Activity Cost Driver

An activity cost driver, also known as a causal factor, is a set of behaviors that influence a company’s variable costs to rise or fall. An activity cost driver effects labor, maintenance, or other variable costs in activity-based costing (ABC). Consequently, distinguishing what item/administration is causing specific expenses can assist the business with getting more productive by better understanding the particular exercises that are driving the expenses. In other words, it’s a variable linked with a production process or activity that can affect the cost of production or the duration of an activity.

Even the most basic ABC systems necessitate numerous computations to estimate product and service pricing. Labor hours, machine hours, and customer contacts are all examples of activity cost drivers. Cost drivers are fundamental in ABC, a part of administrative bookkeeping that apportions the circuitous expenses, or overheads, of a movement. Designating cost drivers suitably is significant in precisely deciding the expense of delivering a decent or administration, just as making monetary projections.

The organization identified four significant cost drivers and a cost driver that was utilized to distribute overhead using activity-based costing. These exercises were buying materials, setting up machines when another item was begun, assessing items, and working machines. An expense driver straightforwardly impacts a business action. There may be multiple cost drivers associated with an activity.

Most operations in product manufacture, for example, are driven by direct labor hours. If labor costs are high, all of the company’s products or services will be more expensive to produce. If the cost of warehousing is high, it will also raise the costs of manufacturing products or providing services.

Activity cost drivers are explicit exercises that cause variable costs to be brought about. One variable cost can include in excess of a solitary action cost driver. For instance, machine hours and work hours can be movement cost drivers in the assembling of an item. Activity cost drivers are linked to the managerial accounting concept of activity-based costing, which divides job activities into cost pools based on their cost drivers in order to effectively assign indirect costs to products based on the number of activities required to generate them.

More specialized expense drivers are machine hours, the quantity of designing change orders, the quantity of client contacts, the quantity of item returns, the machine arrangements needed for creation, or the quantity of reviews. Anything in the pool that causes the cost of the activities to rise or fall is a cost driver. All variable costs can be split down and examined through one or more activity cost drivers, which are influenced by a variety of factors. If the minimum wage rises, for example, the cost of manufacturing a product may rise as well.

If a business owner can identify the cost drivers, the business owner can more accurately estimate the true cost of production for the business. Activity cost drivers are not required in the formulation of financial accounting information. Instead, management information systems make advantage of them. Cost drivers are chosen by management depending on the linked variables of the expense incurred.

Seeing movement cost drivers can permit the board to more readily comprehend an organization’s costs. By depicting the specific wellspring of various costs, organizations can assist with decreasing or wipe out superfluous costs. Comparing the costs of different products and services might be useless if the cost drivers are not properly allocated. When a production machine requires routine maintenance, the cost of the maintenance is deducted from the machine’s output.

The cost driver chosen, for example, is machinery hours. A $500 maintenance cost is incurred after every 1,000 machine-hours. As a result, based on the cost driver of machine-hours, every machine hour results in a 50 cent (500 / 1,000) maintenance cost given to the product being created.

Since “production” is an exceptionally huge expense pool, it would in all probability be parted into more modest expense pools in a genuine framework. The right assignment of assembling overhead is essential to decide the genuine expense of an item. The cost of a product is used by internal management to decide the prices of the products they create. When it comes to cost projections, activity cost drivers are equally crucial. If management receives a sales order for a specific number of units, for example, they may calculate exactly how much it will cost to fulfill that order.

Information Sources:

  1. myaccountingcourse.com
  2. corporatefinanceinstitute.com
  3. investopedia.com