 2 times;

Softening:

Softeners                                 : 500gm;

Time                                        : 5min;

Then go for hydro extractor, then Dryer

(T.S.P→ Twill Short Pant)

Style No: 23334

Garments types                                   Type of Wash                          Quantity

D. L. P                                       Enzyme with stone wash                      100Pcs

Recipe:

Desize:

Desizing HTS                                      : 500gm;

Anti-staining                                       : 1kg;

Temperature                                        : 700C;

Water                                                  : 1:7;

 Time                                                   : 5min;

Enzyme with stone wash:

G ENZYME SL                                 : 1kg;

Temperature                                        : 400C;

Anti-back stain                                   : 1kg;

Stone                                                   : 75kg;

PH                                                        : 5;

Time                                                    : 20min – 22min;

Rains                                                   : 2min – 3min;

Anti-stain                                            : 500gm;

Temperature                                        : 600C;

Time                                                    : 2min – 3min;

Rains                                                   : 2 times.

Then go for hydro extractor, then Dryer

(D.L.P→ Denim Long Pant)

Garments Washing

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