Our topic is “Behavioral pattern in Readymade garments industry of Bangladesh”. And we completed our assignment by asking some questions to the garments Director, GM & Labors. After completing the questioner part we finished our work. Today the apparel export sector is a multi-billion-dollar manufacturing and export industry in the country. The overall impact of the readymade garment exports is certainly one of the most significant social and economic developments in contemporary Bangladesh. Ready-made garments manufactured in Bangladesh are divided mainly into two broad categories: woven and knit products. Shirts, T-shirts and trousers are the main woven products and undergarments, socks, stockings, T-shirts, sweaters and other casual and soft garments are the main knit products.
Behavior Pattern: Behavior is a way or style of communicating with others. Almost in every organization there is an interaction of people. One of the important aspects of the interaction is the behavior. Their behavior affects the performance of others.
Management of the garments industry & the labor both are interred related to the behavior.
Objective of the study
RMG sector is a very big sector to earn the foreign currency for the Bangladesh. But somehow the labor & the management are clashed with each other. Objectives of the study to know about current situation of RMG in Bangladesh to know about Managerial behavior of RMG to identify of problems in production and marketing of RMG to suggest some policy guideline of RMG
So in our objective we are presented—
- To know about the relation between top level & lower level
- To know about current situation of RMG in Bangladesh
- To know about managerial behavior of RMG
- To identify of Problem in Production and marketing of RMG
- To suggest some policy guideline of RMG
- To check out the present condition of the practice of Management and Behavior pattern in Garments industry.
- To investigate their problems.
To suggest some possible solutions for overcoming the existing.
Scope of the study
Scope of the study Decision to establish the purpose of the organization. Collective or shared goals A controlled performance.
Methodology of the study
Data collection method:
By doing this assignment we were visited a garments industry name, “The MHM Garments Ltd”. We were talking with General Manager, Production manager, & other supportive labors. Most of our data collection policy was primary. But we also got some other information from the internet. After collecting the information, we all among 3 was getting together for sorting the information & preparing it into an assignment. We generate data for this project in two ways those are Primary Data collection method & secondary data collection method.
Primary data collection:
For this project we have make Group studies and visiting garments for generating some ideas.
Secondary data collection:
The major portion of this assignment is based on secondary data. We collect data for this project from internet and from our text book.
Limitation of the study
When we were searching the information, our first limitation was “Time”, then we felt that we could not collect the more primary data from the GM, PM & the labors. Because they were also busy with their activities.
Findings & Analysis
Highly qualified Human resource department: The employee who works in Human Resource, they are well qualified. And they always try to utilize their all resource for making more profit.
Well communication system: In this garments the communication between labor & management is good. Because when the labor falls on any problem, they communicate with the management team directly or their union leader. And in every month the management arranges a meeting for the workers to know about the workers problem.
Well disciplined: Discipline is one kind of rules which is strictly followed by the people. This garments worker, supervisor, production manager, general manager & other top level manager also follow the rules & regulation of the garments.
Mutual interest: In this garments management shows the mutual interest to their worker. That’s why the workers are more motivated & they are satisfied with their activities.
Exact working time with two hours over time: The management teams are not pressurized their workers for more working in the industry. They only work 8 hours a day & over time only 2 hours in the six day of a week.
Timely wages payment: The workers are also satisfied the behavior of the management team. Because the labor get their wages in the proper time. So they do not feel any hesitation of their wages. In this reason the labor never attacks their garments industry.
Attendance bonus: Normally the worker who works in the industry they want the bonus. Because the wages scale of the labor is low. So making the motivation of the labor, the management team give the attendance bonus who is regular & timely join in his/her work & timely finish his/her work. This bonus is paying with their basic wages.
Allowance system: The workers also get some allowance, like house rent allowance & medical allowance with basic wages.
Long working hour: The workers regularly working almost 8-10 hours a day in the industry. They get only 15-20 minute break for launch & namaz. So they are in mentally pressure. It is not good for the workers mind.
Inflexibility: In the garments, majority of the workers are female. So they have an intention about their children. Because they are totally detached with them. So somehow they feel inflexible in working hour.
Accommodation system is not suitable: The garments industry is not give the accommodation facility. Some of the garments worker comes to join his/her work place in late. And it makes a bad impression to the management.
Lack of efficiency in making decision: There are some lacks of efficiency in the management. Their decision-making process takes long time. There are employees who do not have proper skill and experience about their work. If they have intuition and experience maybe they can overcome that kinds of limitation.
Labor is not insured by the insurer: Garments industry is one kind of fixed asset & its resources are also the asset. So the workers of the garments industry also the asset. Example, in the Islam Garments ltd. has 1800 hundred labors. Per labors produce 50 units a day. But somehow the industry will be burnt by the fire & some of the labors dead & injured. In this case, the production will loss because the gap of the labors.
- Low wages
- Lack of ethical sense
- Equal payment of all workers
- Have not insurance facilityIn flexible planning
- Lack of psychologist in the working place
- Training expense
- Lack of special training for the supervisor
- Have not security & accommodation for worker
To solve the problem, the recommendation, which the garments need to follow is discus bellow:
Low wages: Basically the worker gets the low basic wages. This salary is unable to meet the ones basic needs. So the garments should increase their workers’ wages. If the garments totally unable to increase the wages they should provide some extra facility like performance bonus, medical facilities or something like that.
Lack of ethical scenes: When the workers get the low basic wages which break their motivation. To reduce their poverty, they are involved with some non ethical activities which are not good for the industry. So they should increase the wages. Besides this they can provide a teaching program about ethical sense.
Equal payment of all employees: In garments industry workers are divided different segments. But most of the worker gets the same or equal wages which is not motivated them. So the wages should provide according to their work or performance.
Have not insurance facility: Some workers work in dangerous position. So there have a chance to occur an accident. If the accident occurred the owner should take the responsibility. But, if the owner did the insurance policy it helps to reduce the losses of uncertain events. So they need to take an insurance policy.
In flexible planning: Planning should be flexible. Because the future is uncertain. So there have an option to change the planning according to the situation and the planning should be understandable by the employee. Because they implement the plan.
Lack of psychologist in the working place: Only the psychologist has the ability to read the mind of the people. If the garments industry requite, it will bring a benefit to the garments industry & worker also.
Training expenses: Normally garments industry expense 3% of profit for the training program of all level of workers. This huge amount will be loss for the industry if some of the employee or worker will leave immediately after taking training. So the organization can make an agreement, which contain that the employee cannot leave the industry within one year, to avoid this kind of problem.
Lack of special training for the supervisor: In garments so many workers worked under the supervisor. The workers are not qualified or most of them are illiterate. So it is tuff for the Supervisor to maintain their activities. For that reasons the supervisor need especial training to develop his or her supervisory ability and control power.
Have no security & accommodation facilities for the workers: These two facilities are also needed for the workers. They have a poor security system and have no accommodation facility in these garments. So they should take a special security system for their employee’s safety and they should provide accommodation facilities for the workers, which highly motivate the employee.
After discussing all the part of the report we saw some positive & negative approach between the management & labors. And we try to recommend positively to the management & labor behavior pattern.