Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC), also known as Return on Capital (ROC), is a profitability or performance ratio which aims to measure a company’s percentage return on capital invested. The return on capital invested ratio provides a sense of how efficiently a business uses its resources to produce profits. ROIC is a proportion utilized in money, valuation, and bookkeeping, as a proportion of the productivity and worth making capability of organizations comparative with the measure of capital contributed by investors and other obligation holders. The proportion shows how productively an organization is utilizing the financial specialists’ assets to create income.

Comparing the return on capital invested by a company with its weighted average capital cost (WACC) shows whether the capital invested is being used efficiently. This metric is also commonly known as “return on capital”. Benchmarking firms use the ROIC ratio to determine other firms’ worth. The return on the capital invested can be used as a measure for measuring the valuation of other businesses. The ratio shall be determined by dividing the net operating profit after tax (NOPAT) by the average book value of the capital invested (IC).

The Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) is calculated using the cost of the investment and the returns produced. The ROIC formula is (net income – dividend) / (debt + share). Returns are all profits received after tax but before interest is paid. The value of an investment is determined by subtracting from the assets of the company all existing long-term liabilities, those due within the year. The ROIC formula is determined by determining the value in the denominator, total capital which is the amount of the debt and equity of a corporation.

The expense of the venture can either be the aggregate sum of advantages an organization needs to maintain its business or the measure of financing from banks or investors. The return is then separated by the expense of speculation. There are various approaches to compute this worth. One is to take away money and non-enthusiasm bearing current liabilities (NIBCL) including charge liabilities and records payable, as long as these are not liable to premium or expenses from absolute resources.

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) = NOPAT / Invested capital (IC)


NOPAT = Net operating profit after tax

​ Any business that receives excess returns on acquisitions totaling more than the cost of acquiring the capital is a producer of wealth, and therefore typically trades at a premium. Excess returns can be reinvested, thereby guaranteeing the company’s future development. An expenditure whose return is equal to or less than the cost of capital is a destroyer of wealth. Another technique for ascertaining contributed capital is to include the book estimation of an organization’s value to the book estimation of its obligation, at that point deduct non-working resources, including money and money counterparts, attractive protections, and resources of ended activities.

Because financial theory states that the worth of investment is set by both the quantity of and risk of its expected cash flows to an investor, it’s worth noting ROIC and its relationship to the weighted cost of capital (WACC). An ROIC over the value of capital means a corporation is healthy and growing, while an ROIC under the price of capital suggests an unsustainable business model. In general, a company is called a value creator if its ROIC is at least two percent higher than the cost of capital; a value destroyer is usually classified as any company that is ROIC is two percent lower than its capital cost. There are some companies that run at zero returns, whose return percentage on the value of capital lies within the set estimation error, which in this case is 2%.

Then again, on the grounds that an organization may have profited by a one-time wellspring of pay random to its central business a fortune from unfamiliar swapping scale changes, for instance, it is regularly desirable over gander at networking benefit after charges (NOPAT). The expense of capital is the return anticipated from financial specialists for bearing the danger that the extended incomes of a venture go astray from desires. It is said that prudent investors expect incrementally higher rates of return as compensation for bearing higher degrees of risk for assets in which future cash flows are increasingly less certain. Alternatively, for an organization with long haul liabilities that are not viewed as an obligation, include the fixed resources and the resources of the flow and take away current liabilities and money to compute the book estimation of contributed capital. The profit for contributed capital ought to mirror the absolute profits earned for the capital put resources into the entirety of the undertakings recorded on the organization’s books, with that sum contrasted with the organization’s expense of capital.

Incorporate finance, WACC is a common indicator of all investors in a company’s minimum estimated weighted average return considering the riskiness of their potential cash flows. Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) are often referred to as operating profit. Many businesses in their earnings reports will announce their effective tax rates for the quarter or fiscal year but not all. ROIC is one of the most important and insightful metrics for measuring valuations. All things considered, it is more significant for certain segments than others, since organizations that work oil apparatuses or fabricates semiconductors contribute capital considerably more seriously than those that require less hardware.


Information Sources:

  3. wikipedia