Calciborite: Properties and Occurrences

Calciborite, CaB2O4, is a rare calcium borate mineral. It was named after the chemical components in its composition – Calcium, and Boron. It was first described in 1955 in the Novofrolovskoye copper–boron deposit, near Krasnoturinsk, Turinsk district, Northern Ural Mountains, Russia.

General Information

  • Category: Inoborates
  • Formula: CaB2O4
  • Crystal system: Orthorhombic
  • Crystal class: Dipyramidal (mmm).

Properties

Calciborite can be identified in the field by its white color and a white streak. This mineral has no cleavage, and a conchoidal, uneven fracture. The density of calciborite is 2.878 g/cm3 with a hardness of 3.5 – approximate to a copper penny.

  • Formula mass: 125.70 g/mol
  • Color: White
  • Crystal habit: Prismatic crystals and radial clusters
  • Cleavage: None
  • Fracture: Conchoidal to uneven
  • Mohs scale hardness: 3.5
  • Luster: Vitreous
  • Streak: White
  • Diaphaneity: Translucent
  • Specific gravity: 2.878

Occurrence

Calciborite occurs from drillcore into a contact metasomatised limestone near a quartz diorite intrusion associated with a copper deposit in skarn. It is often associated with minerals such as sibirskite, calcite, dolomite, pyroxene, garnet, and magnetite.

It occurs in a skarn deposit formed in limestone adjacent to a quartz diorite intrusive. It occurs associated with: sibirskite (another rare calcium borate mineral), calcite, dolomite, garnet, magnetite, and pyroxene. It has also been reported from the Fuka mine of Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

 

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