Functions of Human Resource Department

Human resource department of an organization is headed by high-ranking officials. It is the department in an organization dealing with matters involving employees, as hiring, training, labor relations, and benefits. The HR department is meant for the management of people in order to achieve the organizational goal. It coordinates with other departments for the effective utilization of resources.

HR department performs a variety of functions ranging from managerial functions to operative functions. More specially, the functions are ranged from the time of entry to the exit of an employee in the organization. The functions carried out by the human resource department or human resource manager are as follows:

(1) Managerial Functions of Human Resource Department

The managerial function is concerned with the activities performed by top management in the organization. The human resource manager as managers performs different activities ranging from planning to controlling. Following are the main managerial functions of the human resource department:

  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Directing/leading
  • Controlling.

(2) Operative Functions of Human Resource Department

An operative function is concerned with the day-to-day management of organizational activities and human resources. They can be classified as follows:

  • Employment
  • Development
  • Compensation
  • Motivation
  • Maintenance
  • Personnel record
  • Industrial relation or employee relation
  • Separation.

(3) Advisory Functions of HRDepartment

Human resource manager has specialized knowledge, education and training in managing human relations. He/she is an expert on managing human relations. So, he/she can provide advice on matters relating to human resources of the organization. The advice may be to the top management or departmental heads.


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