Psychology

Idée Fixe

Idée Fixe

Idée Fixe An idée fixe is a preoccupation of mind believed to be firmly resistant to any attempt to modify it, a fixation. The name originates from the French idée, “idea” and fixe, “fixed.” The term (idée fixe) was used in music and literature, a recurring theme or ch.....

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False Consensus Effect

False Consensus Effect

False Consensus Effect The false consensus effect occurs when we overestimate the number of other people (or the extent to which other people) shares our opinions, beliefs, and behaviors. This effect is likely to occur most often when considering opinions, beliefs, and behaviors that are importan.....

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Echo Chamber

Echo Chamber

Echo Chamber “Echo chamber” is a term widely used in today’s lexicon, that describes a situation where certain ideas, beliefs or data points are reinforced through repetition of a closed system that does not allow for the free movement of alternative or competing ideas or concepts. By visit.....

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Denialism

Denialism

Denialism Denialism is the employment of rhetorical tactics to give the appearance of argument or legitimate debate when in actuality there is none. In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person’s choice to deny reality, as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth. .....

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Belief Perseverance

Belief Perseverance

Belief Perseverance Belief perseverance is a concept that highlights the tendency for people to hold their beliefs as true, even when there is ample evidence to discredit the belief. It is also known as conceptual conservatism. When faced with evidence that contradicts their beliefs, people may c.....

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Apophenia

Apophenia

Apophenia Definition – Apophenia is the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data. It can be classed as a false alarm, caused by an excess of sensitivity. Apophenia can be a normal phenomenon or an abnormal one, as in paranoid schizophrenia when the patient sees.....

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About Confirmation Bias

About Confirmation Bias

About Confirmation Bias Confirmation bias, the tendency to process information by looking for, or interpreting, information that is consistent with one’s existing beliefs. It is also called confirmatory bias or myside bias. This biased approach to decision making is largely unintentional and of.....

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Belief Bias

Belief Bias

Belief Bias The belief bias is to give value, weight, strength, and importance to an argument, not based on the argument being valid but based on the conclusion that is already believed to be possible, probable or true. The Belief-Bias Effect refers to the results that happen when an individual.....

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Argumentum a fortiori

Argumentum a fortiori

Argumentum a fortiori Argumentum a fortiori is a form of argument or a rhetorical device in which one claims that since we have great confidence in one claim, we can also have great confidence in a related claim. The Latin phrase is generally translated into English as ‘argument from streng.....

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Argumentation Theory

Argumentation Theory

Argumentation Theory Argumentation is a vital factor for communication and it endured in our society for centuries. This includes deliberation and negotiation which are concerned with collaborative decision-making procedures. It also encompasses eristic dialog, the branch of social debate in whic.....

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Counterintuitive

Counterintuitive

Counterintuitive The definition of counterintuitive is something that goes against what you believe would be logical or something that goes against common sense. If something is counterintuitive it means it’s the opposite of “intuitive” — in other words, it’s not easily .....

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About Cognitive Bias

About Cognitive Bias

About Cognitive Bias Cognitive bias is a bad mental habit. It’s a way of thinking that might be very common and, on its surface, might even appear rational – but in fact, it gets in the way of logical thinking. It is a mistake in reasoning, evaluating, remembering, or another cognitive proces.....

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