Financial Statement Analysis of Mercantile Bank Ltd


Origin of the study.

With a view to acquire an in-depth knowledge about the practical orientation and experiences of dynamic business world, it is obligatory to undertake an extensive study to prepare internship report  the students of business administration, World University of Bangladesh (WUB), That are desirous to the successfully completion of their BBA degree. During the preparation of the internship report, the students are guided and supervised by the faculties of the department with whom they are attached to. Each student is required to work on a specific topic to his/her learning with the attachment of any respective organization.  As part of the program, I am highly proud to join with Mercantile bank Limited as Internee and selecting topic “Financial Statement Analysis of Mercantile Bank Limited (MBL)”. I was placed in Mercantile Bank Limited, Dhanmondi Branch for a period of three months. This internship is an orientation to the entire working activities of Mercantile Bank Limited. Though I had worked there in several departments, but I had to select an area of study in which I can make detail research and present my understanding in the report.

This report, “Financial statement analysis of Mercantile Bank Limited”, has been prepared to fulfill the partial requirement of BBA program as a mean of Internship Program. While preparing this report, I had a great opportunity to have sound knowledge of all the banking activities of Mercantile Bank Ltd.

The BBA internship program is a mandatory requirement for the students who are graduating from the BBA program of World University of Bangladesh. The scope of the study is quiet wide as this report has covered the “Financial statement analysis of of Mercantile Bank Limited”. While preparing this report, I had a great opportunity to have an in depth knowledge of all the banking activities practiced by the Mercantile Bank Limited. The internship program is helpful to bridge the gap between the theoretical knowledge and real life experience as the part of the (BBA) program. During my three months internship period in Mercantile Bank Limited, I have tried to observe and understand the all-banking activities especially General banking activities and other day-to-day functions in this branch. I am also tried to understand for different topic from the bank personnel. Since my work is partially observation and analysis based, I have used practical experience. It makes a bridge between the gap of classroom learning and practical learning.

Objective of the Study.

  The specific objective of the study is:

  • To evaluate the financial performance of Mercantile Bank Limited.

Methodology of the Study.

This study is based on secondary data. Secondary data collected by the following ways-

  • Annual Report of Mercantile Bank Limited 2008-2012.
  • Different text book and journals.
  • Accounts Department guidelines.
  • Various reports and articles related to study.
  • The websites of Mercantile Bank Limited.
  • Different related booklets and company files and documents.


Banking History of MBL

Mercantile Bank Limited is a third generation bank in Bangladesh. Mercantile Bank has been incorporated on May 20th, 1999 in Head office at 61 Dilkhusha C/A, Dhaka, Bangladesh as a public limited company with the permission of the Bangladesh Bank. Mercantile Bank Limited commenced formal commercial banking operation from the June 02, 1999. The founders of MBL are committed to make it a little more different and a bit special qualitatively.

The Authorized Capital of the Bank is BDT 800000 million and divided into 80000000 ordinary shares of BDT 100 each as of 31 December 2009. The Paid -up Capital is BDT 215841 million of 21584134 ordinary shares of face value of BDT 100 each and listed both in DSE & CSE. MBL make it most efficient to meet the needs of 21st century with assets of BDT 44,940.54 million and more than 1000 employees. The Bank provides a broad range of financial services to its customers and corporate clients in retail banking, corporate banking and international trade.

The total amount of deposit is BDT 39,348 million and the total loans and advances are BDT 31,877.86 million at the end of the year 2012 that shows a great performance of MBL. The credit deposit ratio is 81.02%. The net profit after tax at the end of the year 2012 is BDT 540.50 million.

The bank has 10 divisions namely HRD, Credit division, Development and marketing division, Research and planning division, Information technology division, General banking division, Treasury and money market division.

The opening of the Principal Office was the big leaf forward and successively the opening of the Mothijil Branch expanded the horizon of Mercantile Bank Limited to bring its services to the valued clients more effectively. The second Branch opened at Dhanmondi Residential Area, Dhaka on August 04, 1999. The third branch was opened at Agrabad, Chittagong on November 06, 1999. The bank stood 58 branches all over the country up to October, 2012.

Vision, Mission, Objectives, Core values of Mercantile Bank.

      Vision of Mercantile Bank.

  • To make finest corporate citizen.
  • To become a leading Banking institution.
  •  Play a pivotal role in the development of the country.
  • To provide customized services.

Mission of Mercantile Bank.

