Human resources development refers to an organization’s focus on improving the knowledge, ability, skills, and other talents of their employees. It is the integrated use of training, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group, and organizational effectiveness.
It is a process of developing skills, competencies, knowledge, and attitudes of people in an organization. The people become human resource only when they are competent to perform organizational activities.
Features of Human Resource Development
The essential features of human resource development can be listed as follows:
- Human resource development is a process in which employees of the organizations are recognized as its human resource. It believes that human resource is the most valuable asset of the organization.
- It stresses on the development of human resources of the organization. It helps the employees of the organization to develop their general capabilities in relation to their present jobs and expected future role.
- It emphasizes the development and best utilization of the capabilities of individuals in the interest of the employees and organization.
- It helps is establishing/developing better interpersonal relations. It stresses on developing a relationship based on help, trust, and confidence.
- It promotes team spirit among employees.
- It tries to develop competencies at the organization level. It stresses on providing a healthy climate for development in the organization.
- HRD is a system. It has several sub-systems. All these sub-systems are inter-related and interwoven. It stresses on collaboration among all the sub-systems.
- It aims to develop an organizational culture in which there is good senior-subordinate relations, motivation, quality and sense of belonging.
- It tries to develop competence at an individual, interpersonal, group and organizational level to meet an organizational goal.
- It is an interdisciplinary concept. It is based on the concepts, ideas, and principles of sociology, psychology, economics etc.
- It forms on employee welfare and quality of work life. It tries to examine/identify employee needs and meeting them to the best possible extent.
- It is a continuous and systematic learning process. Development is a lifelong process, which never ends.