This article focus to analysis Basics of Social Science in terms of Government and Politics. The term Government and Politics refers to institutionalized power that’s recognized by the people over whom it can be exercised. In a easy sense, legitimate power is known as Government. A person’s authority is normally limited. For example- parents hold the authority over their children and children are required to respect their parent’s authority by following their training. 1) Authority means the energy to give orders or make decisions and also to direct or control someone/something. 2)Authority means the energy or right to offer commands, enforce obedience, take action or make final judgement.