  • Will become most caring, focused for equitable growth based on diversified deployment of resources, and nevertheless would remain healthy and gainfully profitable Bank.
  • To provide the ultimate service in banking.
  • Continuous improvement in our Business policies.
  • Cost reduction integrations of technology at all level.

      Objectives of Mercantile Bank.

  • To achieve positive Economic Value Added (EVA) each year.
  • To be market leader in product innovation.
  • To be one of the top three Financial Institutions in Bangladesh in terms of cost efficiency.
  • To be one of the top five Financial Institutions inBangladesh in terms of market share in all significant market segments we serve.
  • To achieve 20% return on shareholders’ equity or more, on average.

      Core values of Mercantile Bank.

  • For the customers providing with caring services by being innovative in the   development of new banking products and services.
  • For the shareholders maximizing wealth of the Bank.
  • For the employees respecting worth and dignity of individual employees devoting their energies for the progress of the Bank.
  • For the community Strengthening the corporate values and taking environment and social risks and reward into account.

MBL at a Glance.

  •     MBL is one of the largest private banks inBangladesh.
    •  It operates through 65 fully computerized branches ensuring best possible and               fastest services to its valued clients.
    •    The bank has more than 500 foreign correspondents worldwide.
    •    Total number of employees nearly 1500.
    •    The Board of Directors consists of 11 members.
    •    The bank is headed by the Managing Director who is the Chief Executive Officer.
    •    The Head Office is located at Bank’s own 61 Dilkusha C/A at Motijheel, , Dhaka.

MBL Networks

Corporate Offices ( Corporate Branch and Local Office ) 


Regional Office


Worldwide Affiliates


Total Branches ( Including Corporate Branch and Local Office )


Authorized Dealer Branches


Treasury and Dealing Room


Training Institute


Man Power



Strategies of MBL.

MBL Bank Limited mainly follows top down approach to take necessary decisions for the    company. Basically they follow the centralize strategy where the Head Office of the Bank control and monitor all the activities of its branches. In case of marketing strategy they basically depend on ‘word of mouth’ as they are already well reputed for its long-term service in the banking industry.

Function of Mercantile Bank LTD.

Mercantile Bank Limited performs all types of functions of a modern commercial bank, which generally includes flowing-

  Mobilization of savings of the people and safe keeping of all types of deposit account.

  Making advances especially for productive activities and for the other commercial and socio-economic needs.

  Providing banking services to common people through the branches.

  Introduce modern Banking services in the country.

  Discounting and purchasing bills.

  Various information, guidance and suggestions for promotion of trade and industry keeping in view of the overall economic development of the country.

  Finance for both capital machinery and working capital.

  Finance under small business of self employed clients.

  Finance of farming and non-farming activities to rural people including purchase of agricultural equipments.

  Developing new products Market surveys before making any finance.

  Finance for small transport.

  Monitoring and forecasting.

  Developing marketing campaigns.

  Finance for household durables.

  Work simplification studies.

  Monitoring diversification of portfolio among different sectors.

Board of Directors.

Board of Directors who decides the composition of each committee determines the responsibilities of each committee. The board of directors, the apex body of the Bank, formulates policy guidelines, provides strategic planning and supervises business activities and performance of management while The Board remains accountable to the company and its shareholders. The Board is assisted by the Executive Committee and Audit Committee.

Managing Director & CEODewan Mujibur Rahman 
Additional Managing DirectorA.K.M. Shahidul Haque 
Deputy Managing DirectorMd. Abul Shahjahan 

Executive Committee of MBL.

All routine matters beyond delegated powers of management are decided by or routed through the Executive Committee, subject to rectification by the Board of Directors.



Senior Executive Vice President

Md. Abdul Jalil Chowdhury 

Monindra Kumar Nath 

M. A. Yousuf Khan 

Md. Quamrul Islam Chowdhury 


Executive Vice President

Choudhury Moshtaq Ahmed 

A S M Bulbul 

Md. Nazrul Hossain 

S Q Bazlur Rashid 

 Different departments of MBL.

There are mainly four departments of MBL-

  • General Banking Department.
  • Credit department.
  • Cash Section. &
  • Foreign Exchange Department.

General Banking.

In this department, the general Banking activities like- opening account & related information are provided. The general banking in charge of Mercantile Bank Ltd (Dhanmondi Branch) is Md. Mizanur Rahman.

Credit Section.

