The general objective of this report is to analysis Financial Statement analysis of Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited. Other objectives are know the financial condition and to know the financial position the pharmaceutical section. Report also focus on to guess its future condition and to know about its past condition of this company. Report also use of cash flows analysis to evaluate the financial health of an enterprise.
Introduction
Beximcon pharma is a Leading pharmaceutical company base is Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is a member of the “Beximco group” the largest private section industrial conglomerate in Bangladesh. Their strategic strengths include strong recognition of their brands. They stated their operation in 1980. manufacturing product under the licenses of Bayer Ag of Germany and Upjohn Inc of USA and now have grown to be come nation, some of the heading pharmaceutical companies. Supplying more than 10% of county’s total medicine need today “Beximco pharma” manufactures and markets its own branded gene ricers for almost all deceases from AIDS to cancer. They market their bonds though their own professional sales and marketing terms in African, South Asian, and other markets. They also supply their products to owned hospitals and institution in many countries.
Financial Statement Analyses is a special art of going in depth to the financial Statement by the people who have expertise to do so. Without this it helps investors and creditors to improve their economic decisions. We will examine the impact of the differential application of accounting methods and estimates on financial statements with particular emphasis on the effect of accounting choices on reported earning, stockholder equity, cash flow and various measures of corporate performance (including but not limited to financial ratios). We will also stress the use of cash flows analysis to evaluate the financial health of an enterprise.
Background of the repot
Beximco pharma is a leading company based in Dhaka, and is acclaimed for its outstanding product quality, world class manufacturing facility product development capabilities and outstanding professional service. Without this Beximco pharma has long enjoyed the equation of being a leader in setting the trends in Bangladesh pharmaceutical industry. 25 years have passes since we started out own operation. In the last 25 years they lead the domestic pharmaceutical market in several dimensions.
In 25 years of operating in healthcare business, the true and reliability on their products has emerged as one of our core competencies. Today, the mane “Baximco pharma” has become synonymous with true and reliability. Quality is their relentless passion.
Objective
 To know the financial condition.
 To know the financial position the pharmaceutical section.
 To guess its future condition.
 To know about its past condition
Different types of Ratios and there objectives :
Shortterm liquidity Ratios:
Short term liquidity ratios are the measurement of a firm’s ability to meet its shortterm obligation. Two ratios are typically used to measure shortterm liquidity 1) current ratio and 2) quick ratio. Both focus on the relationship between current assets and current liabilities. The quick ratio is the moiré conservative measure of liquidity.
Current Ratio:
Current ratio is an assessment of a firm’s shortterm liquidity. It is computed by dividing current assets by current liabilities.
Quick Ratio:
Quick ratio is a conservative assessment of a firm’s shortterm liquidity.
It is computed by dividing quick assets (cash, receivables, and marketable securities) by current liabilities.
Debt Management Ratios:
Debt management ratios are the measurements of a firm’s ability to meet obligations involving debt. In general debt management’s ratio measures either (1) the excess of earnings over interest or (2) the proportion of debt in the business liabilities and equity.
TimesInterestearned Ratio:
It is the measurements of the excess of income available for interest payment over the amount of interest payments. The equation used to calculate this ratio is: (net income+ interest+ taxes)/ interest.
Debt to Equity Ratio:
This is the measurements of the proportion of capital provided by creditors relative to that provided by stock holders. It is computed by dividing total debt by total equity.
Operating Ratios:
Operating ratio (efficiency ratio) are measures of how intensely a business uses its assets. The principal operating ratio is measure of turnover, the average length of time required for assets to be consumed or replaced.
Accounts Receivable turnover Ratio:
It is the measurement of the number of times account receivable is turned over each year. It is computed by dividing net credit sales by average account receivable.
Inventory turnover Ratio:
Inventory turnover ratio is the measurement of the number of times inventory is turned over each year. The equation used for computation is cost of good sold/ average inventory.
Assets turnover Ratio:
The ratio is used to measure the intensity with which business assets arused to produce sales revenue. It is computed by dividing net sales by the average total assets.
Profitability Ratios:
Profitability ratios are the measurement of (1) the contribution of the elements of operations of profit or (2) the relationship of profit to total investment and investment by stockholders.
