A very Good Morning/Afternoon/Evening to Honorable Principal Sir/Madam, respected teachers, seniors, and my dear friends, Warm Greetings to Everyone!
Thank you all for taking out time and being present at this seminar session. My name is XYZ (Name) and I study in class 00. Today I would like to speech on the topic of ‘Child Labor’. I am very grateful to my class teacher that she has given me such as a great opportunity to speech here on this topic.
My dear friends, child labor is a global issue, it is not the issue of our country only so, it needs a global effort to get removed from society. It has affected worldwide especially developing countries to a great extent. Children are involved in various types of labor at low payment; bonded child labor is one of them. It is a very old system in our country in which children are forced, or partly forced by the owner to perform their job for long time. In this system, especially child or his/her parents have to agree for an agreement (oral or written) with the creditor. It was emerged in our country during the colonial period to get reliable and cheap labor at a loan or land-lease relationship basis.
However, some evidences have found proving the continuation of bonded child labor in the country. Bonded child laborers are more prone to the physical and sexual abuse and any type of negligence cause death. They become psychologically and mentally ill and do not have any other option to survive.
Child labor is a serious issue in society in terms of economic welfare because children involved in labor at their little age cannot get the necessary education. They drop the opportunity of being a well developed (physically, mentally, intellectually, socially, psychologically, and financially) citizen of the nation. Their physical and mental condition reduces day by day which makes them more vulnerable to various diseases. They remain illiterate lifelong which limits their ability to contribute in the well-being of their own and country.
Most of the children are involved in child labor in fields like agriculture, factories, home-based assembly operations, mining, production, and other services. Some of them have to work in night shifts or overtime because of the need of more work and earn some more money for improving the financial condition of their family. Their normal routines of work become 12 hours long for which they get paid a little amount. The most important and primary causes of child labor are very low family income, unavailability of schools with proper facilities for poor children, and illiteracy among poor parents.
The highest incidence rate of child labor was in sub-Saharan Africa in 2010. According to this, more than 50% of the children (aged 5-14 years) of Africa were working. The agriculture field worldwide has been the largest employer of child labor for years. A big percentage of child labor is found in rural settings and informal urban economies where children are forcefully employed by their owners or parents. According to the statistics of the World Bank, there is seen some decrease in the incidence of child labor worldwide (25% in 1960 however, reduced to 10% by 2003).
As being the youth of the country, we should understand our responsibility towards the nation and take some positive steps to eliminate this social issue.
Hope you all have a great time.
Thank you all.