Credit department helps the customers through providing bank loans. There are various types of loans handled by different officers. There are secured loan, unsecured loan, SME loan & Home & other loan facilities. The name of cash in charge is Md. Sharower Islam

Cash Section.

Cash section performs the activities of keeping and giving cash to the customer. The person who wants to open an account, have to keep specific amount of money to the account. Customers can withdraw the cash when the need after a specific period. In cash section, various type of bills like- DESCO bill, ALICO monthly fees are taken from the customers. The name of cash in charge is Md. Kamruzzaman.

Foreign Exchange Department.

Foreign Exchange Department consists of three sections-

 Import section.

 Export Section.

 Remittance Section.

Three departments are organized properly to provide the best facilities to the customers. The name of cash in charge is Md. Zahidul Isalm.

Correspondent Relationships.

The Bank has established correspondent relationship across the world with a number of foreign banks namely Citibank N.A., The bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Ltd., Standard Chartered Bank, American Express Bank, HSBC, Commerzbank, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Scotia Bank, Toronto Dominion Bank, Unicredito ltaliano, Wachovia Bank, N.A., Hutton National Bank, HypoVereinsbank, Bank Australia, Sumitomoto Mitsui Banking Corp., ING Bank, United Bank of India, ICICI Bank etc. The number of foreign correspondents is 584 as of December 31, 2012. Efforts are being continued to further expand the Correspondent Relationship to facilitate Bank’s growing foreign trade transactions.

Human resource development.

In today’s competitive business environment, only the quality of human resources makes the difference. The bank’s commitment to attract the best persons to work for its and the adaptation of the latest technologies is reflected in the efforts of the bank in the development of its human resources. In the face of today’s global competition the bank envisages to develop highly motivated workforce and to equip them with latest skills and technologies. A good working environment promotes a level of loyalty and commitment, devotion and dedication of the part of the employees.

The bank sent number of officers to Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management and the other training institutes for specialized training various aspects of banking. The bank is contemplating to set up “Training Institute” for providing facilities to its executive and officers. The bank believes in professional excellence and considers its working force as its most valuable asset and the basis of its efficiency and strength.

Branch Expansion.

The bank commenced its business on June 02, 1999. The first Branch was opened at 61 Dilkusha Commercial Area on the Inauguration Day of the Bank. The second Branch opened at Dhanmondi Residential Area, Dhaka on August 04, 1999. The third branch was opened at Agrabad, Chittagong on November 06, 1999.Now the total number of branches stood at 58 at the end of the month, October, 2012.

Foreign Exchange business.

A commercial Bank/MBL is involved in financing foreign trade apart from financing internal credit requirement in the economy. This involves handling of import business through opening L/C and handling of export business. As banking has become very keenly competitive, banks find it convenient to involve in foreign exchange business as a lucrative source of earning income and profit.

Apart from financing foreign trade, Commercial Banks also provide guarantees of various types to their clients. While these facilities clients to undertake jobs assigned to them by various corporations and organization, this enables the bank to earn commission.

Different Types of product (Scheme & services) of MBL.

Mercantile Bank Limited has different types of scheme for a customer. These are given below:

Monthly saving scheme.

Family Maintenance Deposit scheme.

 Double benefit deposit scheme.

Special Savings Scheme.

Pension and Family Support Deposit.

Consumers’ Credit Scheme.

 Small Loan Scheme.

Lease Finance.

Doctors’ Credit Scheme.

 Rural Development Scheme.

 Women Entrepreneurs Development Scheme.

 SME Financing Scheme.

Personal Loan Scheme

 Car Loan Scheme.

Financial Highlights:






Tk in million



Tk in million



Tk in million



Tk in million



Tk in million

Paid up capital










Total Loans & Advances






Price earning ratio

9 times

12 times

10 times

11 times

14 time

Earning per share






Income from investment






Total asset






Total deposit33317.6439348.0049538.3558033.4775629.14

 [Source: Annual journal of MBL (From 2008 to 2012)]


Financial performance analysis.

Financial performance analysis of a company is very important to get an overall view about an organization. It generally consists of interpretation of balance sheet and interpretation of income statement. By using these two sources one can perform the ratio analysis and trend analysis which are the major tools for analyzing the financial performance of a bank.     (Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

 Balance sheet.

