Value Added Theory

Value Added Theory is a perspective within the functionalist tradition based on the idea that several conditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur. It was first proposed by Neil Smelser and is based on the assumption that certain conditions are needed for the development of a social movement. It’s first condition is structural conduciveness, which describes when people are aware of the problem and have the opportunity to gather, ideally in an open area. It addresses the complexity of collective behavior, it also assumes that such behavior is inherently negative or disruptive.