Fund Flow Statement

Fund flow is the sum of both cash inflows and outflows from and into different financial assets. The term ‘fund’ refers to the amount of money used to support the day-to-day activities of the company and to purchase properties for the organization. Fund flow is normally calculated on a monthly or quarterly basis; no account is taken of the output of an asset or investment, only share redemptions, or outflows, and share purchases, or inflows. The statement on the fund flow suggests a method of evaluating adjustments in the financial condition of the company, between two dates for the balance sheet.

In other words, the fund flow statement describes the source of the inflow and outflow of funds during the accounting period involved and analyzes how it impacts an organization’s working capital. If a mutual fund or ETF has higher net inflows, fund managers have to spend more funds, and demand for the underlying assets tends to increase. With increased outflows, the alternative is true. Fund flow statement is an important determiner that shows how funds are used. With the assistance of this statement, financial analysts can assess the fund flow of a company within the near future.

The fund flow statement is really useful in understanding adjustments in the asset, liability, and capital structure. It shows whether the sources of funds match with its application and shows the consistency of the funding and investment decisions made by a company. It serves as a financial parameter that lets a firm manage its finances and build a better plan for using funds. Fund flow is based only on cash movement, representing the net movement after analyzing monetary fund inflows and outflows. These movements can involve payments made to investors or the company in return for products and services.

Funds Flow Statement analysis is a comparison between various aspects of a Balance Sheet. It is a gathering wherein to give data with respect to any reserve stream movement that may be strange, for example, a higher-than-anticipated outpouring because of an unpredictable cost. Further, it frequently orders different exchange types and sources to help track any action changes. Unlike the cash flow statement, which is prepared on a cash basis, the fund flow statement is prepared on an accrual basis.

Significant shifts in the flow of funds note an increase in inflow, a reduction in outflow, or a combination of both. Conversely, the negative flow of funds indicates lower inflows, higher outflows, or both. Preparation of Funds Flow Statement is performed in the three steps below-

Statement depicting differences in working capital: The firm’s working capital rises if current assets grow or the current liabilities decline. However, the firm’s working capital reduces if the current assets decline and the current liabilities rise. According to the formula for working capital calculation,

Working capital = Current assets – Current liabilities

This specific statement concentrates on the consequences that change working capital. Here are a few factors which are responsible for increasing the working capital of the company.

Statement depicting funds from various operations: Operating Funds refers to the benefit received or loss sustained by routine activities. Finding funds from the project is essential to the preparation of the statement on the flow of funds. In this paragraph, the benefit and loss of the current year are measured along with a change in the depreciation or accounting of the loss on the disposal of fixed assets.

Statement depicting the flow of funds: This is the ultimate step to calculate the flow of funds. After recognizing the funds/loss from operations, the fund flow statement is ready, which is able to show the online increase or decrease within the assets.

A declaration of the flow of funds from the company is an important financial instrument for controlling and regulating working capital. In general, any change in assets and liabilities which result in cash inflows and outflows, but not always, as in the case of asset depreciation or revaluation, there is no inflow or outflow of funds. In such circumstances, this statement provides a clear picture of the profit earned by an organization.

Therefore a Funds Flow Statement helps to define the blockage of liquidity and helps to prepare an appropriate dividend strategy. Therefore only certain assets or liabilities can become part of the statement, which in turn refers to the fund’s flows to/from the company. Be that as it may, even with the constraints of this announcement, it encourages money related examiners to assess the asset report and think of proposals to work reserves viably. Thus, every little and enormous association must think about their reserve development to settle on improved money related choices.

 

Information Sources:

  1. groww.in
  2. investopedia.com
  3. businessjargons.com