Lecture on Functionalism and the Roots of Sociology

Major objective of this lecture is to present on Functionalism and the Roots of Sociology. Here briefly describe on the historical background to Sociology; what were the circumstances surrounding the rise of Sociology in the 19th century and what is the term Functionalists use to describe society’s basic needs. Finally explain what institutions or ‘agencies,’ did the early Sociologists identify as shouldering the biggest responsibility in meeting those needs and what analogy do Functionalists use for human society.