The aim of this lecture is to present on Jerusalem: an Early History. Ancient Canaan 1700 – 1386 B.C.E: Pharaoh Amenhotep ruled over Egypt and Canaan. The Pharoah Ramses III forced the Philistines to settle in Canaan. In 1750 B.C.E – The12 tribes of Israel settled in Egypt from Mesopotamia, the bands of ancient Hebrews descended from the patriarch Jacob. Moses: In 1250 B.C.E , the Israelites led by Moses, escaped from Egypt and lived in the desert. Moses appointed Joshua and Caleb as military leaders. Joshua and the Israelites defeated the Philistines living in Canaan.