In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position is a summary of the financial balances of a sole proprietorship, a business partnership or a company. Assets, liabilities and ownership equity are listed as of a specific date, such as the end of its financial year. A balance sheet is often described as a “snapshot of a company’s financial condition”. Of the four basic financial statements, the balance sheet is the only statement which applies to a single point in time of a business’ calendar year. A standard company balance sheet has three parts: assets, liabilities and ownership equity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (

 Income statement

Income statement also referred as profit and loss statement, earnings statement, operating statement or statement of operations is a company’s financial statement that indicates how the revenue is transformed into the net income. It displays the revenues recognized for a specific period, and the cost and expenses charged against these revenues, including write-offs (e.g., depreciation and amortization of various assets) and taxes. The purpose of the income statement is to show managers and investors whether the company made or lost money during the period being reported.

( &

 Ratio Analysis.

Ratio is a method of interpreting the financial statement of a company. The purpose of ratio analysis is identifying the risk of business firm and the financial statement of a business firm, performance evaluation, compare income analysis.

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

 Groups of Financial Ratios:

Financial ratios can be divided into four basic groups or categories:

  1.                                       i.      Liquidity ratios
  2.                                     ii.      Activity ratios
  3.                                   iii.      Debt ratios &
  4.                                   iv.      Profitability ratios

Liquidity, activity, and debt ratios primarily measure risk, profitability ratios measure return. In the near term, the important categories are liquidity, activity, and profitability, because these provide the information that is critical to the short-run operation of the firm. Debt ratios are useful primarily when the analyst is sure that the firm will successfully weather the short run.

 Liquidity Ratio:

The liquidity of a business firm is measured by its ability to satisfy its short term obligations as they come due. Liquidity refers to the solvency of the firm’s overall financial position. The three basic measures of liquidity are-

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)

 A. Current Ratio:

One of the most general and frequently used of these liquidity ratios is the current ratio. Organizations use current ratio to measure the firm’s ability to meet short-term obligations. It shows the banks ability to cover its current liabilities with its current assets.

Current Ratio = Current Asset/Current Liabilities

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

B. Quick Ratio:

The quick ratio is a much more exacting measure than current ratio. This ratio shows a firm’s ability to meet current liabilities with its most liquid assets.

Quick Ratio=Cash + Government Securities + Receivable / Total Current Liabilities. (Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)        

 C. Net Working Capital:

Net Working Capital, although not actually a ratio is a common measure of a firm’s overall liquidity. A measure of liquidity is calculated by subtracting total current liabilities from total current assets.

 Net Working Capital =Total Current Assets –Total Current Liabilities.

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)

Activity Ratio:

Activity ratios measure the speed with which accounts are converted into sale or cash. With regard to current accounts measures of liquidity are generally inadequate because differences in the composition of a firm’s current accounts can significantly affects its true liquidity. A number of ratios are available for measuring the activity of the important current accounts which includes inventory, accounts receivable, and account payable. The activity (efficiency of utilization) of total assets can also be assessed.

( &

A Total Asset Turnover:

The total asset turnover indicates the efficiency with which the firm is able to use all its assets to generate sales.

Total Asset Turnover = Sales/ Total Asset

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

 B Investment to Deposit Ratio:

Investment to Deposit Ratio shows the operating efficiency of a particular Bank in promoting its investment product by measuring the percentage of the total deposit disbursed by the Bank as long & advance or as investment. The ratio is calculated as follows:

Investment to Deposit Ratio = Total Investments / Total Deposits

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

Debt Ratio:

The debt position of that indicates the amount of other people’s money being used in attempting to generate profits. In general, the more debt a firm uses in relation to its total assets, the greater its financial leverage, a term use to describe the magnification of risk and return introduced through the use of fixed-cost financing such as debt and preferred stock.

 A. Debt Ratio:

The debt ratio measures the proportion of total assets provided by the firm’s creditors.

Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities / Total Assets

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)

 B. Equity Capital Ratio:

The ratio shows the position of the Bank’s owner’s equity by measuring the portion of total asset financed by the shareholders invested funds and it is calculated as follows:

Equity Capital Ratio = Total Shareholder’s Equity / Total Assets

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)

 C. Time Interest Earned Ratio:

This ratio measures the ability to meet contractual interest payment that means how much the company able to pay interest from their income.

Time Interest Earned Ratio=EBIT/ Interest

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)

Profitability Ratio:

These measures evaluate the bank’s earnings with respect to a given level of sales, a certain level of assets, the owner’s investment, or share value. Without profits, a firm could not attract outside capital. Moreover, present owners and creditors would become concerned about the company’s future and attempt to recover their funds. Owners, creditors, and Management pay close attention to boosting profits due to the great importance placed on earnings in the marketplace.

