Working Capital Turnover (WCT)

Working capital turnover (WCT), also known as net sales to working capital, is a ratio that indicates how well a firm uses its working capital to support sales and growth. This figure depicts the relationship between the funds used to fund a company’s operations and the revenues it earns. A higher working capital turnover ratio is better and shows that an organization can create a bigger measure of deals. At the end of the day, this proportion shows the net deals created because of contributing one dollar of working capital.

If working capital turnover becomes excessively high, a company may need to raise extra capital to fund future growth. Working capital is extremely important for a company’s day-to-day operations. It is the measure of cash that guarantees that the business can pay its momentary obligations and bills like workers’ compensations. Then again, a low proportion shows that a business is putting resources into such a large number of records receivable and stock resources for help its business, which could ultimately prompt an exorbitant measure of terrible obligations and out of date stock benefits.

Example of Working Capital Turnover (WCT)

Divide net sales by working capital to get the ratio (which is current assets minus current liabilities). The computation is normally done on an annual or trailing 12-month basis, and it takes into account the average working capital throughout that time period. The formula for working capital turnover is:

Working Capital Turnover = Average Working Capital / Net Annual Sales


  • Over the course of a year, net annual sales is the sum of a company’s gross sales minus returns, allowances, and discounts.
  • Average working capital is average current assets less average current liabilities.

Working capital is the cash (current resources less current liabilities) that a business can spend to make fundamental installments, and oversee and improve its tasks, after all bills and obligation portions have been paid. It refers to the cash on hand that is more than current liabilities and that the company can utilize to meet its short-term bills. This guarantees that everything runs smoothly. Simply explained, it’s the difference between current assets and current liabilities.

Current assets minus current liabilities, which is represented by the sum of accounts receivable and inventories less accounts payable, equals working capital. A high turnover ratio shows that administration is by and large exceptionally productive in utilizing an organization’s transient resources and liabilities for supporting deals. As such, it’s anything but a higher dollar measure of deals for each dollar of working capital utilized.

The working capital turnover ratio illustrates the link between the money spent to fund business operations and the revenues generated as a result of such operations. A low ratio, on the other hand, may suggest that a company is investing too much in accounts receivable and inventory to support its sales, potentially leading to a large number of bad debts or obsolete inventory. Working capital utilized in this setting is the normal figure for one year to cover the variances and irregularity in deals across the year.

Working capital turnover is critical for every company, but it is especially significant for small enterprises. After all obligations have been met, this method gives a corporation an accurate estimate of how much money it has available to devote toward operations (debts, bills, etc.). To measure exactly how effective an organization is at utilizing its functioning capital, investigators likewise contrast working capital ratios with those of different organizations in a similar industry and take a gander at how the ratio has been changing over the long haul.

If only the closing balances of current assets and liabilities are known but not the beginning working capital, the closing working capital (close working capital) may be utilized instead of the average working capital. In any case, such correlations are futile when working capital turns negative on the grounds that the functioning capital turnover ratio then, at that point additionally turns negative. A very high working capital turnover ratio can show that an organization needs more money to help its business development; breakdown of the organization might be inevitable.

Working capital management often entails tracking cash flow, current assets, and current liabilities by analyzing important operational expense ratios such as working capital turnover, collection ratio, and inventory turnover ratio. In cases where net sales data is unavailable, the cost of goods sold is always used as a proxy for net sales. An exorbitantly high turnover ratio can be spotted by looking at the ratio for a specific business to those revealed somewhere else in its industry, to check whether the business is announcing exception results.

Financial insolvency can occur when a firm does not have adequate working capital to meet its obligations, resulting in legal issues, asset liquidation, and potential bankruptcy. It’s for the most part viewed as great to redeploy your functioning capital more times each year to acquire your year’s net marketing projections, as it implies that cash is streaming effectively all through your business and is attempting to get you more cash-flow. Companies employ inventory management and maintain tight tabs on accounts receivables and payables to control how efficiently they spend their working capital.

A low ratio, on the other hand, indicates that the firm is being managed with power, resulting in the accumulation of inventories and accounts receivable. When the ratio is low, it means the goods aren’t able to be traded. Stock turnover shows how frequently an organization has sold and supplanted stock during a period, and the receivable turnover ratio shows how adequately it expands credit and gathers obligations on that credit. Thus, too many accounts receivable are generated; this can become a blow to the company.

Many firms seek a line of credit to get the first working cash they need to make urgent, critical payments as their business expands. An exceptionally high ratio, on the other hand, may suggest that a company lacks the capital to support its sales growth. In this way, the organization could get bankrupt soon except if it raises extra money to help that development. Working capital inventory ratio, like other measurements, varies greatly within and across industries and firms; therefore, compare a company’s working capital turnover ratio to the industry average or to its own historical data for comparative reasons.

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