An interview is a face-to-face interaction between interviewer and interviewee. If conducted carefully and properly, it observes and appraises the suitability of the candidate to perform the job successfully. An interview is based on the in-depth conversation which probes the areas of information that cannot be obtained by other steps of a selection process.
Types of Interview on the Basis of Objectives
The main objective of an interview is to obtain additional information from the candidate. In this regard following types of interviews are conducted:
- Preliminary Employment Interview
This type of interview is concerned with screening candidates initially if they are under-qualified. The purpose of this screen is to decide whether you are a potential fit for the role and move you on to the next round of the interview, usually with someone who you’d potentially be working with. It is conducted to verify whether the further detailed interview will be required. The candidates are provided with job details and they can compare themselves whether they will be suited for the job. This method saves time and money in employee selection for the organization.
- Final Selection Interview
It is conducted at the time of final selection of the candidates. For the final round interview, a shortlist of two or three candidates will usually meet with the Selectors. This is concerned with g0-not-go decision. Candidates passing other selection hurdles are interviewed to verify the accuracy and qualify the information provided in the application. To reach an objective decision, consider getting together a group of interviewers, including the hiring manager, the team leader, and the CEO, if they were not involved in previous rounds.If the selector thinks a particular candidate is a genuine one, he/she will be selected for placement.
- Follow-up Placement Interview
This interview is conducted in order to provide the selected applicant with permanent duties and responsibilities when he/she has successfully completed the probation period. This is for the socialization of an employee in the organization. However, sometimes what you do after the interview is just as important as what you do to prepare.
- Exit Interview
Exit interviews are common in business, education and government environments. An exit interview is conducted at the time of leaving the organization. The employee who wants to leave the company is asked with the reason for his/her resignation. It is a wrap-up meeting between management representatives and someone who is leaving an organization, either voluntarily or through termination.