 A. Operating Profit Margin:

The Operating Profit Margin represents what are often called the pure profits earned on each sales dollar. A high operating profit margin is preferred. The operating profit margin is calculated as follows:

Operating Profit Margin = Operating Profit / Sales

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

B.Net profit Margin:

The net profit margin measures the percentage of each sales dollar remaining after all expenses, including taxes, have deducted. The higher the net profit margin is better. The net profit margin is calculated as follows:

Net profit Margin = Net profit after Taxes / Sales

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

C. Return on Equity (ROE):

The Return on Equity (ROE) measures the return earned on the owners (both preferred and common stockholders) investment. Generally, the higher this return, the better off the owners.

Return on Equity (ROE) = Net profit after Taxes / Stockholders Equity

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

D. Price/ Earnings ratio (PE ratio):

The Price/ Earnings ratio (price-to-earnings ratio) of a stock is a measure of the price paid for a share relative to the income or profit earned by the firm per share.

P/E ratio – Price per share / earnings per share

(Lawrence J. Gitman, Principle of managerial Finance 10th edition)

 E. Earnings per share (EPS):

EPS represents the dollar amount earned behalf of each outstanding share of common stock.

EPS= Net income/no. of share outstanding

(Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W.Westerfield, Jeffrey Jaffe (2005-06) corporate finance 7th edition)


Common Size Analysis:

Mercantile Bank Limited

Common-Size Balance Sheet Analysis 2008-2012

Common Size Asset

Current Assets


Balance with other bank and financial institution.

Money at call and short notice investment.

Loans and Advances


















– 0.58%


+ 95%


+ 3.41%


– 3.88%










– 1.65%


– 50%


– 2.06%


+ 2.43%










+ 0.37%


+ 4.48%


+ 8.60%


– 9.54%










+ 0.55%


– 0.39%


+ 0.09%


– 6.30%

Fixed  Assets

Other Assets





+ 0.34%

+ 0.53%



+ 0.3%

+ 0.68%



+ 0.43%

– 1.36%



+ 0.55%

+ 2.29%

Mercantile Bank Limited

Common-Size Balance Sheet Analysis 2008-2012

Common Size Liabilities and Capital


Borrowing from other

Deposit and other A/C

Other Liabilities










– 1.46%

+ 1.39%

– 0.07%






– 1.89%

+ 2.32%

– 1.14%






+ 4.51%

– 4.09%

+ 0.28%






+ 0.30%

– 1.47%

– 1 




Mercantile Bank Limited

Common-Size Balance Sheet Analysis 2008-2012

Common Size Share Holder Equity

Share Holder equity6.20%6.49%+ 29%8.25%+ 1.76%`8.29%+ 0.04%8.56%+ 0.27%

 Ratio and Trend Analysis:

Current ratio:

The current ratio, one of the most commonly cited financial ratios, measures the firm’s ability to meet its short term obligations. The higher the current ratio, the better the liquidity position of the firm. It is expressed as

Current Ratio=Current Asset/Current Liabilities







Current Ratio






Graphical Presentation


The graph shows an upward trend in MBL’s current ratio. This indicates that MBL’s has increased its liquidity position and thereby it has reduced the change of being technically insolvent.

Net Working capital:

Net working capital, although not actually a ratio is a common measure of a firm’s overall Liquidity a measure of liquidity ratio calculated by

Net Working capital=Current Asset-Current Liabilities

Tk (Million)







Net Working Capital (Tk)






Net Working Capital


Net working capital measures the liquidity position of the firm. In 2008 the net working capital was Tk 822.34 million which was gradually increased to tk 2447.97 million in 2012. The graph shows that increase trend of MBLs liquidity position this indicates that MBL has increased its ability to pay short term obligation out of its currents assets.

Cost Income Ratio:

It measures a particular Bank’s operating efficiency by measuring the percent of the total operating income that the Bank spends to operate its daily activities. It is calculated as follows:

Cost Income Ratio=Total operating Expenses/Total Operating Income







Cost Income Ratios






 Cost Income Ratio


In 2010 the cost income ratio of Mercantile Bank Ltd. is high but after that it is decreasing. So it can be said that the operating efficiency of the Mercantile Bank Ltd. is becoming good. That means they are successful in minimizing their operating cost.

