Major purpose of this lecture is to present on history of Jerusalem. Here briefly focus on Ancient Canaan 1700 – 1386 B.C.E. Pharaoh Amenhotep ruled over Egypt and Canaan. The Pharoah Ramses III forced the Philistines to settle in Canaan. In 1750 B.C.E – The12 tribes of Israel settled in Egypt from Mesopotamia, the bands of ancient Hebrews descended from the patriarch Jacob. In 1250 B.C.E , the Israelites led by Moses, escaped from Egypt and lived in the desert. Mount Sinai is where Moses received the ten commandments from God.