Cost Of Goods Manufactured (COGM)

Cost of Goods Manufactured (COGM) may be a term employed in managerial accounting that refers to a schedule or statement that shows the full production costs for a company during a particular period of your time. Rather like the name implies, COGM is that the total cost incurred to manufacture products and transfer them into finished goods inventory for retail sale.

COGM is also called the cost of goods completed, calculates the total value of inventory that was produced during the period, and is ready for sale. In other words, this is the total amount of expenses incurred to turn work in process inventory into finished goods.

The cost of products manufactured equation is calculated by adding the full manufacturing costs; including all direct materials, direct labor, and factory overhead; to the start add process inventory and subtracting the ending goods in process inventory. This formula will leave us with only the value of products that were completed during the amount.

The formula and format for presenting the cost of goods manufactured are:

  • The cost of the direct materials used
  • PLUS the cost of the direct labor used
  • PLUS the cost of manufacturing overhead assigned
  • EQUALS = the manufacturing costs incurred in the current accounting period
  • PLUS the cost of the beginning work-in-process inventory
  • MINUS the cost of the ending work-in-process inventory

The cost of goods manufactured is similar to a retailer’s cost of goods purchased.

Another way to seem at this calculation is to think about it just like the cost of products completed equals the quantity of inventory that was transferred from the products in process account into the finished goods account by the top of the amount. The price of products manufactured total is additionally a component of the price of products sold calculation.

Once all the individual parts are calculated and used to figure out the total cost of goods manufactured for the year, this COGM value is then transferred to a final inventory account called the Finished Goods Inventory account, and used to calculate the Cost of Goods Sold. Finished Goods Inventory, as the name suggests, contains any products, goods, or services that are fully ready to be delivered to customers in the final form.

In general, having the schedule for Cost of products Manufactured is very important because it gives companies and management a general idea of whether production costs are too high or too low relative to the sales they’re making. Therefore, by having a general picture of what the corporate is incurring in terms of producing costs altogether its specific components of materials, labor, and overhead, management can examine these areas more thoroughly to create any necessary adjustments or changes to maximize the company‚Äôs earnings.


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