Total Asset Turnover Ratio:

The total asset turnover indicates the efficiency with which the firm is able to use all its assets to generate income.

Total Asset Turnover= Operating Income/Total Asset







Total Asset Turnover(Times)






 Total Asset Turnovers


We know that this ratio measures the efficiency of the bank in using its total assets to generate operating income and the higher the ratio, the higher the efficiency of the bank is in using its assets. The graph shows an upward trend in total asset tarn over except in 2010. Its total asset turn over is lowest in 2010, but it is highest in 2012. This indicates that MBL is becoming more efficient in using its assets to generate operating income.

 Investment to Deposit ratio:

Investment to Deposit Ratio shows the operating efficiency of a particular Bank in promoting its investment product by measuring the percentage of the total deposit disbursed by the Bank as long & advance or as investment. The ratio is calculated as follows:

Total investment/Total Deposit







Investment to Deposit Ratio






Investment to Deposit ratio


In 2011 the unexpected investment was made by the Bank, the 25% of total deposit are in the form of investment. But this ratio drastically falls from 25% to 15% which is not good sign for the company.

 Net Profit Margin:

The net profit margin measures the percentage of each sales dollar remaining after all expenses, including taxes, have deducted. The higher the firm’s net profit margin is better. The net profit margin is a commonly cited measure of the company’s success with respect to earnings on sales.

Net Profit Margin=Net profit after tax/operating income







Net Profit Margin







Net Profit Margins


We know that this ratio shows the portion of total operating income that remains after deducting all the costs and expenditure for particular period of time. From the graph I have seen that the net profit margin is raising position in 2008 to 2012 except 2010.  There profit margin is in strong position.

Return on Asset (ROA):

The return on asset (ROA), which is often called the firm’s return on total assets, measures the overall effectiveness of management in generating profits with its available assets. The higher the ratio is better.

Return on Asset (ROA) =Net Profit after tax/Total Asset







Return On Asset






 Returns on Asset


Return on assets is an indicator of how profitable a company is. This ratio is used annually to compare the business performance to its norms. The banks return on asset was increasing from 1.33 to 1.64 in the preceding 5 years. It can be said that MBL’s earning capacity is increasing year by year. This is good sign for the Bank.

Return on Equity (ROE):

The return on equity measures the return earned on the owner’s investment. Generally, the higher return is the better off the owner’s.

Return on Equity=Net Profit after Tax/ Shareholders equity







Return on Equity






Returns on Equity


The return on equity ratio was decreasing from 2008 to 2012. That was decreased from 21.94% to 19.84%. This is not desirable. So, the management should work hard to increase the return associated with equity. Though return on equity has slightly increased in 2012 from preceding year, still it is significantly deviated from that of in 2008.

Earnings per Share

The firm’s Earning per share (EPS) are generally of interest to present or prospective stockholders and management. The Earning per share represent the number of dollars earned on behalf of each outstanding share of common stock. The earnings per share is calculated as follows.

Earning Per Share =Earnings available for common stock holder/No of shares of common stock outstanding













Earnings per Share


The graph shows that, EPS is highest in 2008 and there is a downward trend in EPS from year 2008 to 2010. But MBL has managed to increase its EPS as shown by the upward trend in EPS. Over the last three years.

Price Earnings Ratio:

The price or earning (P/E) ratio is commonly used to assess the investor appraisal of share value. The P/E represents the amount investors are willing to pay for each dollar of the firm’s earnings. The higher the P/E ratio, is the greater the investor confidence in the firm’s future. The price Earning (P/E) ratio is calculated as follows

Price Earnings Ratio=Market price per share of common stock/Earning per share







Price Earning Ratio(times)






Price Earnings Ratio


It measures the level of price that the investors are paying for per taka of earnings offered by the bank. From the graph I have seen that in year 2012 the investors has paid maximum amount of price for per unit of earnings in which the bank issued its share in the market. This indicates the investors are paying more and willing to invest in MBL.

 Debt Ratio:

The debt ratio measures the preparation of total assets provided by the firm’s creditors.

Debt ratio= Total Liabilities/Total Assets







Debt Ratio






Debt Ratio


The graph shows that debt ratio of MBL is fluctuating. The MBL has reduced its debt ratio and thereby it has reduced financial leverage and financial risk.