Goss margin Ratios:
It is the measurement of the proportion of each sales taka that is available to pay other expenses and provide profit for owners. This ratio is computed by dividing gross margin by net sales.
Operating income Ratio:
It is the measurement of the profitability of business operations in relation to its sales. It is compared by dividing operating income by net sales.
Net income Ratio:
This ratio is the measurement of the proportion of each sales taka that is profit. The equation for computation the ratio is: net income / net sales.
Returns on assets Ratio:
Return on assets ratio is the measurement of the profit earned by a firm through the use of all its capital, or the total investment by both creditor and owners. The equation for computation of this ratio is:( net income+ interest)/ average total assets
Returns on Equity Ratio:
This ratio is the measurement of the profit earned by a firm through the use of capital supplied by stockholders. The equation for computation is: net income/ average equity.
CURRENT RATIO:
CURRENT RATIO= CURRENT ASSETS/CURRENT Liabilities
2006  2005  2004 
403164955 ………………….. 2260755481
=1.78Times  3242502312 ……………………. 1949949426
=1.66Times  2016056187 ……………………… 1250675506
=1.61Times

NOTE: Here the assets of 31 December, 2006 are 1.78. so, we can say that the situation of assess and liabilities of 31 December 2006 is better than assets and liabilities 31 December 2005 and 2004.in this ratio we see that the company has 1.78 in current assets to cover each 1.00 in current liabilities.
QUICK RATIOS:
QUICK Ratio= (CURRENT ASSETSInventories)/Current liabilities
4031684955134236447 …………………………… 2260755481 =1.19Times  32425023121144912356 …………………………….. 1949949426 =1.07Times  2016056147795856209 …………………………. 1250675506 =0.97TIMES 
NOTE: Here 31 December, 2006 quick ratio is 1.19.we can say that 31t December 2006 quick ratio is better than previous years. In this situation we can say that the company has 1.19 sales of inventory to pay the bills.
Cash flow liquidity
Cash flow liquidity = (Cash + market securities + CFO)/Current liabilities
2006  2005  2004 
316,720,982+20,250,000 +175217000 ……………………………………… 2260755481,481 = 0.80 times  382,074,333+20,250,00 +169502584 ………………………………………. 1949,949,426 = 0.5=65 times  52,080,250+20,250,000 +15963522 …………………………………… 1250,675,506 = 0.50 times 
Note: It explaining the improvement in the cash flow liquidity ratio and stronger shortterm solvency.
Leverage ratio: Debit financing and coverage
Debt Ratio:
Debt Ratio = Total liabilities/Total Assets
2006  2005  2004 
8050645877 ……………. 9298987312 = 0.87  7055122440 …………… 7907932662 = 0.88  5247891358 …………… 5877361667 = 0.89 
NOTE: The debt ratio indicates how borrowing has financed much of the firm’s assets lower the ratio means lower amounts of borrowing. In year 2006 the ratio is lower than previous years.
Debt to equity ratio:
Debt to equity ratio = Total liabilities/Share holders equity
2006  2005  2004 
8050645877 …………………….. 6402014772 = 1.30 times  7055122440 ………………….. 5568790156 = 1.32 times  5247891358 ………………………. 4590142003 = 1.15 times 
NOTE: Debt to ratio is decreasing year 2006. But it is increases in 2005 not good for the company. Because the higher degree of debt the greater is the degree of risk. There have a chance bankruptcy
TimesInterest – Earned Ratio:
TimesInterest – Earned Ratio= (Net income+ interest + taxes)/Interest expense
2006  2005  2004 
1533042614+139863636 ………………………… 139863636 =11.96 times  1513018599+106451324 ……………………………. 106451324 =15.21 times  1151636314+108673997 …………………………… 108673997 =11.60 times 
Note: Times –interest – earned ratio has increase in the year 2005 but it decreases in 2006. So the company is now in a stable position.
Activity ratios: assets liquidity, assets management efficiency
average collection period:
Average collection period= Accounts receivable/Average daily sales
2006  2005  2004 
85644000 …………… 0689905396/365 =16 days  78854600 ……………. 5332046635/365 =20 days  67892469 ……………. 4721551742/365 =22 days 
Note: This ratio determines how rapidly the firm’s credit accounts are being collected. In 2006 average collection period is 16 days. Which is less than 2005 & 2004. This means that in this years management was more efficient form previous years.
