Medical

About Dementia

About Dementia

About Dementia Definition Dementia is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) associated with an ongoing decline of brain functioning. Criteria for the diagnosis of dementia include impairment of attention, orientation, memory, judgment, language, motor and spatial skills, and function. By defin.....

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Hypomania

Hypomania

Hypomania Definition Hypomania is a period characterized by elevated or irritable mood that lasts for a minimum of four days and occurs for a majority of the day nearly every day. The mood of a person experiencing hypomania is different than what that person’s mood would be on a regular day.....

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Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia Definition Cyclothymia is a condition characterized by periodical swings of mood between excitement and depression, activity and inactivity, which is also called cyclothymic disorder. The low and high mood swings never reach the severity or duration of major depressive or full mania e.....

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Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma Definition Osteosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that grows in a bone, and sometimes it can start in the bone and move to other parts of the body. Specifically, it is an aggressive malignant neoplasm that arises from primitive transformed cells of mesenchymal origin (and thus a sarcoma) .....

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Migraine

Migraine

Migraine Definition Migraine is a severe recurring headache, usually affecting only one side of the head that is characterized by sharp, throbbing pain and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and visual disturbances. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head.....

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Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Definition Congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) is a group of conditions characterized by muscle weakness (myasthenia) that worsens with physical exertion. It is an inherited neuromuscular disorder caused by defects of several types at the neuromuscular junction. Th.....

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Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia Gravis Definition Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by fatigue and exhaustion of muscles. The most commonly affected muscles are those of the eyes, face, and swallowing. It can affect people of any age, typically starting in women unde.....

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Coeliac Disease

Coeliac Disease

Coeliac Disease Definition Coeliac disease is a lifelong autoimmune condition which is triggered by intolerance to gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley. It can cause a range of symptoms including diarrhoea, abdominal pain and bloating. Classic symptoms include gastrointestin.....

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Vitamin Deficiency Anemia

Vitamin Deficiency Anemia

Vitamin Deficiency Anemia Definition Vitamin deficiency anemia is a lack of healthy red blood cells caused when you have lower than normal amounts of certain vitamins. Vitamins linked to vitamin deficiency anemia include folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C. Anemia is a condition in which the body .....

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Morphine

Morphine

Morphine Definition Morphine is a highly addictive drug derived from opium and used to treat intractable pain, as in severe injury or metastatic cancer. It is a naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called alkaloids. The name, which derives from Morpheus (the mythologi.....

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Catatonia

Catatonia

Catatonia Definition Catatonia is an abnormal condition often associated with schizophrenia and variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs. It was first described in 1874 by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, in Die Katatonie Oder das Spannung.....

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Paranoia

Paranoia

Paranoia Definition Paranoia is a psychotic disorder characterized by systematized delusions, especially of persecution or grandeur, in the absence of other personality disorders. It is a state of mind in which a person believes that others are trying to harm them. Paranoia is distinct from phobi.....

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