Time Interest Earned Ratio

The times interest earned ratio, sometimes called the interest coverage ratio, measures the firm’s ability to make contractual interest payments.

Time Interest Earned Ratio =Earnings before interest & Taxes/Interest







Time Interest Earned Ratio






Time Interest Earned Ratio


Their Time Interest Earned ratio was not satisfactory because, they have only 1.54tk.against 1 taka interest obligation which is not good .They should reduce their interest obligation or increase the EBIT in order to smoothly operate their business..



While working at MBL Dhanmondi Branch, I have got some new experience and examine different problems. These problems that I identify completely from my personal point of view which are given below.

  • The current ratio of MBL is increasing year by year.  Mercantile Bank Limited net working capital has gradually increasing year by year it is good sign for the bank.
  • Cash and bank balance to total deposit of MBL is higher but it is not good because higher liquidity position shows the greater amount of idle money, which can not generate the revenue.
  • Cost income ratio of the MBL was decreasing gradually it is good sign for the bank.
  • Total asset turnover of MBL is not good at all and it had been decreased 2008. But in 2011 this ratio is increasing mode.
  • The liabilities and borrowing are increasing last couple of years that ultimately decreasing the total revenue it is harmful.
  • The profit margin of MBL is in strong position and earning per share (EPS) over the last three years in upward trend.
  • MBL had good return on asset and equity during 2012 but both of return falls in 2011.
  • Invest to deposit drastically falls last year that is not good sign.


Mercantile Bank Limited (MBL) is setting new standards in the banking arena in the time of turbulent economic conditions. As part of the long term financial reform and modernization plan of the government, the bank had been converted into a public limited company. Bank is a financial intermediary that collects money as deposit from idle section i.e. household by providing interest against deposit and mobilize this money into productive sector i.e. industry, agriculture, manufacturing from by collecting interest against loan. The difference between interest expense and interest gain is the bank’s main profit. In banking language it is called spread. Without a bank an economic development cannot be imagined. The mercantile bank one of the leading banks in our country that also plays a vital role undoubtlly. In 2010 the Mercantile Bank total deposit was (75629.14) million and provide loan (66377.70) million. Mercantile bank collect deposit by providing different types attracting deposit product and provide loan by offering different types of investment product. In developing economic condition mercantile bank has the huge contribution i.e. in 2010 the contribution was in garments sector (11,211,457,626), agriculture sector (2,038,915,000), government sector (9,565,346,007). So it can be said that Mercantile Bank plays a very important role in economic development.


It is not unexpected to have problems in any organization. There must be problems to operate an organization. But there must be remedies to follow. The following commendations can be suggested to solve the above mentioned problems.

  • MBL should be more efficient using its assets to generate it operating income. And it should need to increase investment to deposit.
  • It should maintain its large capital to continue its strong position in capital adequacy.
  • They should need to invest their idle money in right way and continue to grip up net working capital for pay short term obligation
  • It should give more concern in their management quality to improve it satisfactory position.
  •  Management should be careful enough to control the excessive cost.
  • Operational efficiency of every branch should be examined to profoundly and regularly. Management should give more concern and directions to reduce the operating cost of branches.
  • MBL should pay attention to increase the net interest margin by decreasing interest expenses.


Every matter has got some limitations. So this is also not an exception. The limitations of this internship report are stated below:

  • Due to time and cost restriction, the study is concentrated in selected areas. To continue study in such a vast area requires a big deal of time. As an internee I had only three month which is not enough.
  • As a financial organization a bank has some restrictions to serve all the real data of the bank to the general people as a result the study is mostly depending on official files and annual reports.
  • Available data also could not be verified. In most cases I simply did not have any option but to furnish with data without verification.
  • MBL as a commercial bank so its key personnel are very busy and they could not able to give me enough time for discussion about various topics.
  • Sometimes such kinds of tasks were given in the Bank that was no way related to my topic and I was responsible to do it which breaks my concentration in my major area of investigation.
  • Every organization has its own secrecy that is not revealed to others.
  • Lack of experience has acted as constraints in the way of meticulous exploration of the topic.



  • Foster George, (1996) Financial Statement Analysis. Second Edition, Pearson Education Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
  • Gitman, J Lawrence, (1997). Principle of Managerial Finance. 10th edition, Pearson Education Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
  • Stephen A. Ross, Randolph W. Westerfield and Jaffery Jaffe, (2003).Corporate Finance. Seventh Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.


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Mercantile Bank Ltd