Accounts receivable turnover ratio:
Accounts receivable turnover ratio: Net sales/Accounts receivable
2006  2005  2004 
6075711742 …………………. 787604783 =7.71  5270874301 ……………….. 474055792 =11.11  4636514957 ……………… 79036484 =58.66 
Note: This circumstances we see that, account receivable turnover is decrease than previous years. So we can say that is quite good for the company.
Inventory turnover ratios:
Inventory turnover ratio= Cost of good sold/Inventory
2006  2005  2004 
3525402669 ……………… 134236447 =2.63  3159453706 ……………….. 1144912356 =2.76  28154959729 ………………… 795856209 =3.54

Note: this ratio show that how fast the inventory is converted into finished goods that are sold. In 2006 the ratio is lower than 2005.it is good for the company.
Total Asset turnovers Ratio:
Asset turnovers Ratio = Sales/Total Asset
2006  2005  2004 
6075711742 ………………. 9298987312 =0.65  5270874301 ……………………. 7907932662 0.67  4636514957 …………………. 5877361667 =0.79 
Note: In2006 TATO ratio is very poor through out the year 2005.since the ratio is showing decreased in 2006, it reveals the fact that the firm could not use its asset efficiently to generate sales. This is because a large portion of assets is involving the current assets, which are not productive.
Profitability ratios
Gross margin ratios:
Gross margin ratio= Gross margin/Net sales
2006  2005  2004 
2564502727 ……………… 6075711742 =0.42  2172592929 ……………… 5270874301 =0.41  1906592013 …………………… 4636514957 =0.41 
Note: This ratio indicates the efficiency of operation of how products are priced. In 2006 gross margin ratio is increased than previous years. It is good for the company.
Operating income ratios:
Operating income ratios= Operating income/Net sales
2006  2005  2004 
1580204535 ……………… 6075711742 =0.26  1337725672 ………………… 5270874301 =0.25  551832995 ………………. 4636514957 =0.12 
Note: Operating income ratio is increasing in per year. So we can say that the company earned enough profit to cover operating cost. It is good for the company.
Net income ratios:
Net income ratio= Net income/Net sales
2006  2005  2004 
1533042614 ………………. 6075711742 =0.25  1513018599 ……………….. 5270874301 =0.29  1151636314 ………………… 4636514957 =0.25

Note: Net income ratio is decrease on the last year. In this ratio the company earned 0.25 profits from 1 dollar sales in 31 December, 2006. It is not good for the company. They have to improve the condition.
Return on assets ratio:
Return on assets ratio= Net income/Total Asset
2006  2005  2004 
1533042614 ……………… 9298987312 =0.16  1513018599 ………………. 7907932662 =0.19  1151636314 …………………. 5877361667 =0.20 
Note: this ratio reflects the rate of return on firm’s total investment after interest and taxes. In year 2006 the percentage of ROA is lower than previous years. This mean year 2006 the return of firm’s total investment after interest and taxes is very insignificant.
Cash return on assets
Cash return on assets ratio= Cash flow operating activities / Total assets
2006  2005  2004 
175217000 …………….. 9298987312 =0.018  169502584 ………………… 7907932662 =0.021  159638522 ………………. 5877361667 =0.25 
Note: The cash return on assets of the decreasing respectively 2004, 2005, and 2006. It is negative activity of the company. Cash generating ability of assets decreases year after year. It is not good for future investment. Because, cash will be required for the future investment
Conclusion:
The financial statement analyses of the beximco pharmaceutical ltd. The financial statement consists of the mixture of steps and prices that interrelate and affect each other. No one part of thee analysis should be interpreted in isolation. Short –term liquidity impacts profitability, profitability began with sale which relates to the liquidity of assets. The efficiency of assets management influences the cost and Availability of credit which shapes the capital structure. Every aspect of a cost Availability of a company’s financial statement condition performance and outlook affects the share price.
Recommendation:
 To remove some positive side which can be affective for the organization?
 If the average collection period decreasing day by day. The sale of the firm may be decreases.
 The current ratio is increasing which is a positive side of the firm it means the firm is capable to face its all liabilities.
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