Recruitment and selection both components are parts of the employment process. Recruitment is a process of searching out the potential applicants and inspiring them to apply for the actual or anticipated vacancy. On the other hand, Selection is a process of hiring employees among the shortlisted candidates and providing them a job in the organization.
They come in sequence. It means, selection begins after the completion of a recruitment process. They are equally important for effective selection and placement of employees. They are interrelated with each other and they compliment as well as the supplement each other.
Differences between recruitment and selection are as follows:
(a) Recruitment: It is a process of searching candidates.
Selection: It is a process of choosing the best-qualified candidate.
(b) Recruitment: It is an act of establishing contact between employers and applicants.
Selection: It is a process of picking up more competent and suitable employees.
(c) Recruitment: It is a positive process as it attracts many people to apply for the job.
Selection: It is a negative process as it rejects most of the under qualified and misfit candidates.
(d) Recruitment: It is performed before selection.
Selection: It is performed after recruitment.
(e) Recruitment: There will be no contract between employees and employers.
Selection: There is employment contract between employees and employers.
(f) Recruitment: It is a short process.
Selection: It is a lengthier process.
(g) Recruitment: It provides information for vacancies.
Selection: It matches candidates with the organizational jobs.
(h) Recruitment: It encourages a large number of Candidates for a job.
Selection: It attempts at rejecting unsuitable candidates.
(i) Recruitment: It is easy and low costly process.
Selection: It is a complex and costly process.