Information and Communication Technology

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing. In one word communication as well as business communication is motionless without information and communication technology. The value of ICT strategies as a means of bridging the digital divide and as a powerful tool for economic and social development around the world should not be underestimated in agricultural and related sectors.

ICT refers to all the technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions. The conventional process of communication is not sufficient to meet the multidimensional needs of business enterprises. So, the importance of modern communication technology emerges to meet the desired need of modern business enterprises. Globally communication has been facilitated by the electronic transmission of data that connects people, regardless of religion, color, and geographic location, almost instantly.

Modern information and communication technology depend on the computer which is a device made up of electronic and electromechanical components. There are a number of communication channels representing both the wide range of possible uses of data communication and the various new technologies in the communication industry. Examples of such technologies are

  • Telephone lines
  • Switched lines
  • Coaxial cables
  • Optical fiber transmission
  • Microwave transmission
  • Infrared transmission
  • Laser transmission
  • Radio transmission
  • Satellite transmission etc.

Oral or voice media in electronic forms include voice mail, audiotape and videotape, tale-conferencing and video conferencing, closed-circuit television, and instant message -etc. Written media in electronic forms include e-mail, faxing, computer conferencing (with groupware), websites, etc.

Some modern information and communication technology devices are discussed as follows:

Telephone

It connects people irrespective of distance it brings the tone and helps us to communicate at any movement and from any location. In current time telephone has taken the shape of a cell phone which is easily portable and can be used anywhere in the globe where the network is supported by a mobile operator’s

Telex

Telex is an important communication device for transferring data. It has a huge application for official purposes but the development of other advanced devices has reduced the use of such. It takes more time and cost to transmit data and therefore in modern days we do not see the availability of such devices.

Mobile Technology

It has made a revolution in the arena of communication and providing useful means to communicate anywhere supported by the network. This kind of technology has brought the value-added services given below: Voice-Mail, Voice SMS, Text SMS, Web Browsing, Push-Pull service, etc.

Multimedia

When such an effect is displayed on the monitor, we get the taste of modern communication. Multimedia is widely used in the advertising field to highlight any product or service. The effect of multimedia can also be observed through our cell phones.

Fax/Facsimile

Fax is the short form of Facsimile. It is a device that is used for transmitting diagrams, drawings, sketches, letters, circulars, articles, etc. It is one of the most improved electronic versions of the telefax machine.

Electronic Mail (E-mail)

Electronic mail is popularly known as e-mail where textual messages are sent to the receiver through tale-communication links. A Sender first types the message on a computer screen and then sends it to the receiver. And that sanded message is dropped in the receiver’s mailbox and the receiver can read the message and answer if required.

Video Conferencing

Video conferencing is a new device of communication in recent times. This method of communication is generally used for holding meetings and discussions. Conferencing may take many forms, such as video-conferencing, audio-conferencing, multimedia conferencing, and screen sharing, etc.

Tale conference

This technology allows people to hold a meeting or conversation over the telephone Here distant participants exchange their oral message and can only listen to the voice. (In multinational culture, group meeting takes place through tale conferencing.

Tale-text

This is an electronic message broadcasted on television. Such text is widely used to communicate to a large group of people once at a time breaking news, business reports; stock market updates, weather reports, etc. are presented as a tale-text through televisions.

Webcam

This kind of technology is widely used by all sorts of people for all sorts of different reasons. Business firms use webcams for video conferring and some schools and daycare facilities use a webcam to allow parents to see what their children are doing.

Internet

It connects thousands through networking and helps to explore information and data and knowledge. Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) is based on the architecture of the internet and helping business firms to do business with respective stake-holders. It can be used for sending an e-mail, tale-conferencing, and video-conferencing. VOIP (Voice over internet protocol) calls, chatting and messaging, etc.

Information and communication technology is the most growing sector nowadays. So information and communication technology devices are rapidly changing there looking, a way of work, technology.